7. Sattamavaggo

1. SaŖgahitakath±vaŗŗan±

471-472. Id±ni saŖgahitakath± n±ma hoti. Tattha yasm± d±m±d²hi balibadd±dayo viya keci dhamm± kehici dhammehi saŖgahit± n±ma natthi, tasm± “natthi keci dhamm± kehici dhammehi saŖgahit±, eva½ sante ekavidhena r³pasaŖgahoti-±di niratthakan”ti yesa½ laddhi, seyyath±pi r±jagirik±nańceva siddhatthik±nańca; te sandh±ya ańńenatthena saŖgahabh±va½ dassetu½ pucch± sakav±dissa, attano laddhivasena paµińń± itarassa. Id±ni yenatthena saŖgaho labbhati, ta½ dassetu½ nanu atthi keci dhamm±ti-±di ±raddha½. Ta½ sabba½ heµµh± vuttanayatt± utt±natthameva. Y± panes± parav±din± laddhipatiµµh±panattha½ yath± d±mena v±ti-±dik± upam± ±haµ±, sakav±din± ta½ anabhinanditv± appaµikkositv± “hańci d±mena v±”ti tassa laddhi bhinn±ti veditabb±. Ayańhettha attho– yadi te d±m±d²hi balibadd±dayo saŖgahit± n±ma, atthi keci dhamm± kehici dhammehi saŖgahit±ti.

SaŖgahitakath±vaŗŗan±.

2. Sampayuttakath±vaŗŗan±

473-474. Id±ni sampayuttakath± n±ma hoti. Tattha yasm± tilamhi tela½ viya na vedan±dayo sańń±d²su anupaviµµh±, tasm± “natthi keci dhamm± kehici dhammehi sampayutt±, eva½ sante ń±ŗasampayuttanti-±di niratthaka½ hot²”ti yesa½ laddhi, seyyath±pi r±jagirikasiddhatthik±nańńeva; te sandh±ya ańńenevatthena sampayuttata½ dassetu½ pucch± sakav±dissa, attano laddhivasena paµińń± itarassa. Sesamidh±pi heµµh± vuttanayatt± utt±natthameva. Yo panesa parav±din± “yath± tilamhi telan”ti-±diko upam±pańho ±haµo, so yasm± vedan±sańń±na½ viya tilatel±na½ lakkhaŗato n±nattavavatth±na½ natthi. Sabbesupi hi tila-aµµhitacesu tiloti voh±ramatta½, teneva tila½ nibbattetv± gahite purimasaŗµh±nena tilo n±ma na pańń±yati, tasm± an±haµasadisova hot²ti.

Sampayuttakath±vaŗŗan±.

3. Cetasikakath±vaŗŗan±

475-477. Id±ni cetasikakath± n±ma hoti. Tattha yasm± phassik±dayo n±ma natthi, tasm± “cetasiken±pi na bhavitabba½, iti natthi cetasiko dhammo”ti yesa½ laddhi, seyyath±pi r±jagirikasiddhatthik±na½; te sandh±ya pucch± sakav±dissa, paµińń± itarassa. Sahaj±toti sampayuttasahaj±ta½ sandh±ya vutta½. Phassik±ti t±disa½ voh±ra½ apassantassa pucch± parav±dissa. Ki½ voh±rena, yath± cittanissitakoti cetasiko, eva½ sopi phassanissitatt± phassikoti vutte doso natth²ti paµińń± sakav±dissa. Sesa½ utt±natthamev±ti.

Cetasikakath±vaŗŗan±.

