2. Khandhayamaka½

1. Paººatti-uddesav±ravaººan±

1. Id±ni m³layamake desiteyeva kusal±didhamme khandhavasena saªgaºhitv± m³layamak±nantara½ desitassa khandhayamakassa vaººan± hoti. Tattha p±¼ivavatth±na½ t±va eva½ veditabba½– imasmiñhi khandhayamake tayo mah±v±r± honti– paººattiv±ro, pavattiv±ro, pariññ±v±roti. Tesu paººattiv±ro khandh±na½ n±m±bhidh±nasodhanavaseneva gatatt± paººattiv±roti vuccati. Pavattiv±ro tena sodhitan±m±bhidh±n±na½ khandh±na½ upp±danirodhavasena pavatti½ sodhayam±no gato, tasm± pavattiv±roti vuccati. Pariññ±v±ro imin±nukkamena pavatt±na½ khandh±na½ saªkhepeneva tisso pariññ± d²payam±no gato, tasm± pariññ±v±roti vuccati. Tattha paººattiv±ro uddesaniddesavasena dv²h±k±rehi vavatthito. Itaresu visu½ uddesav±ro natthi. ¾dito paµµh±ya pucch±vissajjanavasena ekadh± vavatthit±. Tattha pañcakkhandh±tipada½ ±di½ katv± y±va na khandh±, na saªkh±r±ti pada½ t±va paººattiv±rassa uddesav±ro veditabbo. Pucch±v±rotipi tasseva n±ma½. Tattha pañcakkhandh±ti aya½ yamakavasena pucchitabb±na½ khandh±na½ uddeso. R³pakkhandho…pe… viññ±ºakkhandhoti tesaññeva pabhedato n±mavavatth±na½.
2-3. Id±ni imesa½ khandh±na½ vasena padasodhanav±ro, padasodhanam³lacakkav±ro, suddhakhandhav±ro, suddhakhandham³lacakkav±roti catt±ro nayav±r± honti. Tattha r³pa½ r³pakkhandho, r³pakkhandho r³panti-±din± nayena padameva sodhetv± gato padasodhanav±ro n±ma. So anulomapaµilomavasena duvidho hoti. Tattha anulomav±re ‘r³pa½ r³pakkhandho, r³pakkhandho r³pan’ti-±d²ni pañca yamak±ni. Paµilomav±repi ‘na r³pa½, na r³pakkhandho; na r³pakkhandho na r³pan’ti-±d²ni pañceva. Tato para½ tesaññeva padasodhanav±re sodhit±na½ khandh±na½ ‘r³pa½ r³pakkhandho, khandh± vedan±kkhandho’ti-±din± nayena ekekakhandham³lak±ni catt±ri catt±ri cakk±ni bandhitv± gato padasodhanam³lak±na½ cakk±na½ atthit±ya padasodhanam³lacakkav±ro n±ma. Sopi anulomapaµilomavasena duvidho hoti. Tattha anulomav±re ‘r³pa½ r³pakkhandho, khandh± vedan±kkhandho’ti-±d²ni ekekakhandham³lak±ni catt±ri catt±ri katv± v²sati yamak±ni. Paµilomav±repi ‘na r³pa½, na r³pakkhandho; na khandh± na vedan±kkhandho’ti-±d²ni v²satimeva.
Tato para½ r³pa½ khandho khandh± r³panti-±din± nayena suddhakhandhavaseneva gato suddhakhandhav±ro n±ma. Tattha khandh± r³panti-±d²su khandh± r³pakkhandho, khandh± vedan±kkhandhoti attho gahetabbo. Kasm±? Niddesav±re eva½ bh±jitatt±. Tattha hi ‘r³pa½ khandhoti ±mant±. Khandh± r³pakkhandhoti r³pakkhandho khandho ceva r³pakkhandho ca, avases± khandh± na r³pakkhandho’ti eva½ ‘khandh± r³pan’ti-±d²na½ khandh± r³pakkhandhoti-±din± nayena pada½ uddharitv± attho vibhatto. Teneva ca k±raºenese suddhakhandhav±roti vutto. Vacanasodhane viya hi ettha na vacana½ pam±ºa½. Yath± yath± pana suddhakhandh± labbhanti, tath± tath± atthova pam±ºa½. Parato ±yatanayamak±d²supi eseva nayo. Esopi ca suddhakhandhav±ro anulomapaµilomavasena duvidho hoti. Tattha anulomav±re ‘r³pa½ khandho khandh± r³pan’ti-±d²ni pañca yamak±ni. Paµilomav±repi ‘na r³pa½ na khandho, na khandh± na r³pan’ti-±d²ni pañceva.
Tato para½ tesaññeva suddhakhandh±na½ r³pa½ khandho, khandh± vedan±ti-±din± nayena ekekakhandham³lak±ni catt±ri catt±ri cakk±ni bandhitv± gato suddhakhandham³lak±na½ cakk±na½ atthit±ya suddhakhandham³lacakkav±ro n±ma. Tattha khandh± vedan±ti-±d²su khandh± vedan±kkhandhoti-±din± nayena attho veditabbo. Itarath± niddesav±rena saddhi½ virodho hoti. Sopi anulomapaµilomavasena duvidho hoti. Tattha anulomav±re ‘r³pa½ khandho, khandh± vedan±’ti-±d²ni ekekakhandham³lak±ni catt±ri catt±ri katv± v²sati yamak±ni. Paµilomav±repi ‘na r³pa½, na khandho, na khandh± na vedan±’ti-±d²ni v²satimeva. Eva½ t±va ekena yamakasatena dv²hi pucch±satehi ekekapucch±ya sanniµµh±nasa½sayavasena dve dve atthe katv± cat³hi ca atthasatehi paµimaº¹ito paººattiv±rassa uddesav±ro veditabboti.

