Pakiººakakath±vaººan±

Samuggama-saddo sañj±tiya½ ±di-uppattiya½ niru¼ho. Ta½ta½paccayasam±yoge hi purimabhavasaªkh±t± purimantato uddhaªgamana½ samuggamo, sandhiya½ v± paµisandhiya½ uggamo samuggamo. So pana yattha pañcakkhandh± paripuºº± samuggacchanti, tattheva dassito. Etena nayena aparipuººakhandhasamuggamo ekavok±racatuvok±resu sakk± viññ±tunti. Atha v± yath±dhigat±na½ pañcannampi khandh±na½ saha uggamo uppatti samuggamo. Etasmi½ atthe vikaluppatti asaªgahit± hoti. Himavantappadese j±timanta-e¼akaloma½ j±ti-uºº±. Sappimaº¹abind³ti eva½ etth±pi bindu-saddo yojetabbo. Eva½vaººappaµibh±ganti eva½vaººa½ eva½saºµh±nañca. Paµibhajana½ v± paµibh±go, sadisat±bhajana½ sadisat±patt²ti attho. Eva½vidho vaººappaµibh±go etass±ti eva½vaººappaµibh±ga½.
Santatis²s±n²ti santatim³l±ni, santatikoµµh±s± v±. Anekindriyasam±h±rabh±vato hi padh±naªga½ “s²san”ti vuccati, eva½ vatthudasak±dikoµµh±s± anekar³pasamud±yabh³t± “s²s±n²”ti vutt±n²ti.
Pañcakkhandh± paripuºº± hont²ti gaºan±p±rip³ri½ sandh±ya vutta½, na tassa tassa khandhassa paripuººata½. Kammasamuµµh±napaveºiy± vuttatt± “utucitt±h±rajapaveº² ca ettaka½ k±la½ atikkamitv± hot²”ti-±din± vattabb± siy±, ta½ pana “pubb±parato”ti ettha vakkhat²ti akathetv± kammajapaveº² ca na sabb± vutt±ti avutta½ dassetu½ opap±tikasamuggamo n±ma dassito. Eva½…pe… pañcakkhandh± paripuºº± hont²ti paripuºº±yatan±na½ vasena nayo dassito, aparipuºº±yatan±na½ pana k±m±vacar±na½ r³p±vacar±na½ parih²n±yatanassa vasena santatis²sah±ni veditabb±.
Pubb±paratoti aya½ vic±raº± na pañcanna½ khandh±na½ uppattiya½, atha kho tesa½ r³pasamuµµh±paneti daµµhabb±. Ta½ dassento ±ha “eva½ pan±”ti-±di. Apacch±-apure uppannes³ti etena sa½sayak±raºa½ dasseti. Sahuppannesu hi idameva paµhama½ r³pa½ samuµµh±peti, ida½ pacch±ti adassita½ na sakk± viññ±tu½. Ettha ca “pubb±parato”ti etiss± vic±raº±ya vatthubh±vena paµisandhiya½ uppann± pavatt± pañcakkhandh± gahit±. Tattha ca niddh±raºe bhummaniddesoti “r³pa½ paµhama½ r³pa½ samuµµh±pet²”ti ±ha. Aññath± bh±venabh±valakkhaºatthe bhummaniddese sati r³passa r³pasamuµµh±panakkhaºe kammassapi r³pasamuµµh±na½ vadant²ti ubhayanti vattabba½ siy±ti. R³p±r³pasantatiñca gahetv± aya½ vic±raº± pavatt±ti “r³pa½ paµhama½ r³pa½ samuµµh±pet²”ti vutta½. Aññath± paµisandhikkhaºe eva vijjam±ne gahetv± vic±raº±ya kariyam±n±ya ar³passa r³pasamuµµh±panameva natth²ti pubb±parasamuµµh±panavic±raº±va idha na upapajjat²ti vattabba½ siy±ti. Vatthu upp±dakkhaºe dubbala½ hot²ti sabbar³p±na½ upp±dakkhaºe dubbalata½ sandh±ya vutta½. Tad± hi ta½ pacch±j±tapaccayarahita½ ±h±r±d²hi ca anupatthaddhanti “dubbalan”ti vutta½. Kammavegakkhittatt±ti ida½ satipi bhavaªgassa kammajabh±ve s±ya½ vip±kasantati paµisandhikkhaºe purimabhavaªgasamuµµh±pakato aññena kammun± khitt± viya appatiµµhit±, tato parañca sam±nasantatiya½ anantarapaccaya½ purej±tapaccayañca labhitv± patiµµhit±ti imamattha½ sandh±ya vutta½.
