6. Saªkh±rayamaka½

1. Paººattiv±ravaººan±

1. Id±ni tesaññeva m³layamake desit±na½ kusal±didhamm±na½ labbham±navasena ekadesa½ saªgaºhitv± saccayamak±nantara½ desitassa saªkh±rayamakassa vaººan± hoti. Tatth±pi heµµh± vuttanayeneva paººattiv±r±dayo tayo mah±v±r±, antarav±r±dayo ca avasesapabhed± veditabb±. Aya½ panettha viseso– paººattiv±re t±va yath± heµµh± khandh±dayo dhamme uddisitv± “r³pa½ r³pakkhandho; cakkhu cakkh±yatana½; cakkhu cakkhudh±tu; dukkha½ dukkhasaccan”ti padasodhanav±ro ±raddho. Tath± an±rabhitv± “ass±sapass±s± k±yasaªkh±ro”ti paµhama½ tayopi saªkh±r± vibhajitv± dassit±.
Tattha k±yassa saªkh±ro k±yasaªkh±ro. “Ass±sapass±s± k±yik±, ete dhamm± k±yappaµibaddh±”ti (ma. ni. 1.463; sa½. ni. 4.348 atthato sam±na½) hi vacanato k±raºabh³tassa karajak±yassa phalabh³to eva saªkh±roti k±yasaªkh±ro. Aparo nayo– saªkhariyat²ti saªkh±ro. Kena saªkhariyat²ti? K±yena. Ayañhi v±to viya bhast±ya karajak±yena saªkhariyat²ti. Evampi k±yassa saªkh±roti k±yasaªkh±ro. K±yena kato ass±sapass±sav±toti attho. “Pubbeva kho, ±vuso vis±kha, vitakketv± vic±retv± pacch± v±ca½ bhindati, tasm± vitakkavic±r± vac²saªkh±ro”ti (ma. ni. 1.463; sa½. ni. 4.348) vacanato pana saªkharot²ti saªkh±ro. Ki½ saªkharoti? Vaci½. Vaciy± saªkh±roti vac²saªkh±ro. Vac²bhedasamuµµh±pakassa vitakkavic±radvayasseta½ n±ma½. “Saññ± ca vedan± ca cetasik± ete dhamm± cittapaµibaddh±”ti (ma. ni. 1.463; sa½. ni. 4.348) vacanatoyeva pana tatiyapadepi saªkhariyat²ti saªkh±ro. Kena saªkhariyati? Cittena. Karaºatthe s±mivacana½ katv± cittassa saªkh±roti cittasaªkh±ro. Sabbesampi cittasamuµµh±n±na½ cetasikadhamm±nameta½ adhivacana½. Vitakkavic±r±na½ pana vac²saªkh±rabh±vena visu½ gahitatt± “µhapetv± vitakkavic±re”ti vutta½.
