4. Catutthavaggo

1. Gihissa arah±tikath±vaŗŗan±

387. Id±ni gihissa arah±ti kath± n±ma hoti. Tattha yesa½ yasakulaputt±d²na½ gihibyańjane µhit±na½ arahattappatti½ disv± “gihi assa arah±”ti laddhi, seyyath±pi etarahi uttar±pathak±na½; te sandh±ya pucch± sakav±dissa. Tattha gihiss±ti yo gihisa½yojanasampayuttat±ya gihi, so araha½ ass±ti attho. Parav±d² pana adhipp±ya½ asallakkhetv± gihibyańjanamattameva passanto paµij±n±ti. Id±nissa “gihi n±ma gihisa½yojanena hoti, na byańjanamattena. Yath±ha bhagav±–
‘AlaŖkato cepi sama½ careyya,
santo danto niyato brahmac±r²;
sabbesu bh³tesu nidh±ya daŗ¹a½,
so br±hmaŗo so samaŗo sa bhikkh³”’ti. (Dha. pa. 142).
Ima½ naya½ dassetu½ atthi arahatoti-±di ±raddha½. Ta½ sabba½ utt±natthamev±ti.

Gihissa arah±tikath±vaŗŗan±.

2. Upapattikath±vaŗŗan±

388. Id±ni upapattikath± n±ma hoti. Tattha yesa½ “opap±tiko hoti tatthaparinibb±y²”tivacan±ni (pu. pa. 35-40) ayoniso gahetv± suddh±v±sesu upapattiy± arah±ti laddhi, “yesa½ v± upahaccaparinibb±y²”ti pada½ parivattitv± “upapajjaparinibb±y²”ti pariy±puŗant±na½ saha upapattiy± arah± hot²ti laddhi, seyyath±pi etarahi uttar±pathak±na½; te sandh±ya pucch± sakav±dissa, paµińń± itarassa. Tattha yasm± upapatticitta½ n±ma lokiya½, tena sot±pann±dayopi na honti, pageva arah±. Tasm±ssa ima½ naya½ dassetu½ saha upapattiy± sot±pannoti-±di ±raddha½.
389. S±riputtoti-±di imesu mah±theresu ko ekopi saha upapattiy± arah± n±m±ti codanattha½ vutta½.
390. Upapattesiyen±ti paµisandhicittena. Tańhi upapatti½ esati gavesati, tasm± upapattesiyanti vuccati. Sesamettha utt±natthamev±ti.

Upapattikath±vaŗŗan±.

3. An±savakath±vaŗŗan±

391. Id±ni an±savakath± n±ma hoti. Tattha ye dhamm± an±savassa arahato, sabbe te an±sav±ti yesa½ laddhi, seyyath±pi etarahi uttar±pathak±na½; te sandh±ya arahatoti pucch± sakav±dissa, paµińń± itarassa. Atha na½ an±sav± n±ma magg±dayo, ki½ tassa teyeva uppajjant²ti codanattha½ maggo phalanti-±di ±raddha½. Cakkhu an±savanti puµµho tassa s±savatt± paµikkhipati. Dutiya½ puµµho an±savassetanti paµij±n±ti.
392. C²varapańhe ekova dhammo an±savo s±savo ca hot²ti lakkhaŗavirodhabhay± paµikkhipati. Dutiya½ puµµho an±savassa hutv± s±savassa hot²ti paµij±n±ti. Tańńeva an±savanti pańh±dvayepi eseva nayo. Sakav±d² pana tańńev±ti anuńń±tatt± “maggo an±savo hutv±”ti-±d²hi codeti. Imin± up±yena sabbattha attho veditabboti.

An±savakath±vaŗŗan±.

4. Samann±gatakath±vaŗŗan±

393. Id±ni samann±gatakath± n±ma hoti. Tattha dve samann±gam± paccuppannakkhaŗe samaŖg²bh±vasamann±gamo ca r³p±vacar±d²su ańńatarabh³mippattito paµil±bhasamann±gamo ca. So y±va adhigatavises± na parih±yati, t±vadeva labbhati. Yesa½ pana µhapetv± ime dve samann±game ańńo upapattidhammavasena eko samann±gamo n±ma hot²ti laddhi, seyyath±pi etarahi uttar±pathak±na½, tesa½ pattidhammo n±ma koci natth²ti anubodhanattha½ arah± cat³hi phalehi samann±gatoti pucch± sakav±dissa, patti½ sandh±ya paµińń± itarassa. Athassa “yadi te arah± cat³hi khandhehi viya cat³hi phalehi samann±gato, eva½ sante ye cat³su phalesu catt±ro phass±dayo, tehi te arahato samann±gatat± p±puŗ±t²”ti codanattha½ arah± cat³hi phasseh²ti-±di ±raddha½. Ta½ sabba½ parav±din± ekakkhaŗe catunna½ phass±d²na½ abh±v± paµikkhitta½. An±g±mipańh±d²supi eseva nayo.
395. Sot±pattiphala½ v²tivattoti na paµhamajjh±na½ viya dutiyajjh±nal±bh²; puna anuppattiy± pana v²tivattoti pucchati. Sot±pattimagganti-±di ya½ v²tivatto, tenassa puna asamann±gama½ dassetu½ ±raddha½.
396. Tehi ca aparih²noti pańhe yasm± yath± paccan²kasamud±c±rena lokiyajjh±nadhamm± parih±yanti, na eva½ lokuttar±. Maggena hi ye kiles± pah²yanti, phalena ca paµippassambhanti, te tath± pah²n±va tath± paµippassaddh±yeva ca honti, tasm± sakav±din± ±mant±ti paµińń±ta½. Sv±yamattho parato “arahat± catt±ro magg± paµiladdh±”ti-±d²su pak±sitoyeva. Sesa½ utt±natthamev±ti.

