Paccayuddesavaŗŗan±

Samm±sambuddhena hi anulomapaµµh±ne dv±v²sati tike niss±ya tikapaµµh±na½ n±ma niddiµµha½, sata½ duke niss±ya dukapaµµh±na½ n±ma niddiµµha½. Tato para½ dv±v²sati tike gahetv± dukasate pakkhipitv± dukatikapaµµh±na½ n±ma dassita½. Tato para½ dukasata½ gahetv± dv±v²satiy± tikesu pakkhipitv± tikadukapaµµh±na½ n±ma dassita½. Tike pana tikesuyeva pakkhipitv± tikatikapaµµh±na½ n±ma dassita½. Duke ca dukesuyeva pakkhipitv± dukadukapaµµh±na½ n±ma dassita½. Eva½–
Tikańca paµµh±navara½ dukuttama½,
duka½ tikańceva tika½ dukańca;
tika½ tikańceva duka½ dukańca,
cha anulomamhi nay± sugambh²r±ti.
Paccan²yapaµµh±nepi dv±v²sati tike niss±ya tikapaµµh±na½ n±ma. Dukasata½ niss±ya dukapaµµh±na½ n±ma. Dv±v²sati tike dukasate pakkhipitv± dukatikapaµµh±na½ n±ma. Dukasata½ dv±v²satiy± tikesu pakkhipitv± tikadukapaµµh±na½ n±ma. Tike tikesuyeva pakkhipitv± tikatikapaµµh±na½ n±ma. Duke dukesuyeva pakkhipitv± dukadukapaµµh±na½ n±m±ti eva½ paccan²yepi chahi nayehi paµµh±na½ niddiµµha½. Tena vutta½–
“Tikańca paµµh±navara½ dukuttama½,
duka½ tikańceva tika½ dukańca;
tika½ tikańceva duka½ dukańca,
cha paccan²yamhi nay± sugambh²r±”ti.
Tato para½ anulomapaccan²yepi etenevup±yena cha nay± dassit±. Ten±ha–
“Tikańca paµµh±navara½ dukuttama½,
duka½ tikańceva tika½ dukańca;
tika½ tikańceva duka½ dukańca,
cha anulomapaccan²yamhi nay± sugambh²r±”ti.
Tadanantara½ paccan²y±nulomamhi eteheva chahi nayehi niddiµµha½. Ten±ha–
“Tikańca paµµh±navara½ dukuttama½,
duka½ tikańceva tika½ dukańca;
tika½ tikańceva duka½ dukańca,
cha paccan²y±nulomamhi nay± sugambh²r±”ti.
Eva½ anulome cha paµµh±n±ni, paccan²ye cha, anulomapaccan²ye cha, paccan²y±nulome cha paµµh±n±n²ti ida½ “catuv²satisamantapaµµh±nasamodh±napaµµh±namah±pakaraŗa½ n±m±”ti hi vutta½.
Tattha yesa½ catuv²satiy± samantapaµµh±n±na½ samodh±navaseneta½ catuv²satisamantapaµµh±nasamodh±na½ paµµh±namah±pakaraŗa½ n±m±ti vutta½, tesańceva imassa ca pakaraŗassa n±mattho t±va eva½ veditabbo. Kenaµµhena paµµh±nanti? N±nappak±rapaccayaµµhena. ‘Pa-k±ro’ hi n±nappak±rattha½ d²peti, µh±nasaddo paccayattha½. Żh±n±µµh±nakusalat±ti-±d²su hi paccayo µh±nanti vutto. Iti n±nappak±r±na½ paccay±na½ vasena desitatt± imesu catuv²satiy± paµµh±nesu ekeka½ paµµh±na½ n±ma. Imesa½ pana paµµh±n±na½ sam³hato sabbampeta½ pakaraŗa½ paµµh±nanti veditabba½.
