K±y±nupassan±niddesavaŗŗan±

356. Sabbappak±ravacanena uddese dassit± ajjhatt±di-anupassan± pak±r± ca gahit±. Tattha antogadh± cuddasa pak±r±, k±yagat±satisutte vutt± kes±divaŗŗakasiŗ±rammaŗacatukkajjh±nappak±r±, lokiy±dippak±r± c±ti tepi gahit± eva. Niddese hi ekappak±raniddesena nidassanamatta½ katanti, sabbappak±raggahaŗańca b±hiresupi ekadesasambhavato katanti daµµhabba½.
Tiriya½ tacaparicchinnanti ettha nanu kesalomanakh±na½ atacaparicchinnat± tacassa ca atth²ti? Yadipi atthi, tacaparicchinnabahulat±ya pana tacaparicchinnat± na na hoti k±yass±ti eva½ vutta½. Taco pariyanto ass±ti tacapariyantoti vuttoti etena pana vacanena k±yekadesabh³to taco gahito eva. Tappaµibaddh± ca kes±dayo tadanupaviµµham³l± tacapariyant±va hont²ti dvatti½s±k±rasam³ho sabbopi k±yo tacapariyantoti vuttoti veditabbo.
“P³ra½ n±nappak±rass±”ti vutta½, ke pana te pak±r±? Yehi n±nappak±ra½ asuci vuttanti kes± lom±ti-±di vuttanti imamattha½ d²pento ±ha “ete kes±dayo ±k±r±”ti. ¾k±r± pak±r±ti hi eko attho.
Nisinnassa y±va aparipphandanisajj±m³laka½ dukkha½ uppajjati, y±vat± uµµh±ti v±, t±va eko nisajjav±ro. Yena vidhin± uggahe kusalo hoti, so sattavidho vidhi “uggahakosallan”ti vuccati, ta½nibbatta½ v± ń±ŗa½.
Pathav²dh±tubahulabh±vato matthaluŖgassa kar²s±vas±ne tanti-±ropanam±ha. Ettha pana ma½sa½…pe… vakka½…pe… kes±ti eva½ vakkapańcak±d²su anulomasajjh±ya½ vatv± paµilomasajjh±yo purimehi sambandho vutto. Sv±ya½ ye parato visu½ tipańc±ha½, purimehi ekato tipańc±hanti chapańc±ha½ sajjh±y± vakkham±n±, tesu ±di-antadassanavasena vuttoti daµµhabbo. Anulomapaµilomasajjh±yepi hi paµilomasajjh±yo antimoti. Sajjh±yappak±rantara½ v± etamp²ti veditabba½. HatthasaŖkhalik± aŖgulipanti. Lakkhaŗapaµivedhass±ti asubhalakkhaŗapaµivedhassa, dh±tulakkhaŗapaµivedhassa v±.
Attano bh±go sabh±go, sabh±gena paricchedo sabh±gaparicchedo, heµµhuparitiriyantehi sakakoµµh±sikakesantar±d²hi ca paricchedoti attho.
Dh±tuvibhaŖgo (ma. ni. 3.342 ±dayo) pukkus±tisutta½. S±dh±raŗavasen±ti ettakeneva siddhe sabba-ggahaŗa½ vaŗŗakasiŗavasena catukkajjh±nikasamathas±dh±raŗattassa ca dassanattha½.
Okkamanavissajjananti paµipajjitabbavajjetabbe maggeti attho. Bahiddh± puthutt±rammaŗeti ettha k±y±nupassana½ hitv± subh±divasena gayham±n± kes±dayopi bahiddh± puthutt±rammaŗ±nev±ti veditabb±. Ukkuµµhukkaµµhiµµh±neyeva uµµhahitv±ti pubbe viya ekattha kat±ya ukkuµµhiy± kamena sabbat±lesu patitv± uµµhahitv± pariyantat±la½ ±dit±lańca agantv± tato tato tattha tattheva kat±ya ukkuµµhiy± uµµhahitv±ti attho.
