5. Pañcamavaggo

1. Vimuttikath±vaººan±

418. Id±ni vimuttikath± n±ma hoti. Tattha vipassan±, maggo, phala½, paccavekkhaºanti catunna½ ñ±º±na½ vimuttiñ±ºanti n±ma½. Tesu vipassan±ñ±ºa½ niccanimitt±d²hi vimuttatt±, tadaªgavimuttibh±vena v± vimuttatt± vimuttiñ±ºa½. Maggo samucchedavimutti, phala½ paµippassaddhivimutti, paccavekkhaºañ±ºa½ pana vimutti½ j±n±t²ti vimuttiñ±ºa½. Eva½ catubbidhe vimuttiñ±ºe nippariy±yena phalañ±ºameva vimutti. Ses±ni “vimutt±n²”ti v± “avimutt±n²”ti v± na vattabb±ni. Tasm± “ida½ n±ma vimuttiñ±ºa½ vimuttan”ti avatv± aviseseneva “vimuttiñ±ºa½ vimuttan”ti yesa½ laddhi, seyyath±pi andhak±na½; te sandh±ya pucch± sakav±dissa, paµiññ± parav±dissa. Puna ya½kiñc²ti puµµho paccavekkhaº±d²ni sandh±ya paµikkhipati. Paµipannass±ti puµµho maggañ±ºassa an±savata½ sandh±ya paµij±n±ti. Yasm± pana ta½ sot±pannassa phale µhitassa ñ±ºa½ na hoti, tasm± vimutta½ n±ma na hot²ti codanattha½ puna sakav±d² sot±pannass±ti-±dim±ha. Imin± up±yena sabbattha attho veditabbo.

Vimuttikath±vaººan±.

2. Asekhañ±ºakath±vaººan±

421. Id±ni asekhakath± n±ma hoti. Tattha yasm± ±nandatther±dayo sekh± “u¼±ro bhagav±”ti-±din± nayena asekhe j±nanti, tasm± “sekhassa asekhañ±ºa½ atth²”ti yesa½ laddhi, seyyath±pi uttar±pathak±na½; te sandh±ya pucch± sakav±dissa, paµiññ± itarassa. J±n±ti passat²ti ida½ attan± adhigatassa j±nanavasena vutta½. Gotrabhunoti-±di heµµhim±ya bh³miya½ µhitassa upar³pariñ±ºassa abh±vadassanattha½ vutta½. Nanu ±yasm± ±nando sekho “u¼±ro bhagav±”ti j±n±t²ti parav±d² asekhe bhagavati pavattatt± ta½ asekhañ±ºanti icchati, na paneta½ asekha½. Tasm± eva½ patiµµh±pit±pi laddhi appatiµµh±pit±va hot²ti.

Asekhañ±ºakath±vaººan±.

3. Vipar²takath±vaººan±

424. Id±ni vipar²takath± n±ma hoti. Tattha “yv±ya½ pathav²kasiºe pathav²saññ² sam±pajjati, tassa ta½ ñ±ºa½ vipar²tañ±ºan”ti yesa½ laddhi, seyyath±pi andhak±na½, te sandh±ya pucch± sakav±dissa, paµiññ± itarassa. Pathavi½ niss±ya uppannanimittañhi na pathav²yeva, tatra c±ya½ pathav²saññ². Tasm± vipar²tañ±ºanti ayametassa adhipp±yo. Tato sakav±d² “lakkhaºapathav²pi sasambh±rapathav²pi nimittapathav²pi pathav²devat±pi sabb± pathav²yeva, t±su pathav²ti ñ±ºa½ vipar²ta½ na hoti. Anicce niccanti-±divipariyeso pana vipar²tañ±ºa½ n±ma. Ki½ te ida½ etesu aññataran”ti codetu½ anicce niccanti-±dim±ha. Itaro vipall±salakkhaº±bh±va½ sandh±ya paµikkhipati, pathav²nimitta½ sandh±ya paµij±n±ti.
Kusalanti sekkhaputhujjan±na½ ñ±ºa½ sandh±ya vutta½. Atthi arahatoti pañhesupi vipall±salakkhaº±bh±vena paµikkhipati. Pathav²nimitta½ sandh±ya paµij±n±ti. Sabbeva pathav²ti sabba½ ta½ pathav²kasiºa½ lakkhaºapathav²yeva hot²ti pucchati. Sakav±d² tath± abh±vato paµikkhipati. Nanu pathav² atthi, atthi ca koci pathavi½ pathavito sam±pajjat²ti pucch± sakav±dissa Tassattho– nanu nimittapathav² atthi, atthi ca koci ta½ pathavi½ pathavitoyeva sam±pajjati, na ±pato v± tejato v±ti. Pathav² atth²ti-±di “yadi ya½ yath± atthi, ta½ tath± sam±pajjantassa ñ±ºa½ vipar²ta½ hoti, nibb±na½ atthi, tampi sam±pajjantassa sabbavipariyesasamuggh±tana½ maggañ±ºampi te vipar²ta½ hot³”ti dassanattha½ vuttanti.

