P±¼i pana upp±dav±re nirodhav±re ca t²su asammissakak±labhedesu tasmi½ tasmi½ v±re ekekameva yamaka½ vissajjetv± saªkhitt±. T²su missakak±labhedesu ‘yassa vedan±kkhandho uppajjati, tassa saññ±kkhandho uppajjitth±’ti-±din± nayena vedan±kkhandh±dim³lakesupi eka½ yamaka½ vissajjita½. Upp±danirodhav±re pana chasupi k±labhedesu ta½ vissajjitameva. Ses±ni tena sam±navissajjanatt± saªkhitt±n²ti. Ida½ sakalepi pavattimah±v±re p±¼ivavatth±na½.
Atthavinicchayattha½ panassa ida½ lakkhaºa½ veditabba½– imasmiñhi pavattimah±v±re catunna½ pañh±na½ pañca vissajjan±ni sattav²satiy± µh±nesu pakkhipitv± atthavinicchayo veditabbo. Tattha purepañho, pacch±pañho, paripuººapañho, moghapañhoti ime catt±ro pañh± n±ma. Ekekasmiñhi yamake dve dve pucch±. Ekekapucch±yapi dve dve pad±ni. Tattha y±ya pucch±ya vissajjane ekeneva padena gahitakkhandhassa upp±do v± nirodho v± labbhati aya½ purepañho n±ma. Y±ya pana pucch±ya vissajjane dv²hipi padehi gahitakkhandh±na½ upp±do v± nirodho v± labbhati, aya½ pacch±pañho n±ma. Y±ya pana pucch±ya vissajjane ekenapi padena gahitakkhandhassa dv²hipi padehi gahitakkhandh±na½ upp±do v±, nirodho v± labbhati, aya½ paripuººapañho n±ma. Y±ya pana pucch±ya vissajjane paµikkhepo v±, paµisedho v± labbhati, aya½ moghapañho n±ma. Yasm± panesa adassiyam±no na sakk± j±nitu½, tasm± na½ dassayiss±ma.
‘Yattha r³pakkhandho nuppajjati, tattha vedan±kkhandho nuppajjat²’ti pucch±ya t±va uppajjat²ti imasmi½ vissajjane ekeneva padena gahitassa vedan±kkhandhassa upp±do labbhati, iti ayañceva añño ca evar³po pañho purepañhoti veditabbo. ‘Yassa r³pakkhandho uppajjittha, tassa vedan±kkhandho uppajjitth±’ti pucch±ya pana ‘±mant±’ti imasmi½ vissajjane dv²hi padehi gahit±na½ r³pavedan±kkhandh±na½ yassa kassaci sattassa at²te upp±do labbhati. Iti ayañceva añño ca evar³po pañho pacch±pañhoti veditabbo.
‘Yassa r³pakkhandho uppajjati, tassa vedan±kkhandho uppajjat²’ti im±ya pana paµhamapucch±ya ‘asaññasatta½ upapajjant±nan’ti-±dike imasmi½ vissajjane ‘asaññasatta½ upapajjant±na½ tesa½ r³pakkhandho uppajjati, no ca tesa½ vedan±kkhandho uppajjat²’ti imasmi½ koµµh±se ekeneva padena gahitassa r³pakkhandhassapi upp±do labbhati. ‘Pañcavok±ra½ upapajjant±na½ tesa½ r³pakkhandho ca uppajjati vedan±kkhandho ca uppajjat²’ti imasmi½ koµµh±se dv²hipi padehi saªgahit±na½ r³pavedan±kkhandh±nampi upp±do labbhati. Iti ayañceva añño ca evar³po pañho paripuººapañhoti veditabbo. Purepacch±pañhotipi etasseva n±ma½. Etassa hi vissajjane purimakoµµh±se ekena padena saªgahitassa r³pakkhandhasseva upp±do dassito. Dutiyakoµµh±se dv²hi padehi saªgahit±na½ r³pavedan±kkhandh±na½. Imin±yeva ca lakkhaºena yattha ekena padena saªgahitassa khandhassa upp±do v± nirodho v± labbhati, so purepañhoti vutto. Yattha dv²hipi padehi saªgahit±na½ khandh±na½ upp±do v± nirodho v± labbhati, so pacch±pañhoti vutto.