4. D±nakath±vaŗŗan±

478. Id±ni d±nakath± n±ma hoti. Tattha d±na½ n±ma tividha½– c±gacetan±pi, viratipi, deyyadhammopi. “Saddh± hiriya½ kusalańca d±nan”ti (a. ni. 8.30) ±gataµµh±ne c±gacetan± d±na½. “Abhaya½ det²”ti (a. ni. 8.39) ±gataµµh±ne virati. “D±na½ deti anna½ p±nan”ti ±gataµµh±ne deyyadhammo. Tattha c±gacetan± “deti v± deyyadhamma½, denti v± et±ya deyyadhamman”ti d±na½. Virati avakhaŗ¹anaµµhena lavanaµµhena v± d±na½. S± hi uppajjam±n± bhayabherav±disaŖkh±ta½ duss²lyacetana½ d±ti khaŗ¹eti lun±ti v±ti d±na½. Deyyadhammo diyyat²ti d±na½. Evameta½ tividhampi atthato cetasiko ceva dhammo deyyadhammo c±ti duvidha½ hoti. Tattha yesa½ “cetasikova dhammo d±na½, na deyyadhammo”ti laddhi, seyyath±pi r±jagirikasiddhatthik±na½; te sandh±ya cetasikoti pucch± sakav±dissa, paµińń± itarassa. Atha na½ deyyadhammavasena codetu½ labbh±ti pucch± sakav±dissa, ann±d²ni viya so na sakk± d±tunti paµikkhepo itarassa. Puna da¼ha½ katv± puµµhe “abhaya½ det²”ti suttavasena paµińń± tasseva. Phassapańh±d²su pana phassa½ det²ti-±divoh±ra½ apassanto paµikkhipateva.
479. Aniµµhaphalanti-±di acetasikassa dhammassa d±nabh±vad²panattha½ vutta½. Na hi acetasiko ann±didhammo ±yati½ vip±ka½ deti, iµµhaphalabh±vaniyamanattha½ paneta½ vuttanti veditabba½. Ayampi hettha adhipp±yo– yadi acetasiko ann±didhammo d±na½ bhaveyya, hitacittena aniµµha½ akanta½ bhesajja½ dentassa nimbab²j±d²hi viya nimb±dayo aniµµhameva phala½ nibbatteyya. Yasm± panettha hitapharaŗac±gacetan± d±na½, tasm± aniµµhepi deyyadhamme d±na½ iµµhaphalameva hot²ti.
Eva½ parav±din± cetasikadhammassa d±nabh±ve patiµµh±pite sakav±d² itarena pariy±yena deyyadhammassa d±nabh±va½ s±dhetu½ d±na½ iµµhaphala½ vutta½ bhagavat±ti-±dim±ha. Parav±d² pana c²var±d²na½ iµµhavip±kata½ apassanto paµikkhipati. Suttas±dhana½ parav±d²v±depi yujjati sakav±d²v±depi, na pana ekenatthena. Deyyadhammo iµµhaphaloti iµµhaphalabh±vamattameva paµikkhitta½. Tasm± tena hi na vattabbanti iµµhaphalabh±veneva na vattabbat± yujjati D±tabbaµµhena pana deyyadhammo d±nameva. Dinnańhi d±n±na½ saŖkarabh±vamocanatthameva aya½ kath±ti.

D±nakath±vaŗŗan±.