Vipar²takath±vaººan±.

4. Niy±makath±vaººan±

428-431. Id±ni niy±makath± n±ma hoti. Tattha yo puggalo sammattaniy±ma½ okkamissati, ta½ “bhabbo esa dhamma½ abhisametun”ti yasm± bhagav± j±n±ti, tasm± “aniyatassa puthujjanasseva sato puggalassa niy±magaman±ya ñ±ºa½ atth²”ti yesa½ laddhi, seyyath±pi etarahi uttar±pathak±na½; te sandh±ya aniyatass±ti pucch± sakav±dissa. Tattha niy±magaman±y±ti niy±mo vuccati maggo, maggagaman±ya maggokkaman±y±ti attho. Ya½ panassa ñ±ºa½ disv± bhagav± “bhabbo ayan”ti j±n±ti, ta½ sandh±ya paµiññ± parav±dissa.
Athassa sakav±d² ayuttav±dita½ d²petu½ niyatass±ti vipar²t±nuyogam±ha. Tattha paµhamapañhe maggena niyatassa aniy±magaman±ya ñ±ºa½ n±ma natth²ti paµikkhipati. Dutiye natthibh±vena paµij±n±ti. Tatiye aniyatassa natth²ti puµµhatt± laddhivirodhena paµikkhipati. Puna paµhamapañhameva catuttha½ katv± niyatassa niy±magaman±divasena tayo pañh± kat±. Tesu paµhame yasm± ±dimaggena niyatassa puna tadatth±ya ñ±ºa½ natthi, tasm± paµikkhipati. Dutiye natthibh±veneva paµij±n±ti. Tatiye laddhivirodheneva paµikkhipati. Puna paµhamapañha½ aµµhama½ katv± aniyatassa aniy±magaman±divasena tayo pañh± kat±. Tesa½ attho vuttanayeneva veditabbo. Puna paµhamapañhameva dv±dasama½ katv± ta½m³lak± atthi niy±moti-±dayo pañh± kat±. Tattha yasm± niy±magaman±ya ñ±ºa½ n±ma maggañ±ºameva hoti, tasm± ta½ sandh±ya atthi niy±moti vutta½. Itaro pana niy±moti vutte paµikkhipati, ñ±ºanti vutte paµij±n±ti. Satipaµµh±n±d²supi eseva nayo. Paccan²ka½ utt±natthameva. Gotrabhunoti-±di yena ya½ appatta½, tassa ta½ natth²ti dassanattha½ vutta½. Bhagav± j±n±t²ti attano ñ±ºabalena j±n±ti, na tassa niy±magamanañ±ºasabbh±vato. Tasm± imin± k±raºena patiµµhit±pissa laddhi appatiµµhit±yev±ti.

Niy±makath±vaººan±.

5. Paµisambhid±kath±vaººan±

432-433. Id±ni paµisambhid±kath± n±ma hoti. Tattha yesa½ “ya½kiñci ariy±na½ ñ±ºa½, sabba½ lokuttaramev±”ti gahetv± “sabba½ ñ±ºa½ paµisambhid±”ti laddhi, seyyath±pi andhak±na½; te sandh±ya pucch± sakav±dissa, paµiññ± itarassa. Sammutiñ±ºapañhesu pathav²kasiºasammutiya½ sam±pattiñ±ºa½ sandh±ya paµikkhipati, niruttiñ±ºa½ sandh±ya paµij±n±ti. Ye keci sammutinti pañhe puthujjane sandh±ya paµikkhipati. Cetopariy±yapañhesu puthujjanassa ñ±ºa½ sandh±ya paµikkhipati, ariyassa ñ±ºa½ sandh±ya paµij±n±ti. Sabb± paññ±tipañhesu kasiºasam±pattipañha½ sandh±ya paµikkhipati, lokuttara½ sandh±ya paµij±n±ti. Pathav²kasiºasam±pattinti-±di “y± etesu ettakesu µh±nesu paññ±, ki½ sabb± s± paµisambhid±”ti pucchanattha½ vutta½. Tena hi sabba½ ñ±ºanti yasm± sabb± lokuttarapaññ± paµisambhid± tasm± sabbanti vacana½ s±maññaphalena saddhi½ patiµµh±pet²ti.

Paµisambhid±kath±vaººan±.

