2. Abhidhammabh±jan²yavaººan±

34. Eva½ y± ekavidh±din± vuttavedan±na½ bh³mivasena j±nitabbat±, ta½ vatv± puna sampayuttato dassitat±dij±nitabbappak±ra½ vattum±ha “apic±”ti-±di. Aµµhavidhena tatth±ti tattha-saddassa sattavidhabhedeneva yojan± chabbidhabhedena yojan±ya sati aµµhavidhatt±bh±vato.
P³raºatthameva vuttoti dasavidhat±p³raºatthameva vutto, na navavidhabhede viya nayad±nattha½. Kasm±? Tattha nayassa dinnatt±. Bhinditabbassa hi bhedana½ nayad±na½, tañca tattha katanti. Yath± ca kusalattiko, eva½ “k±yasamphassaj± vedan± atthi sukh±, atthi dukkh±”ti idampi p³raºatthamev±ti d²pita½ hoti aµµhavidhabhede nayassa dinnatt±.
Pubbe gahitato aññassa gahaºa½ va¹¹hana½ gahaºava¹¹hanavasena, na purimagahite µhite aññupacayavasena. Va¹¹hana-saddo v± chedanattho kesava¹¹han±d²su viy±ti pubbe gahitassa aggahaºa½ chindana½ va¹¹hana½, dukatik±na½ ubhayesa½ va¹¹hana½ ubhayava¹¹hana½, ubhayato v± pavatta½ va¹¹hana½ ubhayava¹¹hana½, tadeva ubhatova¹¹hanaka½, tena nayan²haraºa½ ubhatova¹¹hanakan²h±ro. Va¹¹hanakanayo v± va¹¹hanakan²h±ro, ubhayato pavatto va¹¹hanakan²h±ro ubhatova¹¹hanakan²h±ro. Tattha dukam³lakatikam³laka-ubhatova¹¹hanakesu duvidhatividhabhed±na½yeva hi viseso. Aññe bhed± avisiµµh±, tath±pi paññ±ppabhedajananattha½ dhammavitakkena ñ±tivitakk±diniratthakavitakkaniv±raºattha½ imañca p±¼i½ vitakkentassa dhammupasa½hitap±mojjajananattha½ ekekassa v±rassa gahitassa niyy±namukhabh±vato ca duvidhatividhabhedan±nattavasena itarepi bhed± vutt±ti veditabb± aññamaññ±pekkhesu ekassa visesena itaresampi visiµµhabh±vato. Na kevala½ ekavidhova, atha kho duvidho ca. Na ca ekaduvidhova, atha kho tividhopi. N±pi eka…pe… navavidhova, atha kho dasavidhop²ti hi evañca te bhed± aññamaññ±pekkh±, tasm± eko bhedo visiµµho attan± apekkhiyam±ne, att±nañca apekkham±ne aññabhede viseset²ti tassa vasena tepi vattabbata½ arahant²ti vutt±ti daµµhabb±.
Sattavidhen±ti-±dayo aññappabhedanirapekkh± kevala½ bahuppak±rat±dassanattha½ vutt±ti sabbehi tehi pak±rehi “bahuvidhena vedan±kkhandha½ dasses²”ti vutta½. Mah±visayo r±j± viya savisaye bhagav±pi mah±visayat±ya appaµihato yath± yath± icchati, tath± tath± desetu½ sakkoti sabbaññut±n±varaºañ±ºayogatoti attho. Duke vatv± tik± vutt±ti tik± dukesu pakkhitt±ti yutta½, duk± pana katha½ tikesu pakkhitt±ti? Parato vuttepi tasmi½ tasmi½ tike apekkhak±pekkhitabbavasena duk±na½ yojitatt±.
Kiriyamanodh±tu ±vajjanavasena labbhat²ti vutta½, ±vajjan± pana cakkhusamphassapaccay± na hoti. Na hi sam±nav²thiya½ pacchimo dhammo purimassa koci paccayo hoti. Ye ca vadanti “±vajjanavedan±va cakkhusaªghaµµan±ya uppannatt± eva½ vutt±”ti, tañca na yutta½. Na hi “cakkhur³papaµigh±to cakkhusamphasso”ti katthaci sutte v± aµµhakath±ya½ v± vutta½. Yadi so ca cakkhusamphasso siy±, cakkhuviññ±ºasahaj±t±pi vedan± cakkhusamphassapaccay±ti s± idha aµµhakath±ya½ na vajjetabb± siy±. P±¼iyañca “cakkhusamphassapaccay± vedan± atthi aby±kat±”ti ettha saªgahitatt± puna “cakkhusamphassaj± vedan±”ti na vattabba½ siy±ti. Aya½ panetth±dhipp±yo– ±vajjanavedana½ vin± cakkhusamphassassa uppatti natth²ti tadupp±dik± s± tappayojanatt± pariy±yena cakkhusamphassapaccay±ti vattu½ yutt±ti, nippariy±yena pana cakkhusamphassassa paratova vedan± labbhanti.
