190. Samaŗamacal±d²su– samaŗamacaloti samaŗa-acalo, mak±ro padasandhikaro. Niccalasamaŗo, thirasamaŗoti attho Aya½ vuccat²ti aya½ sot±panno s±sane m³laj±t±ya saddh±ya patiµµhitatt± ‘samaŗamacalo’ti vuccati. Sakad±g±m² pana rajjanakilesassa atthit±ya samaŗapadumoti vutto. Rattaµµho hi idha padumaµµho n±m±ti vutta½. An±g±m² k±mar±gasaŖkh±tassa rajjanakilesassa natthit±ya samaŗapuŗ¹ar²koti vutto. Paŗ¹araµµho hi idha puŗ¹ar²kaµµho n±m±ti vutta½ Kh²ŗ±savo ca thaddhabh±vakar±na½ kiles±na½ abh±vena samaŗesu samaŗasukhum±lo n±m±ti vutto. Appadukkhaµµhenapi cesa samaŗasukhum±loyev±ti.

Catukkaniddesavaŗŗan±.

5. Pańcakaniddesavaŗŗan±

191. Pańcake– tatr±ti tesu “±rabhati ca vippaµis±r² ca hot²”ti-±din± nayena heµµh± uddiµµhapuggalesu. Yv±yanti yo aya½. ¾rabhat²ti ettha ±rambhasaddo kammakiriy±hi½sanav²riyavikopan±pattiv²tikkamesu vattati. Tath± hesa “ya½kińci dukkha½ sambhoti, sabba½ ±rambhapaccay±”ti (su. ni. 748) kamme ±gato. “Mah±yańń± mah±rambh±, na te honti mahapphal±”ti (a. ni. 4.39) kiriy±ya½. “Samaŗa½ gotama½ uddissa p±ŗa½ ±rabhant²”ti (ma. ni. 2.51-52) hi½sane. “¾rabhatha, nikkhamatha, yuńjatha buddhas±sane”ti (sa½. ni. 1.185) v²riye. “B²jag±mabh³tag±masam±rambh± paµivirato hot²”ti (d². ni. 1.10, 194; ma. ni. 1.293) vikopane. “¾rabhati ca vippaµis±r² ca hot²”ti (a. ni. 5.142) aya½ pana ±pattiv²tikkame ±gato. Tasm± ±pattiv²tikkamavasena ±rabhati ceva tappaccay± vippaµis±r² ca hot²ti ayamettha attho.
Yath±bh³ta½ nappaj±n±t²ti anadhigatatt± yath±sabh±vato na j±n±ti. Yatthass±ti yasmi½ assa, ya½ µh±na½ patv± etassa puggalassa uppann± p±pak± akusal± dhamm± aparises± nirujjhant²ti attho. Ki½ pana patv± te nirujjhant²ti? Arahattamagga½. Phalappattassa pana niruddh± n±ma honti. Eva½ santepi idha maggakiccavasena phalameva vuttanti veditabba½. ¾rambhaj±ti ±pattiv²tikkamasambhav±. Vippaµis±raj±ti vippaµis±rato j±t±. Pava¹¹hant²ti punappuna½ uppajjanena va¹¹hanti. S±dh³ti ±y±canas±dhu. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– y±va aparaddhańca vata ±yasmat±, eva½ santepi maya½ ±yasmanta½ y±c±ma– “desetabbayuttakassa desan±ya, vuµµh±tabbayuttakassa vuµµh±nena, ±vik±tabbayuttakassa ±vikiriy±ya, ±rambhaje ±save pah±ya, suddhante µhitabh±vapaccavekkhaŗena vippaµis±raje ±save paµivinodetv± n²haritv± vipassan±cittańceva vipassan±pańńańca bh±vet³”ti. Amun± pańcamena puggalen±ti etena pańcamena kh²ŗ±savapuggalena. Samasamo bhavissat²ti lokuttaraguŗehi samabh±veneva samo bhavissat²ti eva½ kh²ŗ±savena ovaditabboti attho.