6. Sammutiñ±ºakath±vaººan±

434-435. Id±ni sammutiñ±ºakath± n±ma hoti. Tattha sammutisacca½ paramatthasaccanti dve sacc±ni. Ye pana eva½ vibh±ga½ akatv± saccanti vacanas±maññena sammutiñ±ºampi “sacc±rammaºamev±”ti vadanti, seyyath±pi andhak±; te ayuttav±dinoti tesa½ v±davisodhanattha½ aya½ kath± ±raddh±. Tattha na vattabbanti pucch± parav±dissa, paramatthasacca½ sandh±ya paµiññ± sakav±dissa. Sammutisaccamh²ti sammuti½ anupaviµµhe saccamhi. Paccatte v± bhummavacana½, sammutisaccanti attho. Sammutiñ±ºa½ sacc±rammaºaññev±ti pucch± sakav±dissa, paµiññ± itarassa. Tato na½ “yadi ta½ avisesena sacc±rammaºaññeva, tena ñ±ºena dukkhapariññ±d²ni kareyy±”ti codetu½ tena ñ±ºen±ti-±dim±ha.

Sammutiñ±ºakath±vaººan±.

7. Citt±rammaºakath±vaººan±

436-438. Id±ni citt±rammaºakath± n±ma hoti. Tattha cetopariy±ye ñ±ºanti vacanamattameva gahetv± “ta½ ñ±ºa½ citt±rammaºamev±”ti yesa½ laddhi, seyyath±pi etarahi andhak±na½; te sandh±ya pucch± sakav±dissa, paµiññ± itarassa. Athassa “yo sar±g±divasena citta½ j±n±ti, tassa r±g±dayopi ±rammaº± honti, tasm± na vattabba½ ta½ citt±rammaºaññev±”ti codanattha½ nanu atthi koc²ti-±di ±raddha½. Phass±rammaºeti phassasaªkh±te ±rammaºe. Vedan±rammaºeti-±d²supi eseva nayo. Puna phass±rammaºe ñ±ºa½ na vattabbanti puµµho phassassa phusanalakkhaºa½ manasikaroto phassov±rammaºa½ hot²ti paµij±n±ti. Ki½ paneta½ phassapariy±ye ñ±ºanti puµµho pana t±disassa suttapadassa abh±v± paµikkhipati. Vedan±d²supi eseva nayo. Id±ni ya½ niss±ya laddhi, tadeva dassetv± laddhi½ patiµµh±petu½ nanu cetopariy±ye ñ±ºanti-±dim±ha. S± panes± vacanamatt±bhinivesena patiµµh±pit±pi appatiµµh±pit±va hot²ti.

Citt±rammaºakath±vaººan±.

8. An±gatañ±ºakath±vaººan±

439-440. Id±ni an±gatañ±ºakath± n±ma hoti. Tattha an±gata½ n±ma antarampi atthi, anantarampi. Tesu anantare ekanteneva ñ±ºa½ natthi. Yath± ca anantare, tath± ekav²thi-ekajavanapariy±pannepi. Tattha ye sabbasmimpi an±gate ñ±ºa½ icchanti, seyyath±pi andhak±; te sandh±ya pucch± sakav±dissa, paµiññ± itarassa. Atha na½ “ya½ te an±gate ñ±ºa½, ki½ tena anantara½ an±gata½ m³l±divasena j±n±t²”ti codetu½ an±gata½ m³latoti-±dim±ha. Tattha m³latoti-±d²ni sabb±ni k±raºavevacan±neva. K±raºañhi ya½ attano phala½ karoti, ta½ tattha m³layati patiµµh±t²ti m³la½. Tato ca ta½ hinoti pavattayat²ti hetu. Tadeva ta½ nideti “handa na½ gaºhath±”ti. Niyy±teti viy±ti nid±na½. Tato ta½ sambhavat²ti sambhavo. Pabhavat²ti pabhavo. Tattha ca ta½ samuµµh±ti, ta½ v± na½ samuµµh±pet²ti samuµµh±na½. Tadeva na½ ±harat²ti ±h±ro. Tañcassa apariccajitabbaµµhena ±rammaºa½. Tadeva ceta½ paµicca et²ti paccayo. Tato na½ samudet²ti samudayoti vuccati. Yasm± pana anantara½ citta½ eteh±k±rehi na sakk± j±nitu½, tasm± na hevanti paµikkhipati. An±gata½ hetupaccayatanti y± anantar±n±gate citte hetupaccayat±, ta½ j±n±ti. Ye tattha dhamm± hetupaccay± honti, te j±n±t²ti attho. Sesapadesupi eseva nayo. Gotrabhunoti-±di yasmi½ an±gate ñ±ºa½ na uppajjati, ta½ sar³pato dassetu½ vutta½. P±µaliputtass±ti sutta½ yasmi½ an±gate ñ±ºa½ uppajjati, ta½ dassetu½ ±haµa½. Yasm± paneta½ na sabbasmi½ an±gate ñ±ºassa s±dhaka½; tasm± an±haµamev±ti.