Paººatti-uddesav±ravaººan±.

1. Paººattiniddesav±ravaººan±

26. Id±ni r³pa½ r³pakkhandhoti-±din± nayena niddesav±ro ±raddho. Tattha r³pa½ r³pakkhandhoti ya½kiñci r³panti vuccati. Sabba½ ta½ r³pa½ r³pakkhandhoti vacanasodhanattha½ pucchati. Piyar³pa½ s±tar³pa½, r³pa½, na r³pakkhandhoti ya½ ‘piyar³pa½ s±tar³pan’ti ettha r³panti vutta½, ta½ r³pameva, na r³pakkhandhoti attho. R³pakkhandho r³pañceva r³pakkhandho c±ti yo pana r³pakkhandho, so r³pantipi r³pakkhandhotipi vattu½ vaµµat²ti attho. R³pakkhandho r³panti ettha pana yasm± r³pakkhandho niyameneva r³panti vattabbo. Tasm± ±mant±ti ±ha. Imin± up±yena sabbavissajjanesu attho veditabbo. Yo pana yattha viseso bhavissati, tatheva ta½ vaººayiss±ma Saññ±yamake t±va diµµhisaññ±ti ‘papañcasaññ±’ti-±d²su ±gat± diµµhisaññ±. Saªkh±rayamake avases± saªkh±r±ti ‘anicc± vata saªkh±r±’ti-±d²su ±gat± saªkh±rakkhandhato avases± saªkhatadhamm±. Paµilomav±repi eseva nayoti.

Padasodhanav±ro niµµhito.

28. Padasodhanam³lacakkav±re khandh± vedan±kkhandhoti yekeci khandh±, sabbe te vedan±kkhandhoti pucchati. Sesapucch±supi eseva nayo. Paµilome na khandh± na vedan±kkhandhoti ettha ye paññattinibb±nasaªkh±t± dhamm± khandh± na honti, te yasm± vedan±kkhandhopi na honti, tasm± ±mant±ti ±ha. Sesavissajjanesupi eseva nayoti.

Padasodhanam³lacakkav±ro niµµhito.

