6. Chaµµhavaggo

1. Niy±makath±vaººan±

445-447. Id±ni niy±makath± n±ma hoti. Tattha niy±moti “bhabbo niy±ma½ okkamitu½ kusalesu dhammesu sammattan”ti (pu. pa. 13) vacanato ariyamaggo vuccati. Yasm± pana tasmi½ uppajjitv± niruddhepi puggalo aniyato n±ma na hoti, tasm± “so niy±mo niccaµµhena asaªkhato”ti yesa½ laddhi, seyyath±pi andhak±na½; te sandh±ya pucch± sakav±dissa, paµiññ± itarassa. Tato “yadi so asaªkhato, evar³pena tena bhavitabban”ti d²pento nibb±nanti-±dim±ha. Sa½sandanapucch± utt±natth±yeva.
Atthi kec²ti-±di niy±massa saªkhatabh±vad²panattha½ vutta½. Maggo asaªkhatotipañhe tassa upp±danirodhabh±vato paµikkhipat²ti. Niy±mo saªkhatotipañhe niruddhepi magge niy±massa atthita½ sandh±ya paµikkhipati. Sot±pattiniy±moti-±dipañhesupi anulomato ca paµilomato ca imin±va nayena attho veditabbo. Pañca asaªkhat±n²ti puµµho pañcanna½ asaªkhat±na½ ±gataµµh±na½ apassanto paµikkhipati. Dutiya½ puµµho catunna½ sammattaniy±m±na½ niy±mavacanato nibb±nassa ca asaªkhatabh±vato paµij±n±ti. Micchattaniy±mapañho niy±mavacanamattena asaªkhatat±ya ayuttabh±vad²panattha½ vuttoti.

Niy±makath±vaººan±.

2. Paµiccasamupp±dakath±vaººan±

448. Id±ni paµiccasamupp±dakath± n±ma hoti. Tattha yesa½ nid±navagge “upp±d± v± tath±gat±na½ anupp±d± v± tath±gat±na½ µhit±va s± dh±tu dhammaµµhitat±”ti-±divacanato (sa½. ni. 2.20) “paµiccasamupp±do asaªkhato”ti laddhi, seyyath±pi pubbaseliy±nañca mahis±sak±nañca; te sandh±ya pucch± sakav±dissa, paµiññ± itarassa.
449. Avijj± asaªkhat±ti ±dayo pañh± avijj±d²na½yeva paµiccasamupp±dabh±vadassanattha½ vutt±. Yena panatthena tattha ekeka½ aªga½ “paµiccasamupp±do”ti vuccati, so paµiccasamupp±davibhaªge vuttoyeva.
451. Avijj±paccay± saªkh±r±ti y± tattha dhammaµµhitat±ti-±di yena suttena laddhi patiµµh±pit±, tasseva atthadassanena laddhibhindanattha½ vutta½. Ayañhettha attho– y± aya½ heµµh± “µhit±va s± dh±tu dhammaµµhitat± dhammaniy±mat±”ti vutt± na s± aññatra avijj±d²hi visu½ ek± atthi. Avijj±d²na½ pana paccay±na½yeveta½ n±ma½. Uppannepi hi tath±gate anuppannepi avijj±to saªkh±r± sambhavanti, saªkh±r±d²hi ca viññ±º±d²ni, tasm± “avijj±paccay± saªkh±r±”ti y± etasmi½ pade saªkh±radhamm±na½ k±raºaµµhena µhitat±ti dhammaµµhitat±. Tesa½yeva ca dhamm±na½ k±raºaµµheneva niy±mat±ti dhammaniy±mat±ti avijj± vuccati. S± ca asaªkhat±, nibb±nañca asaªkhatanti pucchati. Parav±d² laddhivasena paµij±nitv± puna dve asaªkhat±n²ti puµµho sutt±bh±vena paµikkhipitv± laddhivaseneva paµij±n±ti. Sesapadesupi eseva nayo. Heµµh± vuttasadisa½ pana tattha vuttanayeneva veditabbanti.

Paµiccasamupp±dakath±vaººan±.

3. Saccakath±vaººan±

452-454. Id±ni saccakath± n±ma hoti. Tattha yesa½ “catt±rim±ni, bhikkhave, tath±ni avitath±n²”ti (sa½. ni. 5.1090) sutta½ niss±ya “catt±ri sacc±ni nicc±ni asaªkhat±n²”ti laddhi, seyyath±pi pubbaseliy±na½; te sandh±ya pucch± sakav±dissa, paµiññ± itarassa. Ayañhissa adhipp±yo– dukkhasamudayamaggesu vatthusacca½ saªkhata½, lakkhaºasacca½ asaªkhata½. Nirodhe vatthusacca½ n±ma natthi asaªkhatameva tanti. Tasm± ±mant±ti ±ha. Ta½ panassa laddhimattameva. So hi dukkha½ vatthusacca½ icchati, tath± samudaya½ maggañca. Y±ni pana nesa½ b±dhanapabhavaniyy±nikalakkhaº±ni, t±ni lakkhaºasacca½ n±m±ti, na ca b±dhanalakkhaº±d²hi aññ±ni dukkh±d²ni n±ma atth²ti. T±º±n²ti-±d²su adhipp±yo vuttanayeneva veditabbo.
Dukkhasaccanti pañhe laddhivasena lakkhaºa½ sandh±ya paµij±n±ti. Dukkhanti pañhe vatthu½ sandh±ya paµikkhipati. Ito para½ suddhikapañh± ca sa½sandanapañh± ca sabbe p±¼i-anus±reneva veditabb±. Avas±ne laddhipatiµµh±panattha½ ±haµasutta½ atthassa micch± gahitatt± an±haµasadisamev±ti.

