17. Sattarasamavaggo

1. Atthi arahato puññ³pacayakath±vaººan±

776-779. Id±ni atthi arahato puññ³pacayotikath± n±ma hoti. Tattha yesa½ arahato d±nasa½vibh±gacetiyavandan±d²ni kamm±ni disv± atthi arahato puññ³pacayoti laddhi, seyyath±pi andhak±na½; te sandh±ya pucch± sakav±dissa, paµiññ± itarassa. Atha na½ “arah± n±ma pah²napuññap±po, so yadi puñña½ kareyya, p±pampi kareyy±”ti codetu½ apuññ³pacayoti ±ha. Itaro p±º±tip±t±dikiriya½ apassanto paµikkhipati. Puññ±bhisaªkh±ranti-±d²su bhavag±mikamma½ arahato natth²ti paµikkhipati. D±na½ dadeyy±ti-±d²su kiriyacittena d±n±dipavattisabbh±vato sakav±d² paµij±n±ti. Itaro citta½ an±diyitv± kiriy±pavattimattadassaneneva laddhi½ patiµµhapeti. S± pana ayoniso patiµµh±pitatt± appatiµµh±pit± hot²ti.

Atthi arahato puññ³pacayotikath±vaººan±.

2. Natthi arahato ak±lamacc³tikath±vaººan±

780. Id±ni natthi arahato ak±lamacc³tikath± n±ma hoti. Tattha “n±ha½, bhikkhave, sañcetanik±na½ kamm±na½ kat±na½ upacit±na½ apaµisa½veditv± byant²bh±va½ vad±m²”ti (a. ni. 10.217) suttassa attha½ ayoniso gahetv± “arahat± n±ma sabbakammavip±ka½ paµisa½vedayitv±va parinibb±yitabba½, tasm± natthi, arahato ak±lamacc³”ti yesa½ laddhi, seyyath±pi r±jagirik±nañceva siddhatthik±nañca; te sandh±ya pucch± sakav±dissa, paµiññ± itarassa. Atha na½ “sace tassa natthi ak±lamaccu, arahantagh±takena n±ma na bhavitabban”ti codetu½ natthi arahantagh±takoti ±ha. Itaro ±nantariyakammassa ceva t±dis±nañca puggal±na½ sabbh±vato paµikkhipati.
781. Visa½ na kameyy±ti pañhe “y±va pubbe katakamma½ parikkhaya½ na gacchati, t±va na kamat²”ti laddhiy± paµikkhipati. Sesamettha yath±p±¼imeva niyy±ti.
782. N±ha½, bhikkhaveti sutta½ ida½ sandh±ya vutta½– sañcetanik±na½ kamm±na½ kat±na½ vip±ka½ apaµisa½veditv± avinditv± ananubhavitv± byant²bh±va½ tesa½ kamm±na½ parivaµumaparicchinnabh±va½ na vad±mi, tañca kho diµµhadhammavedan²y±na½ diµµheva dhamme, na tato para½, upapajjavedan²y±na½ anantara½ upapatti½ upapajjitv±va na tato para½, apar±pariyavedan²y±na½ yad± vip±kok±sa½ labhanti, tath±r³pe apar±pare v± pariy±ye. Eva½ sabbath±pi sa½s±rapavatte sati laddhavip±kav±re kamme na vijjateso jagatippadeso, yatthaµµhito mucceyya p±pakamm±ti. Eva½ sante yadeta½ “aladdhavip±kav±rampi kamma½ avassa½ arahato paµisa½veditabban”ti kappan±vasena “natthi arahato ak±lamacc³”ti laddhipatiµµh±pana½ kata½, ta½ dukkaµamev±ti.

Natthi arahato ak±lamacc³tikath±vaººan±.