Aparo nayo– kenaµµhena paµµh±nanti? Vibhajanaµµhena. “Pańń±pan± paµµhapan± vivaraŗ± vibhajan± utt±n²kamman”ti (ma. ni. 1.371) ±gataµµh±nasmińhi vibhajanaµµhena paµµh±na½ pańń±yati. Iti kusal±d²na½ dhamm±na½ hetupaccay±divasena vibhattatt± imesu catuv²satiy± paµµh±nesu ekeka½ paµµh±na½ n±ma. Imesa½ pana paµµh±n±na½ sam³hato sabbampeta½ pakaraŗa½ paµµh±na½ n±m±ti veditabba½.
Aparo nayo– kenaµµhena paµµh±nanti? Paµµhitatthena. Gamanaµµhen±ti attho. “Goµµh± paµµhitag±vo”ti (ma. ni. 1.156) ±gataµµh±nasmińhi yena paµµh±nena paµµhitag±voti vutto, ta½ atthato gamana½ hoti. Iti n±tivitth±ritanayesu dhammasaŖgaŗ²-±d²su anissaŖgagamanassa sabbańńutańń±ŗassa hetupaccay±dibhedabhinnesu kusal±d²su vitth±ritanayal±bhato nissaŖgavasena pavattagamanatt± imesu catuv²satiy± paµµh±nesu ekeka½ paµµh±na½ n±ma. Imesa½ pana paµµh±n±na½ sam³hato sabbampeta½ pakaraŗa½ paµµh±na½ n±m±ti veditabba½.
Tattha anulomamhi t±va paµhama½ tikavasena desitatt± tikapaµµh±na½ n±ma. Tassa padacchedo– tik±na½ paµµh±na½ ettha atth²ti tikapaµµh±na½. Tik±na½ n±nappak±rak± paccay± etiss± desan±ya atth²ti attho. Dutiyavikappepi tik±na½ paµµh±nantveva tikapaµµh±na½. Hetupaccay±divasena tik±na½ vibhajan±ti attho. Tatiyavikappe hetupaccay±dibhedabhinnat±ya laddhavitth±r± tik± eva paµµh±na½ tikapaµµh±na½. Sabbańńutańń±ŗassa nissaŖgagamanabh³m²ti attho. Dukapaµµh±n±d²supi eseva nayo. Eva½ anulome chapaµµh±n±ni viditv± paccan²y±d²supi imin±vup±yena veditabb±ni.
Yasm± panet±ni anulome, paccan²ye, anulomapaccan²ye, paccan²y±nulometi samant± cha cha hutv± catuv²sati honti; tasm± “catuv²sati samantapaµµh±n±n²”ti vuccanti. Iti imesa½ catuv²satiy± khuddakapaµµh±nasaŖkh±t±na½ samantapaµµh±n±na½ samodh±navaseneta½ catuv²satisamantapaµµh±nasamodh±na½ paµµh±namah±pakaraŗa½ n±ma.
Ta½ paneta½ ye tik±dayo niss±ya niddiµµhatt± “tikapaµµh±na½ dukapaµµh±na½…pe… dukadukapaµµh±nan”ti vutta½, te an±masitv± yesa½ paccay±na½ vasena te tik±dayo vibhatt± te paccaye dassetu½ ±dito t±vassa m±tik±nikkhepav±ro n±ma vutto; paccayavibhaŖgav±rotipi tasseva n±ma½. So uddesaniddesato duvidho. Tassa hetupaccayo…pe… avigatapaccayoti aya½ uddeso.
