15. Paµisambhid±vibhaªgo

1. Suttantabh±jan²ya½

1. Saªgahav±ravaººan±

718. Eseva nayoti saªkhepena dassetv± tameva naya½ vitth±rato dassetu½ “dhammappabhedassa h²”ti-±dim±ha. Niruttipaµibh±nappabhed± tabbisay±na½ atth±d²na½ paccayuppann±dibhedehi bhinditv± veditabb±.
“Ya½ kiñci paccayasamuppannan”ti etena saccahetudhammapaccay±k±rav±resu ±gat±ni dukkh±d²ni gahit±ni. Saccapaccay±k±rav±resu nibb±na½, pariyattiv±re bh±sitattho, abhidhammabh±jan²ye vip±ko kiriyañc±ti eva½ p±¼iya½ vutt±nameva vasena pañca atth± veditabb±, tath± dhamm± ca.
Vidahat²ti nibbattakahetu-±d²na½ s±dh±raºa½ nibbacana½, tadattha½ pana vibh±vetum±ha “pavatteti ceva p±peti c±”ti. Tesu purimo attho maggavajjesu daµµhabbo. Bh±sitampi hi avabodhanavasena attha½ pavattet²ti. Maggo pana nibb±na½ p±pet²ti tasmi½ pacchimo.
Dhammanirutt±bhil±peti ettha dhamma-saddo sabh±vav±cakoti katv± ±ha “y± sabh±vanirutt²”ti, avipar²tanirutt²ti attho. Tass± abhil±peti tass± niruttiy± avacanabh³t±ya paññattiy± abhil±peti keci vaººayanti. Eva½ sati paññatti abhilapitabb± na vacananti ±pajjati, na ca vacanato añña½ abhilapitabba½ ucc±retabba½ atthi, ath±pi phass±divacanehi bodhetabba½ abhilapitabba½ siy±, eva½ sati atthadhammavajja½ tehi bodhetabba½ na vijjat²ti tesa½ niruttibh±vo ±pajjati. “Phassoti ca sabh±vanirutti, phassa½ phass±ti na sabh±vanirutt²”ti dassitov±yamattho, na ca avacana½ eva½pak±ra½ atthi, tasm± vacanabh³t±ya eva tass± sabh±vaniruttiy± abhil±pe ucc±raºeti attho daµµhabbo.
Ta½ sabh±vanirutti½ sadda½ ±rammaºa½ katv± paccavekkhantassa tasmi½ sabh±vanirutt±bhil±pe pabhedagata½ ñ±ºa½ niruttipaµisambhid±ti vuttatt± niruttisadd±rammaº±ya sotaviññ±ºav²thiy± parato manodv±re niruttipaµisambhid± pavattat²ti vadanti. “Niruttipaµisambhid± paccuppann±rammaº±”ti ca vacana½ sadda½ gahetv± pacch± j±nana½ sandh±ya vuttanti. Eva½ pana aññasmi½ paccuppann±rammaºe añña½ paccuppann±rammaºanti vuttanti ±pajjati. Yath± pana dibbasotañ±ºa½ manuss±manuss±disaddappabhedanicchayassa paccayabh³ta½ ta½ ta½ saddavibh±vaka½, eva½ sabh±v±sabh±vaniruttinicchayassa paccayabh³ta½ paccuppannasabh±vaniruttisadd±rammaºa½ ta½vibh±vakañ±ºa½ niruttipaµisambhid±ti vuccam±ne na p±¼ivirodho hoti. Ta½ sabh±vanirutti½ sadda½ ±rammaºa½ katv± paccavekkhantass±ti ca paccuppannasadd±rammaºa½ paccavekkhaºa½ pavattayantass±ti na na sakk± vattu½. Tampi hi ñ±ºa½ sabh±vanirutti½ vibh±venta½yeva ta½ta½saddapaccavekkhaº±nantara½ ta½ta½pabhedanicchayahetutt± nirutti½ bhindanta½ paµivijjhantameva uppajjat²ti ca pabhedagatampi hot²ti. Sabh±vanirutt²ti m±gadhabh±s± adhippet±ti tato añña½ sakkaµan±m±disadda½ sandh±ya “añña½ pan±”ti ±ha. Byañjananti nip±tapadam±ha.