3. Sabbamida½ kammatotikath±vaººan±

783. Id±ni sabbamida½ kammatotikath± n±ma hoti. Tattha “kammun± vattati loko”ti sutta½ niss±ya “sabbamida½ kammakilesavip±kavaµµa½ kammatova hot²”ti yesa½ laddhi seyyath±pi r±jagirik±nañceva siddhatthik±nañca; te sandh±ya sabbamidanti pucch± sakav±dissa, paµiññ± itarassa. Atha na½ “eva½ sante kammampi kammato ±pajjat²”ti codetu½ kammampi kammatoti ±ha. Itaro yadi kammampi kammatova n±ma ta½ kamma½ vip±koyeva siy±ti paµikkhipati. Pubbekatahet³ti “yadi sabbamida½ kammato, pubbekatahetun± tena bhavitabban”ti codetu½ pucchati, itaro pubbekatahetuv±dabhayena paµikkhipati.
784. Kammavip±katoti “yadi sabbamida½ kammato, ya½ at²tabhave pavattassa hetubh³ta½ kamma½, tampi purimatare bhave kammatoti kammavip±ko sampajjati, tena te sabbamida½ kammavip±kato ±pajjat²”ti codetu½ pucchati. Itaro b²jato a½kurasseva paccuppannapavattassa kammato nibbatti½ sandh±ya paµikkhipati. Dutiya½ puµµho tass±pi kammassa b²jassa purimab²jato viya purimakammato pavattatt± paµij±n±ti. P±ºa½ haneyy±ti-±di “yadi sabba½ kammavip±kato, p±º±tip±t±d²ni kammavip±keneva kareyy±”ti codetu½ vutta½. Itaro duss²lyacetan±pi purimakammanibbatt± ekena pariy±yena vip±koyev±ti laddhiy± paµij±n±ti. Atha na½ “yadi te p±º±tip±to kammavip±kato nibbattati, p±º±tip±to viya vip±kopi saphalo ±pajjat²”ti codetu½ saphaloti ±ha. Itaro p±º±tip±tassa nirayasa½vattanik±dibh±vato saphalata½ passanto paµij±n±ti. Kammavip±kassa pana ida½ n±ma phalanti vuttaµµh±na½ apassanto paµikkhipati. Adinn±d±n±d²supi eseva nayo. Gil±napaccayabhesajjaparikkh±ro saphaloti deyyadhammavasena d±naphala½ pucchati. Kammun± vattat²ti sutta½ “natthi kamman”ti akammav±dita½ paµikkhipitv± “atthi kamman”ti kammav±dita½ kammassakata½ d²peti. Na sabbasseva kammato nibbatti½, tasm± as±dhakanti.

Sabbamida½ kammatotikath±vaººan±.

4. Indriyabaddhakath±vaººan±

786-787. Id±ni indriyabaddhakath± n±ma hoti. Tattha duvidha½ dukkha½– indriyabaddha½, anindriyabaddhañca. Indriyabaddha½ dukkhavatthut±ya dukkha½, anindriyabaddha½ udayabbayapaµip²¼anaµµhena “yadanicca½ ta½ dukkhan”ti saªgahitatt± dukkha½. Ima½ vibh±ga½ aggahetv± “yassa pariññ±ya bhagavati brahmacariya½ vussati, ta½ indriyabaddhameva dukkha½, na itaran”ti yesa½ laddhi, seyyath±pi hetuv±d±na½, tesa½ itarass±pi dukkhabh±va½ dassetu½ indriyabaddhaññev±ti pucch± sakav±dissa, paµiññ± itarassa. Atha na½ “yasm± bhagavat± ‘yadanicca½ ta½ dukkhan’ti vutta½, tasm± indriyabaddheneva tena aniccena bhavitabban”ti codetu½ indriyabaddhaññeva aniccanti-±dim±ha. Nanu anindriyabaddha½ aniccanti nanu pathav²pabbatap±s±º±di anindriyabaddhampi aniccanti attho.
788. Na vattabba½ indriyabaddhaññeva dukkhanti pañhe ±mant±ti paµiññ± sakav±dissa. Anindriyabaddhañhi dukkhadomanass±na½ ±rammaºa½ hoti. Uºhak±lasmiñhi aggi s²tak±le ca v±to dukkhassa ±rammaºa½, niccampi bhogavin±s±dayo domanassassa. Tasm± vin±pi aniccaµµhena anindriyabaddha½ dukkhanti vattabba½. Kammakilesehi pana anibbattatt± dukkha½ ariyasaccanti na vattabba½, tath± maggena apariññeyyatt±. Yasm± pana tiºakaµµh±dinirodho v± utub²j±dinirodho v± dukkhanirodha½ ariyasacca½ n±ma na hoti, tasm± indriyabaddha½ dukkhañceva ariyasaccañca, itara½ pana dukkhamev±ti ida½ n±natta½ dassetu½ paµij±n±ti. Yath± indriyabaddhass±ti-±divacana½ indriyabaddhassa pariññ±ya brahmacariyav±sa½ pariññ±tassa puna anuppatti½ d²peti. Tenevettha sakav±din± paµikkhepo kato. “Yadanicca½ ta½ dukkhan”ti vacanena pana saªgahitassa anindriyabaddhassa dukkhabh±va½ paµisedhetu½ na sakk±ti, tasm± as±dhakanti.