Tattha hetu ca so paccayo c±ti hetupaccayo. Hetu hutv± paccayo, hetubh±vena paccayoti vutta½ hoti. ¾rammaŗapaccay±d²supi eseva nayo. Tattha het³ti vacan±vayavak±raŗam³l±nameta½ adhivacana½. “Paµińń± het³”ti-±d²su hi loke vacan±vayavo het³ti, vuccati. S±sane pana “ye dhamm± hetuppabhav±”ti-±d²su (mah±va. 60) k±raŗa½. “Tayo kusal± het³, tayo akusal± het³”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. 1059) m³la½ het³ti vuccati. Ta½ idha adhippeta½. Paccayoti ettha pana aya½ vacanattho– paµicca etasm± et²ti paccayo, appaccakkh±ya na½ vattat²ti attho. Yo hi dhammo ya½ dhamma½ appaccakkh±ya tiµµhati v± uppajjati v±, so tassa paccayoti vutta½ hoti.
Lakkhaŗato pana upak±rakalakkhaŗo paccayo, yo hi dhammo yassa dhammassa µhitiy± v± uppattiy± v± upak±rako hoti, so tassa paccayoti vuccati. Paccayo, hetu; k±raŗa½ nid±na½ sambhavo, pabhavoti atthato eka½, byańjanato n±na½. Iti m³laµµhena hetu, upak±rakaµµhena paccayoti saŖkhepato m³laµµhena upak±rako dhammo hetupaccayo. So hi s±li-±d²na½ s±lib²j±d²ni viya, maŗippabh±d²na½ viya ca maŗivaŗŗ±dayo kusal±d²na½ kusal±dibh±vas±dhakoti ±cariy±na½ adhipp±yo. Eva½ sante pana ta½samuµµh±nar³pesu hetupaccayat± na sampajjati. Na hi so tesa½ kusal±dibh±va½ s±dheti, na ca paccayo na hot²ti. Vuttańheta½ “het³ hetusampayuttak±na½ dhamm±na½ ta½samuµµh±n±nańca r³p±na½ hetupaccayena paccayo”ti. Ahetukacitt±nańca vin± etena aby±katabh±vo siddho.
Sahetuk±nampi ca yonisomanasik±r±dipaµibaddho kusal±dibh±vo na sampayuttahetupaµibaddho. Yadi ca sampayuttahet³su sabh±vatova kusal±dibh±vo siy±, ta½sampayuttesu hetupaµibaddho alobho kusalo v± siy± aby±kato v±. Yasm± pana ubhayath±pi hoti, tasm± yath± sampayuttesu, eva½ het³supi kusal±dit± pariyesitabb±. Kusal±dibh±vas±dhanavasena pana het³na½ m³laµµha½ aggahetv± suppatiµµhitabh±vas±dhanavasena gayham±ne na kińci virujjhati. Laddhahetupaccay± hi dhamm± viru¼ham³l± viya p±dap± thir± honti suppatiµµhit±, ahetuk± pana tilab²jak±disev±l± viya na suppatiµµhit±. Iti m³laµµhena upak±rakoti suppatiµµhitabh±vas±dhanena upak±rako dhammo hetupaccayoti veditabbo.
Tato paresu ±rammaŗavasena upak±rako dhammo ±rammaŗapaccayo. So “r³p±yatana½ cakkhuvińń±ŗadh±tuy±”ti ±rabhitv±pi “ya½ ya½ dhamma½ ±rabbha ye ye dhamm± uppajjanti cittacetasik± dhamm±, te te dhamm± tesa½ tesa½ dhamm±na½ ±rammaŗapaccayena paccayo”ti os±pitatt± na koci dhammo na hoti. Yath± hi dubbalo puriso daŗ¹a½ v± rajju½ v± ±lambitv±va uµµhahati ceva tiµµhati ca, eva½ cittacetasik± dhamm± r³p±di-±rammaŗa½ ±rabbheva uppajjanti ceva tiµµhanti ca. Tasm± sabbepi cittacetasik±na½ dhamm±na½ ±rammaŗabh³t± dhamm± ±rammaŗapaccayoti veditabb±.
