2. Niddesavaººan±

1. Paµhamanayo saªgah±saªgahapadavaººan±

1. Khandhapadavaººan±

6. Id±ni pañcakkhandh±divasena nikkhittam±tika½ ‘saªgaho asaªgaho’ti-±d²hi nayam±tik±padehi saddhi½ yojetv± dassetu½ r³pakkhandho katihi khandheh²ti-±din± nayena niddesav±ro ±raddho. Tattha yasm± “saªgaho asaªgahoti-±dik±ya nayam±tik±ya “t²hi saªgaho, t²hi asaªgaho”ti nayamukham±tik± µhapit±, tasm± r³pakkhandh±d²na½ saªgaha½ dassetu½ katihi khandhehi katih±yatanehi katihi dh±t³h²ti t²ºi khandh±yatanadh±tupad±neva uddhaµ±ni. ‘Catt±ri sacc±n²’ti-±d²su ekampi na par±maµµha½. Yasm± ca “sabh±go visabh±go”ti eva½ lakkhaºam±tik± µhapit±, tasm± imassa pañhassa vissajjane r³pakkhandho ekena khandhen±ti-±di vutta½. Sabh±g± hi tassa ete khandh±dayoti. Tattha ekena khandhen±ti r³pakkhandheneva. Yañhi kiñci r³pa½ r³pakkhandhasabh±gatt± r³pakkhandhotveva saªgaha½ gacchat²ti r³pakkhandheneva gaºita½, ta½ r³pakkhandheneva paricchinna½. Ek±dasah±yataneh²ti man±yatanavajjehi. Sabbopi hi r³pakkhandho das±yatan±ni dhamm±yatanekadeso ca hoti, tasm± ek±dasah±yatanehi gaºito paricchinno. Ek±dasahi dh±t³h²ti sattaviññ±ºadh±tuvajj±hi ek±dasahi et±su hi apariy±panna½ r³pa½ n±ma natthi.
Asaªgahanayaniddese katihi asaªgahitoti saªkhepeneva pucch± kat±. Vissajjane panassa yasm± r³pakkhandhassa visabh±g± catt±ro ar³pakkhandh±, eka½ man±yatana½, satta viññ±ºadh±tuyo; tasm± cat³hi khandheh²ti-±di vutta½. Imin± nayena sabbapadesu saªgah±saªgaho veditabbo. Imasmi½ pana khandhaniddese– “r³pakkhandho katihi khandheh²”ti-±dimhi t±va ekam³lake saªgahanaye sar³peneva dassit± pañca pucch±, pañca vissajjan±ni. Asaªgahanaye saªkhepena dassit± pañca pucch±, pañca vissajjan±ni. Imin± up±yena dukam³lak±d²supi pucch±vissajjan±ni veditabb±ni. R³pakkhandham³lak±yeva cettha dukatikacatukk± dassit±. Pañcake pana “r³pakkhandho ca…pe… viññ±ºakkhandho c±”ti eva½ bhedato ca, “pañcakkhandh± katihi khandheh²”ti eva½ abhedato c±ti dvidh± pucch±vissajjan±ni kat±ni. Eva½ p±¼inayo veditabboti.