Paveº² ghaµiyat²ti cakkh±divatthusantati ekasmi½ vijjam±ne eva aññassa nirodhuppattivasena ghaµiyati, na cutipaµisandhinissayavatth³na½ viya vicchedappavatt²ti attho. Aªgatoti jh±naªgato. Jh±naªg±ni hi cittena saha r³pasamuµµh±pak±ni, tesa½ anubalad±yak±ni maggaªg±d²ni tesu vijjam±nesu visesar³pappavattidassanato. Atha v± y±ni cittaªg±ni cetan±d²ni cittassa r³pasamuµµh±pane aªgabh±va½ sah±yabh±va½ gacchanti, tesa½ balad±yakehi jh±naªg±d²hi aparih²nanti attho. Tato parih²natt± hi cakkhuviññ±º±d²ni r³pa½ na samuµµh±pent²ti. Yo pana vadeyya “paµisandhicittena sahaj±tavatthu tassa µhitikkhaºe ca bhaªgakkhaºe ca purej±tanti katv± paccayavekall±bh±vato tasmi½ khaºadvaye r³pa½ samuµµh±pet³”ti, ta½ niv±rento ±ha “yadi hi cittan”ti-±di. Tattha µhitibhaªgakkhaºesupi tesa½ dhamm±na½ vatthu purej±ta½ na hot²ti na vattabbamevetanti anuj±ni, tatth±pi dosa½ dasseti. Yadi tad± r³pa½ samuµµh±peyya, tava matena paµisandhicittampi samuµµh±peyya, tad± pana r³pupp±danameva natthi. Yad± ca r³pupp±dana½, tad± upp±dakkhaºe tava matenapi paccayavekallameva paµisandhikkhaºe purej±tanissay±bh±vato, tasm± paµisandhicitta½ r³pa½ na samuµµh±pet²ti ayamettha adhipp±yo. Upp±dakkhaºe aµµha r³p±ni gahetv± uµµhahati. Kasm±? Ar³padhamm±na½ anantar±dipaccayavasena saveg±na½ paripuººabal±nameva uppattito.
Avisayat±y±ti agatapubbassa g±massa ±gantukassa avisayabh±vato. Appahutat±y±ti tattha tassa anissarabh±vato. Cittasamuµµh±na…pe… µhit±n²ti ida½ yeh±k±rehi cittasamuµµh±nar³p±na½ cittacetasik± paccay± honti, tehi sabbehi paµisandhiya½ cittacetasik± samati½sakammajar³p±na½ yath±sambhava½ paccay± hont²ti katv± vutta½.
Vaµµam³lanti taºh± avijj± vuccati. Cuticittena uppajjam±na½ r³pa½ tato purimatarehi uppajjam±na½ viya na bhavantare uppajjat²ti vaµµam³lassa v³pasantatt± anuppatti vic±retabb±.
R³passa natthit±y±ti r³p±na½ nissaraºatt± ar³passa, vir±gavasena pah²natt± upp±detabbassa abh±va½ sandh±ya vutta½. R³pok±se v± r³pa½ atth²ti katv± r³papaccay±na½ r³pupp±dana½ hoti, ar³pa½ pana r³passa ok±so na hot²ti yasmi½ r³pe sati citta½ añña½ r³pa½ upp±deyya, tadeva tattha natth²ti attho. Purimar³passapi hi paccayabh±vo atthi puttassa pitisadisat±dassanatoti.