5. Paribhogamayapuńńakath±vaŗŗan±

483. Id±ni paribhogamayapuńńakath± n±ma hoti. Tattha “tesa½ div± ca ratto ca, sad± puńńa½ pava¹¹hat²”ti (sa½. ni. 1.47) ca “yassa bhikkhave, bhikkhu c²vara½ paribhuńjam±no”ti (a. ni. 4.51) ca evam±d²ni sutt±ni ayoniso gahetv± yesa½ paribhogamaya½ n±ma puńńa½ atth²”ti laddhi, seyyath±pi r±jagirikasiddhatthikasammitiy±na½; te sandh±ya paribhogamayanti pucch± sakav±dissa, paµińń± itarassa. Atha na½ “puńńa½ n±ma phass±dayo kusal± dhamm±, na tato para½, tasm± phass±d²hi te va¹¹hitabban”ti codetu½ paribhogamayo phassoti-±di ±raddha½. Ta½ sabba½ itarena tesa½ ava¹¹hanato paµikkhitta½. Lat±viy±ti-±d²ni “kiriy±ya v± bh±van±ya v± vin±pi yath± lat±d²ni sayameva va¹¹hanti, ki½ te eva½ va¹¹hant²”ti codanattha½ vutt±ni. Tath± panassa ava¹¹hanato na hev±ti paµikkhitta½.
484. Na samann±harat²ti pańhe paµigg±hak±na½ paribhogena purimacetan± va¹¹hati, eva½ ta½ hoti puńńanti laddhivasena paµij±n±ti. Tato an±vaµµentass±ti-±d²hi puµµho d±yakassa c±gacetana½ sandh±ya paµikkhipati. Tattha an±vaµµentass±ti d±nacetan±ya purec±rikena ±vajjanena bhavaŖga½ an±vaµµentassa aparivaµµentassa. An±bhogass±ti nir±bhogassa. Asamann±harantass±ti na samann±harantassa. ¾vajjanańhi bhavaŖga½ vicchinditv± attano gatamagge uppajjam±na½ d±nacetana½ samann±harati n±ma. Eva½kiccena imin± cittena asamann±harantassa puńńa½ hot²ti pucchati. Amanasikarontass±ti mana½ akarontassa. ¾vajjanena hi tadanantara½ uppajjam±na½ mana½ karoti n±ma. Eva½ akarontass±ti attho. Upayogavacanasmińhi eta½ bhumma½. Acetayantass±ti cetana½ anupp±dentassa. Apatthentass±ti patthan±saŖkh±ta½ kusalacchanda½ akarontassa. Appaŗidahantass±ti d±nacetan±vasena citta½ aµµhapentass±ti attho. Nanu ±vaµµentass±ti v±re ±bhogass±ti ±bhogavato. Atha v± ±bhog± assa, ±bhogassa v± anantara½ ta½ puńńa½ hot²ti attho.
485. Dvinna½ phass±nanti-±d²supi ekakkhaŗe d±yakassa dvinna½ phass±d²na½ abh±v± paµikkhipati, d±yakassa ca paribhuńjantassa c±ti ubhinna½ phass±dayo sandh±ya paµij±n±ti. Apicassa pańcanna½ vińń±ŗ±na½ samodh±na½ hot²ti laddhi, tass±pi vasena paµij±n±ti. Atha na½ sakav±d² pariy±yassa dv±ra½pidahitv± ujuvipaccan²kavasena codetu½ kusal±dipańha½ pucchati. Tatr±pi kusal±kusal±na½ ekassekakkhaŗe sampayog±bh±va½ sandh±ya paµikkhipati. Paribhogamaya½ pana cittavippayutta½ uppajjat²ti laddhiy± paµij±n±ti. Atha na½ sakav±d² suttena niggaŗh±ti.
486. Suttas±dhane ±r±maropak±d²na½ anussaraŗapaµisaŖkharaŗ±divasena antarantar± uppajjam±na½ puńńa½ sandh±ya sad± puńńa½ pava¹¹hat²ti vutta½. Appam±ŗo tassa puńń±bhisandoti ida½ appam±ŗavih±rino dinnapaccayatt± ca “evar³po me c²vara½ paribhuńjat²”ti anumodanavasena ca vutta½. Ta½ so paribhogamayanti sallakkheti. Yasm± pana paµigg±hakena paµiggahetv± aparibhuttepi deyyadhamme puńńa½ hotiyeva, tasm± sakav±d²v±dova balav±, tattha paµigg±hakena paµiggahiteti attho daµµhabbo. Sesa½ utt±natthamev±ti.

Paribhogamayapuńńakath±vaŗŗan±.