2-7. Id±ni k±yo k±yasaªkh±roti padasodhanav±ro ±raddho. Tassa anulomanaye t²ºi, paµilomanaye t²º²ti cha yamak±ni. Padasodhanam³lacakkav±re ekekasaªkh±ram³lak±ni dve dve katv± anulomanaye cha, paµilomanaye ch±ti dv±dasa yamak±ni. Suddhasaªkh±rav±re pana yath± suddhakhandhav±r±d²su “r³pa½ khandho, khandh± r³pa½; cakkhu ±yatana½, ±yatan± cakkh³”ti-±din± nayena yamak±ni vutt±ni. Eva½ “k±yo saªkh±ro, saªkh±r± k±yo”ti avatv± “k±yasaªkh±ro vac²saªkh±ro, vac²saªkh±ro k±yasaªkh±ro”ti-±din± nayena k±yasaªkh±ram³lak±ni dve, vac²saªkh±ram³laka½ ekanti anulome t²ºi, paµilome t²º²ti sabb±nipi suddhikav±re cha yamak±ni vutt±ni. Ki½ k±raº±? Suddhika-ekekapadavasena atth±bh±vato. Yath± hi khandhayamak±d²su r³p±divisiµµh±na½ khandh±na½ cakkh±divisiµµh±nañca ±yatan±d²na½ adhippetatt± “r³pa½ khandho khandh± r³pa½, cakkhu ±yatana½, ±yatan± cakkh³”ti suddhika-ekekapadavasena attho atthi. Evamidha “k±yo saªkh±ro, saªkh±r± k±yo”ti natthi. K±yasaªkh±roti pana dv²hipi padehi ekova attho labbhati. Ass±so v± pass±so v±ti suddhika-ekekapadavasena atth±bh±vato “k±yo saªkh±ro, saªkh±r± k±yo”ti na vutta½. “K±yo k±yasaªkh±ro”ti-±di pana vattabba½ siy±. Tampi k±yavac²cittapadehi idha adhippet±na½ saªkh±r±na½ aggahitatt± na yujjati. Suddhasaªkh±rav±ro hesa. Padasodhane pana vin±pi atthena vacana½ yujjat²ti tattha so nayo gahitova. Idha pana k±yasaªkh±rassa vac²saªkh±r±d²hi, vac²saªkh±rassa ca cittasaªkh±r±d²hi, cittasaªkh±rassa ca k±yasaªkh±r±d²hi, aññatt± “k±yasaªkh±ro vac²saªkh±ro, vac²saªkh±ro, k±yasaªkh±ro”ti ekekasaªkh±ram³lak±ni dve dve katv± cha yamak±ni yujjanti. Tesu aggahitaggahaºena t²ºeva labbhanti. Tasm± t±neva dassetu½ anulomanaye t²ºi, paµilomanaye t²º²ti cha yamak±ni vutt±ni. Suddhasaªkh±ram³lacakkav±ro panettha na gahitoti. Eva½ paººattiv±rassa uddesav±ro veditabbo.
8-18. Niddesav±re panassa anulome t±va yasm± na k±y±dayova k±yasaªkh±r±d²na½ n±ma½, tasm± noti paµisedho kato. Paµilome na k±yo na k±yasaªkh±roti yo na k±yo so k±yasaªkh±ropi na hot²ti pucchati. K±yasaªkh±ro na k±yo k±yasaªkh±roti k±yasaªkh±ro k±yo na hoti, k±yasaªkh±royeva panesoti attho. Avasesanti na kevala½ sesasaªkh±radvayameva. K±yasaªkh±ravinimutta½ pana sesa½ sabbampi saªkhat±saªkhatapaººattibheda½ dhammaj±ta½ neva k±yo, na k±yasaªkh±roti imin± up±yena sabbavissajjanesu attho veditabboti.

