Paccayaniddeso

1. Hetupaccayaniddesavaŗŗan±

1. Id±ni sabbepi te paccaye uddiµµhapaµip±µiy± niddisitv± dassetu½ hetupaccayoti het³ hetusampayuttak±na½ dhamm±na½ ta½samuµµh±n±nańca r³p±na½ hetupaccayena paccayoti-±dim±ha. Tattha hetupaccayoti catuv²satiy± paccayesu nikkhittapaµip±µiy± sabbapaµhama½ bh±jetabbassa paduddh±ro. Sesapaccayesupi imin±va nayena paµhama½ bh±jetabbapada½ uddharitv± vissajjana½ katanti veditabba½. Aya½ panettha sambandho– yo paccayuddese hetupaccayoti uddiµµho, so niddesato “het³ hetusampayuttak±na½ dhamm±na½ ta½samuµµh±n±nańca r³p±na½ hetupaccayena paccayo”ti eva½ veditabbo Imin± up±yena sabbapaccayesu bh±jetabbassa padassa vissajjanena saddhi½ sambandho veditabbo.
Id±ni het³ hetusampayuttak±nanti ettha “hetusampayuttak±nan”ti avatv± “het³ hetusampayuttak±nan”ti kasm± vuttanti? Paccayassa ceva paccayuppann±nańca vavatth±panato. Hetusampayuttak±nanti hi vutte hetun± sampayuttak±na½ hetupaccayena paccayoti attho bhaveyya. Eva½ sante asuko n±ma dhammo hetupaccayena paccayoti paccayavavatth±na½ na pańń±yeyya. Ath±pi hetun± sampayuttak±na½ hetusampayuttak±nanti attha½ aggahetv±va yesa½ kesańci sampayuttak±na½ het³ hetupaccayena paccayoti attho bhaveyya, eva½ sante hetun± vippayutt± cakkhuvińń±ŗ±dayopi sampayuttak±yeva, hetun± sampayutt± kusal±dayopi. Tattha aya½ hetu asukassa n±ma sampayuttakadhammassa paccayoti paccayuppannavavatth±na½ na pańń±yeyya. Tasm± paccayańceva paccayuppannańca vavatth±pento “het³ hetusampayuttak±nan”ti ±ha. Tassattho– hetusampayuttak±na½ kusal±didhamm±na½ yo hetu sampayuttako, so hetupaccayena paccayoti. Tatr±pi “paccayo”ti avatv± “hetupaccayen±”ti vacana½ hetuno ańńath± paccayabh±vapaµisedhanattha½. Ayańhi hetu hetupaccayen±pi paccayo hoti, sahaj±t±dipaccayen±pi. Tatr±ssa yv±ya½ sahaj±t±dipaccayavasena ańńath±pi paccayabh±vo, tassa paµisedhanattha½ hetupaccayen±ti vutta½. Eva½ santepi “ta½sampayuttak±nan”ti avatv± kasm± “hetusampayuttak±nan”ti vuttanti? Niddisitabbassa ap±kaµatt±. Ta½sampayuttak±nanti hi vutte yena te ta½sampayuttak± n±ma honti aya½ n±ma soti niddisitabbo ap±kaµo. Tassa ap±kaµatt± yena sampayutt± te ta½sampayuttak±ti vuccanti, ta½ sar³patova dassetu½ “hetusampayuttak±nan”ti vutta½.
Ta½samuµµh±n±nanti ettha pana niddisitabbassa p±kaµatt± ta½-gahaŗa½ kata½. Ayańhettha attho– te het³ ceva hetusampayuttak± ca dhamm± samuµµh±na½ etesanti ta½samuµµh±n±ni. Tesa½ ta½samuµµh±n±na½, hetuto ceva hetusampayuttadhammehi ca nibbatt±nanti attho. Imin± cittasamuµµh±nar³pa½ gaŗh±ti Ki½ pana ta½ cittato ańńenapi samuµµh±t²ti? ¾ma, samuµµh±ti. Sabbepi hi cittacetasik± ekato hutv± r³pa½ samuµµh±penti. Lokiyadhammadesan±ya½ pana cittassa adhikabh±vato tath±vidha½ r³pa½ cittasamuµµh±nanti vuccati. Tenev±ha cittacetasik± dhamm± cittasamuµµh±n±na½ r³p±na½ sahaj±tapaccayena paccayoti.
