1. M±tik±vaººan±

1. Cha paññattiyo– khandhapaññatti…pe… puggalapaññatt²ti aya½ t±va puggalapaññattiy± uddeso. Tattha ch±ti gaºanaparicchedo. Tena ye dhamme idha paññapetuk±mo tesa½ gaºanavasena sa½khepato paññattipariccheda½ dasseti. Paññattiyoti paricchinnadhammanidassana½. Tattha “±cikkhati deseti paññapeti paµµhapet²”ti (sa½. ni. 2.20) ±gataµµh±ne paññ±pan± dassan± pak±san± paññatti n±ma. “Supaññatta½ mañcap²µhan”ti (p±r±. 269) ±gataµµh±ne µhapan± nikkhipan± paññatti n±ma. Idha ubhayampi vaµµati. Cha paññattiyoti hi cha paññ±pan±, cha dassan± pak±san±tipi; cha µhapan± nikkhipan±tipi idha adhippetameva. N±mapaññatti hi te te dhamme dassetipi, tena tena koµµh±sena µhapetipi.
Khandhapaññatt²ti-±di pana sa½khepato t±sa½ paññatt²na½ sar³padassana½. Tattha khandh±na½ ‘khandh±’ti paññ±pan± dassan± pak±san± µhapan± nikkhipan± khandhapaññatti n±ma. ¾yatan±na½ ±yatan±n²ti, dh±t³na½ dh±tuyoti, sacc±na½ sacc±n²ti, indriy±na½ indriy±n²ti, puggal±na½ puggal±ti paññ±pan± dassan± pak±san± µhapan± nikkhipan± puggalapaññatti n±ma.
P±¼imuttakena pana aµµhakath±nayena apar±pi cha paññattiyo– vijjam±napaññatti, avijjam±napaññatti, vijjam±nena avijjam±napaññatti, avijjam±nena vijjam±napaññatti, vijjam±nena vijjam±napaññatti, avijjam±nena avijjam±napaññatt²ti. Tattha kusal±kusalasseva saccikaµµhaparamatthavasena vijjam±nassa sato sambh³tassa dhammassa paññ±pan± vijjam±napaññatti n±ma. Tath± avijjam±nassa lokaniruttimattasiddhassa itthipuris±dikassa paññ±pan± avijjam±napaññatti n±ma. Sabb±k±renapi anupalabbhaneyyassa v±c±vatthumattasseva pañcamasacc±dikassa titthiy±na½ aºupakatipuris±dikassa v± paññ±pan±pi avijjam±napaññattiyeva. S± pana s±san±vacar± na hot²ti idha na gahit±. Iti imesa½ vijjam±n±vijjam±n±na½ vikappanavasena ses± veditabb±. ‘Tevijjo’, ‘cha¼abhiñño’ti-±d²su hi tisso vijj± cha abhiññ± ca vijjam±n±, puggalo avijjam±no. Tasm± tisso vijj± ass±ti tevijjo, cha abhiññ± ass±ti cha¼abhiññoti eva½ vijjam±nena avijjam±nassa paññ±panato evar³p± vijjam±nena avijjam±napaññatti n±ma. ‘Itthir³pa½’, ‘purisar³pan’ti-±d²su pana itthipuris± avijjam±n±, r³pa½ vijjam±na½. Tasm± itthiy± r³pa½ itthir³pa½, purisassa r³pa½ purisar³panti eva½ avijjam±nena vijjam±nassa paññ±panato evar³p± avijjam±nena vijjam±napaññatti n±ma. Cakkhusamphasso, sotasamphassoti-±d²su cakkhusot±dayopi phassopi vijjam±noyeva. Tasm± cakkhumhi samphasso, cakkhuto j±to samphasso, cakkhussa v± phalabh³to samphasso cakkhusamphassoti eva½ vijjam±nena vijjam±nassa paññ±panato evar³p± vijjam±nena vijjam±napaññatti n±ma. Khattiyaputto, br±hmaºaputto, seµµhiputtoti-±d²su khattiy±dayopi avijjam±n±, puttopi. Tasm± khattiyassa putto khattiyaputtoti eva½ avijjam±nena avijjam±nassa paññ±panato evar³p± avijjam±nena avijjam±napaññatti n±ma. T±su imasmi½ pakaraºe purim± tissova paññattiyo labbhanti. “Khandhapaññatti…pe… indriyapaññatt²”ti imasmiñhi µh±ne vijjam±nasseva paññ±pitatt± vijjam±napaññatti labbhati. “Puggalapaññatt²”ti pade avijjam±napaññatti. Parato pana ‘tevijjo’, ‘cha¼abhiñño’ti-±d²su vijjam±nena avijjam±napaññatti labbhat²ti.