¾rabhati na vippaµis±r² hot²ti ±patti½ ±pajjati. Ta½ pana desetu½ sabh±gapuggala½ pariyesati. Tasm± na vippaµis±r² hoti. AŖguttaraµµhakath±ya½ pana “vuµµhitatt± na vippaµis±r² hot²”ti vutta½. Na ±rabhati vippaµis±r² hot²ti ±patti½ n±pajjati, vinayapańńattiya½ pana akovidatt± an±pattiya½ ±pattisańń² hutv± vippaµis±r² hoti. AŖguttaraµµhakath±ya½ pana “saki½ ±patti½ ±pajjitv± tato vuµµh±ya pacch± kińc±pi n±pajjati, vippaµis±ra½ pana vinodetu½ na sakkot²”ti vutta½. Na ±rabhati na vippaµis±r² hot²ti neva ±patti½ ±pajjati, na vippaµis±r² hoti. Katamo panesa puggaloti? Ossaµµhav²riyapuggalo. So hi “ki½ me imasmi½ buddhak±le parinibb±nena, an±gate metteyyasamm±sambuddhak±le parinibb±yiss±m²”ti visuddhas²lopi paµipatti½ na p³reti. Sopi “kimattha½ ±yasm± pamatto viharati puthujjanassa n±ma gati anibaddh±. ¾yasm± hi metteyyasamm±sambuddhassa sammukhabh±va½ labheyyapi na labheyy±p²ti arahattatth±ya vipassana½ bh±veh²”ti ovaditabbova. Sesa½ sabbattha vuttanayeneva veditabba½.
192. Datv± avaj±n±t²ti-±d²su– eko bhikkhu mah±puńńo catupaccayal±bh² hoti. So c²var±d²ni labhitv± ańńa½ appapuńńa½ ±pucchati. Sopi tasmi½ punappuna½ ±pucchantepi gaŗh±tiyeva. Athassa itaro thoka½ kupito hutv± maŖkubh±va½ upp±detuk±mo vadati– “aya½ attano dhammat±ya c²var±d²ni na labhati, amhe niss±ya labhat²”ti. Eva½ puggalo datv± avaj±n±ti n±ma. Eko pana ekena saddhi½ dve t²ŗi vass±ni vasanto pubbe ta½ puggala½ garu½ katv± pacch± gacchante gacchante k±le citt²k±ra½ na karoti, ±san±pi na vuµµh±ti, upaµµh±nampi na gacchati. Eva½ puggalo sa½v±sena avaj±n±ti n±ma.
¾dheyyamukhoti ±dito dheyyamukho. Paµhamavacanasmi½yeva µhapitamukhoti attho. Adhimuccit± hot²ti saddh±t± hoti. Tatr±ya½ nayo– eko puggalo s±ruppa½yeva bhikkhu½ ‘as±ruppo eso’ti katheti, ta½ sutv± esa niµµha½ gacchati. Puna ańńena sabh±gena bhikkhun± ‘s±ruppo ayan’ti vuttepi tassa vacana½ na gaŗh±ti “asukena n±ma ‘as±ruppo ayan’ti amh±ka½ kathitan”ti purimabhikkhunova katha½ gaŗh±ti. Aparopissa duss²la½ ‘s²lav±’ti katheti. Tassa vacana½ saddahitv± puna ańńena “as±ruppo esa bhikkhu, n±ya½ tumh±ka½ santika½ upasaŖkamitu½ yutto”ti vuttopi tassa vacana½ aggahetv± purimasseva katha½ gaŗh±ti. Aparo vaŗŗampi kathita½ gaŗh±ti, avaŗŗampi kathita½ gaŗh±tiyeva. Ayampi ±dheyyamukhoyeva n±ma. ¾dh±tabbamukho ya½ ya½ suŗ±ti, tattha tattha µhapitamukhoti attho.
Loloti saddh±d²na½ ittarak±laµµhitikatt± assaddhiy±d²hi lulitabh±vena lolo. Ittarasaddhoti parittasaddho, aparipuŗŗasaddho. Sesesupi eseva nayo. Ettha pana punappuna½ bhajanavasena saddh±va bhatti. Pema½ saddh±pema½ gehasitapemampi vaµµati. Pas±do saddh±pas±dova. Eva½ puggalo lolo hot²ti eva½ ittarasaddh±dit±ya puggalo lolo n±ma hoti. Haliddir±go viya thusar±simhi koµµitakh±ŗuko viya, assapiµµhiya½ µhapitakumbhaŗ¹a½ viya ca anibaddhaµµh±no muhuttena pas²dati, muhuttena kuppati.
Mando mom³hoti ańń±ŗabh±vena mando avisadat±ya mom³ho. Mah±m³¼hoti attho.
193. Yodh±j²v³pamesu– yodh±j²v±ti yuddh³paj²vino. Rajagganti hatthi-ass±d²na½ p±dappah±rabhinn±ya bh³miy± uggata½ rajakkhandha½. Na santhambhat²ti santhambhitv± µh±tu½ na sakkoti. Sahati rajagganti rajakkhandha½ disv±pi adhiv±seti. Dhajagganti hatthi-ass±dipiµµhesu v± rathesu v± uss±pit±na½ dhaj±na½ agga½. Uss±raŗanti hatthi-assarath±d²nańceva balak±yassa ca ucc±saddamah±sadda½. Sampah±reti sam±gate appamattakepi pah±re. Hańńat²ti vihańńati, vigh±ta½ ±pajjati. By±pajjat²ti vipatti½ ±pajjati, pakatibh±va½ jahati. Sahati sampah±ranti dve tayo pah±re patv±pi sahati, adhiv±seti Tameva saŖg±mas²santi tameva jayakhandh±v±raµµh±na½. Ajjh±vasat²ti satt±hamatta½ abhibhavitv± ±vasati. Ki½ k±raŗ±? Laddhappah±r±na½ pah±rajagganatthańceva katakamm±na½ visesa½ ńatv± µh±nantarad±natthańca issariyasukh±nubhavanatthańca.
