Dukaniddesavaººan±.

3. Tikaniddesavaººan±

91. Tikaniddese duss²loti niss²lo. P±padhammoti l±makadhammo. S²lavipattiy± v± duss²lo, diµµhivipattiy± p±padhammo K±yavac²sa½varabhedena duss²lo, sesasa½varabhedena p±padhammo. Asuddhapayogat±ya duss²lo, asuddh±sayat±ya p±padhammo. Kusalas²lavirahena duss²lo; akusalas²lasamann±gamena p±padhammo. Asuc²ti asuc²hi k±yakamm±d²hi samann±gato. Saªkassarasam±c±roti saªk±ya parehi saritabbasam±c±ro. Kiñcideva as±ruppa½ disv± ‘ida½ imin± kata½ bhavissat²’ti eva½ parehi ±saªkan²yasam±c±ro, attanoyeva v± saªk±ya saritabbasam±c±ro– s±saªkasam±c±roti attho. Tassa hi div±µµh±n±d²su sannipatitv± kiñcideva mantayante bhikkh³ disv± ‘ime ekato hutv± mantenti, kacci nu kho may± katakamma½ j±nitv± mantent²’ti eva½ s±saªkasam±c±ro hoti.
Paµicchannakammantoti paµicch±detabbayuttakena p±pakammena samann±gato. Assamaºo samaºapaµiññoti assamaºo hutv±va samaºapatir³pakat±ya ‘samaºo ahan’ti eva½ paµiñño. Abrahmac±r² brahmac±ripaµiññoti aññe brahmac±rino sunivatthe sup±rute sumbhakapattadhare g±manigamajanapadar±jadh±n²su piº¹±ya caritv± j²vika½ kappente disv± sayampi t±disena ±k±rena tath± paµipajjanato ‘aha½ brahmac±r²’ti paµiñña½ dento viya hoti. ‘Aha½ bhikkh³’ti vatv± uposathagg±d²ni pavisanto pana brahmac±ripaµiñño hotiyeva, tath± saªghika½ l±bha½ gaºhanto. Antop³t²ti p³tin± kammena anto anupaviµµho, nigguºat±ya v± guºas±ravirahitatt± antop³ti. Avassutoti r±g±d²hi tinto. Kasambuj±toti sañj±tar±g±dikacavaro. Atha v± kasambu vuccati tintakuºapagata½ kasaµa-udaka½. Imasmiñca s±sane duss²lo n±ma jigucchan²yatt± tintakuºapakasaµa-udakasadiso. Tasm± kasambu viya j±toti kasambuj±to.
Tassa na eva½ hot²ti kasm± na hoti? Yattha patiµµhitena sakk± bhaveyya arahatta½ laddhu½, tass± patiµµh±ya bhinnatt±. Yath± hi caº¹±lakum±rakassa ‘asuko n±ma khattiyakum±ro rajje abhisitto’ti sutv±pi, yasmi½ kule pacc±j±t± abhiseka½ p±puºanti, tasmi½ kule apacc±j±tatt± na eva½ hoti– ‘kud±ssu n±m±hampi so khattiyakum±ro viya abhiseka½ p±puºeyyan’ti; evameva duss²lassa ‘asuko n±ma bhikkhu arahatta½ patto’ti sutv±pi, yasmi½ s²le patiµµhitena arahatta½ pattabba½, tassa abh±vato ‘kud±ssu n±m±hampi so s²lav± viya arahatta½ p±puºeyan’ti na eva½ hoti. Aya½ vuccat²ti aya½ evar³po puggalo arahatt±s±ya abh±v± nir±soti vuccati.