‘Yassa r³pakkhandho nuppajjittha, tassa vedan±kkhandho nuppajjitth±’ti im±ya pana pucch±ya ‘natth²’ti imasmi½ vissajjane paµikkhepo labbhati. ‘Yassa r³pakkhandho uppajjati, tassa vedan±kkhandho nirujjhat²’ti pucch±ya ‘no’ti imasmi½ vissajjane paµisedho labbhati. Tasm± ayañceva duvidho añño ca evar³po pañho moghapañhoti veditabbo. Tucchapañhotipi vuccati. Eva½ t±va catt±ro pañh± veditabb±.
P±¼igatiy± vissajjana½, paµivacanavissajjana½, sar³padassanena vissajjana½, paµikkhepena vissajjana½, paµisedhena vissajjananti im±ni pana pañca vissajjan±ni n±ma Tattha ya½ vissajjana½ p±¼ipadameva hutv± attha½ vissajjeti, ida½ p±¼igatiy± vissajjana½ n±ma. Ta½ purepañhe labbhati. ‘Yattha r³pakkhandho nuppajjati tattha vedan±kkhandho nuppajjat²’ti hi pañhe ‘uppajjat²’ti ida½ vissajjana½ p±¼ipadameva hutv± attha½ vissajjayam±na½ gata½, tasm± evar³pesu µh±nesu p±¼igatiy± vissajjana½ veditabba½. Ya½ pana vissajjana½ paµivacanabh±vena attha½ vissajjeti, ida½ paµivacanavissajjana½ n±ma. Ta½ pacch±pañhe labbhati. ‘Yassa r³pakkhandho uppajjittha, tassa vedan±kkhandho uppajjitth±’ti hi pañhe ‘±mant±’ti ida½ vissajjana½ paµivacanavaseneva attha½ vissajjayam±na½ gata½, tasm± evar³pesu µh±nesu paµivacanavissajjana½ veditabba½. Ya½ vissajjana½ sar³pena dassetv± attha½ vissajjeti; ida½ sar³padassanena vissajjana½ n±ma. Ta½ paripuººapañhe labbhati. ‘Yassa r³pakkhandho uppajjati; tassa vedan±kkhandho uppajjat²’ti hi pañhe ‘asaññasatta½ upapajjant±nan’ti ida½ vissajjana½ ‘imesa½ r³pakkhandho uppajjati, no ca vedan±kkhandho, imesa½ r³pakkhandho ca uppajjati, vedan±kkhandho c±’ti sar³padassaneneva attha½ vissajjayam±na½ gata½. Tasm± evar³pesu µh±nesu sar³padassanena vissajjana½ veditabba½. Ya½ pana vissajjana½ tath±r³passa atthass±bh±vato atthapaµikkhepena pañha½ vissajjeti, ida½ paµikkhepena vissajjana½ n±ma. Ya½ tath±r³passa atthassa ekakkhaºe al±bhato atthapaµisedhanena pañha½ vissajjeti, ida½ paµisedhena vissajjana½ n±ma. Ta½ moghapañhe labbhati. ‘Yassa r³pakkhandho nuppajjittha, tassa vedan±kkhandho nuppajjitth±’ti hi pañhe ‘natth²’ti ida½ vissajjana½; evar³po n±ma satto natth²ti atthapaµikkhepena pañha½ vissajjayam±na½ gata½; tasm± evar³pesu µh±nesu paµikkhepena vissajjana½ veditabba½. ‘Yassa r³pakkhandho uppajjati, tassa vedan±kkhandho nirujjhat²’ti pañhe pana ‘no’ti ida½ vissajjana½ ekasmi½ paµisandhikkhaºe upp±dena saddhi½ nirodho n±ma na labbhat²ti atthapaµisedhanena pañha½ vissajjayam±na½ gata½, tasm± evar³pesu µh±nesu paµisedhena vissajjana½ veditabba½.
