20. V²satimavaggo

1. Asañciccakath±vaººan±

857-862. Id±ni asañciccakath± n±ma hoti. Tattha “±nantariyavatth³ni n±ma gar³ni bh±riy±ni, tasm± asañcicc±pi tesu vatth³su vikopitesu ±nantariko hot²”ti yesa½ laddhi, seyyath±pi ekacc±na½ uttar±pathak±na½; te sandh±ya asañcicc±ti pucch± sakav±dissa, laddhivasena paµiññ± itarassa. Atha na½ “yasm± ±nantariyakamma½ n±ma kammapathappatta½. Yadi ca asañcicca kammapathabhedo siy±, avases± p±º±tip±t±dayopi asañcicca bhaveyyun”ti codanattha½ asañciccap±ºa½ hantv±ti-±dim±ha. Itaro tath±r³p±ya laddhiy± abh±vena paµikkhipati. Sesa½ yath±p±¼imeva niyy±ti. Na vattabba½ m±tugh±takoti pucch± parav±dissa, rogapaµik±r±dik±le asañcicca gh±ta½ sandh±ya paµiññ± sakav±dissa. Nanu m±t± j²vit± voropit±ti pañhepi asañcicca voropita½ sandh±ya paµiññ± sakav±disseva. Eva½ adhipp±ya½ pana aggahetv± hañc²ti laddhipatiµµh±pana½ itarassa. Ta½ ayoniso patiµµh±pitatt± appatiµµhitameva. Pitugh±tak±d²supi eseva nayo. Saªghabhedake pana dhammasaññi½ sandh±ya saªghabhedo ±nantarikoti pucch± sakav±dissa, “saªgha½ samagga½ bhetv±na, kappa½ nirayamhi paccat²”ti vacana½ ayoniso gahetv± paµiññ± parav±dissa. Puna sabbeti puµµho sakapakkhe dhammasaññi½ sandh±ya paµikkhipati, parapakkhe dhammasaññi½ sandh±ya paµij±n±ti. Dhammasaññ²ti pañhadvayepi eseva nayo. Nanu vutta½ bhagavat±ti sutta½ ekanteneva dhammav±dissa ±nantarikabh±vadassanattha½ vutta½. ¾p±yiko nerayikoti g±th±yapi adhammav±d²yeva adhippeto. Itaro pana adhipp±ya½ aggahetv± laddhi½ patiµµhapeti. S± ayoniso patiµµh±pitatt± appatiµµhit±yev±ti.

Asañciccakath±vaººan±.

2. ѱºakath±vaººan±

863-865. Id±ni ñ±ºakath± n±ma hoti. Tattha duvidha½ ñ±ºa½– lokiyañca lokuttarañca. Lokiya½ sam±pattiñ±ºampi hoti d±n±divasena pavatta½ kammassakatañ±ºampi; lokuttara½ saccaparicchedaka½ maggañ±ºampi phalañ±ºampi. Ima½ pana vibh±ga½ akatv± “saccaparicchedakameva ñ±ºa½ na itara½, tasm± natthi puthujjanassa ñ±ºan”ti yesa½ laddhi, seyyath±pi hetuv±d±na½, te sandh±ya pucch± sakav±dissa, paµiññ± itarassa. Paññ±ti-±di ñ±ºavevacanadassanattha½ vutta½. Teneta½ d²peti– yadi tassa ñ±ºa½ natthi, paññ±dayopi natthi. Atha paññ±dayo atthi, ñ±ºampi atthi. Kasm±? Paññ±d²na½ ñ±ºato anaññatt±ti. Paµhama½ jh±nanti-±di sam±pattiñ±ºassa dassanattha½ vutta½. D±na½ dadeyy±ti-±di kammassakatañ±ºassa. Dukkha½ parij±n±t²ti lokuttaramaggañ±ºameva d²peti, na ca lokuttarameva ñ±ºanti.

ѱºakath±vaººan±.

3. Nirayap±lakath±vaººan±

866. Id±ni nirayap±lakath± n±ma hoti. Tattha “niraye nerayikakamm±neva nirayap±lar³pavasena vadhenti, natthi nirayap±l± n±ma satt±”ti yesa½ laddhi, seyyath±pi andhak±na½; te sandh±ya pucch± sakav±dissa, paµiññ± itarassa. Atha na½ “yadi tattha nirayap±l± na siyu½, kammak±raº±pi na bhaveyyu½. K±raºikesu hi sati k±raº±”ti codetu½ natthi nirayes³ti-±dim±ha.
867-868. Atthi manusses³ti paccakkhena ñ±panattha½. Yath± hi manussesu sati k±raºikesu k±raº±, eva½ tatth±p²ti ayamettha adhipp±yo. Atthi nirayes³ti pucch± parav±dissa, paµiññ± itarassa. Na vessabh³ nopi ca pettir±j±ti parav±din± sakasamayato sutta½ ±bhata½. Ta½ pana s±san±vacarikanti sakav±din± anuññ±ta½. Tattha vessabh³ti eko devo. Pettir±j±ti pettivisaye petamahiddhiko. Som±dayo p±kaµ± eva. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– attano kammehi ito paºunna½ paraloka½ patta½ purisa½ na ete vessabh³-±dayo hananti. Yehi pana so kammehi tattha paºunno, t±ni sak±ni kamm±niyeva na½ tattha hanant²ti kammassakata½ d²peti, na nirayap±l±na½ abh±va½. Sakav±din± pana tamena½, bhikkhaveti ±bhat±ni suttapad±ni n²tatth±nev±ti.