6. Itodinnakath±vaŗŗan±

488-491. Id±ni ito dinnakath± n±ma hoti. Tattha yesa½ “ito dinnena y±penti, pet± k±laŖkat± tahin”ti (pe va. 19) vacana½ niss±ya “ya½ ito c²var±di dinna½ teneva y±pent²”ti laddhi, seyyath±pi r±jagirikasiddhatthik±na½; te sandh±ya ito dinnen±ti pucch± sakav±dissa, paµińń± itarassa Puna c²var±divasena anuyutto paµikkhipati. Ańńo ańńassa k±rakoti ańńassa vip±kad±yak±na½ kamm±na½ ańńo k±rako, na attan±va attano kamma½ karot²ti vutta½ hoti. Eva½ puµµho pana itaro suttavirodhabhayena paµikkhipati. D±na½ dentanti d±na½ dadam±na½ disv±ti attho. Tattha yasm± attano anumoditatt± ca tesa½ tattha bhog± uppajjanti, tasm±ssa imin± k±raŗena laddhi½ patiµµhapentass±pi appatiµµhit±va hoti. Na hi te ito dinneneva vatthun± y±penti. Sesesupi suttas±dhanesu eseva nayoti.

Ito dinnakath±vaŗŗan±.

7. Pathav²kammavip±kotikath±vaŗŗan±

492. Id±ni pathav² kammavip±kotikath± n±ma hoti. Tattha yasm± “atthi issariyasa½vattaniya½ kamma½, ±dhipaccasa½vattaniya½ kamman”ti ettha issar±na½ bh±vo issariya½ n±ma adhipat²nańca bh±vo ±dhipacca½ n±ma, pathavissariya-±dhipaccasa½vattanikańca kamma½ atth²ti vutta½. Tasm± yesa½ “pathav² kammavip±ko”ti laddhi, seyyath±pi andhak±na½; te sandh±ya pathav²ti pucch± sakav±dissa, paµińń± itarassa. Sukhavedan²y±ti-±di kammavip±kasabh±vadassanavasena vutta½. “Phasso hot²”ti-±din± nayena niddiµµhesu vip±kesu phasso sukhavedan²y±dibhedo hoti. So ca sańń±dayo ca sukhavedan±d²hi sampayutt±, vedan±dayo sańń±d²hi, sabbepi s±rammaŗ±, atthi ca nesa½ purec±rika-±vaµµan±disaŖkh±ta½ ±vajjana½, kammapaccayabh³t± cetan±, yo tattha iµµhavip±ko, tassa patthan±, paŗidh±navasena pavatt± m³lataŗh±, ki½ te evar³p± pathav²ti pucchati. Itaro paµikkhipati. Paµilomapucch±d²ni utt±natth±neva.
493. Kammavip±ko paresa½ s±dh±raŗoti pańhe phass±dayo sandh±ya paµikkhipati, kammasamuµµh±na½ r³pańca pathav²-±d²na½yeva ca s±dh±raŗabh±va½ sandh±ya paµij±n±ti. As±dh±raŗamańńesanti sutta½ parasamayato ±haritv± dassita½. Sabbe satt± pathavi½ paribhuńjant²ti pańhe pathavi½ anissite sandh±ya paµikkhipati, nissite sandh±ya paµij±n±ti. Pathavi½ aparibhuńjitv± parinibb±yant²ti pańhe ±ruppe parinibb±yant±na½ vasena paµij±n±ti. Kammavip±ka½ akhepetv±ti ida½ parasamayavasena vutta½. Kammavip±kańhi khepetv±va parinibb±yant²ti tesa½ laddhi. Sakasamaye pana katok±sassa kammassa uppanna½ vip±ka½ akhepetv± parinibb±na½ natthi. Tesańca laddhiy± pathav² s±dh±raŗavip±katt± uppannavip±koyeva hoti. Ta½ vip±kabh±vena µhita½ akhepetv± parinibb±na½ na yujjat²ti codetu½ vaµµati. Itaro laddhivasena paµikkhipati. Cakkavattisattassa kammavip±kanti pańhe as±dh±raŗa½ phass±di½ sandh±ya paµikkhipati, s±dh±raŗa½ sandh±ya paµij±n±ti. Pathav²samuddas³riyacandim±dayo hi sabbesa½ s±dh±raŗakammavip±koti tesa½ laddhi.
494. Issariyasa½vattaniyanti ettha issariya½ n±ma bahudhanat±. ¾dhipacca½ n±ma sesajane attano vase vattetv± tehi garuk±tabbaµµhena adhipatibh±vo. Tattha kamma½ paµil±bhavasena ta½sa½vattanika½ n±ma hoti, na janakavasena. Tasm± vip±kabh±ve as±dhakametanti.