194. Id±ni yasm± satthu yodh±j²vehi kicca½ natthi, imasmi½ pana s±sane tath±r³pe pańca puggale dassetu½ ida½ opamma½ ±bhata½, tasm± te puggale dassento evamevanti-±dim±ha.
Tattha sa½s²dat²ti micch±vitakkasmi½ vis²dati, anupavisati. Na sakkoti brahmacariya½ sandh±retunti brahmacariyav±sa½ anupacchijjam±na½ gopetu½ na sakkoti. Sikkh±dubbalya½ ±vikatv±ti sikkh±ya dubbalabh±va½ pak±setv±. Kimassa rajaggasminti ki½ tassa puggalassa rajagga½ n±m±ti vadati. Abhir³p±ti abhir³pavat². Dassan²y±ti dassanayogg±. P±s±dik±ti dassaneneva cittappas±d±vah±. Param±y±ti uttam±ya. Vaŗŗapokkharat±y±ti sar²ravaŗŗena ceva aŖgasaŗµh±nena ca.
196. Šhasat²ti avahasati. Ullapat²ti katheti. Ujjagghat²ti p±ŗi½ paharitv± mah±hasita½ hasati. Uppaŗ¹et²ti uppaŗ¹anakatha½ katheti.
197. Abhinis²dat²ti abhibhavitv± santike v± ek±sane v± nis²dati. Dutiyapadepi eseva nayo. Ajjhottharat²ti avattharati.
198. Viniveµhetv± vinimocetv±ti gahitaµµh±nato tassa hattha½ viniveµhetv± ceva, mocetv± ca. Sesamettha utt±natthameva.
199. Piŗ¹ap±tikesu– mandatt± mom³hatt±ti neva sam±d±na½ j±n±ti, na ±nisa½sa½; attano pana mandatt± mom³hatt± ańń±ŗeneva piŗ¹ap±tiko hoti. P±piccho icch±pakatoti piŗ¹ap±tikassa me sato “aya½ piŗ¹ap±tiko”ti catupaccayasakk±ra½ karissanti. Lajj², appicchoti-±d²hi ca guŗehi sambh±vessant²ti. Eva½ p±pik±ya icch±ya µhatv± t±ya p±picch±ya abhibh³to hutv± piŗ¹ap±tiko hoti. Umm±davasena piŗ¹±ya caranto pana umm±d± cittavikkhep± piŗ¹ap±tiko n±ma hoti. Vaŗŗitanti ida½ piŗ¹ap±tikaŖga½ n±ma buddhehi ca buddhas±vakehi ca vaŗŗita½ pasatthanti piŗ¹ap±tiko hoti. Appicchata½yeva niss±y±ti-±d²su– “iti appiccho bhaviss±mi, ida½ me piŗ¹ap±tikaŖga½ appicchat±ya sa½vattissati; ‘iti santuµµho bhaviss±mi ida½ me piŗ¹ap±tikaŖga½ santuµµhiy± sa½vattissati’; ‘iti kilese sa½likhiss±mi’, ida½ me piŗ¹ap±tikaŖga½ kilesasallekhanatth±ya sa½vattissat²”ti piŗ¹ap±tiko hoti. Idamatthitanti im±ya kaly±ŗ±ya paµipattiy± atthikabh±va½, imin± v± piŗ¹ap±tamattena atthikabh±va½. Ya½ ya½ laddha½ tena teneva y±panabh±va½ niss±y±ti attho. Aggoti jeµµhako. Ses±ni tasseva vevacan±ni.
Gav± kh²ranti g±vito kh²ra½ n±ma hoti, na vin± g±viy±. Kh²ramh± dadh²ti-±d²supi eseva nayo. Evamevanti yath± etesu pańcasu gorasesu sappimaŗ¹o aggo; evameva½ imesu pańcasu piŗ¹ap±tikesu yv±ya½ appicchat±d²ni niss±ya piŗ¹ap±tiko hoti. Aya½ aggo ca seµµho ca p±mokkho ca uttamo ca pavaro ca. Imesu pana pańcasu piŗ¹ap±tikesu dveva jan± piŗ¹ap±tik± tayo na piŗ¹ap±tik±. N±mamattena pana piŗ¹ap±tik±ti veditabb±. Khalupacch±bhattik±d²supi eseva nayoti.