92. Tassa eva½ hot²ti kasm± hoti? Yasmi½ patiµµhitena sakk± bhaveyya arahatta½ p±puºitu½, tass± patiµµh±ya thiratt±. Yath± hi suj±tassa khattiyakum±rassa ‘asuko n±ma khattiyakum±ro rajje abhisitto’ti sutv±va yasmi½ kule pacc±j±t± abhiseka½ p±puºanti, tasmi½ pacc±j±tassa eva½ hoti– ‘kud±ssu n±m±hampi, so kum±ro viya abhiseka½ p±puºeyyan’ti evameva s²lavato ‘asuko n±ma bhikkhu arahatta½ patto’ti sutv±va yasmi½ s²le patiµµhitena arahatta½ pattabba½, tass± patiµµh±ya thiratt±– ‘kud±ssu n±m±hampi so bhikkhu viya arahatta½ p±puºeyyan’ti eva½ hoti. Aya½ vuccat²ti aya½ evar³po puggalo ±sa½so n±ma vuccati. So hi arahatta½ ±sa½sati patthet²ti ±sa½so.
93. Y± hissa pubbe avimuttass±ti y± tassa kh²º±savassa pubbe arahattavimuttiy± avimuttassa vimutt±s± ahosi, s± paµippassaddh±, tasm± na eva½ hoti. Yath± hi abhisittassa khattiyassa ‘asuko n±ma khattiyakum±ro rajje abhisitto’ti sutv± ekassa rañño dvinna½ rajj±bhisek±na½ dvinna½ setacchatt±na½ abh±v± na eva½ hoti– “kud±ssu n±m±hampi so kum±ro viya abhiseka½ p±puºeyyan”ti; evameva kh²º±savassa ‘asuko n±ma bhikkhu arahatta½ patto’ti sutv±, dvinna½ arahatt±na½ abh±v±– ‘kud±ssu n±m±hampi so bhikkhu viya arahatta½ p±puºeyyan’ti na eva½ hoti. Aya½ vuccat²ti aya½ evar³po puggalo arahatt±s±ya vigatatt± vigat±soti vuccati.
94. Gil±n³pamaniddese– y±ya upam±ya te gil±n³pam±ti vuccanti, ta½ t±va upama½ dassetu½ tayo gil±n±ti-±di vutta½. Tattha sapp±y±n²ti hit±ni vuddhikar±ni. Patir³panti anucchavika½. Neva vuµµh±ti tamh± ±b±dh±ti imin± atekicchena v±t±pam±r±din± rogena samann±gato niµµhappatto gil±no kathito. Vuµµh±ti tamh± ±b±dh±ti imin± khipitakacchutiºapupphakajar±dippabhedo appamattak±b±dho kathito.
Labhanto sapp±y±ni bhojan±ni no alabhantoti imin± pana yesa½ paµijagganena ph±suka½ hoti, sabbepi te ±b±dh± kathit±. Ettha ca patir³po upaµµh±ko n±ma gil±nupaµµh±ka-aªgehi samann±gato paº¹ito dakkho analaso veditabbo.
Gil±nupaµµh±ko anuññ±toti ‘bhikkhusaªghena d±tabbo’ti anuññ±to. Tasmiñhi gil±ne attano dhammat±ya y±petu½ asakkonte bhikkhusaªghena tassa bhikkhuno ‘eko bhikkhu ca s±maºero ca ima½ paµijaggath±’ti apaloketv± d±tabb±. Y±va pana te ta½ paµijagganti, t±va gil±nassa ca tesañca dvinna½ yenattho sabba½ bhikkhusaªghasseva bh±ro. Aññepi gil±n± upaµµh±tabb±ti itarepi dve gil±n± upaµµh±tabb±. Ki½ k±raº±? Yopi hi niµµhappattagil±no, so anupaµµhiyam±no ‘sace ma½ paµijaggeyyu½, ph±suka½ me bhaveyya, na kho pana ma½ paµijaggant²’ti manopadosa½ katv± ap±ye nibbatteyya. Paµijaggiyam±nassa pana eva½ hoti– ‘bhikkhusaªghena ya½ kattabba½ ta½ sabba½ kata½, mayha½ pana kammavip±ko ²diso’ti so bhikkhusaªghe metta½ paccupaµµhapetv± sagge nibbattati. Yo pana appamattakena by±dhin± samann±gato labhantopi alabhantopi vuµµh±tiyeva, tassa vin±pi bhesajjena v³pasamanakaby±dhi bhesajje kate khippatara½ v³pasammati. Tato so buddhavacana½ v± uggaºhitu½ samaºadhamma½ v± k±tu½ sakkhissati. Imin± k±raºena aññepi gil±n± upaµµh±tabb±ti vutta½.