Pathav² kammavip±kotikath±vaŗŗan±.

8. Jar±maraŗa½ vip±kotikath±vaŗŗan±

495. Id±ni jar±maraŗa½ vip±kotikath± n±ma hoti. Tattha yesa½ “atthi dubbaŗŗasa½vattaniya½ kamma½ app±yukasa½vattaniya½ kamman”ti ettha dubbaŗŗat± n±ma jar±. App±yukat± n±ma maraŗa½. Ta½sa½vattaniyańca kamma½ atthi. Tasm± jar±maraŗa½ vip±koti laddhi, seyyath±pi andhak±na½; te sandh±ya pucch± sakav±dissa, paµińń± itarassa. Paµilomapańhe an±rammaŗanti r³padhamm±na½ t±va an±rammaŗameva, ar³p±na½ pana jar±maraŗa½ sampayogalakkhaŗ±bh±v± an±rammaŗameva.
496. Akusal±na½ dhamm±na½ jar±maraŗa½ akusal±na½ dhamm±na½ vip±koti pańhe jar±maraŗena n±ma aniµµhavip±kena bhavitabbanti laddhiy± paµij±n±ti Teneva k±raŗena kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ jar±maraŗassa kusalavip±kata½ paµikkhipati. Parato cassa akusalavip±katańńeva paµij±n±ti.
Kusal±nańca akusal±nańc±ti pucch±vasena ekato kata½, ekakkhaŗe pana ta½ natthi. Aby±kat±na½ avip±k±na½ jar±maraŗa½ vip±koti vattabbat±ya pariy±yo natthi, tasm± aby±katavasena pucch± na kat±.
497. Dubbaŗŗasa½vattaniyanti ettha dubbaŗŗiya½ n±ma aparisuddhavaŗŗat±. App±yukat± n±ma ±yuno cira½ pavattitu½ asamatthat±. Tattha akusalakamma½ kammasamuµµh±nassa dubbaŗŗar³passa kammapaccayo hoti, asadisatt± panassa ta½vip±ko na hoti. Utusamuµµh±n±dino pana ta½paµil±bhavasena ±yuno ca upacchedakavasena paccayo hoti. Evameta½ pariy±yena ta½sa½vattanika½ n±ma hoti, na vip±kaphass±d²na½ viya janakavasena, tasm± vip±kabh±ve as±dhaka½. Sesamettha heµµh± vuttasadisamev±ti.

Jar±maraŗa½ vip±kotikath±vaŗŗan±.

