Niddesavaººan±

509. Kammatthehi diµµhi-sadd±d²hi s±sana½ vuttanti “diµµhatt± diµµh²”ti-±di vutta½. Sabh±vaµµhen±ti avipar²taµµhena. Sikkhiyam±no k±y±d²ni vineti, na aññath±ti ±ha “sikkhitabbaµµhena vinayo”ti, vinayo v± sikkhitabb±ni sikkh±pad±ni, khandhattaya½ sikkhitabbanti vinayo viy±ti vinayoti dasseti. Satthu anus±sanad±nabh³ta½ sikkhattayanti ±ha “anusiµµhid±navasen±”ti.
Samm±diµµhipaccayatt±ti samm±diµµhiy± paccayatt±. Tisso hi sikkh± sikkhantassa samm±diµµhi parip³rat²ti. “Tasm±tiha tva½ bhikkhu ±dimeva visodhehi kusalesu dhammesu, ko c±di kusal±na½ dhamm±na½? S²lañca suvisuddha½ diµµhi ca ujuk±”ti (sa½. ni. 5.369) vacanato samm±diµµhipubbaªgama½ sikkhattaya½. Etasmiñca atthadvaye phalak±raºopac±rehi sikkhattaya½ “diµµh²”ti vutta½, kusaladhammehi v± attano ekadesabh³teh²ti adhipp±yo. Bhagavato vinayanakiriyatt± vinayo sikkhattaya½, ta½ pana vinayana½ dhammeneva avisamasabh±vena, desan±dhammena v± pavatta½, na daº¹±din±ti “dhammavinayo”ti vutta½.
Anavajjadhammatthanti param±navajjanibb±nattha½, akuppacetovimutti-attha½ v±. Dhammesu abhiññeyy±d²su abhij±nan±dik±raºa½ sikkhattayanti ta½ “dhammavinayo”ti vutta½. “Imiss± imasmin”ti punappuna½ vuccam±na½ niyamakaraºa½ hoti, eva-saddalopo v± katoti adhipp±yen±ha “niyamo kato”ti.
510. Bhikkhukoti anaññatthena ka-k±rena pada½ va¹¹hitanti “bhikkhanadhammat±y±”ti attham±ha. Bhikkhakoti pana p±µhe bhikkhat²ti bhikkhakoti attho. Jallika½ rajamissa½ mala½, amissa½ malameva. Bhinnapaµadharoti nibbacana½ bhinnapaµadhare bhikkhu-saddassa niru¼hatt± vutta½.
Yassa bh±vetabbo pah±tabbo ca odhi avasiµµho atthi, so odhiso, arah± pana tadabh±v± odhirahitoti “anodhiso kiles±na½ pah±n± bhikkh³”ti vutto. Odhi-saddo v± ekadese niru¼hoti sabbamagg± sabbakiles± ca arahat± bh±vit± pah²n± ca “odh²”ti na vuccanti. Pah±n±ti idañca nibbacana½ bhedanapariy±yavasena vuttanti veditabba½.
Sekkhoti-±din± bhikkhu-saddena vuccam±na½ attha½ guºavasena dasseti, heµµh± pana “samaññ±ya paµiññ±y±”ti paññ±yanavasena, “bhikkhat²”ti-±din± nibbacanavasena dassito.
Sekkho bhikkh³ti satta sekkh± kathit±, bhinnatt± p±pak±na½…pe… bhikkh³ti kh²º±savova kathitoti ida½ dvaya½ “sekkhoti puthujjanakaly±ºakena saddhi½ satta ariy±, bhinnatt±ti imin± pana catt±ro phalaµµh±”ti imin± dvayena na sameti, tadida½ nippariy±yadassana½ vuttanti veditabba½. “Sesaµµh±nesu puthujjanakaly±ºak±dayo kathit±”ti vutta½, nanu paµiññ±ya bhikkhus²lopi vuttoti? Vutto, na pana idh±dhippeto sabbappak±rajjh±nanibbattakassa adhippetatt±.