Neva okkamat²ti neva pavisati. Niy±ma½ kusalesu dhammesu sammattanti kusalesu dhammesu magganiy±masaªkh±ta½ sammatta½. Imin± padaparamo puggalo kathito. Dutiyav±rena ugghaµitaññ³ gahito s±sane n±¼akattherasadiso Buddhantare ekav±ra½ paccekabuddh±na½ santike ov±da½ labhitv± paµividdhapaccekabodhiñ±ºo ca. Tatiyav±rena vipañcitaññ³ puggalo kathito. Neyyo pana tannissitova hoti.
Dhammadesan± anuññ±t±ti m±sassa aµµha v±re dhammakath± anuññ±t±. Aññesampi dhammo desetabboti itaresampi dhammo kathetabbo. Ki½ k±raº±? Padaparamassa hi imasmi½ attabh±ve dhamma½ paµivijjhitu½ asakkontass±pi an±gate paccayo bhavissati. Yo pana tath±gatassa r³padassana½ labhantopi alabhantopi dhammavinayañca savan±ya labhantopi alabhantopi dhamma½ abhisameti; so alabhanto na t±va abhisameti, labhanto pana khippameva abhisamessat²ti imin± k±raºena tesa½ dhammo desetabbo. Tatiyassa pana punappuna½ desetabbova. K±yasakkhidiµµhappattasaddh±vimutt± heµµh± kathit±yeva.
98. G³thabh±º²-±d²su– sabhaggatoti sabh±ya½ µhito. Parisaggatoti g±maparis±ya µhito. ѱtimajjhagatoti d±y±d±na½ majjhe µhito. P³gamajjhagatoti seº²na½ majjhe µhito. R±jakulamajjhagatoti r±jakulassa majjhe mah±vinicchaye µhito. Abhin²toti pucchanatth±ya n²to. Sakkhipuµµhoti sakkhi½ katv± pucchito. Ehambho puris±ti ±lapanameta½. Attahetu v± parahetu v±ti attano v± parassa v± hatthap±d±dihetu v± dhanahetu v±. ¾misakiñcikkhahetu v±ti ettha ±misanti l±bho adhippeto. Kiñcikkhanti ya½ v± ta½ v± appamattaka½. Antamaso tittiravaµµakasappipiº¹anavan²tapiº¹±di-appamattakass±pi lañjassa het³ti attho. Sampaj±namus± bh±sit± hot²ti j±nantoyeva mus±v±da½ katt± hoti. Aya½ vuccat²ti aya½ evar³po puggalo g³thasadisavacanatt± g³thabh±º²ti vuccati. Yath± hi g³tha½ n±ma mah±janassa aniµµha½ hoti akanta½; evameva imassa puggalassa vacana½ devamanuss±na½ aniµµha½ hoti akanta½.
99. Aya½ vuccat²ti aya½ evar³po puggalo pupphasadisavacanatt± pupphabh±º²ti vuccati. Yath± hi phull±ni vassik±ni v± adhimuttak±ni v± mah±janassa iµµh±ni kant±ni honti; evameva imassa puggalassa vacana½ devamanuss±na½ iµµha½ hoti kanta½.