Pańcakaniddesavaŗŗan±.

6. Chakkaniddesavaŗŗan±

202. Chakke tatr±ti tesu chasu puggalesu. Samm±sambuddho tena daµµhabboti so puggalo tena an±cariyakena attan± upp±ditena sabbańńutańń±ŗena sabbańńubuddho daµµhabbo.
Paccekasambuddho ten±ti-±d²supi tena paccekasambodhiń±ŗena so puggalo paccekasambuddho. Tena s±vakap±ram²ń±ŗena te puggal± s±riputtamoggall±n±. Tena dukkhassa antakaraŗena te puggal± avases± arahanto. Tena itthatta½ an±gamanena so puggalo an±g±m². Tena itthatta½ ±gamanena te puggal± sot±pannasakad±g±mino daµµhabb±ti.

Chakkaniddesavaŗŗan±.

7. Sattakaniddesavaŗŗan±

203. Sattake saki½ nimuggoti ekav±ra½ nimuggo. Ekantak±¼akeh²ti ekanteneva k±¼akehi natthikav±da-ahetukav±da-akiriyav±dasaŖkh±tehi niyatamicch±diµµhidhammehi. Eva½ puggaloti imin± k±raŗena puggalo ekav±ra½ nimuggo tath± nimuggova hoti. Etassa hi puna bhavato vuµµh±na½ n±ma natth²ti vadanti. Makkhaligos±l±dayo viya heµµh± narakagg²na½yeva ±h±ro hoti.
S±hu saddh± kusalesu dhammes³ti kusaladhammesu saddh± n±ma s±dhuladdhik±ti ummujjati. So t±vatakeneva kusalena ummujjati n±ma. S±dhu hir²ti-±d²supi eseva nayo. H±yatiyev±ti caŖkav±re ±sitta-udaka½ viya ekantena parih±yateva. Eva½ puggaloti eva½ s±hu saddh±ti. Imesa½ saddh±d²na½ vasena ekav±ra½ ummujjitv± tesa½ parih±niy± puna nimujjatiyeva, devadatt±dayo viya. Devadatto hi aµµha sam±pattiyo, pańca ca abhińń±yo nibbattetv±pi puna buddh±na½ paµikaŗµakat±ya tehi guŗehi parih²no ruhirupp±dakamma½ saŖghabhedakammańca katv± k±yassa bhed± dutiyacittav±rena niraye nibbatti. Kok±liko dve aggas±vake upavaditv± padumaniraye nibbatto.
Neva h±yati no va¹¹hat²ti appahonakak±lepi na h±yati, pahonakak±lepi na va¹¹hati. Ubhayampi paneta½ ag±rikenapi anag±rikenapi d²petabba½. Ekacco hi ag±riko appahonakak±le pakkhikabhatta½ v± sal±kabhatta½ v± vass±v±sika½ v± upanibandh±peti. So pacch± pahonakak±lepi pakkhikabhatt±dimattameva pavatteti. Anag±rikopi ±dimhi appahonakak±le uddesa½ v± dhutaŖga½ v± gaŗh±ti, medh±balav²riyasampattiy± pahonakak±lepi tato uttari½ na karoti. Eva½ puggaloti eva½ im±ya saddh±d²na½ µhitiy± puggalo ummujjitv± µhito n±ma hoti.