Bhagavato vacana½ upasampad±kammakaraºassa k±raºatt± µh±na½, tadanur³pa½ µh±n±raha½, an³nañatti-anuss±vana½ uppaµip±µiy± ca avuttanti attho.
511. Nippariy±yato s²la½ sam±d±navirati-av²tikkamanaviratibh±vatoti adhipp±yo. Anabhijjh±d²ni sandh±ya cetasikas²lassa pariy±yas²lat± vutt±. Nagarava¹¹hak² vatthuvijj±cariyoti vadanti. Catubbidho ±h±ro asit±d²ni, bhakkhitabbabhuñjitabbalehitabbacubitabb±ni v±.
P±timokkhasa½varena upeto pihitindriyo hoti tiººa½ sucarit±na½ indriyasa½var±h±ratt±, p±timokkhasa½varo v± indriyasa½varassa upanissayo hoti. Iti p±timokkhasa½varena pihitindriyo “p±timokkhasa½varasa½vuto”ti vutto. Imin± adhipp±yena “sa½vuto”ti etassa pihitindriyoti attham±ha. P±timokkhena ca sa½varena c±ti ida½ p±timokkhato añña½ s²la½ k±yika-av²tikkam±diggahaºena gahitanti imin± adhipp±yena vuttanti daµµhabba½. Dutiyo panattho dvinnampi ekatthata½ sandh±ya vutto.
513. Sabbampi duss²lyanti imin± abhijjh±dayo ca gahit±ti sandh±y±ha “manas±pi ±carati eva, tasm± ta½ dassetun”ti. Tatth±ti k±yikav²tikkam±divasena vuttesu an±c±resu. Garubhaº¹avissajjanam±pajjat²ti thullaccaya½ ±pajjat²ti attho.
Aropimoti saªghikabh³miya½ uµµhito vutto. Ph±tikammanti garubhaº¹antarabh³ta½ kamma½. Daº¹akammanti yath±vutta½ hatthakammam±ha. Sin±yanti eten±ti sin±na½, cuºº±di.
Sacc±l²kena piyav±d² “c±µ³”ti vuccati, c±µu½ att±na½ icchat²ti c±µuk±mo, tassa bh±vo c±µukamyat±. Muggas³passa appavisanaµµh±na½ n±ma natthi sabb±h±rehi aviruddhatt±ti adhipp±yo. Paribhaµati dh±reti, poseti v±ti paribhaµo, atha v± pariv±rabh³to bhaµo sevako paribhaµo.
Bhaº¹±g±rikakamma½ gih²na½ kariyam±na½ vutta½. Piº¹attha½ paµipiº¹ad±na½, piº¹a½ datv± paµipiº¹aggahaºa½ v± piº¹apaµipiº¹a½. Saªghabhogacetiyabhog±na½ ayoniso vic±raºa½ saªghupp±dacetiyupp±dapaµµhapana½, attano santake viya paµipajjananti keci.
514. G±vo caranti etth±ti gocaro, gocaro viy±ti gocaro, abhiºha½ caritabbaµµh±na½. G±vo v± cakkh±d²ni indriy±ni, tehi caritabbaµµh±na½ gocaro. Ayutto gocaro agocaroti tadañño yutto “gocaro”ti vutto.
-saddo vidhunanatthopi hot²ti katv± ±ha “viniddhutakibbis±ni v±”ti.