Nirayap±lakath±vaººan±.

4. Tiracch±nakath±vaººan±

869-871. Id±ni tiracch±nakath± n±ma hoti. Tattha devesu er±vaº±dayo devaputt± hatthivaººa½ assavaººa½ vikubbanti, natthi tattha tiracch±nagat±. Yesa½ pana tiracch±navaººino devaputte disv± “atthi devesu tiracch±nagat±”ti laddhi, seyyath±pi andhak±na½ te sandh±ya pucch± sakav±dissa, paµiññ± itarassa. Atha na½ “yadi devayoniya½ tiracch±nagat± siyu½, tiracch±nayoniyampi dev± siyun”ti codetu½ atthi tiracch±nagates³ti-±dim±ha. K²µ±ti-±di yesa½ so abh±va½ icchati, te dassetu½ vutta½. Er±vaºoti pañhe tassa atthit±ya paµiññ± sakav±dissa na tiracch±nagatassa. Hatthibandh±ti-±di “yadi tattha hatthi-±dayo siyu½, hatthibandh±dayopi siyun”ti codanattha½ vutta½. Tattha y±vasik±ti yavassa d±yak±. K±raºik±ti hatth±cariy±dayo, yehi te n±n±vidha½ k±raºa½ kareyyu½. Bhattak±rak±ti hatthi-±d²na½ bhattarandhak±. Na hevanti tath± anicchanto paµikkhipat²ti.

Tiracch±nakath±vaººan±.

5. Maggakath±vaººan±

872-875. Id±ni maggakath± n±ma hoti. Tattha yesa½ “pubbeva kho panassa k±yakamma½ vac²kamma½ ±j²vo suparisuddho hot²”ti (a. ni. 3.431) idañceva sutta½ samm±v±c±kammant±j²v±nañca cittavippayuttata½ niss±ya “nippariy±yena pañcaªgikova maggo”ti laddhi, seyyath±pi mahis±sak±na½, te sandh±ya pañcaªgikoti pucch± sakav±dissa, paµiññ± itarassa. Samm±v±c± maggaªga½, s± ca na maggoti±di parasamayavasena vutta½. Parasamayasmiñhi samm±v±c±dayo maggaªganti ±gat±. R³patt± pana maggo na hot²ti vaººit±. Samm±diµµhi maggaªganti-±di maggaªgassa amaggat± n±ma natth²ti dassanattha½ vutta½. Pubbeva kho panass±ti sutte parisuddhas²lassa maggabh±van± n±ma hoti, na itarass±ti ±gamaniyapaµipad±ya visuddhibh±vadassanattha½ “k±yakamma½ vac²kamma½ ±j²vo suparisuddho hot²”ti vutta½, na imehi vin± pañcaªgikabh±vadassanattha½. Tenev±ha “evamass±ya½ ariyo aµµhaªgiko maggo bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchat²”ti. Sakav±din± ±bhatasutta½ n²tatthamev±ti.

Maggakath±vaººan±.

6. ѱºakath±vaººan±

876-877. Id±ni ñ±ºakath± n±ma hoti. Tattha dhammacakkappavattane dv±das±k±rañ±ºa½ sandh±ya “dv±dasavatthuka½ ñ±ºa½ lokuttaran”ti yesa½ laddhi, seyyath±pi pubbaseliy±na½, te sandh±ya pucch± sakav±dissa, paµiññ± itarassa. Atha na½ “sace ta½ dv±dasavatthuka½, dv±dasahi maggañ±ºehi bhavitabban”ti codetu½ dv±das±ti-±dim±ha. Itaro maggassa ekatta½ sandh±ya paµikkhipati, ekekasmi½ sacce saccañ±ºakiccañ±ºakatañ±º±na½ vasena ñ±ºan±natta½ sandh±ya paµij±n±ti. Dv±dasa sot±pattimagg±ti-±d²supi eseva nayo. Nanu vutta½ bhagavat±ti sutta½ saddhi½ pubbabh±gaparabh±gehi ñ±ºan±natta½ d²peti, na ariyamaggassa dv±dasa ñ±ºata½. Tasm± as±dhakanti.

ѱºakath±vaººan±.

V²satimo vaggo.

Catutthapaºº±sako samatto.