Id±ni ime catt±ro pañh±, im±ni ca pañca vissajjan±ni, yesu sattav²satiy± µh±nesu pakkhipitabb±ni, t±ni eva½ veditabb±ni– asaññasatta½ upapajjant±nanti eka½ µh±na½, asaññasatte tatth±ti eka½, asaññasatt±nanti eka½; asaññasatt± cavant±nanti eka½; ar³pa½ upapajjant±nanti eka½, ar³pe tatth±ti eka½, ar³p±nanti eka½, ar³p± cavant±nanti eka½ ar³pe pacchimabhavik±nanti eka½, ar³pe parinibbant±nanti eka½; ye ca ar³pa½ upapajjitv± parinibb±yissant²ti eka½; pañcavok±ra½ upapajjant±nanti eka½, pañcavok±re tatth±ti eka½, pañcavok±r±nanti eka½ pañcavok±r± cavant±nanti eka½, pañcavok±re pacchimabhavik±nanti eka½, pañcavok±re parinibbant±nanti eka½; suddh±v±sa½ upapajjant±nanti eka½, suddh±v±se tatth±ti eka½, suddh±v±s±nanti eka½, suddh±v±se parinibbant±nanti eka½; sabbesa½ upapajjant±nanti eka½, sabbesa½ cavant±nanti eka½; sabbas±dh±raºavasena pacchimabhavik±nanti eka½, parinibbant±nanti eka½, catuvok±ra½ pañcavok±ra½ upapajjant±nanti eka½, cavant±nanti eka½. Eva½ imesa½ catunna½ pañh±na½ im±ni pañca vissajjan±ni imesu sattav²satiy± µh±nesu pakkhipitv± imasmi½ pavattimah±v±re atthavinicchayo veditabbo. Eva½ viditv± hi pañha½ vissajjantena suvissajjito hoti, atthañca vinicchayantena suvinicchito hoti.
Tatth±ya½ nayo– yassa r³pakkhandho uppajjat²ti yassa puggalassa upp±dakkhaºasamaªgit±ya r³pakkhandho uppajjati. Tassa vedan±kkhandho uppajjat²ti vedan±kkhandhopi tassa tasmiññeva khaºe uppajjat²ti pucchati. Asaññasatta½ upapajjant±nanti acittakapaµisandhivasena asaññasattabhava½ upapajjant±na½. Tesa½ r³pakkhandho uppajjat²ti tesa½ ekantena r³pakkhandho uppajjatiyeva. Pavatte uppann±na½ r³pakkhandho uppajjatipi nirujjhatipi, tasm± ‘asaññasatt±nan’ti avatv±’asaññasatta½ upapajjant±nan’ti vutta½. No ca tesa½ vedan±kkhandho uppajjat²ti acittakatt± pana tesa½ vedan±kkhandho nuppajjateva. Ida½ sattav²satiy± µh±nesu paµhame µh±ne paripuººapañhassa purimakoµµh±se sar³padassanena vissajjana½. Pañcavok±ra½ upapajjant±nanti r³p±r³pamissakapaµisandhivasena pañcavok±rabhava½ upapajjant±na½. Tesa½ r³pakkhandho ca uppajjati, vedan±kkhandho c±ti tesa½ ekantena r³pavedan±kkhandhasaªkh±t± dvepi khandh± uppajjantiyeva. Pavatte pana tattha uppann±na½ te khandh± uppajjantipi nirujjhantipi, tasm± ‘pañcavok±r±nan’ti avatv± ‘pañcavok±ra½ upapajjant±nan’ti vutta½. Ida½ pañcavok±ra½ upapajjant±nanti µh±ne paripuººapañhassa pacchimakoµµh±se sar³padassanena vissajjana½. Imin± up±yena sabb±ni vissajjan±ni veditabb±ni.
Ida½ panettha upp±danirodhesu niyamalakkhaºa½– sakalepi hi imasmi½ khandhayamake tattha tattha uppann±na½ pavatte y±va maraº± khandh±na½ apariyantesu upp±danirodhesu vijjam±nesupi lahuparivatt±na½ dhamm±na½ vinibbhoga½ katv± upp±danirodhe dassetu½ na sukaranti pavattiya½ upp±danirodhe an±masitv± abhinava½ vip±kavaµµa½ nipph±dayam±nena n±n±kammena nibbatt±na½ paµisandhikhandh±na½ upp±da½ dassetu½ sukhanti paµisandhik±le upp±davaseneva upp±dav±ro kathito. Uppannassa pana vip±kavaµµassa pariyos±nena nirodha½ dassetu½ sukhanti maraºak±le nirodhavasena nirodhav±ro kathito.