Adhicittanti samathavipassan±citta½. Anuyutten±ti yuttapayuttena, bh±venten±ti attho. Sam±dhinimitta½ upalakkhaŗ±k±ro sam±dhiyeva. Manasi k±tabbanti citte k±tabba½, upp±detabbanti attho. Sam±dhik±raŗa½ v± ±rammaŗa½ sam±dhinimitta½ ±vajjitabbanti attho. Żh±na½ atth²ti vacanaseso, ta½ citta½ kosajj±ya sa½vatteyya, etassa sa½vattanassa k±raŗa½ atth²ti attho. Ta½ v± manasikaraŗa½ citta½ kosajj±ya sa½vatteyy±ti etassa µh±na½ k±raŗanti attho. Na ca pabhaŖg³ti kammaniyabh±v³pagamanena ca pabhijjanasabh±vanti attho.
¾limpet²ti ±d²peti j±leti. Tańc±ti ta½ pi¼andhanavikatisaŖkh±ta½ attha½ payojana½. Ass±ti suvaŗŗak±rassa anubhoti sambhoti s±dheti Assa v± suvaŗŗassa ta½ attha½ suvaŗŗak±ro anubhoti p±puŗ±ti.
Abhińń±ya iddhividh±diń±ŗena sacchikaraŗ²yassa iddhividhapaccanubhavan±dikassa abhińń±sacchikaraŗ²yassa. Paccakkha½ yassa atthi, so sakkhi, sakkhino bhabbat± sakkhibhabbat±, sakkhibhavanat±ti vutta½ hoti. Sakkhi ca so bhabbo c±ti v± sakkhibhabbo. Ayańhi iddhividh±d²na½ bhabbo, tattha ca sakkh²ti sakkhibhabbo, tassa bh±vo sakkhibhabbat±, ta½ p±puŗ±ti. ¾yataneti pubbahet±dike k±raŗe sati.
S²tibh±vanti nibb±na½, kilesadarathav³pasama½ v±. Sampaha½set²ti samapavatta½ citta½ tath±pavattiy± pańń±ya toseti uttejeti. Yad± v± nirass±da½ citta½ bh±van±ya na pakkhandati, tad± j±ti-±d²ni sa½vegavatth³ni paccavekkhitv± sampaha½seti samuttejeti.
Tiriya½ ańńamańńena paricchinn±, katha½? Dve kes± ekato natth²ti. ¾sayoti nissayo, paccayoti attho.
Nakh± tiriya½ ańńamańńena paricchinn±ti visu½ vavatthitata½ sandh±ya vutta½. Tameva hi attha½ dassetu½ “dve nakh± ekato natth²”ti ±h±ti.
Sukhumamp²ti yath±vutta-o¼±rikacammato sukhuma½ antomukhacamm±di. Koµµh±sesu v± tacena paricchinnatt± ya½ durupalakkhaŗ²ya½, ta½ “sukhuman”ti vutta½. Tańhi vuttanayena taca½ vivaritv± passantassa p±kaµa½ hot²ti.
T±lagu¼apaµala½ n±ma pakkat±laphalalasika½ t±lapaµµik±ya limpitv± sukkh±petv± uddharitv± gahitapaµala½.
Eva½ timatt±n²ti eva½-matta-saddehi gopphakaµµhik±d²ni avutt±nipi dasset²ti veditabba½. K²¼±go¼ak±ni suttena bandhitv± ańńamańńa½ ghaµµetv± k²¼anago¼ak±ni.
Tattha jaŖghaµµhikassa patiµµhitaµµh±nanti jaŗŗukaµµhimhi pavisitv± µhitaµµh±nanti adhipp±yo. Tena aµµhin± patiµµhitaµµh±na½ ya½ kaµiµµhino, ta½ aggachinnamah±punn±gaphalasadisa½. S²sakapaµµaveµhaka½ veµhetv± µhapitas²samaya½ paµµaka½. Suttakantanasal±k±viddh± go¼ak± vaµµan±ti vuccanti, vaµµan±na½ ±vali vaµµan±vali. Avalekhanasatthaka½ ucchutac±valekhanasatthaka½.
Vakkabh±gena paricchinnanti vakkapariyantabh±gena paricchinna½.
Sakkharasudh±vaŗŗanti marumpehi katasudh±vaŗŗa½. “Setasakkharasudh±vaŗŗan”ti ca p±µha½ vadanti, setasakkhar±vaŗŗa½ sudh±vaŗŗańc±ti attho.
Yattha annap±na½ nipatitv± tiµµhat²ti sambandho.
Visamacchinnakal±po visama½ udaka½ paggharati, evameva sar²ra½ kesak³p±divivarehi upari heµµh± tiriyańca visama½ paggharat²ti dassetu½ visamacchinna-ggahaŗa½ karoti.