Ummujjitv± vipassati viloket²ti sot±panno puggalo uµµhahitv± gamanamagga½ gantabba½ disa½ v± ±loketi n±ma.
Ummujjitv± patarat²ti sakad±g±mipuggalo kilesatanut±ya uµµhahitv± gantabbadis±bhimukho patarati n±ma.
Patig±dhappatto hot²ti an±g±mipuggalo uµµh±ya viloketv± pataritv± gantv± ekasmi½ µh±ne patiµµh±patto n±ma hoti, tiµµhati, na pun±gacchati.
Tiŗŗo p±raŖgato thale tiµµhat²ti sabbakilesogha½ taritv± parat²ra½ gantv± nibb±nathale µhito n±ma hoti. Ime pana satta puggal± udakopamena d²pit±.
Satta kira jaŖghav±ŗij± addh±namaggapaµipann± antar±magge eka½ puŗŗanadi½ p±puŗi½su. Tesu paµhama½ otiŗŗo udakabh²ruko puriso otiŗŗaµµh±neyeva nimujjitv± puna uµµh±tu½ n±sakkhi, antoyeva macchakacchapabhakkho j±to. Dutiyo otiŗŗaµµh±ne nimujjitv± saki½ uµµhahitv± puna nimuggo uµµh±tu½ n±sakkhi, antoyeva macchakacchapabhakkho j±to. Tatiyo nimujjitv± uµµhahi. So majjhe nadiy± µhatv± neva orato ±gantu½, na parato gantu½ asakkhi Catuttho uµµh±ya µhito uttaraŗatittha½ olokesi. Pańcamo otaraŗatittha½ oloketv± patari. Chaµµho taritv± p±rimat²ra½ gantv± kaµippam±ŗe udake µhito. Sattamo p±rimat²ra½ gantv± gandhacuŗŗ±d²hi nh±tv± varavatth±ni niv±setv± surabhivilepana½ vilimpitv± n²luppal±d²ni pi¼andhitv± n±n±laŖk±rapaµimaŗ¹ito mah±nagara½ pavisitv± p±s±davaram±ruyha uttamabhojana½ bhuńji.
Tattha satta jaŖghav±ŗij± viya ime satta puggal±. Nad² viya vaµµa½. Paµhamassa udakabh²rukassa purisassa otiŗŗaµµh±neyeva nimujjana½ viya micch±diµµhikassa vaµµe nimujjana½. Ummujjitv± nimuggapuriso viya saddh±d²na½ uppattimattakena ummujjitv± tesa½ parih±niy± nimuggapuggalo. Majjhe nadiy± µhito viya saddh±d²na½ µhitiy± µhitapuggalo. Uttaraŗatittha½ olokento viya gantabbamagga½ gantabbadisa½ v± olokento sot±panno. Pataritapuriso viya kilesatanut±ya pataranto sakad±g±m². Taritv± kaµimatte udake µhitapuriso viya an±vattitadhammat±ya µhito an±g±m². Nhatv± p±rimat²ra½ uttaritv± thale µhitapuriso viya catt±ro oghe atikkamitv± nibb±nathale µhito kh²ŗ±savabr±hmaŗo. Thale µhitapurisassa nagara½ pavisitv± p±s±davara½ ±ruyha uttamabhojanabhuńjana½ viya kh²ŗ±savassa nibb±n±rammaŗa½ phalasam±patti½ appetv± v²tin±mana½ veditabba½. Ubhatobh±gavimutt±dayo heµµh± pak±sit±yev±ti.