515. Avar± pacchim± matt± etesanti oramattak±ni. Sa½yamakaraº²y±n²ti k±yav±c±sa½yamamattena kattabbapaµikamm±ni, vikkhipitabb±ni v±. “Puna na eva½ karom²”ti cittena sa½varamattena, indriyasa½vareneva v± karaº²y±ni sa½varakaraº²y±ni. Divivih±rajanapadav±s² divivih±rav±s². Manassa adhiµµh±nameva adhiµµh±n±vikamma½. Desan± idha “vuµµh±n±vikamman”ti adhippet±. Tattha “cittupp±dakaraº²y±ni manasik±rapaµibaddh±n²”ti vacanato p±timokkhasa½varavisuddhattha½ anatikkaman²y±ni an±pattigaman²y±ni vajj±ni vutt±n²ti ±cariyassa adhipp±yo. Catubbidhass±ti att±nuv±dapar±nuv±dadaº¹aduggatibhayassa.
516. “Idha bhikkh³”ti bhikkhu eva adhippetoti sandh±ya “sesasikkh± pana atthuddh±ravasena sikkh±-saddassa atthadassanattha½ vutt±”ti ±ha. Bhikkhuggahaºa½ pana aggaparis±mukhena sabbajjh±nanibbattak±na½ catunnampi paris±na½ dassanattha½ kata½. Guºato v± bhikkhu adhippetoti sabb±pi sikkh± idh±dhippet±ti daµµhabb±. Sabbena sikkh±sam±d±nen±ti ettha yena sam±d±nena sabb±pi sikkh± sam±dinn± honti, ta½ ekampi sabbasam±d±nakiccakaratt± sabbasam±d±na½ n±ma hoti, anekesu pana vattabbameva natthi. Sabbena sikkhitabb±k±ren±ti av²tikkamadesan±vuµµh±navattacaraº±di-±k±rena. V²tikkamanavasena sesassapi nissesat±karaºa½ sandh±ya “bhinnassap²”ti-±dim±ha.
519. ¾varaº²yehi cittaparisodhanabh±van± j±gariy±nuyogoti katv± ±ha “bh±vanan”ti. Suppaparigg±hakanti “suppaparigg±haka½ n±ma ida½ ito pubbe ito parañca natthi, ayametassa paccayo”ti-±din± parigg±haka½.
520-521. Yuttoti ±rambham±no. S±tacca½ nepakkañca pavattayam±no j±gariy±nuyoga½ anuyutto hot²ti sambandha½ dasseti.
522. Lokiy±yapi…pe… ±h±ti ida½ vipassan±bh±van±ya satipaµµh±n±dayo ekasmi½ ±rammaºe saha nappavattanti, pavattam±n±nipi indriyabal±ni bojjhaªgesveva antogadh±ni honti. P²tisambojjhaªgaggahaºena hi tadupanissayabh³ta½ saddhindriya½ saddh±balañca gahitameva hoti “saddh³panisa½ p±mojjan”ti (sa½. ni. 2.23) vuttatt±. Maggaªg±ni pañceva vipassan±kkhaºe pavattant²ti imamattha½ sandh±ya vuttanti daµµhabba½.
523. Samantato, samm±, sama½ v± s±tthak±dipaj±nana½ sampaj±na½, tadeva sampajañña½. Ten±ti satisampayuttatt± eva uddese avutt±pi sati niddese “sato”ti imin± vutt±ti adhipp±yo.
S±tthak±na½ abhikkam±d²na½ sampaj±nana½ s±tthakasampajañña½. Eva½ sapp±yasampajañña½. Abhikkam±d²su pana bhikkh±c±ragocare aññatth±pi ca pavattesu avijahite kammaµµh±nasaªkh±te gocare sampajañña½ gocarasampajañña½. Abhikkam±d²su asammuyhanameva sampajañña½ asammohasampajañña½.
Dve kath±ti vacanakaraº±karaºakath± na kathitapubb±. Vacana½ karomi eva, tasm± subbacatt± paµivacana½ dem²ti attho.
Kammaµµh±nas²senev±ti kammaµµh±naggeneva, kammaµµh±na½ padh±na½ katv± ev±ti attho. Tena “pattampi acetanan”ti-±din± vakkham±na½ kammaµµh±na½, yath±parihariyam±na½ v± avijahitv±ti dasseti. “Tasm±”ti etassa “dhammakath± kathetabb±yev±ti vadant²”ti etena sambandho. Bhayeti paracakk±dibhaye.