Indriyabaddhakath±vaººan±.

5. Ýhapetv± ariyamaggantikath±vaººan±

789-790. Id±ni µhapetv± ariyamaggantikath± n±ma hoti. Tattha “yasm± ariyamaggo ‘dukkhanirodhag±minipaµipad±’ti vutto, tasm± µhapetv± ariyamagga½ avases± saªkh±r± dukkh±”ti yesa½ laddhi, seyyath±pi hetuv±d±na½; te sandh±ya pucch± sakav±dissa, paµiññ± itarassa. Atha na½ “yadi eva½ samudayass±pi dukkhabh±vo ±pajjat²”ti codetu½ dukkhasamudayop²ti ±ha. Itaro hetulakkhaºa½ sandh±ya paµikkhipati. Puna puµµho pavattapariy±pannabh±va½ sandh±ya paµij±n±ti. T²ºev±ti pañhesu suttavirodhabhayena paµikkhipati, laddhivasena paµij±n±ti. Sesamettha utt±natthamev±ti.

Ýhapetv± ariyamaggantikath±vaººan±.

6. Na vattabba½ saªgho dakkhiºa½ paµiggaºh±t²tikath±vaººan±

791-792. Id±ni na vattabba½ saªgho dakkhiºa½ paµiggaºh±t²tikath± n±ma hoti. Tattha “paramatthato maggaphal±neva saªgho, maggaphalehi añño saªgho n±ma natthi, maggaphal±ni ca na kiñci paµiggaºhanti, tasm± na vattabba½ saªgho dakkhiºa½ paµiggaºh±t²”ti yesa½ laddhi, seyyath±pi etarahi mah±puññav±d²saªkh±t±na½ vetullak±na½; te sandh±ya na vattabbanti pucch± sakav±dissa, paµiññ± itarassa. Atha na½ “yadi saªgho na paµiggaºheyya, na na½ satth± ±huneyy±ti-±d²hi thomeyy±”ti codetu½ nanu saªgho ±huneyyoti-±dim±ha. Saªghassa d±na½ dent²ti “ye te saªghassa denti, te paµigg±hakesu asati kassa dadeyyun”ti codanattha½ vutta½. ¾huti½ j±tavedo v±ti sutta½ parasamayato ±gata½. Tattha mah±meghanti meghavuµµhi½ sandh±ya vutta½. Vuµµhiñhi medan² paµiggaºh±ti, na meghameva. Maggo paµiggaºh±t²ti “maggaphal±ni saªgho”ti laddhiy± vadati, na ca maggaphal±neva saªgho. Maggaphalap±tubh±vaparisuddhe pana khandhe up±d±ya paññatt± aµµha puggal± saªgho, tasm± as±dhakametanti.

Na vattabba½ saªgho dakkhiºa½ paµiggaºh±t²tikath±vaººan±.

7. Na vattabba½ saªgho dakkhiºa½ visodhet²tikath±vaººan±

793-794. Id±ni na vattabba½ saªgho dakkhiºa½ visodhet²tikath± n±ma hoti. Tattha “maggaphal±neva saªgho n±ma, na ca t±ni dakkhiºa½ visodhetu½ sakkonti, tasm± na vattabba½ saªgho dakkhiºa½ visodhet²”ti yesa½ laddhi, seyyath±pi tesaññeva; te sandh±ya pucch± sakav±dissa, paµiññ± itarassa. ¾huneyyoti-±di “yadi saªgho dakkhiºa½ visodhetu½ na sakkuºeyya, na na½ satth± eva½ thomeyy±”ti dassanattha½ vutta½. Visodhet²ti mahapphala½ karoti. Saªghasmiñhi appa½ dinna½ bahu hoti, bahu dinna½ bahutara½. Dakkhiºeyy±ti dakkhiº±rah± dakkhiº±ya anucchavik±, dakkhiºa½ visodhetu½ samatth±ti attho. Dakkhiºa½ ±r±dhent²ti samp±denti, appamattik±yapi dakkhiº±ya mahanta½ phala½ p±puºant²ti attho. Sesa½ heµµh± vuttanayamev±ti.

Na vattabba½ saªgho dakkhiºa½ visodhet²tikath±vaººan±.