Paººattiv±ravaººan±.

2. Pavattiv±ravaººan±

19. Pavattiv±re panettha paccuppannak±le puggalav±rassa anulomanaye “yassa k±yasaªkh±ro uppajjati, tassa vac²saªkh±ro uppajjat²”ti k±yasaªkh±ram³lak±ni dve, vac²saªkh±ram³laka½ ekanti t²ºeva yamak±ni labbhanti; t±ni gahit±neva. Tassa paµilomanayepi ok±sav±r±d²supi eseva nayo. Evamettha sabbav±resu tiººa½ tiººa½ yamak±na½ vasena yamakagaºan± veditabb±.
Atthavinicchaye panettha ida½ lakkhaºa½– imasmiñhi saªkh±rayamake “ass±sapass±s±na½ upp±dakkhaºe vitakkavic±r±na½ upp±dakkhaºe”ti-±divacanato paccuppann±dik±labhedo pavattivasen±pi gahetabbo, na cutipaµisandhivaseneva. “Dutiyajjh±ne tatiyajjh±ne tattha k±yasaªkh±ro uppajjat²”ti-±divacanato ca jh±nampi ok±savasena gahitanti veditabba½. Evamettha ya½ ya½ labbhati, tassa tassa vasena atthavinicchayo veditabbo.
Tatrida½ nayamukha½– vin± vitakkavic±reh²ti dutiyatatiyajjh±navasena vutta½. Tesanti tesa½ dutiyatatiyajjh±nasamaªg²na½. K±m±vacar±nanti k±m±vacare uppannasatt±na½. R³p±vacaradev±na½ pana ass±sapass±s± natthi. Ar³p±vacar±na½ r³pameva natthi. Vin± ass±sapass±seh²ti r³p±r³pabhavesu nibbattasatt±na½ vitakkavic±ruppatti½ sandh±ya vutta½.
21. Paµhamajjh±ne k±m±vacareti k±m±vacarabh³miya½ uppanne paµhamajjh±ne. Aªgamattavasena cettha paµhamajjh±na½ gahetabba½, na appan±vaseneva. Anappan±pattepi hi savitakkasavic±racitte ida½ saªkh±radvaya½ uppajjateva.
24. Cittassa bhaªgakkhaºeti ida½ k±yasaªkh±rassa ekantacittasamuµµh±natt± vutta½. Uppajjam±nameva hi citta½ r³pa½ v± ar³pa½ v± samuµµh±peti, na bhijjam±na½.
37. Suddh±v±s±na½ dutiye citte vattam±neti paµisandhito dutiye bhavaªgacitte. K±mañceta½ paµisandhicittepi vattam±ne tesa½ tattha nuppajjittheva. Y±va pana abbokiººa½ vip±kacitta½ vattati, t±va nuppajjittheva n±m±ti dassanatthameta½ vutta½. Yassa v± jh±nassa vip±kacittena te nibbatt±, ta½ satasopi sahassasopi uppajjam±na½ paµhamacittameva. Vip±kacittena pana visadisa½ bhavanikantiy± ±vajjanacitta½ dutiyacitta½ n±ma. Ta½ sandh±yeta½ vuttanti veditabba½.
44. Pacchimacittasamaªg²nanti sabbapacchimena appaµisandhikacittena samaªg²bh³t±na½ kh²º±sav±na½. Avitakka-avic±ra½ pacchimacittanti r³p±vacar±na½ dutiyajjh±nik±dicuticittavasena, ar³p±vacar±nañca catutthajjh±nikacuticittavaseneta½ vutta½. Tesanti tesa½ pacchimacittasamaªg²-±d²na½.
79. Yassa k±yasaªkh±ro nirujjhati, tassa cittasaªkh±ro nirujjhat²ti ettha niyamato k±yasaªkh±rassa cittasaªkh±rena saddhi½ ekakkhaºe nirujjhanato ±mant±ti paµivacana½ dinna½. Na cittasaªkh±rassa k±yasaªkh±rena saddhi½. Ki½ k±raº±? Cittasaªkh±ro hi k±yasaªkh±rena vin±pi uppajjati ca nirujjhati ca. K±yasaªkh±ro pana cittasamuµµh±no ass±sapass±sav±to. Cittasamuµµh±nar³pañca cittassa upp±dakkhaºe uppajjitv± y±va aññ±ni so¼asacitt±ni uppajjanti, t±va tiµµhati. Tesa½ so¼asanna½ sabbapacchimena saddhi½ nirujjhat²ti yena cittena saddhi½ uppajjati, tato paµµh±ya sattarasamena saddhi½ nirujjhati. Na kassaci cittassa upp±dakkhaºe v± µhitikkhaºe v± nirujjhati, n±pi µhitikkhaºe v± bhaªgakkhaºe v± uppajjati. Es± cittasamuµµh±nar³passa dhammat±ti niyamato cittasaªkh±rena saddhi½ ekakkhaºe nirujjhanato ±mant±ti vutta½. Ya½ pana vibhaªgappakaraºassa s²ha¼aµµhakath±ya½ “cittasamuµµh±na½ r³pa½ sattarasamassa cittassa upp±dakkhaºe nirujjhat²”ti vutta½, ta½ im±ya p±¼iy± vir³jjhati. Aµµhakath±to ca p±¼iyeva balavatar±ti p±¼iya½ vuttameva pam±ºa½.
128. Yassa k±yasaªkh±ro uppajjati, tassa vac²saªkh±ro nirujjhat²ti ettha yasm± k±yasaªkh±ro cittassa upp±dakkhaºe uppajjati, na ca tasmi½ khaºe vitakkavic±r± nirujjhanti, tasm± noti paµisedho katoti. Imin± nayamukhena sabbattha atthavinicchayo veditabbo. Pariññ±v±ro p±katikoyev±ti.

Pavattiv±ravaººan±.

Saªkh±rayamakavaººan± niµµhit±.