Utu pana paµhama½ r³pa½ samuµµh±peti paµisandhicittassa µhitikkhaºe samuµµh±panatoti adhipp±yo. Utu n±ma cesa dandhanirodhoti-±di utussa µh±nakkhaºe upp±dane k±raºadassanattha½ ar³p±na½ upp±dak±ladassanatthañca vutta½. Dandhanirodhatt± hi so µhitikkhaºe balav±ti tad± r³pa½ samuµµh±peti, tasmi½ dharante eva khippanirodhatt± so¼asasu cittesu uppannesu paµisandhi-anantara½ citta½ utun± samuµµhite r³pe puna samuµµh±pet²ti adhipp±yo. Tasmi½ dharante eva so¼asa citt±ni uppajjitv± nirujjhant²ti etena pana vacanena yadi upp±danirodhakkhaº± dharam±nakkhaºe eva gahit±, “so¼asacittakkhaº±yuka½ r³pan”ti vutta½ hoti, athupp±dakkhaºa½ aggahetv± nirodhakkhaºova gahito, “sattarasacittakkhaº±yukan”ti, sace nirodhakkhaºa½ aggahetv± upp±dakkhaºo gahito, “adhikaso¼asacittakkhaº±yukan”ti, yadi pana upp±danirodhakkhaº± dharam±nakkhaºe na gahit±, “adhikasattarasacittakkhaº±yukan”ti. Yasm± pana “tesu paµisandhi-anantaran”ti paµisandhipi tassa dharam±nakkhaºe uppannesu gahit±, tasm± upp±dakkhaºo dharam±nakkhaºe gahitoti nirodhakkhaºe aggahite adhikaso¼asacittakkhaº±yukat± vakkham±n±, gahite v± so¼asacittakkhaº±yukat± adhippet±ti veditabb±.
Oj± khar±ti savatthuka½ oja½ sandh±y±ha. Sabh±vato sukhum±ya hi oj±ya vatthuvasena atthi o¼±rikasukhumat±ti.
Cittañcev±ti cittassa pubbaªgamat±ya vutta½, ta½sampayuttak±pi pana r³pasamuµµh±pak± hont²ti. Yath±ha “het³ hetusampayuttak±na½ dhamm±na½ ta½samuµµh±n±nañca r³p±na½ hetupaccayena paccayo”ti-±di (paµµh±. 1.1.1). Cittanti v± cittupp±da½ gaºh±ti, na kammacetana½ viya ekadhammameva avijjam±na½. Kammasamuµµh±nañca ta½sampayuttehipi samuµµhita½ hot³ti ce? Na, tehi samuµµhitabh±vassa avuttatt±, avacanañca tesa½ kenaci paccayena paccayabh±v±bh±vato.
Addh±naparicchedatoti k±laparicchedato. Tattha “sattarasa cittakkhaº± r³passa addh±, r³passa sattarasamo bh±go ar³pass±”ti eso addh±naparicchedo adhippeto. Paµisandhikkhaºeti ida½ nayadassanamatta½ daµµhabba½ tato parampi r³p±r³p±na½ sahuppattisabbh±vato, na paneta½ paµisandhikkhaºe asahuppatti-abh±va½ sandh±ya vuttanti daµµhabba½, paµisandhicittassa µhitibhaªgakkhaºesupi r³puppatti½ sayameva vakkhat²ti. Phalappattanidassanena ca r³p±r³p±na½ asam±nak±lata½ nidasseti, na sahupp±da½ tadattha½ an±raddhatt±. Sahupp±dena pana asam±nak±lat± sukhad²pan± hot²ti ta½d²panatthameva sahupp±daggahaºa½.
Yadi eva½ r³p±r³p±na½ asam±naddhatt± ar³pa½ oh±ya r³passa pavatti ±pajjat²ti etass± niv±raºattham±ha “tattha kiñc±p²”ti-±di. Ekappam±º±v±ti nirantara½ pavattam±nesu r³p±r³padhammesu nicchiddesu ar³parahita½ r³pa½, r³parahita½ v± ar³pa½ natth²ti katv± vutta½. Ayañca kath± pañcavok±re kammajar³pappavatti½ nibb±napaµibh±ganirodhasam±pattirahita½ sandh±ya kat±ti daµµhabb±. Pade padanti attano pade eva pada½ nikkhipanto viya lahu½ lahu½ akkamitv±ti attho. Anoh±y±ti y±va cuti, t±va avijahitv±, cutikkhaºe pana saheva nirujjhant²ti. Yasmiñcaddh±ne aññamañña½ anoh±ya pavatti, so ca paµisandhicutiparicchinno ukka½sato etesa½ addh±ti. Evanti etena pubbe vutta½ avaka½sato addh±pak±ra½ imañca saªgaºh±t²ti daµµhabba½.