Ki½ panettha pavattiya½ upp±danirodh±na½ an±maµµhabh±ve pam±ºanti? P±¼iyeva. P±¼iyañhi visesena upp±dav±rassa an±gatak±lav±re ‘pacchimabhavik±na½ tesa½ r³pakkhandho ca nuppajjissati, vedan±kkhandho ca nuppajjissat²’ti aya½ p±¼i atipam±ºameva. Pacchimabhavik±nañhi pavatte r³p±r³padhamm±na½ uppajjitu½ yuttabh±ve satipi ‘r³pakkhandho ca nuppajjissati, vedan±kkhandho ca nuppajjissat²’ti sanniµµh±na½ katv± vuttabh±vena pavatte upp±do na gahitoti veditabbo. ‘Suddh±v±se parinibbant±na½ tesa½ tattha saññ±kkhandho na nirujjhittha, no ca tesa½ tattha vedan±kkhandho na nirujjhat²’ti aya½ pana p±¼i pavatte nirodhassa an±maµµhabh±ve ativiya pam±ºa½. Suddh±v±se parinibbant±nañhi cuticittassa bhaªgakkhaºe µhit±na½ paµisandhito paµµh±ya pavatte uppajjitv± niruddhasaññ±kkhandh±na½ gaºanapatho natthi. ‘Eva½ santepi tesa½ tattha saññ±kkhandho na nirujjhitth±’ti sanniµµh±na½ katv± vuttabh±vena pavatte nirodho na gahitoti veditabbo.
Evamettha upp±danirodhesu niyamalakkhaºa½ viditv± paµisandhi-upp±dameva cutinirodhameva ca gahetv± tesu tesu µh±nesu ±gat±na½ vissajjan±na½ atthavinicchayo veditabbo. So pana sakk± ±divissajjane vuttanayena sabbattha viditunti vissajjanapaµip±µiy± na vitth±rito. Imin± pana eva½ dinnenapi nayena yo etesa½ atthavinicchaya½ j±nitu½ na sakkoti, tena ±cariye payirup±sitv± s±dhuka½ sutv±pi j±nitabbo.
Upp±dassa nirodhassa, uppannañc±pi ekato;
nayassa anulomassa, paµilomanayassa ca.
Vasena y±ni khandhesu, yamak±ni ca pañcasu;
puggala½ atha ok±sa½, puggalok±sameva ca.
¾masitv± pavattesu, µh±nesu kathay² jino;
tesa½ p±¼ivavatth±na½, dassita½ anupubbato.
Vinicchayattha½ atthassa, pañh±vissajjan±ni ca;
vissajjan±na½ µh±n±ni, y±ni t±ni ca sabbaso.
Dassetv± ekapañhasmi½, yojan±pi pak±sit±;
vitth±rena gate ettha, pañh±vissajjanakkame.
Attha½ vaººayat± k±tu½, ki½ nu sakk± ito para½;
nayena imin± tasm±, attha½ j±nantu paº¹it±ti.

Pavattimah±v±ravaººan±.

3. Pariññ±v±ravaººan±

206-208. Tadanantare pariññ±v±repi cha¼eva k±labhed±. Anulomapaµilomato dveyeva nay±. Puggalav±ro, ok±sav±ro, puggalok±sav±roti imesu pana t²su puggalav±rova labbhati, na itare dve. Ki½ k±raº±? Sadisavissajjanat±ya. Yo hi koci puggalo yattha katthaci µh±ne r³pakkhandha½ ce parij±n±ti, vedan±kkhandhampi parij±n±tiyeva. Vedan±kkhandha½ ce parij±n±ti, r³pakkhandhampi parij±n±tiyeva. R³pakkhandha½ ce na parij±n±ti, vedan±kkhandhampi na parij±n±tiyeva. Vedan±kkhandha½ ce na parij±n±ti, r³pakkhandhampi na parij±n±tiyeva. Tasm± tesupi ‘yattha r³pakkhandha½ parij±n±ti, tattha vedan±kkhandha½ parij±n±t²’ti ±divasena puccha½ katv± ‘±mant±’tveva vissajjana½ k±tabba½ Siy±ti sadisavissajjanat±ya te idha na labbhant²ti veditabb±.