Samann±gatakath±vaŗŗan±.

5. Upekkh±samann±gatakath±vaŗŗan±

397. Arah± chahi upekkh±h²ti kath±yapi imin±va nayena attho veditabbo. Arah± hi chasu dv±resu upekkh±na½ uppattibhabbat±ya t±hi samann±gatoti vuccati, na ekakkhaŗe sabb±sa½ uppattibh±ven±ti.

Upekkh±samann±gatakath±vaŗŗan±.

6. Bodhiy±buddhotikath±vaŗŗan±

398. Id±ni bodhiy± buddhotikath± n±ma hoti. Tattha bodh²ti catumaggań±ŗass±pi sabbańńutańń±ŗass±pi adhivacana½. Tasm± yesa½ yath± od±tena vaŗŗena od±to, s±mena vaŗŗena s±mo, eva½ bodhiy± buddhoti laddhi, seyyath±pi etarahi uttar±pathak±na½yeva; te sandh±ya pucch± ca anuyogo ca sakav±dissa, paµińń± ca paµikkhepo ca itarassa.
At²t±y±ti pańhe tasmi½ khaŗe abh±vato paµikkhipati. Dutiya½ puµµho paµil±bha½ sandh±ya paµij±n±ti. Puna kiccavasena puµµho kicc±bh±vato paµikkhipati. Dutiya½ puµµho ya½ tena t±ya karaŗ²ya½ kata½, tattha sammoh±bh±va½ paµij±n±ti. Lesok±sa½ pana adatv± dukkha½ parij±n±t²ti-±din± nayena puµµho tassa kiccassa abh±v± paµikkhipati.
An±gatapańhe tasmi½ khaŗe maggań±ŗassa abh±v± paµikkhipati. Dutiya½ puµµho “agam± r±jagaha½ buddho”ti (su. ni. 410) an±gat±ya bodhiy± buddhabh±va½ mańńam±no paµij±n±ti. Bodhikaraŗ²ya½ karot²ti puµµho tasmi½ khaŗe kicc±bh±vena paµikkhipati. Dutiya½ puµµho yadi na kareyya, buddhoti na vucceyya. Yasm± avassa½ karissati, tasm± karotiyeva n±m±ti paµij±n±ti. Puna lesok±sa½ adatv± puµµho paµikkhipati. Paccuppannapańho saddhi½ sa½sandan±ya utt±natthova.
399. Tisso bodhiyo ekato katv± puµµho sabbańńutańń±ŗa½ sandh±ya t²hipi buddhoti vattabbabh±vato paµij±n±ti. Puna t²hiti puµµho sabb±sa½ ekakkhaŗe abh±v± paµikkhipati. Dutiya½ puµµho at²t±n±gatapaccuppannassa sabbańńutańń±ŗassa vasena paµij±n±ti. Puna lesok±sa½ adatv± satata½ samitanti puµµho paµikkhipati.
Na battabba½ bodhiy±ti pucch± parav±dissa, bodhiy± abh±vakkhaŗe abuddhabh±v±pattito paµińń± sakav±dissa. Nanu bodhipaµil±bh±ti pańhe pana yasmi½ sant±ne bodhisaŖkh±ta½ maggań±ŗa½ uppanna½, tattha buddhoti sammutisabbh±vato paµińń± tasseva. Tassa adhipp±ya½ aj±nitv± hańc²ti laddhiµµhapan± parav±dissa. Id±nissa asallakkhaŗa½ p±kaµa½ k±tu½ bodhipaµil±bh± buddhoti bodhiy± buddhoti pucch± sakav±dissa. Tassattho– “ki½ te yasm± bodhipaµil±bh± buddho, tasm± bodhiy± buddho”ti. Itaro “bodhipaµil±bho n±ma bodhiy± uppajjitv± niruddh±yapi sant±ne uppannabh±voyeva. Bodhi n±ma maggakkhaŗe ń±ŗan”ti ima½ vibh±ga½ asallakkhentova puna paµij±n±ti. Tato sakav±din± bodhipaµil±bh± bodh²ti puµµho vacanok±sa½ alabhanto paµikkhipat²ti.