2. ¾yatanapad±divaººan±

22. ¾yatanapadaniddes±d²su ±yatanapadaniddese t±va cakkh±yatana½ ekena khandhen±ti ekena r³pakkhandheneva, ekena cakkh±yataneneva ek±ya cakkhudh±tuy±va saªgahitanti veditabba½. Sot±yatan±d²supi imin±va nayena saªgah±saªgaho veditabbo. Asaªkhata½ khandhato µhapetv±ti ettha pana yasm± asaªkhata½ dhamm±yatana½ n±ma nibb±na½, tañca khandhasaªgaha½ na gacchati; tasm± ‘khandhato µhapetv±’ti vutta½. Cat³hi khandheh²ti r³pavedan±saññ±saªkh±rakkhandhehi. Nibb±navajjañhi dhamm±yatana½ etehi saªgahita½. Viññ±ºakkhandhena pana µhapetv± dhamm±yatanadhammadh±tuyo ses±yatanadh±t³hi ca ta½ na saªgayhati. Tena vutta½– “ekena khandhena, ek±dasah±yatanehi, sattarasahi dh±t³hi asaªgahitan”ti. Yath± ca te heµµh± r³pakkhandham³lak±, evamidh±pi cakkh±yatanam³lak±va nay± veditabb±. Dukamattameva pana p±¼iya½ dassetv± “dv±das±yatan±n²”ti abhedatova pucch±vissajjana½ kata½. Dh±tuniddesepi eseva nayo.
40. Saccaniddese sabbepi dukatikacatukk± p±¼iya½ dassit±. Yasm± ca dukatikesu samudayasaccasadisameva maggasaccepi vissajjana½, tasm± ta½ samuday±nantara½ vutta½.
50. Indriyaniddese– j²vitindriya½ dv²hi khandheh²ti r³paj²vitindriya½ r³pakkhandhena, ar³paj²vitindriya½ saªkh±rakkhandhena saªgahita½. Sesa½ vuttanay±nus±reneva veditabba½. P±¼ivavatth±na½ panettha ±yatanadh±tuniddesasadisameva.

6. Paµiccasamupp±davaººan±

61. Paµiccasamupp±daniddese– “avijj± katihi khandheh²”ti puccha½ an±rabhitv± avijj± ekena khandhen±ti eva½ vissajjanameva dassita½. Tattha saªkh±rapaccay± viññ±ºanti paµisandhiya½ pavatte ca sabbampi vip±kaviññ±ºa½. Tenev±ha “sattahi dh±t³hi saªgahitan”ti. N±mar³pampi paµisandhipavattivaseneva veditabba½. Tenevettha sadd±yatanampi saªgahetv± ek±dasah±yatanehi saªgaho dassito. Phass±d²su khandhabhedo veditabbo. Aññeneva hi ekena khandhena phasso saªgahito, aññena vedan±, taºh±-up±d±nakammabhav± pana saªkh±rakkhandheneva saªgahit±. Bhavapadañcettha kammabhav±d²na½ vasena ek±dasadh± vibhatta½. Tattha kammabhavo phass±d²hi sadisavisajjanatt± tehi saddhi½ ekato dassito. Upapattibhavak±mabhavasaññ±bhavapañcavok±rabhav± aññamaññasadisavissajjanatt± ekato dassit±. Yasm± cete up±dinnakadhamm±va tasm± “ek±dasah±yatanehi sattarasahi dh±t³h²”ti vutta½. Sadd±yatanañhi anup±dinna½, ta½ ettha na gahita½.
68. R³pabhavaniddese– pañcah±yataneh²ti cakkhusotamanar³padhamm±yatanehi. Aµµhahi dh±t³h²ti cakkhusotacakkhuviññ±ºasotaviññ±ºar³padhammamanodh±tumanoviññ±ºadh±t³hi. Ar³pabhav±dayopi tayo sadisavissajjanatt±va ekato dassit±. Tath± asaññ±bhava-ekavok±rabhav±. Tattha dv²h±yataneh²ti r³p±yatanadhamm±yatanehi. Dh±t³supi eseva nayo. Ekatalav±sik±nañhi sesabrahm±na½ cakkhusabbh±vato tass±rammaºatt± tattha r³p±yatana½ uddhaµa½.
71. J±ti dv²hi khandheh²ti r³paj±ti r³pakkhandhena, ar³paj±ti saªkh±rakkhandhena. Jar±maraºesupi eseva nayo. Sok±d²supi ekena khandhen±ti sokadukkhadomanass±ni vedan±kkhandhena, paridevo r³pakkhandhena, up±y±s±dayo saªkh±rakkhandhen±ti eva½ khandhaviseso veditabbo.
73. Iddhip±do dv²h²ti saªkh±raviññ±ºakkhandhehi, man±yatanadhamm±yatanehi, dhammadh±tumanoviññ±ºadh±t³hi ca. Jh±na½ dv²h²ti vedan±kkhandhasaªkh±rakkhandhehi. Appamaññ±dayo sadisavissajjanatt± ekato niddiµµh±. Citta½ pana cetan±nantara½ nikkhittampi asadisavissajjanatt± pacch± gahita½. Tattha appamaññ±d²su ekena khandhen±ti vedan± vedan±kkhandhena, saññ± saññ±kkhandhena, ses± saªkh±rakkhandhena saªgahit±ti eva½ khandhaviseso veditabbo.