Ekupp±dan±n±nirodhatoti eta½ dvayamapi saha gahetv± r³p±r³p±na½ “ekupp±dan±n±nirodhato”ti eko daµµhabb±k±ro vuttoti daµµhabbo. Eva½ ito paresupi. Pacchimakammaja½ µhapetv±ti tassa cuticittena saha nirujjhanato n±n±nirodho natth²ti katv± vuttanti vadanti. Tassa pana ekupp±dopi natthi heµµh± so¼asake pacchimassa bhaªgakkhaºe uppattivacanato. Yadi pana yassa ekupp±dan±n±nirodh± dvepi na santi, ta½ µhapetabba½. Sabbampi cittassa bhaªgakkhaºe uppanna½ µhapetabba½ siy±, pacchimakammajassa pana uppattito parato cittesu pavattam±nesu kammajar³passa anuppattito vajjetabba½ gahetabbañca tad± natth²ti “pacchimakammaja½ µhapetv±”ti vuttanti veditabba½. Tato pubbe pana aµµhacatt±l²sakammajar³papaveº² atth²ti tattha ya½ cittassa upp±dakkhaºe uppanna½, ta½ aññassa upp±dakkhaºe nirujjhat²ti “ekupp±dan±n±nirodhan”ti gahetv± µhitibhaªgakkhaºesu uppannar³p±ni vajjetv± eva½ ekupp±dan±n±nirodhato veditabb±ti yojan± kat±ti daµµhabb±. Tañhi r³pa½ ar³pena, ar³pañca tena ekupp±dan±n±nirodhanti. Tattha saªkhalikassa viya sambandho paveº²ti katv± aµµhacatt±l²sakammajiyavacana½ kata½, aññath± ek³napaññ±sakammajiyavacana½ kattabba½ siy±.
N±nupp±da…pe… pacchimakammajena d²petabb±ti tena sud²panatt± vutta½. Etena hi nayena sakk± tato pubbepi ekassa cittassa bhaªgakkhaºe uppannar³pa½ aññassapi bhaªgakkhaºe eva nirujjhat²ti ta½ ar³pena, ar³pañca tena n±nupp±da½ ekanirodhanti viññ±tunti. Ubhayatth±pi pana aññassa cittassa µhitikkhaºe uppanna½ r³pa½ aññassa µhitikkhaºe, tassa µhitikkhaºe uppajjitv± µhitikkhaºe eva nirujjhanaka½ ar³pañca na saªgahita½, ta½ “n±nupp±dato n±n±nirodhato”ti ettheva saªgaha½ gacchat²ti veditabba½. Catusantatikar³pena hi n±nupp±dan±n±nirodhat±d²pan± ettha µhitikkhaºe uppannassa dassitatt± adassitassa vasena nayadassana½ hot²ti. Samati½sakammajar³pesu eva µhitassapi gabbhe gatassa maraºa½ atth²ti tesa½ eva vasena pacchimakampi yojita½. Amar± n±ma bhaveyyu½, kasm±? Yath± channa½ vatth³na½ pavatti eva½ tadupp±dakakammeneva bhavaªg±d²nañca tabbatthuk±na½ pavattiy± bhavitabbanti. Na hi ta½ k±raºa½ atthi, yena ta½ kammajesu ekacca½ pavatteyya, ekacca½ na pavatteyy±ti. Tasm± ±yu-usm±viññ±º±d²na½ j²vitasaªkh±r±na½ an³natt± vutta½ “amar± n±ma bhaveyyun”ti.
“Upp±dakkhaºe uppanna½ aññassa upp±dakkhaºe nirujjhati, µhitikkhaºe uppanna½ aññassa µhitikkhaºe, bhaªgakkhaºe uppanna½ aññassa bhaªgakkhaºe nirujjhat²”ti ida½ aµµhakath±ya½ ±gatatt± vuttanti adhipp±yo. Attano pan±dhipp±ya½ upp±dakkhaºe uppanna½ nirodhakkhaºe, µhitikkhaºe uppannañca upp±dakkhaºe, bhaªgakkhaºe uppanna½ µhitikkhaºe nirujjhat²ti d²petiyeva. Evañca katv± addh±naparicchede “ta½ pana sattarasamena cittena saddhi½ nirujjhat²”ti (vibha. aµµha. 26 pakiººakakath±) vutta½. Im±ya p±¼iy± virujjhati, kasm±? Catusamuµµh±nikar³passapi sam±n±yukat±ya bhavitabbatt±ti adhipp±yo. Yath± pana etehi yojita½, tath± r³passa ekupp±dan±n±nirodhat± n±nupp±dekanirodhat± ca natthiyeva.