Catutti½sacittupp±davasen±ti ettha r³p±r³p±vacar±na½ aggahaºa½ tesa½ sayameva manodv±rabh³tatt±. Sabbabhavaªgamano hi manodv±ra½, cutipaµisandhiyo ca tato anaññ±ti. Imasmi½ pana catuv²satividhabhede cakkhusamphassapaccay±dikusal±d²na½ sam±nav²thiya½ labbham±nat± aµµhakath±ya½ vutt±, p±¼iya½ pana ek³nav²saticatuv²satik± saªkhipitv± ±gat±ti “cakkhusamphassapaccay± vedan±kkhandho atthi anup±dinna-anup±d±niyo asa½kiliµµha-asa½kilesiko avitakka-avic±ro”ti-±din± n±n±v²thigat±na½ labbham±nat±ya vuttatt± kusalattikassapi n±n±v²thiya½ labbham±nat± yojetabb±. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana sam±nav²thiya½ cakkhusamphassapaccay±dikat± ekantik±ti katv± ettha labbham±nat± dassit±, na pana asam±nav²thiya½ labbham±nat± paµikkhitt±. Teneva “t±ni sattavidh±d²su yattha katthaci µhatv± kathetu½ vaµµant²”ti ±ha. Na hi sam±nav²thiya½yeva upanissayakoµisamatikkamabh±van±hi labbham±nat± hoti. Tidh±pi ca labbham±nata½ sandh±ya “yattha katthaci µhatv± kathetu½ vaµµant²”ti vuccati.
Et±n²ti yath±dassit±ni kusal±d²ni citt±ni vadati, vedan±niddesepi ca etasmi½ pubbaªgamassa cittassa vasena kathetu½ sukhanti cittasambandho kato. Teneva pana citt±ni sattavidhabhede tikabh³mivasena, catuv²satividhabhede dv±ratikavasena, ti½savidhabhede dv±rabh³mivasena, bahuvidhabhede dv±ratikabh³mivasena d²pit±n²ti “tesu yattha katthaci µhatv± kathetu½ vaµµant²”ti vutta½. Kusal±d²na½ d²pan± k±m±vacar±dibh³mivasena k±tabb±, t± ca bh³miyo ti½savidhabhede sayamev±gat±, na ca sattavidhabhede viya dv±ra½ an±maµµha½, atibyatt± ca ettha sam±n±sam±nav²th²su labbham±nat±ti ti½savidhe…pe… sukhad²pan±ni hont²”ti vutta½. Kasm± pana ti½savidhasmi½yeva µhatv± d²payi½su, nanu dv±ratikabh³m²na½ ±maµµhatt± bahuvidhabhede µhatv± d²petabb±n²ti? Na, d²petabbaµµh±n±tikkamato. Sattavidhabhedo hi dv±rassa an±maµµhatt± d²pan±ya aµµh±na½, catuv²satividhabhede ±maµµhadv±ratik± na bh³miyo apekkhitv± µhapit±, ti½savidhabhede ±maµµhadv±rabh³miyo vutt±. Ye ca µhapit±, te cettha tik± apekkhitabbarahit± kevala½ bh³m²hi saha d²petabb±va. Teneda½ d²pan±ya µh±na½, tadatikkame pana µh±n±tikkamo hot²ti.
Upanissayakoµiy±ti ettha “saddha½ upaniss±ya d±na½ det²”ti-±din± (paµµh±. 1.1.423) n±n±v²thiya½ pakat³panissayo vuttoti ekav²thiya½ kusal±d²na½ cakkhusamphass±dayo tadabh±ve abh±vato j±ti viya jar±maraºassa upanissayalesena paccayoti vattu½ yujjeyya, idha pana “kasiºar³padassanahetu-uppann± parikamm±divedan± cakkhusamphassapaccay±”ti vakkhati, tasm± n±n±v²thiya½ gat±ni et±ni citt±ni cakkhusamphassapaccay± labbham±n±n²ti na upanissayaleso upanissayakoµi, balavabalav±na½ pana parikamm±d²na½ upanissay±na½ sabbesa½ ±dibh³to upanissayo upanissayakoµi. “V±lakoµi na paññ±yat²”ti-±d²su viya hi ±di, avayavo v± koµi. Kasiºar³padassanato pabhuti ca k±m±vacarakusal±d²na½ vedan±na½ upanissayo pavattoti ta½ dassana½ upanissayakoµi. Parikamm±d²ni viya v± na balava-upanissayo dassananti tassa upanissayantabh±vena upanissayakoµit± vutt±. Gh±n±didv±resu t²su upanissayakoµiy± labbham±natt±bh±va½ vadanto idha sam±nav²thi na gahit±ti d²peti. Dassanasavan±ni viya hi kasiºaparikamm±d²na½ gh±yan±d²ni upanissay± na hont²ti tadal±bho d²pitoti. Yadipi v±yokasiºa½ phusitv±pi gahetabba½, purimena pana savanena vin± ta½ phusana½ sayameva m³lupanissayo yebhuyyena na hot²ti tassa upanissayakoµit± na vutt±.