An±gatañ±ºakath±vaººan±.

9. Paµuppannañ±ºakath±vaººan±

441-442. Id±ni paµuppannañ±ºakath± n±ma hoti. Tattha yesa½ “sabbasaªkh±resu aniccato diµµhesu tampi ñ±ºa½ aniccato diµµha½ hot²”ti vacana½ niss±ya “avisesena sabbasmi½ paccuppanne ñ±ºa½ atth²”ti laddhi, seyyath±pi andhak±na½; te sandh±ya paµuppanneti pucch± sakav±dissa, paµiññ± itarassa. Atha na½ “yadi avisesena paµuppanne ñ±ºa½ atthi, khaºapaccuppannepi tena bhavitabba½. Eva½ sante dvinna½ ñ±º±na½ ekato abh±v± teneva ñ±ºena ta½ j±nitabba½ hot²”ti codanattha½ ten±ti anuyogo sakav±dissa. Tattha paµhamapañhe teneva ta½ j±nitu½ na sakk±ti paµikkhepo itarassa. Dutiyapañhe santati½ sandh±ya paµiññ± tasseva. Paµip±µito bhaªga½ passanto bhaªg±nupassaneneva bhaªg±nupassan±ñ±ºa½ passat²ti adhipp±yo. Tena ñ±ºena ta½ ñ±ºa½ j±n±t²ti-±d²supi eseva nayo. Tena phassena ta½ phassanti-±d²nissa lesok±saniv±raºattha½ vutt±ni Ya½ panetena laddhipatiµµh±panattha½ nanu sabbasaªkh±reti-±di vutta½. Tattha nayato ta½ ñ±ºa½ diµµha½ hoti, na ±rammaºatoti adhipp±yena paµiññ± sakav±dissa. Tasm± eva½ patiµµhit±pissa laddhi appatiµµhit±va hoti.

Paµuppannañ±ºakath±vaººan±.

10. Phalañ±ºakath±vaººan±

443-444. Id±ni phale ñ±ºakath± n±ma hoti. Tattha “buddh±pi satt±na½ ariyaphalappattiy± dhamma½ desenti s±vak±pi, iti imin± s±maññena buddh±na½ viya s±vak±nampi tena tena sattena pattabbe phale ñ±ºa½ atth²”ti yesa½ laddhi, seyyath±pi andhak±na½; te sandh±ya s±vakass±ti pucch± sakav±dissa, paµiññ± itarassa. Atha na½ “yadi s±vakassa phale ñ±ºa½ atthi, yath± buddh± sam±nepi sot±pattiphale attano ñ±ºabalena ‘aya½ ekab²j², aya½ kola½kolo, aya½ sattakkhattuparamo’ti phalassakata½ paññapenti, ki½ te eva½ s±vakop²”ti codetu½ s±vako phalassa kata½ paññapet²ti ±ha. Itaro paµikkhipati.
Atthi s±vakassa phalaparopariyatt²ti-±di phale ñ±ºassa atthit±ya paccayapucchanattha½ vutta½. Ayañhettha adhipp±yo– buddh±na½ “ida½ phala½ para½, ida½ oparan”ti eva½ phal±na½ ucc±vacabh±vaj±nanasaªkh±t± phale paropariyatti n±ma atthi. Tath± indriyapuggalaparopariyattiyo, t±sa½ atthit±ya tassa tassa puggalassa tesa½ tesa½ indriy±na½ vasena ta½ ta½ phala½ j±nanti, ki½ te s±vakass±pi et± paropariyattiyo atth²ti.
Atthi s±vakassa khandhapaññatt²ti-±d²nipi “yadi te s±vakassa buddh±na½ viya phale ñ±ºa½ atthi, im± hi pissa paññatt²hi bhavitabba½. Kimassa t± atthi, sakkoti so et± paññattiyo attano balena j±nitu½ v± paññapetu½ v±”ti codanattha½ vutt±ni. S±vako jinoti-±di “yadi s±vakassa buddh±na½ viya phale ñ±ºa½ atthi, eva½ sante sveva jino”ti codanattha½ vutta½. S±vako anuppannass±ti pañhepi ayameva nayo. Aññ±º²ti pañhe avijj±saªkh±tassa aññ±ºassa vihatatt± paµikkhitto, na panassa buddh±na½ viya phale ñ±ºa½ atthi. Tasm± appatiµµhitova parav±d²v±doti.

Phalañ±ºakath±vaººan±.

Pañcamo vaggo.

Mah±paºº±sako samatto.