Y± pana etehi r³passa sattarasacittakkhaº±yukat± vutt±, y± ca aµµhakath±ya½ tatiyabh±g±dhikaso¼asacittakkhaº±yukat±, s± paµiccasamupp±davibhaªgaµµhakath±ya½ (vibha. aµµha. 227) at²t±rammaº±ya cutiy± anantar± paccuppann±rammaºa½ paµisandhi½ dassetu½ “ett±vat± ek±dasa cittakkhaº± at²t± honti, tath± pañcadasa cittakkhaº± at²t± honti, ath±vasesapañcacitta-ekacittakkhaº±yuke tasmi½ yev±rammaºe paµisandhicitta½ uppajjat²”ti dassitena so¼asacittakkhaº±yukabh±vena virujjhati. Na hi sakk± “µhitikkhaºe eva r³pa½ ±p±tham±gacchat²”ti vattu½. Tath± hi sati na r³passa ek±dasa v± pañcadaseva v± cittakkhaº± at²t±, atha kho atireka-ek±dasapañcadasacittakkhaº±. Tasm± yadipi pañcadv±re µhitippattameva r³pa½ pas±da½ ghaµµet²ti yujjeyya, manodv±re pana upp±dakkhaºepi ±p±tham±gacchat²ti icchitabbameta½. Na hi manodv±re at²t±d²su kiñci ±p±tha½ n±gacchat²ti. Manodv±re ca eva½ vutta½ “ek±dasa cittakkhaº± at²t±, ath±vasesapañcacittakkhaº±yuke”ti (vibha. aµµha. 227).
Yo cettha cittassa µhitikkhaºo vutto, so ca atthi natth²ti vic±retabbo. Cittayamake (yama. 2.cittayamaka.102) hi “uppanna½ uppajjam±nanti? Bhaªgakkhaºe uppanna½, no ca uppajjam±nan”ti ettakameva vutta½, na vutta½ “µhitikkhaºe bhaªgakkhaºe c±”ti. Tath± “nuppajjam±na½ nuppannanti? Bhaªgakkhaºe nuppajjam±na½, no ca nuppannan”ti ettakameva vutta½, na vutta½ “µhitikkhaºe bhaªgakkhaºe c±”ti. Eva½ “na niruddha½ na nirujjham±na½, na nirujjham±na½ na niruddhan”ti etesa½ paripuººavissajjane “upp±dakkhaºe an±gatañc±”ti vatv± “µhitikkhaºe”ti avacana½, atikkantak±lav±re ca “bhaªgakkhaºe citta½ upp±dakkhaºa½ v²tikkantan”ti vatv± “µhitikkhaºe”ti avacana½ µhitikkhaº±bh±va½ cittassa d²peti. Suttesupi hi “µhitassa aññathatta½ paññ±yat²”ti tasseva (sa½. ni. 3.38; a. ni. 3.47) ekassa aññathatt±bh±vato “yass± aññathatta½ paññ±yati, s± santatiµhit²”ti na na sakk± vattunti, vijjam±na½ v± khaºadvayasamaªgi½ µhitanti.