38. Suddhakhandhav±re r³pa½ khandhoti ya½kiñci r³panti vutta½, sabba½ ta½ khandhoti pucchati. Tattha yasm± piyar³pas±tar³pasaªkh±ta½ v± r³pa½ hotu, bh³tup±d±r³pa½ v±, sabba½ pañcasu khandhesu saªgaha½ gacchateva. Tasm± ±mant±ti paµij±n±ti. Dutiyapade ‘khandh± r³pan’ti pucchitabbe yasm± r³pantivacanena r³pakkhandhova adhippeto, tasm± vacana½ an±diyitv± atthavasena pucchanto khandh± r³pakkhandhoti ±ha. Imin± nayena sabbapadesu attho veditabbo. Parato ±yatanayamak±d²na½ niddesav±repi eseva nayo. Saññ± khandhoti etth±pi diµµhisaññ± v± hotu, saññ± eva v±, sabb±yapi khandhabh±vato ±mant±ti vutta½. Saªkh±r± khandhoti padepi eseva nayo. Khandhavinimuttako hi saªkh±ro n±ma natthi.
39. Paµilome na r³pa½ na khandhoti ya½ dhammaj±ta½ r³pa½ na hoti, ta½ khandhopi na hot²ti pucchati. Vissajjane panassa r³pa½ µhapetv± avases± khandh± na r³pa½, khandh±ti r³pato aññe vedan±dayo khandh± r³pameva na honti, khandh± pana hont²ti attho. R³pañca khandhe ca µhapetv± avases±ti pañcakkhandhavinimutta½ nibb±nañceva paññatti ca. Ito paresupi ‘avases±’ti padesu eseva nayoti.

Suddhakhandhav±ro niµµhito.

40-44. Suddhakhandham³lacakkav±re r³pa½ khandhoti-±d²na½ heµµh± vuttanayeneva attho veditabboti.

Suddhakhandham³lacakkav±ro niµµhito.

Paººattiniddesav±ravaººan±.