Bodhiy±buddhotikath±vaŗŗan±.

Iti im± tissopi kath± uttar±pathak±na½yeva.

7. Lakkhaŗakath±vaŗŗan±

400. Id±ni lakkhaŗakath± n±ma hoti. Tattha “yehi samann±gatassa mah±purisassa dveva gatiyo bhavant²”ti (d². ni. 1.258) ima½ sutta½ ayoniso gahetv± lakkhaŗasamann±gato bodhisattova hot²ti yesa½ laddhi, seyyath±pi etarahi uttar±pathak±na½; te sandh±ya pucch± sakav±dissa, paµińń± itarassa.
Cakkavattisattoti pańhesu yasm± cakkavatt² sattopi ca bodhisattopi, tasm± abodhisatta½ sandh±ya paµikkhipati. Bodhisatta½ sandh±ya paµij±n±ti.
402. Dvatti½sim±n²tisutta½ bodhisattameva sandh±ya vutta½. So hi pacchime bhave buddho hoti, itaresu cakkavatt², tasm± ±bhatampi an±bhatasadisamev±ti.

Lakkhaŗakath±vaŗŗan±.

8. Niy±mokkantikath±vaŗŗan±

403. Id±ni niy±mokkantikath± n±ma hoti. Tattha yesa½ ghaµik±rasutte jotip±lassa pabbajja½ sandh±ya “bodhisatto kassapabhagavato p±vacane okkantaniy±mo caritabrahmacariyo”ti laddhi, seyyath±pi etarahi andhak±na½; te sandh±ya bodhisattoti pucch± sakav±dissa, laddhiya½ µhatv± paµińń± itarassa. Tato yasm± niy±moti v± brahmacariyanti v± ariyamaggassa n±ma½, bodhisatt±nańca µhapetv± p±ram²p³raŗa½ ańń± niy±mokkanti n±ma natthi. Yadi bhaveyya, bodhisatto sot±panno s±vako bhaveyya. Na cetameva½. Kevalańhi na½ buddh± attano ń±ŗabale µhatv±– “aya½ buddho bhavissat²”ti by±karonti, tasm± puna bodhisattoti anuyogo sakav±dissa. Pacchimabhava½ sandh±ya paµikkhepo itarassa. Dutiyapańhe jotip±lak±la½ sandh±ya paµińń± tasseva. S±vako hutv±ti-±d²supi eseva nayo. Anussaviyoti anussavena paµividdhadhammo. Pacchimabhava½ sandh±ya paµikkhipitv± jotip±lak±le anussava½ sandh±ya paµij±n±ti.
404. Ańńa½ satth±ranti-±¼±rańca r±maputtańca sandh±ya vutta½. ¾yasm± ±nandoti-±di “okkantaniy±m±va s±vak± honti, na itare okkantaniy±m± evar³p± hont²”ti dassetu½ vutta½.
S±vako j±ti½ v²tivattoti y±ya j±tiy± s±vako, ta½ v²tivatto ańńasmi½ bhave as±vako hot²ti pucchati. Itaro sot±pann±d²na½ sot±pann±dis±vakabh±vato paµikkhipati. Sesamettha utt±natthamev±ti.

Niy±mokkantikath±vaŗŗan±.

9. Apar±pi samann±gatakath±vaŗŗan±

406. Id±ni apar±pi samann±gatakath± n±ma hoti. Tattha yesa½ “catutthamaggaµµho puggalo pattidhammavasena t²hi phalehi samann±gato”ti laddhi, seyyath±pi etarahi andhak±na½ te sandh±ya pucch± sakav±dissa, paµińń± itarassa. Sesamettha heµµh± cat³hi phalehi samann±gatakath±ya½ vuttanayeneva veditabbanti.

Apar±pi samann±gatakath±vaŗŗan±.

10. Sabbasa½yojanappah±nakath±vaŗŗan±

413. Id±ni sa½yojanappah±nakath± n±ma hoti. Tattha yesa½ “nippariy±yeneva sabbasa½yojanappah±na½ arahattan”ti laddhi, seyyath±pi etarahi andhak±na½; te sandh±ya pucch± sakav±dissa, paµińń± itarassa. Puna sabbe sa½yojan±ti puµµho heµµh± vuttamaggattayena pah²ne sandh±ya paµikkhipati. Dutiya½ puµµho tena maggena appah²nassa abh±v± paµij±n±ti. Sakk±yadiµµhi±d²supi paµhamamaggena pah²nabh±va½ sandh±ya paµikkhipati, catutthamaggena anavasesappah±na½ sandh±ya paµij±n±ti. Eseva nayo sabbatth±ti.

Sabbasa½yojanappah±nakath±vaŗŗan±.

Catuttho vaggo.