Aµµhakath±muttakena pana ±cariyanayena apar±pi cha paññattiyo– up±d±paññatti, upanidh±paññatti, samodh±napaññatti, upanikkhittapaññatti, tajj±paññatti, santatipaññatt²ti Tattha yo r³pavedan±d²hi ekattena v± aññattena v± r³pavedan±dayo viya saccikaµµhaparamatthena anupalabbhasabh±vopi r³pavedan±dibhede khandhe up±d±ya niss±ya k±raºa½ katv± sammato satto. T±ni t±ni aªg±ni up±d±ya ratho geha½ muµµhi uddhananti ca; te teyeva r³p±dayo up±d±ya ghaµo paµo; candas³riyaparivatt±dayo up±d±ya k±lo, dis±; ta½ ta½ bh³tanimittañceva bh±van±nisa½sañca up±d±ya niss±ya k±raºa½ katv± sammata½ tena ten±k±rena upaµµhita½ uggahanimitta½ paµibh±ganimittanti aya½ evar³p± up±d±paññatti n±ma. Paññapetabbaµµhena ces± paññatti n±ma, na paññ±panaµµhena. Y± pana tassatthassa paññ±pan±, aya½ avijjam±napaññattiyeva.
Y± paµhamadutiy±d²ni upanidh±ya dutiya½ tatiyanti-±dik±, aññamaññañca upanidh±ya d²gha½ rassa½, d³ra½, santikanti-±dik± paññ±pan±; aya½ upanidh±paññatti n±ma. Apices± upanidh±paññatti– tadaññ±pekkh³panidh±, hatthagat³panidh±, sampayutt³panidh±, sam±ropit³panidh±, avid³ragat³panidh± paµibh±g³panidh±, tabbahul³panidh±, tabbisiµµh³panidh±ti-±din± bhedena anekappak±r±.
Tattha dutiya½ tatiyanti-±dik±va tadañña½ apekkhitv± vuttat±ya tadaññ±pekkh³panidh± n±ma. Chattap±ºi, satthap±º²ti-±dik± hatthagata½ upanidh±ya vuttat±ya hatthagat³panidh± n±ma. Kuº¹al², sikhar², kiriµ²ti-±dik± sampayutta½ upanidh±ya vuttat±ya sampayutt³panidh± n±ma. Dhaññasakaµa½, sappikumbhoti-±dik± sam±ropita½ upanidh±ya vuttat±ya sam±ropit³panidh± n±ma. Indas±laguh±, piyaªguguh±, ser²sakanti-±dik± avid³ragata½ upanidh±ya vuttat±ya avid³ragat³panidh± n±ma. Suvaººavaººo, usabhag±m²ti-±dik± paµibh±ga½ upanidh±ya vuttat±ya paµibh±g³panidh± n±ma. Padumassaro, br±hmaºag±moti-±dik± tabbahula½ upanidh±ya vuttat±ya tabbahul³panidh± n±ma. Maºikaµaka½, vajirakaµakanti-±dik± tabbisiµµha½ upanidh±ya vuttat±ya tabbisiµµh³panidh± n±ma.
Y± pana tesa½ tesa½ samodh±namapekkhitv± tidaº¹a½, aµµhapada½, dhaññar±si, pupphar±s²ti-±dik± paññ±pan±, aya½ samodh±napaññatti n±ma. Y± purimassa purimassa upanikkhipitv± dve, t²ºi, catt±r²ti-±dik± paññ±pan±, aya½ upanikkhittapaññatti n±ma. Y± ta½ ta½ dhammasabh±va½ apekkhitv± pathav², tejo, kakkha¼at±, uºhat±ti-±dik± paññ±pan±, aya½ tajj±paññatti n±ma. Y± pana santativicched±bh±va½ apekkhitv± ±s²tiko, n±vutikoti-±dik± paññ±pan±, aya½ santatipaññatti n±ma. Et±su pana tajj±paññatti vijjam±napaññattiyeva. Ses± avijjam±napakkhañceva, avijjam±nena avijjam±napakkhañca bhajanti.