8. Na vattabba½ saªgho bhuñjat²tikath±vaººan±

795-796. Id±ni na vattabba½ saªgho bhuñjat²tikath± n±ma hoti. Tatr±pi “maggaphal±neva saªgho n±ma, na ca t±ni kiñci bhuñjanti, tasm± na vattabba½ saªgho bhuñjati, pivati, kh±dati, s±yat²”ti yesa½ laddhi, seyyath±pi tesa½yeva; te sandh±ya pucch± sakav±dissa, paµiññ± itarassa. Atha na½ “yadi saªgho na bhuñjeyya, saªghabhatt±dikaraºa½ niratthaka½ bhaveyy±”ti codetu½ nanu atthi keci saªghabhatt±ni karont²ti-±dim±ha. Gaºabhojananti-±di “yadi saªgho na bhuñjeyya, kassa gaºabhojan±d²ni siyun”ti codanattha½ vutta½. Aµµha p±n±n²ti idampi “yadi saªgho na piveyya, kasset±ni p±n±ni satth± anuj±neyy±”ti codanattha½ vutta½. Sesamidh±pi heµµh± vuttanayeneva veditabbanti.

Na vattabba½ saªgho bhuñjat²tikath±vaººan±.

9. Na vattabba½ saªghassa dinna½ mahapphalantikath±vaººan±

797-798. Id±ni na vattabba½ saªghassa dinna½ mahapphalantikath± n±ma hoti. Tatr±pi “maggaphal±neva saªgho n±ma, na ca sakk± tesa½ kiñci d±tu½, na ca tehi paµiggaºhitu½, n±pi tesa½ d±nena koci upak±ro ijjhati, tasm± na vattabba½ saªghassa dinna½ mahapphalan”ti yesa½ laddhi, seyyath±pi tesa½yeva; te sandh±ya pucch± sakav±dissa, paµiññ± itarassa. ¾huneyyoti-±di “yadi saªghassa dinna½ mahapphala½ na bhaveyya, na na½ satth± eva½ thomeyy±”ti dassanattha½ vutta½. Sesa½ yath±p±¼imeva niyy±t²ti.

Na vattabba½ saªghassa dinna½ mahapphalantikath±vaººan±.

10. Na vattabba½ buddhassa dinna½ mahapphalantikath±vaººan±

799. Id±ni na vattabba½ buddhassa dinna½ mahapphalantikath± n±ma hoti. Tattha “buddho bhagav± na kiñci paribhuñjati, lok±nuvattanattha½ pana paribhuñjam±na½ viya att±na½ dasseti, tasm± nirupak±ratt± na vattabba½ tasmi½ dinna½ mahapphalan”ti yesa½ laddhi, seyyath±pi tesa½yeva; te sandh±ya pucch± sakav±dissa, paµiññ± itarassa. Dvipad±na½ aggoti-±di “manussaduss²lepi d±na½ sahassaguºa½ hoti, kimaªga½ pana evar³pe aggapuggale”ti dassanattha½ vutta½. Sesamettha yath±p±¼imeva niyy±t²ti.

Na vattabba½ buddhassa dinna½ mahapphalantikath±vaººan±.

11. Dakkhiº±visuddhikath±vaººan±

800-801. Id±ni dakkhiº±visuddhikath± n±ma hoti. Tattha “yadi paµigg±hakato dakkhiº± visujjheyya, mahapphal± bhaveyya. D±yakena d±na½ dinna½, paµigg±hakena vip±ko nibbattitoti añño aññassa k±rako bhaveyya, para½kata½ sukhadukkha½ ±pajjeyya, añño kareyya, añño paµisa½vedeyya. Tasm± d±yakatova d±na½ visujjhati, no paµigg±hakato, d±yakasseva cittavisuddhi vip±kad±yik± hot²”ti yesa½ laddhi, seyyath±pi uttar±pathak±na½; te sandh±ya pucch± sakav±dissa, paµiññ± itarassa. ¾huneyy±ti-±di “yadi paµigg±hakato d±na½ na visujjheyya, kimassa ±huneyy±dibh±vo kareyy±”ti dassanattha½ vutta½. Añño aññassa k±rakoti yadi d±yakassa d±nacetan± paµigg±hakena kat± bhaveyya, yuttar³pa½ siy±. Tassa pana d±nacetan± parisuddh± paµigg±hakasaªkh±ta½ vatthu½ paµicca mah±vip±kaµµhena visujjhati, tasm± acodan± es± “paµigg±hakato d±na½ visujjhat²”ti.

Dakkhiº±visuddhikath±vaººan±.

Sattarasamo vaggo.