Avasesaµµh±neti y±gu-aggahitaµµh±ne. Ýh±nacaªkamanamev±ti adhiµµh±tabbiriy±pathavasena vutta½, na bhojan±dik±le avassa½ kattabbanisajj±yapi paµikkhepavasena.
Thero d±ruc²riyo
“Tasm±tiha te, b±hiya, eva½ sikkhitabba½. Diµµhe diµµhamatta½ bhavissati, sute mute viññ±te. Yato kho te, b±hiya, diµµhe diµµhamatta½ bhavissati, sute mute viññ±te viññ±tamatta½ bhavissati, tato tva½, b±hiya, na tena, yato tva½, b±hiya, na tena. Tato tva½, b±hiya, na tattha, yato tva½, b±hiya, na tattha. Tato tva½, b±hiya, nevidha na hura½ na ubhayamantarena. Esevanto dukkhass±”ti (ud±. 10)–

Ettakena arahatta½ sacch±k±si.

Kh±ºu-±dipariharaºattha½, patiµµhitap±dapariharaºattha½ v± passena haraºa½ v²tiharaºanti vadanti. Y±va patiµµhitap±do, t±va ±haraºa½ atiharaºa½, tato para½ haraºa½ v²tiharaºanti aya½ v± etesa½ viseso. Av²cinti nirantara½.
Paµhamajavanepi…pe… na hot²ti ida½ pañcaviññ±ºav²thiya½ itthipurisoti rajjan±d²na½ abh±va½ sandh±ya vutta½. Tattha hi ±vajjanavoµµhabban±na½ ayoniso ±vajjanavoµµhabbanavasena iµµhe itthir³p±dimhi lobho, aniµµhe ca paµigho uppajjati. Manodv±re pana itthipurisoti rajjan±di hoti, tassa pañcadv±rajavana½ m³la½, yath±vutta½ v± sabba½ bhavaªg±di. Eva½ manodv±rajavanassa m³lavasena m³lapariññ± vutt±. ¾gantukat±vak±likat± pana pañcadv±rajavanasseva apubbatittarat±vasena. Maºisappo s²ha¼ad²pe vijjam±n± ek± sappaj±t²ti vadanti. Calananti kampana½.
Atiharat²ti y±va mukh± ±harati. V²tiharat²ti tato y±va kucchi, t±va harati, kucchigata½ v± passato harati. Allattañca anup±let²ti v±yu-±d²hi ativisosana½ yath± na hoti, tath± p±leti. ¾bhujat²ti pariyesanajjhoharaºajiºº±jiººat±di½ ±vajjeti, vij±n±t²ti attho. Ta½ta½vij±nananipph±dakoyeva hi payogo “samm±payogo”ti vuttoti. Atha v± “samm±paµipattim±gamma abbhantare att± n±ma koci bhujanako natth²”ti-±din± vij±nana½ ±bhujana½.
Aµµh±neti manuss±manussapariggahite ayutte µh±ne khettadev±yatan±dike. Tumbato ve¼un±¼i-±di-udakabh±janato. Tanti cha¹¹ita½ udaka½.
Gateti gamaneti pubbe abhikkamapaµikkamaggahaºena gamanepi purato pacchato ca k±yassa atiharaºa½ vuttanti idha gamanameva gahitanti veditabba½, vakkham±no v± etesa½ viseso.
Ettaken±ti kammaµµh±na½ avissajjetv± catunna½ iriy±path±na½ pavattanavacanamattena gocarasampajañña½ na p±kaµa½ hot²ti attho. Eva½ pana sutte kammaµµh±na½ avibh³ta½ hot²ti caªkamanaµµh±nanisajj±su eva pavatte pariggaºhantassa sutte pavatt± ap±kaµ± hont²ti attho.