Jeµµhakaµµhena upak±rako dhammo adhipatipaccayo. So sahaj±t±rammaŗavasena duvidho. Tattha “chand±dhipati chandasampayuttak±na½ dhamm±na½ ta½samuµµh±n±nańca r³p±na½ adhipatipaccayena paccayo”ti-±divacanato chandav²riyacittav²ma½sasaŖkh±t± catt±ro dhamm± sahaj±t±dhipatipaccayoti veditabb±, no ca kho ekato. Yad± hi chanda½ dhura½ jeµµhaka½ katv± citta½ pavattati, tad± chandova adhipati, na itare. Esa nayo sesesupi. Ya½ pana dhamma½ garu½ katv± ar³padhamm± pavattanti, so nesa½ ±rammaŗ±dhipati. Tena vutta½– “ya½ ya½ dhamma½ garu½ katv± ye ye dhamm± uppajjanti cittacetasik± dhamm±, te te dhamm± tesa½ tesa½ dhamm±na½ adhipatipaccayena paccayo”ti.
Anantarabh±vena upak±rako dhammo anantarapaccayo. Samanantarabh±vena upak±rako dhammo samanantarapaccayo. Idańca paccayadvaya½ bahudh± papańcayanti. Aya½ panettha s±ro– yo hi esa cakkhuvińń±ŗ±nantar± manodh±tu, manodh±tu-anantar± manovińń±ŗadh±t³ti-±di cittaniyamo, so yasm± purimacittavaseneva ijjhati, na ańńath±. Tasm± attano attano anantara½ anur³passa cittupp±dassa upp±danasamatthova dhammo anantarapaccayo. Tenev±ha– “anantarapaccayoti cakkhuvińń±ŗadh±tu ta½sampayuttak± ca dhamm± manodh±tuy± ta½sampayuttak±nańca dhamm±na½ anantarapaccayena paccayo”ti-±di.
Yo anantarapaccayo, sveva samanantarapaccayo. Byańjanamattameva hettha n±na½, upacayasantati-±d²su viya, adhivacananiruttiduk±d²su viya ca, atthato pana n±na½ natthi. Yampi “addh±nantarat±ya anantarapaccayo, k±l±nantarat±ya samanantarapaccayo”ti ±cariy±na½ mata½ ta½ “nirodh± vuµµhahantassa nevasańń±n±sańń±yatanakusala½ phalasam±pattiy± samanantarapaccayena paccayo”ti-±d²hi virujjhati. Yampi tattha vadanti– “dhamm±na½ samuµµh±panasamatthat± na parih±yati, bh±van±balena pana v±ritatt± dhamm± samanantara½ nuppajjant²”ti, tampi k±l±nantarat±ya abh±vameva s±dheti. Bh±van±balena hi tattha k±l±nantarat± natth²ti, mayampi etadeva vad±ma. Yasm± ca k±l±nantarat± natthi, tasm± samanantarapaccayat± na yujjati. K±l±nantarat±ya hi tesa½ samanantarapaccayo hot²ti laddhi. Tasm± abhinivesa½ akatv± byańjanamattatovettha n±n±karaŗa½ paccetabba½, na atthato. Katha½? Natthi etesa½ antaranti hi anantar±. Saŗµh±n±bh±vato suµµhu anantar±ti samanantar±.
Uppajjam±no saha uppajjam±nabh±vena upak±rako dhammo sahaj±tapaccayo, pak±sassa pad²po viya. So ar³pakkhandh±divasena chabbidho hoti. Yath±ha– catt±ro khandh± ar³pino ańńamańńa½ sahaj±tapaccayena paccayo. Catt±ro mah±bh³t± ańńamańńa½…pe… okkantikkhaŗe n±mar³pa½ ańńamańńa½…pe… cittacetasik± dhamm± cittasamuµµh±n±na½ r³p±na½…pe… mah±bh³t± up±d±r³p±na½…pe… r³pino dhamm± ar³p²na½ dhamm±na½ kińcik±le sahaj±tapaccayena paccayo; kińci k±le na sahaj±tapaccayena paccayoti. Ida½ hadayavatthumeva sandh±ya vutta½.