Ajjh±sayena sampattigato ajjh±sayasampanno, sampannajjh±sayoti vutta½ hoti. Vattappaµivattanti khuddakañceva mahantañca vatta½, pubbe v± kata½ vatta½, pacch± kata½ paµivatta½. Eva½ cakkhuviññ±ºanti ±dimhi uppanna½ ±ha, tato para½ uppann±nipi pana kasiºar³padassanakaly±ºamittadassanasa½vegavatthudassan±d²ni upanissayapaccay± hontiyev±ti. Tena tadupanissaya½ cakkhuviññ±ºa½ dasset²ti veditabba½.
Yath±bh³tasabh±v±dassana½ asamapekkhan±. “Asm²”ti r³p±d²su vinibandhassa. Sabh±vantar±masanavasena par±maµµhassa, par±maµµhavatoti attho. ¾rammaº±dhigahaºavasena anu anu uppajjanadhammat±ya thirabh±vakilesassa th±magatassa, appah²nak±mar±g±dikassa v±. Pariggahe µhitoti v²ma½s±ya µhito. Ettha ca asamapekkhan±y±ti-±din± moh±d²na½ kiccena p±kaµena tesa½ uppattivasena vic±raº± daµµhabb±. R³padassanena uppannakilesasamatikkamavasena pavatt± r³padassanahetuk± hot²ti “cakkhusamphassapaccay± n±ma j±t±”ti ±ha. Ettha ca cakkhusamphassassa catubh³mikavedan±ya upanissayabh±vo eva pak±rantarena kathito, tath± “bh±van±vasen±”ti ettha ca.
Kal±pasammasanena t²ºi lakkhaº±ni ±ropetv± udayabbay±nupassan±dik±ya vipassan±paµip±µiy± ±dimhi r³p±rammaºapariggahena r³p±rammaºa½ sammasitv±, ta½m³laka½ v± sabba½ sammasana½ ±dibh³te r³p±rammaºe pavattat²ti katv± ±ha “r³p±rammaºa½ sammasitv±”ti. Ettha ca n±mar³papariggah±di sabba½ sammasana½ bh±van±ti veditabb±. R³p±rammaºa½ sammasitv±ti ca yath±vuttacakkhuviññ±ºassa ±rammaºabh³ta½ r³p±rammaºa½ vutta½, na ya½ kiñci. ¾rammaºena hi cakkhusamphassa½ dasset²ti. Eva½ “r³p±rammaºe uppanna½ kilesan”ti etth±pi veditabba½.
Ida½ phoµµhabba½ ki½nissitanti cakkhudv±re viya yojan±ya yath±sambhava½ ±podh±tuy± aññamaññassa ca vasena mah±bh³tanissitat± yojetabb±.
J±ti…pe… balavapaccayo hot²ti yath±vutt±na½ bhayato dissam±n±na½ j±ti-±d²na½ balavapaccayabh±vena tesa½ bhayato dassanena sahaj±tassa manosamphassassa, tassa v± dassanassa dv±rabh³tassa bhavaªgamanosamphassassa balavapaccayabh±va½ dasseti.
Dhamm±rammaºeti na pubbe vutte j±ti-±di-±rammaºeva, atha kho sabbasmi½ r±g±divatthubh³te dhamm±rammaºe. Vatthunissitanti ettha vedan±disaªkh±tassa dhamm±rammaºekadesassa pariggahamukhena dhamm±rammaºapariggaha½ dasseti.
Manosamphassoti viññ±ºa½ samphassassa k±raºabh±vena gahita½, tadeva attano phalasseva phalabh±vena vattu½ na yutta½ k±raºaphalasaªkarabh±vena sot³na½ sammohajanakatt±ti ±ha “na hi sakk± viññ±ºa½ manosamphassajanti niddisitun”ti, na pana viññ±ºassa manosamphassena sahaj±tabh±vassa abh±v±. Yasm± v± yath± “tiººa½ saªgati phasso”ti (ma. ni. 1.204; 3.420, 425-426; sa½. ni. 4.60) vacanato indriyavisay± viya viññ±ºampi phassassa visesapaccayo, na tath± phasso viññ±ºassa, tasm± indriyavisay± viya viññ±ºampi cakkhusamphassaj±divacana½ na arahat²ti cakkhusamphassaj±dibh±vo na katoti veditabbo.

Abhidhammabh±jan²yavaººan± niµµhit±.