Yadi eva½ idh±pi “ta½samuµµh±n±nan”ti avatv± cittasamuµµh±n±nanti kasm± na vuttanti? Acittasamuµµh±n±nampi saŖgaŗhanato. Pańh±v±rasmińhi “paµisandhikkhaŗe vip±k±by±kat± het³ sampayuttak±na½ khandh±na½ kaµatt± ca r³p±na½ hetupaccayena paccayoti ±gata½”. Tassa saŖgaŗhanattha½ idha cittasamuµµh±n±nanti avatv± ta½samuµµh±n±nanti vutta½. Tassattho– cittajar³pa½ ajanayam±n±pi te het³ hetusampayuttak± dhamm± sahaj±t±dipaccayavasena samuµµh±na½ etesanti ta½samuµµh±n±ni. Tesa½ ta½samuµµh±n±na½ pavatte cittaj±na½ paµisandhiyańca kaµatt±r³p±nampi het³ hetupaccayena paccayoti. Imin± up±yena ańńesupi ta½samuµµh±n±nanti ±gataµµh±nesu attho veditabbo.
Kasm± pan±ya½ hetu paµisandhiyameva kaµatt±r³p±na½ hetupaccayo hoti, na pavatteti? Paµisandhiya½ kammajar³p±na½ cittapaµibaddhavuttit±ya. Paµisandhiyańhi kammajar³p±na½ cittapaµibaddh± pavatti, cittavasena uppajjanti ceva tiµµhanti ca. Tasmińhi khaŗe citta½ cittajar³pa½ janetu½ na sakkoti, t±nipi vin± cittena uppajjitu½ v± µh±tu½ v± na sakkonti. Tenev±ha– “vińń±ŗapaccay± n±mar³pa½, tasmi½ patiµµhite vińń±ŗe n±mar³passa avakkanti hot²”ti (sa½. ni. 2.39). Pavattiya½ pana tesa½ citte vijjam±nepi kammapaµibaddh±va pavatti, na cittapaµibaddh±. Avijjam±ne c±pi citte nirodhasam±pann±na½ uppajjantiyeva.
Kasm± pana paµisandhikkhaŗe citta½ cittajar³pa½ janetu½ na sakkot²ti? Kammavegakkhittat±ya ceva appatiµµhitavatthut±ya ca dubbalatt±. Tańhi tad± kammavegakkhitta½ apurej±tavatthukatt± ca appatiµµhitavatthukanti dubbala½ hoti. Tasm± pap±te patitamatto puriso kińci sippa½ k±tu½ viya r³pa½ janetu½ na sakkoti; kammajar³pameva panassa cittasamuµµh±nar³paµµh±ne tiµµhati. Tańca kammajar³passeva b²jaµµh±ne tiµµhati. Kamma½ panassa khettasadisa½, kiles± ±pasadis±. Tasm± santepi khette ±pe ca paµhamuppattiya½ b²j±nubh±vena rukkhuppatti viya paµisandhikkhaŗe citt±nubh±vena r³pak±yassa uppatti. B²je pana vigatepi pathav²-±p±nubh±vena rukkhassa upar³pari pavatti viya; vin± cittena kammatova kaµatt±r³p±na½ pavatti hot²ti veditabb±. Vuttampi ceta½– “kamma½ khetta½ vińń±ŗa½ b²ja½ taŗh± sneho”ti (a. ni. 3.77).