Aµµhakath±muttakena ±cariyanayeneva apar±pi cha paññattiyo– kiccapaññatti, saºµh±napaññatti, liªgapaññatti, bh³mipaññatti, paccattapaññatti, asaªkhatapaññatt²ti. Tattha bh±ºako, dhammakathikoti-±dik± kiccavasena paññ±pan± kiccapaññatti n±ma. Kiso, th³lo, parimaº¹alo, caturassoti-±dik± saºµh±navasena paññ±pan± saºµh±napaññatti n±ma. Itth², purisoti-±dik± liªgavasena paññ±pan± liªgapaññati n±ma. K±m±vacar±, r³p±vacar±, ar³p±vacar±, kosalak±, m±dhur±ti-±dik± bh³mivasena paññ±pan± bh³mipaññatti n±ma. Tisso n±go, sumanoti-±dik± paccattan±makaraºamattavasena paññ±pan± paccattapaññatti n±ma. Nirodho, nibb±nanti-±dik± asaªkhatadhammassa paññ±pan± asaªkhatapaññatti n±ma. Tattha ekacc± bh³mipaññatti asaªkhatapaññatti ca vijjam±napaññattiyeva, kiccapaññatti vijjam±nena avijjam±napakkha½ bhajati. Ses± avijjam±napaññattiyo n±ma.
2. Id±ni y±sa½ paññatt²na½ uddesav±re saªkhepato sar³padassana½ kata½, saªkhepatoyeva t±va t±sa½ vatthu½ vibhajitv± dassanavasena t± dassetu½ kitt±vat±ti-±dim±ha. Tattha pucch±ya t±va evamattho veditabbo– y± aya½ khandh±na½ ‘khandh±’ti paññ±pan±, dassan±, µhapan±, s± kittakena hot²ti kathetukamyat±pucch±. Parato kitt±vat± ±yatan±nanti-±d²supi eseva nayo. Vissajjanepi evamattho veditabbo– yattakena paññ±panena saªkhepato pañcakkhandh±ti v± pabhedato “r³pakkhandho…pe… viññ±ºakkhandho”ti v±; tatr±pi r³pakkhandho k±m±vacaro, ses± catubh³mik±ti v± evar³pa½ paññ±pana½ hoti; ettakena khandh±na½ ‘khandh±’ti paññatti hoti.
3. Tath± yattakena paññ±panena saªkhepato dv±das±yatan±n²ti v±, pabhedato “cakkh±yatana½…pe… dhamm±yatanan”ti v±; tatr±pi das±yatan± k±m±vacar± dv±yatan± catubh³mik±ti v±, evar³pa½ paññ±pana½ hoti; ettakena ±yatan±na½ ±yatan±n²ti paññatti hoti.
4. Yattakena paññ±panena saªkhepato aµµh±rasa dh±tuyoti v± pabhedato “cakkhudh±tu…pe… manoviññ±ºadh±t³”ti v±; tatr±pi so¼asa dh±tuyo k±m±vacar±, dve dh±tuyo catubh³mik±ti v± evar³pa½ paññ±pana½ hoti; ettakena dh±t³na½ dh±t³ti paññatti hoti.
5. Yattakena paññ±panena saªkhepato catt±ri sacc±n²ti v±, pabhedato “dukkhasacca½…pe… nirodhasaccan”ti v±; tatr±pi dve sacc± lokiy±, dve sacc± lokuttar±ti v± evar³pa½ paññ±pana½ hoti; ettakena sacc±na½ ‘sacc±n²’ti paññatti hoti.
6. Yattakena paññ±panena saªkhepato b±v²satindriy±n²ti v±, pabhedato “cakkhundriya½…pe… aññ±t±vindriyan”ti v±; tatr±pi dasindriy±ni k±m±vacar±ni, navindriy±ni missak±ni, t²ºi indriy±ni lokuttar±n²ti v± evar³pa½ paññ±pana½ hoti; ettakena indriy±na½ indriy±n²ti paññatti hoti. Ett±vat± saªkhepato vatthu½ vibhajitv± dassanavasena pañca paññattiyo dassit± honti.
7. Id±ni vitth±rato vatthu½ vibhajitv± dassanavasena puggalapaññatti½ dassetu½ samayavimutto asamayavimuttoti-±dim±ha. Samm±sambuddhena hi tile vis±rayam±nena viya, v±ke h²rayam±nena viya ca, heµµh± vibhaªgappakaraºe im±sa½ pañcanna½ paññatt²na½ vatthubh³t± khandh±dayo nippadesena kathit±ti tena te idha ekadeseneva kathesi. Chaµµh± puggalapaññatti heµµh± akathit±va. Idh±pi uddesav±re ekadeseneva kathit±; tasm± ta½ vitth±rato kathetuk±mo samayavimutto asamayavimuttoti ekakato paµµh±ya y±va dasak± m±tika½ µhapes²ti.

M±tik±vaººan±.