K±y±dikiriy±mayatt± ±vajjanakiriy±samuµµhitatt± ca javana½, sabbampi v± chadv±rappavatta½ kiriy±mayapavatta½ n±ma, dutiyajjh±na½ vac²saªkh±ravirah± “tuºh²bh±vo”ti vuccati.
526. Up±sanaµµh±nanti iss±s±na½ viya up±sanassa sikkh±yogakaraºassa kammaµµh±na-up±sanassa µh±nanti attho. Tameva hi attha½ dassetu½ “yogapathan”ti ±h±ti. S²sa½ dhovat²ti icch±d±saby± bhujissata½ ñ±payati, micch±paµipannehi v± pakkhitta½ ayasaraja½ dhovati.
529. Vinayapariy±yena adinn±d±nap±r±jike ±gata½. Suttantapariy±yena ±raññakasikkh±pade “pañcadhanusatika½ pacchiman”ti ±gata½ ±raññika½ bhikkhu½ sandh±ya. Na hi so vinayapariy±yike araññe vasanato “±raññako pantasen±sano”ti sutte vuttoti.
530. “Nitumban”tipi “nad²kuñjan”tipi ya½ vadanti, ta½ kandaranti apabbatapadesepi vidugganad²nivattanapadesa½ kandaranti dasseti.
531. Bh±jetv± dassitanti etena bh±jetabbata½ ante niddesassa k±raºa½ dasseti.
533. Rahassa kiriy± rahassa½, ta½ arahati tassa yogganti r±hasseyyaka½. Vicitt± hi taddhit±ti. Rahasi v± s±dhu rahassa½, tassa yogga½ r±hasseyyaka½.
536. Paºihitoti suµµhu µhapito.
537. Pariggahitaniyy±nanti pariggahitaniyy±nasabh±va½, k±y±d²su suµµhu pavattiy± niyy±nasabh±vayuttanti attho. K±y±dipariggahaºa½ ñ±ºa½ v± pariggaho, ta½-sampayuttat±ya pariggahita½ niyy±nabh³ta½ upaµµh±na½ katv±ti attho.
542-543. Vik±rappattiy±ti cittassa vik±r±pattibh±ven±ti attho. Sabbasaªg±hikavasen±ti sattasaªkh±ragatasabbakodhasaªg±hikavasena. Sabbasaªgahaºañca samucchedappah±nassapi adhippetatt± katanti veditabba½.
546. Ida½ sandh±y±ti “dve dhamm±”ti sandh±ya. Ekavacanena “thinamiddhan”ti uddisitv±pi niddese “sant±”ti vacanabhedo, bahuvacana½ katanti attho. Nirodhasantat±y±ti vacana½ aªgasantat±ya, sabh±vasantat±ya v± santat±niv±raºattha½.
550. Thinamiddhavik±ravirah± tappaµipakkhasaññ± ±lokasaññ± n±ma hoti. Teneva vutta½ “aya½ saññ± ±lok± hot²”ti.
553. “Vantatt± muttatt±”ti-±d²ni, “±lok± hot²”ti-±d²ni ca “cattatt±ti-±d²n²”ti vutt±ni. ¾di-saddena v± dvinnampi niddesapad±ni saªgahetv± tattha y±ni yesa½ vevacan±ni, t±neva sandh±ya “aññamaññavevacan±n²”ti vuttanti daµµhabba½. Paµimuñcatoti etena s±rambha½ abhibhava½ dasseti. Nir±varaº± hutv± ±bhujati sampaj±n±t²ti nir±varaº±bhog±, ta½sabh±vatt± vivaµ±.
556. “Vik±lo nu kho, na nu kho”ti anicchayat±ya katavatthujjh±c±ram³lako vippaµis±ro vatthujjh±c±ro k±raºavoh±rena vuttoti daµµhabbo.
562. Kilissant²ti kilesent²ti attha½ vadanti, sadarathabh±vena sayameva v± kilissanti. Na hi te uppajjam±n± kilesarahit± uppajjant²ti.