Atikaµuka-accuŗh±diko visabh±g±h±ro uŗhak±le pavattam±n±na½ dh±t³na½ visabh±gatt±.
Ekatt±rammaŗabaleneva v±ti vikkhambhitan²varaŗena susam±hitacittena upaµµhitassa n±n±rammaŗavipphandanavirahena ekasabh±vassa ±rammaŗassa vasena. Tańhi ekatt±rammaŗa½ upaµµhaham±nameva attani abhirati½, s±tisaya½ pharaŗap²ti½, iµµh±k±r±nubhavanańca somanassa½ upp±deti. Na hi abhiratisomanassehi vin± anatikkantap²tisukhassa ekattupaµµh±na½ atth²ti.
Avisesato pana s±dh±raŗavasen±ti paµik³ladh±tuvaŗŗavisesa½ akatv± samathavipassan±s±dh±raŗavasen±ti attho. Tividhen±ti anulom±din± vakkham±nena. Cha m±seti addham±se ³nepi m±saparicchedena paricchijjam±ne sajjh±ye cha m±s± paricchedak± hont²ti katv± vuttanti veditabba½. Paricchijjam±nassa m±santaragamananiv±raŗańhi cham±saggahaŗa½, na sakalacham±se parivattadassanattha½. ¾cariy±ti aµµhakath±cariy±.
Lakkhaŗanti dh±tupaµik³lalakkhaŗa½. Jana½ na arahant²ti ajańń±, jane pavesetu½ ayutt± jigucchan²y±ti vutta½ hoti.
Paµip±µiy± aµµh²n²ti paµip±µiy± aµµh²ni koµiy± µhit±ni. Na ettha koci att± n±ma atthi, aµµh²ni eva aµµhipuńjamatto ev±ya½ saŖgh±µoti dasseti Anekasandhiyamitoti anekehi sandh²hi yamito sambaddho so aµµhipuńjoti dasseti. Na kehic²ti yamenta½ att±na½ paµisedheti. Codito jar±ya maraŗ±bhimukhagamanena codito.
Mah±bh³ta½ up±d±r³pena paricchinna½ “n²la½ p²ta½ sugandha½ duggandhan”ti-±din±. Up±d±r³pa½ mah±bh³tena tannissitassa tassa tato bahi abh±v±. Ch±y±tap±na½ ±tapapaccayach±yupp±dakabh±vo ańńamańńaparicchedakat±. R³pakkhandhassa pariggahitatt± tadantogadh±na½ cakkh±di-±yatanadv±r±na½ vasena ta½ta½dv±rik± ar³pino khandh± p±kaµ± honti, ±yatan±ni ca dv±r±ni ca ±yatanadv±r±n²ti v± attho. Tena r³p±yatan±d²nańca vasen±ti vutta½ hoti.
Sappaccay±ti sappaccayabh±v±, paccay±yatta½ hutv± nibbattanti vutta½ hoti. Sam±no v± sadiso yutto paccayo sappaccayo, tasm± sappaccay±.
Ettakoti yath±vuttena ±k±rena paguŗo koµµh±so. Uggahova uggahasandhi. Vaŗŗ±dimukhena hi upaµµh±na½ ettha sandh²yati sambajjhat²ti “sandh²”ti vuccati.
Upaµµh±t²ti vaŗŗ±divasena upaµµh±t²ti attho. PańcaŖgasamann±gateti n±tid³ran±cc±sannagaman±gamanasampannanti ekaŖga½, div± abbokiŗŗa½ ratti½ appasadda½ appanigghosanti eka½, appa¹a½samakasav±t±tapasar²sapasamphassanti eka½, tasmi½ kho pana sen±sane viharantassa appakasirena uppajjati c²vara…pe… parikkh±roti eka½, tasmi½ pana sen±sane ther± bhikkh³ viharanti bahussut±ti eka½ (a. ni. 10.11). PańcaŖgasamann±gaten±ti app±b±dh±s±µheyyasaddh±pańń±v²riyehi padh±niyaŖgehi samann±gatena.
Uµµh±nakad±yanti tehi khettehi uµµh±naka½, tehi d±tabbadhańńanti attho. Ettha ca aµµhakumbhad±yakakhetta½ viya mukhadhovanakicca½, so¼asakumbhad±yaka½ viya kh±danabhuńjanakicca½ daµµhabba½ lahukagarukabh±vato. Tato pana ya½ dukkha½ nibbattati, ta½ ańńańca dvatti½s±k±ramanasik±rena ca nivattat²ti ±ha “ettheva kamma½ k±tabban”ti. Ett±vat±ti ekadivasa½ ti½sa v±re manasik±raµµhapanena.