Ayańca panattho ok±savaseneva gahetabbo. Tayo hi ok±s±– n±mok±so, r³pok±so, n±mar³pok±soti. Tattha ar³pabhavo n±mok±so n±ma. Tatra hi hadayavatthumattampi r³papaccaya½ vin± ar³padhamm±va uppajjanti. Asańńabhavo r³pok±so n±ma. Tatra hi paµisandhicittamattampi ar³papaccaya½ vin± r³padhamm±va uppajjanti. Pańcavok±rabhavo n±mar³pok±so n±ma. Tatra hi vatthur³pamattampi vin± paµisandhiya½ ar³padhamm±, paµisandhicittańca vin± kammaj±pi r³padhamm± nuppajjanti. Yuganaddh±va r³p±r³p±na½ uppatti. Yath± hi sass±mike sar±jake gehe sadv±rap±lake r±j±ŗatti½ vin± paµhamappaveso n±ma natthi, aparabh±ge pana vin±pi ±ŗatti½ purim±ŗatti-±nubh±veneva hoti, evameva pańcavok±re paµisandhivińń±ŗar±jassa sahaj±t±dipaccayata½ vin± r³passa paµisandhivasena paµhamuppatti n±ma natthi. Aparabh±ge pana vin±pi paµisandhivińń±ŗassa sahaj±t±dipaccay±nubh±va½ purim±nubh±vavasena laddhappavesassa kammato pavatti hoti. Asańńabhavo pana yasm± ar³pok±so na hoti, tasm± tattha vin±va ar³papaccay± asańńok±satt± r³pa½ pavattati, ass±mike suńńagehe attano gehe ca purisassa paveso viya. Ar³pabhavopi yasm± r³pok±so na hoti, tasm± tattha vin±va r³papaccay± ańńok±satt± ar³padhamm± pavattanti. Pańcavok±rabhavo pana r³p±r³pok±soti natthettha ar³papaccaya½ vin± paµisandhikkhaŗe r³p±na½ uppatt²ti. Iti aya½ hetu paµisandhiyameva kaµatt±r³p±na½ paccayo hoti, na pavatteti.
Nanu “het³ sahaj±t±na½ hetupaccayena paccayoti vutte sabbopi ayamattho gahito hoti, atha kasm± “hetusampayuttak±na½ dhamm±na½ ta½samuµµh±n±nańca r³p±nan”ti ida½ gahitanti? Pavattiya½ kaµatt±r³p±d²na½ paccayabh±vapaµib±hanato. Evańhi sati y±ni pavattiya½ hetun± saha ekakkhaŗe kaµatt±r³p±ni ceva utu-±h±rasamuµµh±n±ni ca j±yanti, tesampi het³ hetupaccayoti ±pajjeyya, na ca so tesa½ paccayo. Tasm± tesa½ paccayabh±vassa paµib±hanatthameta½ gahitanti veditabba½.
Id±ni “n±nappak±rabhedato paccayuppannato”ti imesa½ pad±na½ vasenettha vińń±tabbo vinicchayo. Tesu n±nappak±rabhedatoti ayańhi hetu n±ma j±tito kusal±kusalavip±kakiriyabhedato catubbidho. Tattha kusalahetu bh³mantarato k±m±vacar±dibhedena catubbidho, akusalahetu k±m±vacarova vip±kahetu k±m±vacar±dibhedena catubbidho, kiriyahetu k±m±vacaro r³p±vacaro ar³p±vacaroti tividho. Tattha k±m±vacarakusalahetu n±mato alobh±divasena tividho. R³p±vacar±dikusalahet³supi eseva nayo. Akusalahetu lobh±divasena tividho. Vip±kakiriyahet³ pana alobh±divasena tayo tayo honti. Ta½ta½cittasampayogavasena pana tesa½ tesa½ het³na½ n±nappak±rabhedoyev±ti eva½ t±vettha n±nappak±rabhedato vińń±tabbo vinicchayo.