7. Tikapadavaººan±

77. Eva½ abbhantaram±tik±ya saªgaha½ dassetv± id±ni b±hiram±tik±ya saªgaha½ dassetu½ kusal± dhamm±ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha vedan±ttike t²hi dh±t³h²ti k±yaviññ±ºamanoviññ±ºadhammadh±t³hi. Sattahi dh±t³h²ti cakkhusotagh±najivh±viññ±ºadh±t³hi ceva manodh±tudhammadh±tumanoviññ±ºadh±t³hi ca. Vip±kattike aµµhahi dh±t³h²ti k±yaviññ±ºadh±tuy± saddhi½ t±hiyeva. Vip±kadhammadhamm± pana sa½kiliµµhasa½kilesikehi saddhi½ sadisavissajjanatt± ekato gahit±. Yath± cete, eva½ sabbatikadukapadesu ya½ ya½ pada½ yena yena padena saddhi½ sadisavissajjana½ hoti, ta½ ta½ uppaµip±µiy±pi tena tena saddhi½ gahetv± vissajjita½. Tattha vutt±nus±reneva saªgah±saªgahanayo veditabboti.

Saªgah±saªgahapadavaººan±.

2. Dutiyanayo saªgahitena-asaªgahitapadavaººan±

171. Id±ni saªgahitena asaªgahitapada½ bh±jetu½ cakkh±yatanen±ti-±di ±raddha½. Tatrida½ lakkhaºa½– imasmiñhi v±re ya½ khandhapadena saªgahita½ hutv± ±yatanadh±tupadehi asaªgahita½, khandh±yatanapadehi v± saªgahita½ hutv± dh±tupadena asaªgahita½, tassa khandh±d²hi asaªgaha½ pucchitv± vissajjana½ kata½. Ta½ pana r³pakkhandh±d²su na yujjati. R³pakkhandhena hi r³pakkhandhova saªgahito. So ca a¹¹hek±dasahi ±yatanadh±t³hi asaªgahito n±ma natthi. Vedan±kkhandhena ca vedan±kkhandhova saªgahito. Sopi dhamm±yatanadhammadh±t³hi asaªgahito n±ma natthi. Eva½ asaªgahitat±ya abh±vato et±ni aññ±ni ca evar³p±ni man±yatanadhamm±yatan±d²ni pad±ni imasmi½ v±re na gahit±ni. Y±ni pana pad±ni r³pekadesa½ ar³pena asammissa½, viññ±ºekadesañca aññena asammissa½ d²penti, t±ni idha gahit±ni. Pariyos±ne ca–
“Das±yatan± sattarasa dh±tuyo,
sattindriy± asaññ±bhavo ekavok±rabhavo;
paridevo sanidassanasappaµigha½,
anidassana½ punadeva sappaµigha½ up±d±”ti.
Eva½ udd±nag±th±ya dassit±neva. Tasm± tesa½ vaseneva saªgah±saªgaho veditabbo. Pañhavasena hi imasmi½ v±re ±yatanadh±tuvaseneva sadisavissajjane v²sati dhamme samodh±netv± eko pañho kato, satta viññ±ºadh±tuyo samodh±netv± eko, sattindriy±ni samodh±netv± eko, dve bhave samodh±netv± eko, paridevena ca sanidassanasappaµighehi ca eko, anidassanasappaµighehi eko, sanidassanehi eko, sappaµighehi ca up±d±dhammehi ca ekoti aµµha pañh± kat±. Tesu khandh±divibh±go eva½ veditabbo seyyathida½– paµhamapañhe t±va cat³hi khandheh²ti ar³pakkhandhehi, dv²h±yataneh²ti cakkh±yatan±d²su ekekena saddhi½ man±yatanena, aµµhahi dh±t³h²ti cakkhudh±tu-±d²su ekek±ya saddhi½ sattahi viññ±ºadh±t³hi.