100. Nel±ti ela½ vuccati doso. N±ss± elanti nel±. Niddos±ti attho, “nelaªgo setapacch±do”ti (ud±. 65) ettha vuttanela½ viya. Kaººasukh±ti byañjanamadhurat±ya kaºº±na½ sukh±. S³civijjhana½ viya kaººas³la½ na janeti. Atthamadhurat±ya sakalasar²re kopa½ ajanetv± pema½ janet²ti peman²y±. Hadaya½ gacchati appaµihaññam±n± sukhena citta½ pavisat²ti hadayaªgam±. Guºaparipuººat±ya pure bhav±ti por². Pure sa½va¹¹han±r² viya sukum±r±tipi por². Purassa es±tipi por². Nagarav±s²na½ kath±ti attho. Nagarav±sino hi yuttakath± honti. Pitimatta½ pit±ti, m±timatta½ m±t±ti, bh±timatta½ bh±t±ti vadanti. Evar³p² kath± bahuno janassa kant± hot²ti bahujanakant±. Bahujanassa kantabh±veneva bahuno janassa man±p± cittavuddhikar±ti bahujanaman±p±. Aya½ vuccat²ti aya½ evar³po puggalo madhubh±º²ti vuccati. Mudubh±º²tipi p±µho. Ubhayatth±pi madhuravacanoti attho. Yath± hi catumadhura½ n±ma madhura½ paº²ta½; evameva imassa puggalassa vacana½ devamanuss±na½ madhura½ hoti.
101. Aruk³pamacitt±d²su– abhisajjat²ti laggati. Kuppat²ti kopavasena kuppati. By±pajjat²ti pakatibh±va½ pajahati, p³tiko hoti. Patitth²yat²ti thinabh±va½ thaddhabh±vañca ±pajjati. Kopanti dubbalakodha½. Dosanti dussanavasena tato balavatara½. Appaccayanti atuµµh±k±ra½ domanassa½. Duµµh±rukoti pur±ºavaºo. Kaµµhen±ti daº¹akakoµiy±. Kaµhal±y±ti kap±lena. ¾sava½ det²ti apar±para½ savati. Pur±ºavaºo hi attano dhammat±ya eva pubba½ lohita½ y³santi im±ni t²ºi savati ghaµµito pana t±ni adhikatara½ savati. Evameva½ khoti ettha ida½ opammasa½sandana½, duµµh±ruko viya hi kodhano puggalo. Tassa attano dhammat±ya savana½ viya kodhanassapi attano dhammat±ya uddhum±takassa viya caº¹ikatassa caraºa½. Kaµµhena v± kaµhal±ya v± ghaµµana½ viya appamattakampi vacana½ bhiyyoso matt±ya savana½ viya ‘m±disa½ n±ma esa eva½ vadat²’ti bhiyyoso matt±ya uddhum±yanabh±vo daµµhabbo. Aya½ vuccat²ti aya½ evar³po puggalo aruk³pamacittoti vuccati. Pur±ºavaºasadisacittoti attho.
102. Rattandhak±ratimis±y±ti ratti½ cakkhuviññ±ºuppattiniv±raºena andhabh±vakaraºe bahalatame. Vijjantarik±y±ti vijjuppattikkhaºe. Idh±pi ida½ opammasa½sandana½– cakkhum± puriso viya hi yog±vacaro daµµhabbo. Andhak±ra½ viya sot±pattimaggavajjh± kiles±. Vijjusañcaraºa½ viya sot±pattimaggañ±ºassa uppattik±lo. Vijjantarik±ya cakkhumato purisassa s±mant± r³padassana½ viya sot±pattimaggakkhaºe nibb±nadassana½. Puna andhak±r±vattharaºa½ viya sakad±g±mimaggavajjh± kiles±. Puna vijjusañcaraºa½ viya sakad±g±mimaggañ±ºassa upp±do. Vijjantarik±ya cakkhumato purisassa s±mant± r³padassana½ viya sakad±g±mimaggakkhaºe nibb±nadassana½. Puna andhak±r±vattharaºa½ viya an±g±mimaggavajjh± kiles±. Puna vijjusañcaraºa½ viya an±g±mimaggañ±ºassa upp±do. Vijjantarik±ya cakkhumato purisassa s±mant± r³padassana½ viya an±g±mimaggakkhaºe nibb±nadassana½ veditabba½. Aya½ vuccat²ti aya½ evar³po puggalo vijj³pamacittoti vuccati. Ittarak±lobh±sena vijjusadisacittoti attho.