Kathita½ aµµhakath±ya½. Bodhimaº¹a-saddo paµham±bhisambuddhaµµh±ne eva daµµhabbo, na yattha katthaci bodhirukkhassa patiµµhitaµµh±ne. Suvaººasal±kanti seµµhasal±ka½, dhammadesanattha½ sal±ka½ gahetv±ti attho, na paµisambhid±ya½ µhitena pav±rita½, tasm± paµisambhid±to aññeneva pak±rena j±nitabbato na sakkaµabh±s±j±nana½ paµisambhid±kiccanti adhipp±yo.
Ida½ kathitanti m±gadhabh±s±ya sabh±vaniruttit±ñ±panattha½ ida½ id±ni vattabba½ kathitanti attho. Chaddantav±raºa (j±. 1.16.97 ±dayo) -tittiraj±tak±d²su (j±. 1.4.73 ±dayo) tiracch±nesu ca m±gadhabh±s± ussann±, na oµµak±dibh±s± sakkaµa½ v±.
Tatth±ti m±gadhasesabh±s±su. Ses± parivattanti ekantena k±lantare aññath± honti vinassanti ca. M±gadh± pana katthaci kad±ci parivattant²pi na sabbattha sabbad± sabbath± ca parivattati, kappavin±sepi tiµµhatiyev±ti “ayamevek± na parivattat²”ti ±ha. Papañcoti cir±yananti attho. Buddhavacanameva cetassa visayo, teneva “nelaªgo setapacch±do”ti g±tha½ pucchito citto gahapati “‘ki½ nu kho eta½, bhante, bhagavat± bh±sitan’ti? ‘Eva½ gahapat²’ti. ‘Tena hi, bhante, muhutta½ ±gametha, y±vassa attha½ pekkh±m²”’ti (sa½. ni. 4.347) ±h±ti vadanti.
Sabbatthakañ±ºanti atth±d²su ñ±ºa½. Tañhi sabbesu tesu t²su cat³supi v± pavattatt±, kusalakiriyabh³t±ya paµibh±napaµisambhid±ya dhammatthabh±vato t²su eva v± pavattatt± “sabbatthakañ±ºan”ti vutta½. Im±ni ñ±º±ni idamatthajotak±n²ti s±tthak±na½ paccavekkhitabbatt± sabbo attho etass±tipi sabbatthaka½, sabbasmi½ khittanti v±. Sekkhe pavatt± arahattappattiy± visad± hont²ti vadanti. Pubbayogo viya pana arahattappatti arahatopi paµisambhid±visadat±ya paccayo na na hot²ti pañcannampi yath±yoga½ sekkh±sekkhapaµisambhid±visadattak±raºat± yojetabb±.
Pucch±ya parato pavatt± kath±ti katv± aµµhakath± “paripucch±”ti vutt±. Paµipatti½ p³retabba½ maññissant²ti paµipattigarut±ya l±bha½ h²¼entena satasahassagghanakampi kambala½ v±siy± koµµetv± paribhaº¹akaraºa½ may± kata½ ±vajjitv± l±bhagaruno pariyattidhar± dhammakathik±va bhavitu½ na maññissant²ti vutta½ hoti. Ettha ca therassa kaªkhuppattiy± pubbe avisadata½ dassetv± arahattappattassa pañhavissajjanena arahattappattiy± visadat± dassit±. Tissatthero anantara½ vutto tissatthero ev±ti vadanti.
Pabhedo n±ma maggehi adhigat±na½ paµisambhid±na½ pabhedagamana½. Adhigamo tehi paµil±bho, tasm± so lokuttaro, pabhedo k±m±vacaro daµµhabbo. Na pana tath±ti yath± adhigamassa balavapaccayo hoti, na tath± pabhedass±ti attho. Id±ni pariyattiy±d²na½ adhigamassa balavapaccayatt±bh±va½, pubbayogassa ca balavapaccayatta½ dassento “pariyattisavanaparipucch± h²”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha paµisambhid± n±ma natth²ti paµisambhid±dhigamo natth²ti adhipp±yo. Id±ni ya½ vutta½ hoti, ta½ dassento “ime pan±”ti-±dim±ha. Pubbayog±dhigam± hi dvepi visadak±raº±ti “pubbayogo pabhedassa balavapaccayo hot²”ti vuttanti.

Saªgahav±ravaººan± niµµhit±.