Sahassuddh±ra½ s±dhetv±ti sahassava¹¹hita½ iŗa½ yojetv±. Uddharitabboti uddh±roti hi va¹¹hi vuccat²ti. Suddhacitten±ti vikkhep±dikilesavirahitacittena. Kes±d²su tace rajjant± succhavicamma½ tacoti gahetv± “suvaŗŗ±divaŗŗo me taco”ti-±din± rajjanti.
Tesu dve ekamagga½ paµipajjam±n± n±ma na hont²ti yath± tath± v± pal±yant²ti attho. Tattha r±g±divatthubh±vena dvatti½s±k±r±na½ corasadisat± anatth±vahat± daµµhabb±.
Kammameva vises±dhigamassa µh±nanti kammaµµh±na½ bh±van± vuccati. Ten±ha “manasikarontassa appana½ p±puŗ±t²”ti. Kammassa v± bh±van±ya µh±na½ ±rammaŗa½ appan±rammaŗabh±v³pagamanena appana½ p±puŗ±t²ti vutta½.
M±naj±tikoti etena laŖghanasamatthat±yogena upasamarahitata½ dasseti. Cittampi hi tath± n±n±rammaŗesu va¹¹hita½ upasamarahitanti dassetabbanti.
Hatthe gahitapańhavatthu p±katikamev±ti visuddhimagge vuttata½ sandh±y±ha. Tattha hi vutta½–
“M±lakatthero kira d²ghabh±ŗaka-abhayatthera½ hatthe gahetv± ‘±vuso abhaya, ima½ t±va pańha½ uggaŗh±h²’ti vatv± ±ha ‘m±lakatthero dvatti½sakoµµh±sesu dvatti½sapaµhamajjh±nal±bh², sace ratti½ eka½, div± eka½ sam±pajjati, atireka¹¹ham±sena puna sampajjati. Sace pana devasika½ ekameva sam±pajjati, atirekam±sena puna sampajjat²”’ti.
Ida½ pana eka½ manasikarontassa eka½ p±µiyekka½ manasikarontassa dvatti½s±ti etassa s±dhanattha½ nidassanavasena ±n²tanti daµµhabba½.
Anup±dinnakapakkhe µhit±n²ti etena cetiyapabbatav±s² mah±tissatthero viya, saŖgharakkhitattherupaµµh±kas±maŗero viya ca anup±dinnakapakkhe µhapetv± gahetu½ sakkontassa dasavidh±subhavasena j²vam±nakasar²repi upaµµhite upac±rappatti dassit± hot²ti veditabb±. “Atthissa k±ye”ti pana sattavasena kes±d²su gayham±nesu yath± “imasmi½ k±ye”ti satta-ggahaŗarahite aha½k±ravatthumhi viddhast±ha½k±re sad± sannihite p±kaµe ca attano k±ye upaµµh±na½ hoti, na tath± tatth±ti appana½ appatt± ±d²nav±nupassan±va tattha hot²ti adhipp±yen±ha “asubh±nupassan±saŖkh±t± pana vipassan±bh±van± hot²ti veditabb±”ti.
357. ¾dimhi sevan± ±sevan±, va¹¹hana½ bh±van±, punappuna½ karaŗa½ bahul²kammanti ayametesa½ viseso.
362. Vatthuparińń±y±ti abhijjh±domanass±na½ vatthubh³tassa k±yassa parij±nanena. Appit±ti gamit±, s± ca vin±sitat±ti ±ha “vin±sit±”ti. Appavattiya½ µhapit±tipi appit±ti ayamattho niruttisiddhiy± vuttoti daµµhabbo. Vigatant± kat±ti id±ni k±tabbo anto etesa½ natth²ti vigatant±, eva½bh³t± kat±ti attho. Kammameva vises±dhigamassa µh±na½ kammaµµh±na½, kamme v± µh±na½ bh±van±rambho kammaµµh±na½, tańca anupassan±ti ±ha “anupassan±ya kammaµµh±nan”ti, anupassan±ya vuttanti adhipp±yo.

K±y±nupassan±niddesavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.