2. Pavattiv±ravaººan±

50-205. Id±ni yassa r³pakkhandhoti-±din± nayena pavattiv±ro ±raddho. Kasm± panettha uddesav±ro na vuttoti? Heµµh± dassitanayatt±. Paººattiv±rasmiñhi uddesav±re nayo dassito. Tena pana nayena sakk± so idha avuttopi j±nitunti ta½ avatv± niddesav±rova ±raddho. Imasmi½ pana pavattiv±rasaªkh±te mah±v±re upp±dav±ro, nirodhav±ro, upp±danirodhav±roti tayo antarav±r± honti. Tesu paµhamo dhamm±na½ upp±dalakkhaºassa d²pitatt± upp±dav±roti vuccati. Dutiyo tesaññeva nirodhalakkhaºassa d²pitatt± nirodhav±roti vuccati. Tatiyo ubhinnampi lakkhaº±na½ d²pitatt± upp±danirodhav±roti vuccati. Upp±dav±rena cettha dhamm±na½ uppajjan±k±rova d²pito. Nirodhav±rena ‘uppanna½ n±ma nicca½ natth²’ti tesaññeva aniccat± d²pit±. Upp±danirodhav±rena tadubhaya½.
Tattha upp±dav±re t±va tiººa½ addh±na½ vasena cha k±labhed± honti– paccuppanno, at²to, an±gato, paccuppannen±t²to, paccuppannen±n±gato, at²ten±n±gatoti. Tesu ‘yassa r³pakkhandho uppajjat²’ti paccuppann±bhidh±navasena paccuppanno veditabbo. So paccuppann±na½ dhamm±na½ paccakkhato gahetabbatt± ativiya suviññeyyoti paµhama½ vutto. Yassa r³pakkhandho uppajjitth±ti at²t±bhidh±navasena at²to veditabbo. So paccakkhato anubh³tapubb±na½ at²tadhamm±na½ anum±nena an±gatehi suviññeyyataratt± dutiya½ vutto. Yassa r³pakkhandho uppajjissat²ti an±gat±bhidh±navasena an±gato veditabbo. So paccakkhato ca anubh³tapubbavasena ca gahitadhamm±num±nena ‘an±gatepi evar³p± dhamm± uppajjissant²’ti gahetabbato tatiya½ vutto.
Yassa r³pakkhandho uppajjati, tassa vedan±kkhandho uppajjitth±ti paccuppannena saddhi½ at²t±bhidh±navasena paccuppannen±t²to veditabbo. So missakesu t²su suviññeyyataratt± catuttha½ vutto. Yassa r³pakkhandho uppajjati tassa vedan±kkhandho uppajjissat²ti paccuppannena saddhi½ an±gat±bhidh±navasena paccuppannen±n±gato veditabbo. So paccakkhato gahetabb±na½ dhamm±na½ atthit±ya atthato suviññeyyataroti pañcama½ vutto. Yassa r³pakkhandho uppajjittha, tassa vedan±kkhandho uppajjissat²ti at²tena saddhi½ an±gat±bhidh±navasena at²ten±n±gato veditabbo. So purimehi duviññeyyoti chaµµha½ vutto.
Evametesu chasu k±labhedesu yv±ya½ paµhamo paccuppanno, tattha puggalato, ok±sato, puggalok±satoti tayo v±r± honti. Tesu yass±ti puggalavasena khandh±na½ uppattid²pano puggalav±ro. Yatth±ti ok±savasena khandh±na½ uppattid²pano ok±sav±ro. Yassa yatth±ti puggalok±savasena khandh±na½ uppattid²pano puggalok±sav±ro. Ime pana tayopi v±r± paµhama½ anulomanayena niddisitv± pacch± paµilomanayena niddiµµh±. Tesu ‘uppajjati’ ‘uppajjittha,’ ‘uppajjissat²’ti vacanato uppattid²pano anulomanayo. ‘Nuppajjati’, ‘nuppajjittha,’ ‘nuppajjissat²’ti vacanato anuppattid²pano paµilomanayo.
Tattha paccuppannak±le t±va puggalav±rassa anulomanaye “yassa r³pakkhandho uppajjati, tassa vedan±kkhandho uppajjati. Yassa v± pana vedan±kkhandho uppajjati, tassa r³pakkhandho uppajjati. Yassa r³pakkhandho uppajjati, tassa saññ±kkhandho saªkh±rakkhandho, viññ±ºakkhandho, uppajjati. Yassa v± pana viññ±ºakkhandho uppajjati, tassa r³pakkhandho uppajjat²”ti eva½ r³pakkhandham³lak±ni catt±ri yamak±ni; “yassa vedan±kkhandho uppajjati, tassa saññ±kkhandho uppajjat²”ti-±din± nayena vedan±kkhandham³lak±ni t²ºi; saññ±kkhandham³lak±ni dve; saªkh±rakkhandham³laka½ ekanti aggahitaggahaºena dasa yamak±ni honti.
Tattha r³pakkhandham³lakesu cat³su ±dito ekameva vissajjita½. Ses±ni tena sadisavissajjan±n²ti tantiy± lahubh±vattha½ saªkhitt±ni. Vedan±kkhandh±dim³lakesupi ‘±mant±’ti ekasadisameva vissajjana½. Tasm± t±nipi tantiy± lahubh±vattha½ saªkhitt±nev±ti evamet±ni paccuppannak±le puggalav±re anulomanaye ekayamakavissajjaneneva dasa yamak±ni vissajjit±ni n±ma hont²ti veditabb±ni. Yath± ca puggalav±re dasa, eva½ ok±sav±re dasa, puggalok±sav±re das±ti paccuppannak±le t²su v±resu anulomanaye ti½sa yamak±ni honti. Yath± ca anulomanaye, eva½ paµilomanayep²ti sabb±nipi paccuppannak±le saµµhi yamak±ni honti. Tesu v²sapucch±sata½, catt±r²s±ni ca dve atthasat±ni hont²ti veditabb±ni. Eva½ sesesupi pañcasu k±labhedesu puggal±dibhedato anulomapaµilomanayavasena cha cha v±r±. Ekekasmi½ v±re dasa dasa katv± saµµhi saµµhi yamak±n²ti t²ºi yamakasat±ni. T±ni purimehi saddhi½ saµµh±dhik±ni t²ºi yamakasat±ni, v²s±dhik±ni sattapucch±sat±ni, catt±r²s±ni ca cuddasa atthasat±ni honti. Ida½ t±va upp±dav±re p±¼ivavatth±na½. Yath± ca upp±dav±re, tath± nirodhav±repi, upp±danirodhav±rep²ti sabbasmimpi pavattimah±v±re as²ti yamakasahassa½, saµµhisat±dhik±ni dve pucch±sahass±ni, v²sa½ tisat±dhik±ni ca catt±ri atthasahass±ni veditabb±ni.