Paccayuppannatoti imin± paccayena ime dhamm± uppajjanti, imesa½ n±ma dhamm±na½ aya½ paccayoti evampi vińń±tabbo vinicchayoti attho. Tattha imasmi½ t±va hetupaccaye k±m±vacarakusalahetu k±mabhavar³pabhavesu attan± sampayuttadhamm±nańceva cittasamuµµh±nar³p±nańca hetupaccayo hoti, ar³pabhave sampayuttadhamm±na½yeva. R³p±vacarakusalahetu k±mabhavar³pabhavesuyeva sampayuttadhamm±nańceva cittasamuµµh±nar³p±nańca hetupaccayo. Ar³p±vacarakusalahetu k±m±vacarakusalahetusadisova. Tath± apariy±pannakusalahetu, tath± akusalahetu. K±m±vacaravip±kahetu pana k±mabhavasmi½yeva attan± sampayuttadhamm±na½, paµisandhiya½ kaµatt±r³p±na½, pavatte cittasamuµµh±nar³p±nańca hetupaccayo. R³p±vacaravip±kahetu r³pabhave vuttappak±r±nańńeva hetupaccayo. Ar³p±vacaravip±kahetu ar³pabhave sampayuttak±nańńeva hetupaccayo. Apariy±pannavip±kahetu k±mabhavar³pabhavesu sampayuttak±nańceva cittasamuµµh±nar³p±nańca ar³pabhave ar³padhamm±nańńeva hetupaccayo. Kiriyahet³su pana tebh³makesupi kusalahetusadisova paccayoti. Evamettha paccayuppannatopi vińń±tabbo vinicchayoti.

Hetupaccayaniddesavaŗŗan±.

2. ¾rammaŗapaccayaniddesavaŗŗan±

2. ¾rammaŗapaccayaniddese r³p±yatananti r³pasaŖkh±ta½ ±yatana½. Sesesupi eseva nayo. Cakkhuvińń±ŗadh±tuy±ti cakkhuvińń±ŗasaŖkh±t±ya dh±tuy±. Sesapadesupi eseva nayo. Ta½sampayuttak±nanti t±ya cakkhuvińń±ŗadh±tuy± sampayuttak±na½ tiŗŗa½ khandh±na½, sabbesampi cakkhupas±davatthuk±na½ catunna½ khandh±na½ r³p±yatana½ ±rammaŗapaccayena paccayoti attho. Ito paresupi eseva nayo. Manodh±tuy±ti sasampayuttadhamm±ya tividh±yapi manodh±tuy± r³p±yatan±d²ni pańca ±rammaŗapaccayena paccayo, no ca kho ekakkhaŗe. Sabbe dhamm±ti et±ni ca r³p±yatan±d²ni pańca avases± ca sabbepi ńeyyadhamm± im± cha dh±tuyo µhapetv± ses±ya sasampayuttadhamm±ya manovińń±ŗadh±tuy± ±rammaŗapaccayena paccayoti attho. Ya½ ya½ dhamma½ ±rabbh±ti imin± ye ete et±sa½ sattanna½ vińń±ŗadh±t³na½ ±rammaŗadhamm± vutt±, te t±sa½ dh±t³na½ ±rammaŗa½ katv± uppajjanakkhaŗeyeva ±rammaŗapaccayo hont²ti d²peti. Eva½ hont±pi ca na ekato honti, ya½ ya½ ±rabbha ye ye uppajjanti, tesa½ tesa½ te te visu½ visu½ ±rammaŗapaccayo hont²tipi d²peti. Uppajjant²ti ida½ yath± najjo sandanti, pabbat± tiµµhant²ti sabbak±lasaŖgahavasena, eva½ vuttanti veditabba½. Tena yepi ±rabbha ye uppajji½su, yepi uppajjissanti, te sabbe ±rammaŗapaccayeneva uppajji½su ca uppajjissanti c±ti siddha½ hoti. Cittacetasik± dhamm±ti ida½ “ye ye dhamm±”ti vutt±na½ sar³pato nidassana½. Te te dhamm±ti te te ±rammaŗadhamm±. Tesa½ tesanti tesa½ tesa½ cittacetasikadhamm±na½. Aya½ t±vettha p±¼ivaŗŗan±.