9. Ariyadhammavip±kakath±vaŗŗan±

498. Id±ni ariyadhammavip±kakath± n±ma hoti. Tattha yesa½ kilesappah±namattameva s±mańńaphala½, na cittacetasik± dhamm±ti laddhi, seyyath±pi andhak±na½; te sandh±ya natthi ariyadhammavip±koti pucch± sakav±dissa. Tattha ariyadhammavip±koti maggasaŖkh±tassa ariyadhammassa vip±ko. Kilesakkhayamatta½ ariyaphalanti laddhiy± paµińń± itarassa. S±mańńanti samaŗabh±vo, maggasseta½ n±ma½. “S±mańńańca vo, bhikkhave, desess±mi s±mańńaphalańc±”ti hi vutta½. Brahmańńepi eseva nayo.
Sot±pattiphala½ na vip±koti-±d²su sot±pattimagg±d²na½ apacayag±mita½ sandh±ya ariyaphal±na½ navip±kabh±va½ paµij±n±ti, d±naphal±d²na½ paµikkhipati So hi ±cayag±mittikassa eva½ attha½ dh±reti– vip±kasaŖkh±ta½ ±caya½ gacchanti, ta½ v± ±cinant± gacchant²ti ±cayag±mino, vip±ka½ apacinant± gacchant²ti apacayag±minoti. Tasm± eva½ paµij±n±ti ca paµikkhipati ca.
500. K±m±vacara½ kusala½ savip±ka½ ±cayag±m²ti-±dik± pucch± parav±dissa, paµińń± ca paµikkhepo ca sakav±dissa. Lokiyańhi kusala½ vip±kacutipaµisandhiyo ceva vaµµańca ±cinanta½ gacchat²ti ±cayag±mi. Lokuttarakusala½ cutipaµisandhiyo ceva vaµµańca apacinanta½ gacchat²ti apacayag±mi. Evameta½ savip±kameva hoti, na apacayag±mivacanamattena avip±ka½. Imamattha½ sandh±yettha sakav±dino paµińń± ca paµikkhepo ca veditabb±ti.

Ariyadhammavip±kakath±vaŗŗan±.

10. Vip±ko vip±kadhammadhammotikath±vaŗŗan±

501. Id±ni vip±ko vip±kadhammadhammotikath± n±ma hoti. Tattha yasm± vip±ko vip±kassa ańńamańń±dipaccayavasena paccayo hoti, tasm± vip±kopi vip±kadhammadhammoti yesa½ laddhi, seyyath±pi andhak±na½; te sandh±ya pucch± sakav±dissa, paµińń± itarassa. Tassa vip±koti tassa vip±kadhammadhammassa vip±kassa yo vip±ko, sopi te vip±kadhammadhammo hot²ti pucchati. Itaro ±yati½ vip±kad±n±bh±va½ sandh±ya paµikkhipati. Dutiya½ puµµho tappaccay±pi ańńassa vip±kassa uppatti½ sandh±ya paµij±n±ti. Eva½ sante panassa kusal±kusalassa viya tass±pi vip±kassa vip±ko, tass±pi vip±koti vaµµ±nupacchedo ±pajjat²ti puµµho samayavirodhabhayena paµikkhipati.
Vip±koti v±ti-±dimhi vacanas±dhane pana yadi vip±kassa vip±kadhammadhammena ekatthat± bhaveyya, kusal±kusalaby±kat±na½ ekatthata½ ±pajjeyy±ti paµikkhipati. Vip±ko ca vip±kadhammadhammo c±ti ettha aya½ adhipp±yo– so hi cat³su vip±kakkhandhesu ekeka½ ańńamańńapaccay±d²su paccayaµµhena vip±kadhammadhammata½ paccayuppannaµµhena ca vip±ka½ mańńam±no “vip±ko vip±kadhammadhammo”ti puµµho ±mant±ti paµij±n±ti. Atha na½ sakav±d² “yasm± tay± ekakkhaŗe cat³su khandhesu vip±ko vip±kadhammadhammopi anuńń±to, tasm± tesa½ sahagat±dibh±vo ±pajjat²”ti codetu½ evam±ha. Itaro kusal±kusalasaŖkh±ta½ vip±kadhammadhamma½ sandh±ya paµikkhipati. Tańńeva akusalanti yadi te vip±ko vip±kadhammadhammo, yo akusalavip±ko, so akusala½ ±pajjati. Kasm±? Vip±kadhammadhammena ekatt±. Tańńeva kusalanti-±d²supi eseva nayo.
502. Ańńamańńapaccay±ti ida½ sahaj±t±na½ paccayamattavasena vutta½, tasm± as±dhaka½. Mah±bh³t±nampi ca ańńamańńapaccayat± vutt±, na ca t±ni vip±k±ni, na ca vip±kadhammadhamm±n²ti.

Vip±ko vip±kadhammadhammotikath±vaŗŗan±.

Sattamo vaggo.