Yo cettha cittanirodhakkhaºe r³pupp±do vutto, so ca vic±retabbo “yassa v± pana samudayasacca½ nirujjhati, tassa dukkhasacca½ uppajjat²ti? Noti vuttan”ti (yama. 1.saccayamaka.136). Yo ca cittassa upp±dakkhaºe r³panirodho vutto, so ca vic±retabbo “yassa kusal± dhamm± uppajjanti, tassa aby±kat± dhamm± nirujjhant²ti? Noti-±di (yama. 3.dhammayamaka.163) vuttan”ti. Na ca cittasamuµµh±nar³pameva sandh±ya paµikkhepo katoti sakk± vattu½ cittasamuµµh±nar³p±dhik±rassa abh±v±, aby±katasaddassa ca cittasamuµµh±nar³pesveva appavattito. Yadi saªkh±rayamake k±yasaªkh±rassa cittasaªkh±rena sahupp±dekanirodhavacanato aby±kata-saddena cittasamuµµh±namevettha gahitanti k±raºa½ vadeyya, tampi ak±raºa½. Na hi tena vacanena aññar³p±na½ cittena sahupp±dasahanirodhapaµikkhepo kato, n±pi n±nupp±dan±n±nirodh±nuj±nana½, neva cittasamuµµh±nato aññassa aby±katabh±vaniv±raºañca kata½, tasm± tath± appaµikkhitt±n±nuññ±t±niv±rit±by±katabh±v±na½ sahupp±dasahanirodh±dik±na½ kammaj±d²na½ etena cittassa upp±dakkhaºe nirodho paµikkhittoti na sakk± kammaj±d²na½ cittassa upp±dakkhaºe nirodha½ vattu½. Yamakap±¼i-anussaraºe ca sati upp±d±nantara½ cittassa bhijjam±nat±ti tasmi½ khaºe citta½ na ca r³pa½ samuµµh±peti vinassam±natt±, n±pi ca aññassa r³pasamuµµh±pakassa sah±yabh±va½ gacchat²ti paµisandhicittena sahuppanno utu tadanantarassa cittassa upp±dakkhaºe r³pa½ samuµµh±peyya. Evañca sati r³p±r³p±na½ ±dimhi saha r³pasamuµµh±panato pubb±paratoti idampi natthi, atilahuparivattañca cittanti yena sahuppajjati, ta½ cittakkhaºe r³pa½ uppajjam±namev±ti sakk± vattu½. Teneva hi ta½ paµisandhito uddha½ acittasamuµµh±n±na½ attan± saha uppajjam±n±na½ na kenaci paccayena paccayo hoti, tadanantarañca ta½ µhitippattanti tadanantara½ citta½ tassa pacch±j±tapaccayo hoti, na sahaj±tapaccayoti. Yadi eva½ “yassa k±yasaªkh±ro uppajjati, tassa vac²saªkh±ro nirujjhat²ti? No”ti (yama. 2.saªkh±rayamaka.128), vattabbanti ce? Na, cittanirodhakkhaºe r³pupp±d±rambh±bh±vatoti. Nippariy±yena hi cittassa upp±dakkhaºe eva r³pa½ uppajjam±na½ hoti, cittakkhaºe pana av²tivatte ta½ attano r³pasamuµµh±panapurej±tapaccayakicca½ na karoti, ar³pañca tassa pacch±j±tapaccayo na hot²ti µhitippattivises±l±bha½ sandh±ya pariy±yena ida½ vuttanti.
Tato para½ pan±ti etassa “ettha pana yadetan”ti-±dik±yapi saªgahakath±ya niµµhit±ya purimakath±ya sanniµµh±nato “tato paµµh±ya kammajar³papaveº² na pavattat²”ti etena saha sambandhoti cutito paranti attho.
R³pa½ pana r³pena sah±ti-±din± yath± aµµhakath±ya½ vutta½, tath± ekupp±dekanirodhat± r³p±na½ ar³pehi, ar³p±na½ r³pehi ca natth²ti katv± r³p±na½ r³peheva, ar³p±nañca ar³pehi yojit±.
Sar²rassa r³pa½ avayavabh³tanti attho, ghanabh³to puñjabh±vo ghanapuñjabh±vo, na tilamugg±dipuñj± viya sithilasambandhan±na½ puñjoti attho. Ekupp±d±dit±ti yath±vutte tayo pak±re ±ha.
Heµµh±ti r³pakaº¹avaººan±ya½. Parinipphann±va hont²ti vik±rar³p±d²nañca r³pakaº¹avaººan±ya½ parinipphannat±pariy±yo vuttoti katv± vutta½. Parinipphannanipphann±na½ ko visesoti? Pubbant±parantaparicchinno paccayehi nipph±dito tilakkhaº±hato sabh±vadhammo parinipphanno, nipphanno pana asabh±vadhammopi hoti n±maggahaºasam±pajjan±divasena nipph±diyam±noti. Nirodhasam±patti pan±ti etena sabbampi up±d±paññatti½ tadekadesena dasset²ti veditabba½.

Pakiººakakath±vaººan± niµµhit±.