Saccakath±vaººan±.

4. ¾ruppakath±vaººan±

455-456. Id±ni ±ruppakath± n±ma hoti. Tattha yesa½ “catt±ro ±rupp± ±neñj±”ti vacana½ niss±ya “sabbepi te dhamm± asaªkhat±”ti laddhi, te sandh±ya ±k±s±nañc±yatananti pucch± sakav±dissa, paµiññ± itarassa. Sesamettha utt±natthamev±ti. S±dhakasuttampi attha½ aj±nitv± ±haµatt± an±haµasadisamev±ti.

¾ruppakath±vaººan±.

5. Nirodhasam±pattikath±vaººan±

457-459. Id±ni nirodhasam±pattikath± n±ma hoti. Tattha nirodhasam±patt²ti catunna½ khandh±na½ appavatti. Yasm± pana s± kariyam±n± kariyati, sam±pajjiyam±n± sam±pajjiyati, tasm± nipphann±ti vuccati. Saªkhat±saªkhatalakkhaº±na½ pana abh±vena na vattabb± “saªkhat±ti v± asaªkhat±”ti v±. Tattha yesa½ “yasm± saªkhat± na hoti, tasm± asaªkhat±”ti laddhi, seyyath±pi andhak±nañceva uttar±pathak±nañca; te sandh±ya nirodhasam±patt²ti pucch± sakav±dissa, paµiññ± itarassa. Upp±dent²ti-±di sam±pajjanapaµil±bhavaseneva vutta½. Yath± pana r³p±dayo asaªkhatadhamme upp±denti; na tath± ta½ keci upp±denti n±ma. Nirodh± vod±na½ vuµµh±nanti phalasam±patti veditabb±. Asaªkhat± pana ta½ natthiyeva, tasm± paµikkhipati. Tena h²ti yasm± saªkhat± na hoti, tasm± asaªkhat±ti laddhi. Ida½ pana asaªkhatabh±ve k±raºa½ na hot²ti vuttampi avuttasadisamev±ti.

Nirodhasam±pattikath±vaººan±.

6. ¾k±sakath±vaººan±

460-462. Id±ni ±k±sakath± n±ma hoti. Tattha tividho ±k±so– paricched±k±so kasiºuggh±µim±k±so, ajaµ±k±so. “Tucch±k±so”tipi tasseva n±ma½. Tesu paricched±k±so saªkhato, itare dve paññattimatt±. Yesa½ pana “duvidhopi yasm± saªkhato na hoti, tasm± asaªkhato”ti laddhi, seyyath±pi uttar±pathak±na½ mahis±sak±nañca; te sandh±ya ±k±soti pucch± sakav±dissa, paµiññ± itarassa. Sesamettha utt±natthamev±ti.

¾k±sakath±vaººan±.

7. ¾k±so sanidassanotikath±vaººan±

463-464. Id±ni ±k±so sanidassanotikath± n±ma hoti. Tattha yesa½ t±¼acchidd±d²su ñ±ºappavatti½ niss±ya “sabbopi ajaµ±k±so sanidassano”ti laddhi, seyyath±pi andhak±na½ te sandh±ya ±k±so sanidassanoti pucch± sakav±dissa, paµiññ± itarassa. Atha na½ “yadi sanidassano, eva½vidho bhaveyy±”ti codanattha½ r³panti±di vutta½. Cakkhuñca paµicc±tipañhesu evar³passa suttassa abh±vena paµikkhipitv± tulantarik±d²na½ upaladdhi½ niss±ya paµij±n±ti. Dvinna½ rukkh±na½ antaranti ettha rukkhar³pa½ cakkhun± disv± antare r³p±bh±vato ±k±santi manodv±raviññ±ºa½ uppajjati, na cakkhuviññ±ºa½. Sesesupi eseva nayo. Tasm± as±dhakametanti.

¾k±so sanidassanotikath±vaººan±.

10. Pathav²dh±tusanidassan±ti-±dikath±vaººan±

465-470. Id±ni pathav²dh±tu sanidassan±ti-±dikath± n±ma hoti. Tattha yesa½ p±s±ºa-udakaj±larukkhacalan±nañceva pañcindriyapatiµµhok±s±nañca vaºº±yatana½ k±yaviññattik±le hatthap±d±dir³pañca disv± “pathav²dh±tu-±dayo sanidassan±”ti laddhi, seyyath±pi andhak±na½; te sandh±ya sabbakath±su ±dipucch± sakav±dissa, paµiññ± itarassa. Sesa½ sabbattha p±¼i-anus±rena ceva heµµh± vuttanayena ca veditabbanti. Pathav²dh±tu sanidassan±ti ±di½ katv± k±yakamma½ sanidassananti pariyos±nakath± niµµhit±.

Chaµµho vaggo.