Atha v± pariññ±kicca½ n±ma puggalasseva hoti, no ok±sassa, puggalova parij±nitu½ samattho, no ok±soti puggalav±rovettha gahito, na ok±sav±ro. Tassa pana aggahitatt± tadanantaro puggalok±sav±ro labbham±nopi na gahito. Yo panesa puggalav±ro gahito, tattha paccuppannak±le r³pakkhandham³lak±ni catt±ri, vedan±kkhandham³lak±ni t²ºi, saññ±kkhandham³lak±ni dve, saªkh±rakkhandham³laka½ ekanti heµµh± vuttanayeneva anulomanaye aggahitaggahaºena dasa yamak±ni. Paµilomanaye das±ti v²sati. Tath± sesesup²ti ekekasmi½ k±le v²sati v²sati katv± chasu k±lesu v²sa½ yamakasata½, catt±r²s±ni dve pucch±sat±ni, as²ty±dhik±ni catt±ri atthasat±ni ca hont²ti idamettha p±¼ivavatth±na½.
Atthavinicchaye panettha at²t±n±gatapaccuppannasaªkh±t± tayo addh± pavattiv±re viya cutipaµisandhivasena na labbhanti. Pavatte cittakkhaºavaseneva labbhanti. Tenevettha ‘yo r³pakkhandha½ parij±n±ti, so vedan±kkhandha½ parij±n±t²’ti-±d²su pucch±su ‘±mant±’ti vissajjana½ kata½. Lokuttaramaggakkhaºasmiñhi nibb±n±rammaºena cittena pañcasu khandhesu pariññ±kiccanibbattiy± ya½ kiñci eka½ khandha½ parij±nanto itarampi parij±n±t²ti vuccati. Evamettha ‘parij±n±t²’ti pañhesu anulomanaye pariññ±kiccassa matthakappatta½ aggamaggasamaªgi½ sandh±ya ‘±mant±’ti vuttanti veditabba½. Paµilomanaye pana ‘na parij±n±t²’ti pañhesu puthujjan±dayo sandh±ya ‘±mant±’ti vutta½. ‘Parij±nitth±’ti imasmi½ pana at²tak±lav±re magg±nantara-aggaphale µhitopi pariññ±kiccassa niµµhitatt± parij±nitthayeva n±ma.
209. Yo r³pakkhandha½ parij±n±ti, so vedan±kkhandha½ parij±nitth±ti pañhena aggamaggasamaªgi½ pucchati. Yasm± panesa khandhapañcaka½ parij±n±tiyeva n±ma, na t±va niµµhitapariññ±kicco; tasm± ‘no’ti paµisedho kato. Dutiyapañhe pana parij±nitth±ti arahanta½ pucchati. Yasm± paneso niµµhitapariññ±kicco. Natthi tassa pariññeyya½ n±ma; tasm± ‘no’ti paµisedho kato. Paµilomanayavissajjane panettha arah± r³pakkhandha½ na parij±n±t²ti arahato pariññ±ya abh±vena vutta½. Aggamaggasamaªg² vedan±kkhandha½ na parij±nitth±ti arahattamaggaµµhassa aniµµhitapariññ±kiccat±ya vutta½. Na kevalañca vedan±kkhandhameva, ekadhammampi so na parij±nittheva. Ida½ pana pucch±vasena vutta½. No ca r³pakkhandhanti idampi pucch±vaseneva vutta½. Aññampi pana so khandha½ parij±n±ti.
210-211. Yo r³pakkhandha½ parij±n±ti, so vedan±kkhandha½ parij±nissat²ti ettha yasm± maggaµµhapuggalo ekacittakkhaºiko, tasm± so parij±nissat²ti saªkha½ na gacchati. Tena vutta½ ‘no’ti. Te r³pakkhandhañca na parij±nitth±ti pucch±sabh±gena vutta½, na parij±ni½s³ti panettha attho. Imin± up±yena sabbattha atthavinicchayo veditabboti.

Pariññ±v±ravaººan±.

Khandhayamakavaººan± niµµhit±.