564. Idheva ca vibhaªge “upeto hot²”ti-±di tattha tattha vuttameva.
588. Niddesavasen±ti “tattha katam± upekkh±? Y± upekkh±”ti-±diniddesavasena. “Im±ya upekkh±ya upeto hot²”ti-±di paµiniddesavasen±ti vadanti. “Tattha katam±…pe… im±ya upekkh±ya upeto hot²”ti etena puggalo niddiµµho hoti, “samupeto”ti-±din± paµiniddiµµho. Y±va v± “samann±gato”ti pada½, t±va niddiµµho, “tena vuccati upekkhako”ti imin± paµiniddiµµhoti tesa½ vasena niddesapaµiniddes± yojetabb±. Pak±ren±ti upekkh±ya “upekkhan±”ti-±didhammappak±rena “upeto samupeto”ti-±dipuggalappak±rena ca upekkhakasaddassa attha½ µhapento paµµhapenti. “Upekkh±”ti etassa atthassa “upekkhan±”ti k±raºa½. Upekkhan±vasena hi upekkh±ti. Tath± “upeto samupeto”ti etesa½ “up±gato samup±gato”ti k±raºanti eva½ dhammapuggalavasena tassa tassatthassa k±raºa½ dassent± vivaranti, “upekkhako”ti imasseva v± atthassa “im±ya upekkh±ya upeto hot²”ti-±din± k±raºa½ dassent±. “Upekkhan± ajjhupekkhan± samupeto”ti-±din± byañjan±na½ vibh±ga½ dassent± vibhajanti. Upekkhaka-saddantogadh±ya v± upekkh±ya tasseva ca upekkhaka-saddassa visu½ atthavacana½ “y± upekkh± upekkhan±”ti-±din±, “im±ya upekkh±ya upeto hot²”ti-±din± ca byañjanavibh±go. Sabbath± aññ±tat± nikujjhitabh±vo, kenaci pak±rena viññ±tepi niravasesaparicchindan±bh±vo gambh²rabh±vo.
602. Uparibh³mippattiy±ti ida½ “r³pasaññ±na½ samatikkam±”ti ettheva yojetabba½. Viññ±ºañc±yatan±d²nipi v± ±k±s±nañc±yatan±d²na½ uparibh³miyoti sabbatth±pi na na yujjati.
610. Viññ±ºañc±yatananiddese “ananta½ viññ±ºanti ta½yeva ±k±sa½ viññ±ºena phuµa½ manasi karoti ananta½ pharati, tena vuccati ananta½ viññ±ºan”ti ettha viññ±ºen±ti eta½ upayogatthe karaºavacana½, ta½yeva ±k±sa½ phuµa½ viññ±ºa½ manasi karot²ti kira aµµhakath±ya½ vutta½. Aya½ v± etassa attho– ta½yeva ±k±sa½ phuµa½ viññ±ºa½ viññ±ºañc±yatanaviññ±ºena manasi karot²ti. Aya½ panattho yutto– ta½yeva ±k±sa½ viññ±ºena phuµa½ tena gahit±k±ra½ manasi karoti, eva½ ta½ viññ±ºa½ ananta½ pharat²ti. Yañhi ±k±sa½ paµham±ruppasamaªg² viññ±ºena ananta½ pharati, ta½ pharaº±k±rasahitameva viññ±ºa½ manasikaronto dutiy±ruppasamaªg² ananta½ pharat²ti vuccat²ti.
615. Ta½yeva viññ±ºa½ abh±vet²ti ya½ pubbe “ananta½ viññ±ºan”ti manasi kata½, ta½yev±ti attho. Tasseva hi ±rammaºabh³ta½ paµhamena viya r³panimitta½ tatiyen±ruppena abh±vet²ti.

Niddesavaººan± niµµhit±.

Suttantabh±jan²yavaººan± niµµhit±.