Sattakaniddesavaŗŗan±.

207. Aµµhakanavakaniddes±pi heµµh± vuttanayeneva veditabb±.

10. Dasakaniddesavaŗŗan±

209. Dasakaniddese– idh±ti k±m±vacarabh³miya½. K±m±vacarabh³miyańhi sattakkhattuparam±d²na½ k±m±vacarabh³miyańńeva niµµh± hoti. K±m±vacarattabh±veneva arahattappatti ca anup±disesanibb±nappatti ca hot²ti attho.
Idha vih±y±ti idha k±m±vacare attabh±ve vih±ya suddh±v±sattabh±ve µhit±na½ niµµh± hot²ti attho. Antar±parinibb±yi-±dayo hi idha an±g±miphala½ patv± ito cut± suddh±v±sesu uppajjitv± tena attabh±vena arahattańceva anup±disesanibb±nadh±tuńca p±puŗanti. Tena vutta½– “imesa½ pańcanna½ idha vih±ya niµµh±”ti.

Dasakaniddesavaŗŗan±.

Nigamanakath±

Ett±vat± ca–
Ya½ ve puggalapańńatti½, loke appaµipuggalo;
n±tisaŖkhepato satth±, desesi tidas±laye.
Tass± aµµhakathańceva, d²pabh±s±ya saŖkhata½;
±gamaµµhakath±yo ca, og±hetv± asesato.
Suvibhatto asa½kiŗŗo, yo yo attho yahi½ yahi½;
tato tato ta½ gahetv±, pah±ya ativitth±ra½.
Visuddhimagge ya½ vutta½, ta½ an±d±ya saŖkhat±;
n±tisaŖkhepavitth±ra-nayenaµµhakath± aya½.
Ta½ eta½ sattamattehi, bh±ŗav±rehi tantiy±;
ciraµµhitattha½ dhammassa, saŖkharontena ya½ may±.
Sampatta½ kusala½ tena, saddhamma½ sukhuma½ siva½;
olokentu visuddhena, p±ŗayo dhammacakkhun±ti.

Puggalapańńatti-aµµhakath± niµµhit±.

Namo tassa bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa.

Abhidhammapiµake