Namo tassa bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa.

Abhidhammapiµake

Pañcapakaraºa-aµµhakath±

Dh±tukath±-aµµhakath±

Aµµh±rasahi bhedehi, vibhaªga½ m±rabhañjano;
desayitv± mah±v²ro, ya½ tasseva anantara½.
Adesayi dh±tukatha½, dh±tubhedappak±sano;
tassattha½ d²payiss±mi, ta½ suº±tha sam±hit±ti.

1. M±tik±vaººan±

1. Nayam±tik±vaººan±

1. Saªgaho asaªgahoti-±d²nañhi vasena ida½ pakaraºa½ cuddasavidhena vibhattanti vutta½. Ta½ sabbampi uddesaniddesato dvidh± µhita½. Tattha m±tik± uddeso. S± pañcavidh±– nayam±tik±, abbhantaram±tik±, nayamukham±tik±, lakkhaºam±tik±, b±hiram±tik±ti. Tattha saªgaho asaªgaho…pe… vippayuttena saªgahita½ asaªgahitanti– aya½ cuddasahi padehi nikkhitt± nayam±tik± n±ma. Ayañhi imin± saªgah±dikena nayena dh±tukath± dhamm± vibhatt±ti dassetu½ µhapitatt± nayam±tik±ti vuccati. Etesa½ pad±na½ m³labh³tatt± m³lam±tik±tipi vattu½ vaµµati.

2. Abbhantaram±tik±vaººan±

2. Pañcakkhandh± …pe… manasik±roti aya½ pañcav²s±dhikena padasatena nikkhitt± abbhantaram±tik± n±ma. Ayañhi “sabb±pi dhammasaªgaº² dh±tukath±ya m±tik±”ti eva½ avatv± saªgah±din± nayena vibhajitabbe khandh±didhamme sar³pato dassetv± dh±tukath±ya abbhantareyeva µhapitatt± abbhantaram±tik±ti vuccati. Khandh±dipad±na½ dhammasaªgaº²m±tik±ya asaªgahitatt± pakiººakam±tik±tipi vattu½ vaµµati.

3. Nayamukham±tik±vaººan±

3. T²hi saªgaho, t²hi asaªgaho; cat³hi sampayogo, cat³hi vippayogoti aya½ cat³hi padehi nikkhitt± nayamukham±tik± n±ma. Ayañhi sabbesupi pañcakkhandh±d²su ceva kusalattik±d²su ca m±tik±dhammesu, t²hi khandh±yatanadh±tupadeheva saªgaho ca asaªgaho ca yojetabbo. Tath± cat³hi ar³pakkhandhehi sampayogo ca vippayogo ca. Et±ni imesa½ saªgah±saªgah±d²na½ nay±na½ mukh±n²ti dassetu½ µhapitatt± nayamukham±tik±ti vuccati.

4. Lakkhaºam±tik±vaººan±

4. Sabh±go visabh±goti aya½ dv²hi padehi nikkhitt± lakkhaºam±tik± n±ma. Ayañhi sabh±galakkhaºehi dhammehi saªgahanayo, visabh±galakkhaºehi asaªgahanayo, tath± sampayogavippayoganayo yojetabboti sabh±gavisabh±galakkhaºavasena saªgah±dilakkhaºa½ dassetu½ µhapitatt± lakkhaºam±tik±ti vuccati.

5. B±hiram±tik±vaººan±

5. Sabb±pi dhammasaªgaº² dh±tukath±ya m±tik±ti aya½ chasaµµhi tikapad±ni, dve ca dukapadasat±ni saªkhipitv± nikkhitt± b±hiram±tik± n±ma. Ayañhi “pañcakkhandh±…pe… manasik±ro”ti eva½ dh±tukath±ya abbhantare avatv± “sabb±pi dhammasaªgaº²”ti eva½ dh±tukath±ya m±tikato bahi µhapitatt± b±hiram±tik±ti vuccati.
Eva½ m±tik±ya pañcadh± µhitabh±va½ viditv± id±ni ‘saªgaho asaªgaho’ti-±d²su saªgaho t±va j±tisañj±tikiriy±gaºanavasena catubbidho. Tattha– “sabbe khattiy± ±gacchantu, sabbe br±hmaº±, sabbe vess±, sabbe sudd± ±gacchantu”, “y± c±vuso vis±kha, samm±v±c±, yo ca samm±kammanto, yo ca samm±-±j²vo, ime dhamm± s²lakkhandhe saªgahit±”ti aya½ j±tisaªgaho n±ma. “Ekaj±tik± ±gacchant³”ti vuttaµµh±ne viya hi idha sabbepi j±tiy± ekasaªgaha½ gat±. “Sabbe kosalak± ±gacchantu, sabbe m±gadhak±, sabbe bh±rukacchak± ±gacchantu”, “yo c±vuso vis±kha, samm±v±y±mo; y± ca samm±sati, yo ca samm±sam±dhi, ime dhamm± sam±dhikkhandhe saªgahit±”ti (ma. ni. 1.462) aya½ sañj±tisaªgaho n±ma. “Ekaµµh±ne j±t± sa½va¹¹h± ±gacchant³”ti vuttaµµh±ne viya hi idha sabbepi sañj±tiµh±nena nivutthok±sena ekasaªgaha½ gat±. “Sabbe hatth±roh± ±gacchantu, sabbe ass±roh±, sabbe rathik± ±gacchantu”, “y± c±vuso vis±kha, samm±diµµhi, yo ca samm±saªkappo, ime dhamm± paññ±kkhandhe saªgahit±”ti (ma. ni. 1.462) aya½ kiriy±saªgaho n±ma. Sabbeva hete attano kiriy±karaºena ekasaªgaha½ gat±. “Cakkh±yatana½ katamakkhandhagaºana½ gacchat²ti? R³pakkhandhagaºana½ gacchat²”ti. Hañci cakkh±yatana½ r³pakkhandhagaºana½ gacchati, tena vata re vattabbe– ‘cakkh±yatana½ r³pakkhandhena saªgahitan”ti (kath±. 471), aya½ gaºanasaªgaho n±ma. Ayamidha adhippeto. Tappaµipakkhena asaªgaho veditabbo. Tesa½ vikappato saªgahitena asaªgahit±d²ni. Ekupp±dekanirodha-ekavatthuka-ek±rammaºat±vasena sampayogo, tappaµipakkhato vippayogo. Tesa½ vikappato sampayuttena vippayutt±d²ni. Tadubhayasa½saggavikappato saªgahitena sampayutta½ vippayuttanti-±d²ni. Pañcakkhandh±ti-±d²ni pana khandhavibhaªg±d²su vuttanayeneva veditabb±ni. Phass±dayo panettha sanniµµh±navasena vuttasabbacittupp±das±dh±raºato vutt±ti.

M±tik±vaººan±.