Tatr±ya½ nayo– cakkh±yatanena hi khandhasaªgahena r³pakkhandho saªgahito. Tasmi½ saªgahite r³pakkhandhe ±yatanasaªgahena cakkh±yatanameveka½ saªgahita½. Ses±ni dasa ±yatan±ni asaªgahit±ni. Dh±tusaªgahenapi tena cakkhudh±tuyevek± saªgahit±. Ses± dasa dh±tuyo asaªgahit±. Iti y±ni tena asaªgahit±ni das±yatan±ni, t±ni cakkh±yatanaman±yatanehi dv²hi asaªgahit±ni. Y±pi tena asaªgahit± dasa dh±tuyo, t± cakkhudh±tuy± ceva sattahi ca viññ±ºadh±t³hi asaªgahit±ti. R³p±yatan±d²supi eseva nayo.
172. Dutiyapañhe– yasm± y±ya k±yaci viññ±ºadh±tuy± saªgahito viññ±ºakkhandho man±yatanena asaªgahito n±ma natthi, tasm± ±yatanasaªgahena saªgahit±ti vutta½. Ettha pana cat³hi khandheh²ti r³p±d²hi cat³hi. Ek±dasah±yataneh²ti man±yatanavajjehi. Dv±dasahi dh±t³h²ti yath±nur³p± cha viññ±ºadh±tuyo apanetv± ses±hi dv±dasahi. Cakkhuviññ±ºadh±tuy± hi cakkhuviññ±ºadh±tuyeva saªgahit±, itar± asaªgahit±. Sotaviññ±ºadh±tu-±d²supi eseva nayo.
173. Tatiyapañhe cakkhundriy±d²na½ vissajjana½ cakkh±yatan±disadisameva. Itthindriyapurisindriyesu pana dhamm±yatanena saddhi½ dve ±yatan±ni, dhammadh±tuy± ca saddhi½ aµµha dh±tuyo veditabb±.
174. Catutthapañhe– t²h±yataneh²ti r³p±yatanadhamm±yatanaman±yatanehi. Tesu hi bhavesu r³p±yatanadhamm±yatanavasena dveva ±yatan±ni tehi saªgahit±ni Ses±ni nava r³p±yatan±ni teheva ca dv²hi, man±yatanena c±ti t²hi asaªgahit±ni n±ma honti. Navahi dh±t³h²ti r³padh±tudhammadh±t³hi saddhi½ sattahi viññ±ºadh±t³hi.
175. Pañcamapañhe– dv²h±yataneh²ti paµhamapada½ sandh±ya sadd±yatanaman±yatanehi. Dutiyapada½ sandh±ya r³p±yatanaman±yatanehi. Dh±tuyopi tesa½yeva ekekena saddhi½ satta viññ±ºadh±tuyo veditabb±.
176. Chaµµhapañhe– dasah±yataneh²ti r³p±yatanadhamm±yatanavajjehi. So¼asahi dh±t³h²ti r³padh±tudhammadh±tuvajjeheva. Katha½? Anidassanasappaµigh± hi dhamm± n±ma nava o¼±rik±yatan±ni. Tehi khandhasaªgahena saªgahite r³pakkhandhe, ±yatanasaªgahena t±neva nav±yatan±ni saªgahit±ni. R³p±yatanadhamm±yatan±ni asaªgahit±ni. Dh±tusaªgahenapi t± eva nava dh±tuyo saªgahit±. R³padh±tudhammadh±tuyo asaªgahit±. Iti y±ni tehi asaªgahit±ni dve ±yatan±ni t±ni r³p±yatanavajjehi navahi o¼±rik±yatanehi, man±yatanena c±ti dasahi asaªgahit±ni. Y±pi tehi asaªgahit± dve dh±tuyo, t± r³padh±tuvajj±hi navahi o¼±rikadh±t³hi, sattahi ca viññ±ºadh±t³h²ti so¼asahi asaªgahit±ti veditabb±.