Bhavacakkakath±vaººan±

242. Samitanti saªgata½, abbocchinnanti attho. K±may±nass±ti k±mayam±nassa, k±mo y±na½ etass±ti v± k±may±no, tassa k±may±nassa. Ruppat²ti sokena ruppati.
Pariyuµµh±nat±ya tiµµhanas²lo pariyuµµh±naµµh±y². “Pariyuµµhaµµh±yino”ti v± p±µho, tattha pariyuµµh±t²ti pariyuµµha½, diµµhipariyuµµha½, tena tiµµhat²ti pariyuµµhaµµh±y²ti attho daµµhabbo. Pañca pubbanimitt±n²ti “m±l± mil±yanti, vatth±ni kilissanti, kacchehi sed± muccanti, k±ye vevaººiya½ okkamati, devo dev±sane n±bhiramat²”ti (itivu. 83) vutt±ni pañca maraºapubbanimitt±n²ti attho. T±ni hi disv± kammanibbattakkhandhasaªkh±te upapattibhave bhavachandabalena dev±na½ balavasoko uppajjat²ti. B±loti avidv±. Tena avijj±ya k±raºabh±va½ dasseti. Tividhanti tass±ruppakath±savanakammak±raº±dassanamaraºak±lakammopaµµh±nanid±na½ sok±didukkha½. ¾save s±dhent²ti ±save gamenti bodhent²ti attho.
Eva½ sat²ti avidit±dit±ya an±dibh±ve sati. ¾dimattakathananti-±di etassa atth²ti ±dima½, bhavacakka½. Tassa bh±vo ±dimatta½, tassa kathana½ ±dimattakathana½. Visesanivatti-attho v± matta-saddo, sati an±dibh±ve avijj± ±dimhi majjhe pariyos±ne ca sabbattha siy±ti ±dimatt±ya avijj±ya kathana½ virujjhat²ti attho. Avijj±ggahaºen±ti avijj±ya upp±danena kathanena, appah±nena v±, attano sant±ne sannihitabh±vakaraºen±ti attho. Kamm±d²n²ti kammavip±kavaµµ±ni. Vaµµak±raºabh±vena padh±natt± “padh±nadhammo”ti avijj± kathit±. Vadat²ti vado. Vedeti, vediyat²ti v± vedeyyo, sukh±di½ anubhavati, sabbavisaye v± j±n±ti, “sukhito”ti-±din± attan± parehi ca j±n±ti ñ±yati c±ti attho. Brahm±din± v± attan± v±ti -saddo ca-saddattho. Ten±ha “k±rakavedakarahitan”ti ca-saddatthasam±sa½.
Dv±dasavidhasuññat±suññanti avijj±d²na½ dv±dasavidh±na½ suññat±ya suñña½, catubbidhampi v± suññata½ eka½ katv± dv±dasaªgat±ya dv±dasavidh±ti t±ya dv±dasavidh±ya suññat±ya suññanti attho.
Pubbant±haraºatoti pubbantato paccuppannavip±kassa ±haraºato paricchinnavedan±vas±na½ eta½ bhavacakkanti attho. Bhavacakkekadesopi hi bhavacakkanti vuccati. Vedan± v± taºh±sah±y±ya avijj±ya paccayo hot²ti vedan±to avijj±, tato saªkh±r±ti sambajjhanato vedan±vas±na½ bhavacakkanti yuttameta½, eva½ taºh±m³lake ca yojetabba½. Dvinnampi hi aññamañña½ anuppaveso hot²ti. Avijj± dhammasabh±va½ paµicch±detv± vipar²t±bhinivesa½ karont² diµµhicarite sa½s±re nayati, tesa½ v± sa½s±ra½ saªkh±r±dipavatti½ nayati pavattet²ti “sa½s±ran±yik±”ti vutt±. Phaluppattiy±ti kattuniddeso. Viññ±º±dipaccuppannaphaluppatti hi idha diµµh±, adiµµh±nañca purimabhave attano het³na½ avijj±saªkh±r±na½ phala½ ajanetv± anupacchijjana½ pak±seti. Atha v± purimabhavacakka½ dutiyena sambandha½ vuttanti vedan±saªkh±tassa phalassa uppattiy± taºh±d²na½ het³na½ anupaccheda½ pak±seti, tasm± phaluppattiy± k±raºabh³t±ya paµhamassa bhavacakkassa het³na½ anupacchedappak±sanatoti attho. Saªkh±r±d²nameva v± phal±na½ uppattiy± avijj±d²na½ het³na½ phala½ ajanetv± anupacchedameva, viññ±º±dihet³na½ v± saªkh±r±d²na½ anubandhanameva pak±seti paµhama½ bhavacakka½, na dutiya½ viya pariyos±namp²ti “phaluppattiy± het³na½ anupacchedappak±sanato”ti vutta½. “Viññ±ºapaccay± n±mar³pan”ti ettha aparipuºº±yatanakalalar³pa½ vatv± tato uddha½ “n±mar³papaccay± sa¼±yatanan”ti sa¼±yatanappavatti vutt±ti ±ha “anupubbapavattid²panato”ti. “Bhavapaccay± j±t²”ti ettha na ±yatan±na½ kamena uppatti vutt±ti ±ha “sahuppattid²panato”ti.
Hetu-±dipubbak± tayo sandh² etass±ti hetuphalahetupubbakatisandhi, bhavacakka½. Hetuphalahetuphalavasena catuppabhedo aªg±na½ saªgaho etass±ti catubhedasaªgaha½. Sar³pato avutt±pi tasmi½ tasmi½ saªgahe ±kir²yanti avijj±saªkh±r±diggahaºehi pak±s²yant²ti ±k±r±, at²tahetu-±d²na½ v± pak±r± ±k±r±. Kilesakammavip±k± vip±kakilesakammehi sambandh± hutv± punappuna½ parivattant²ti tesu vaµµan±ma½ ±ropetv± “tivaµµan”ti vutta½, vaµµekadesatt± v± “vaµµ±n²”ti vutt±ni.
Sandh²na½ ±dipariyos±navavatthit±ti sandh²na½ pubb±paravavatthit±ti attho.
“Y± k±ci v± pana cetan± bhavo, cetan±sampayutt± ±y³hanasaªkh±r±”ti ida½ imiss± dhammaµµhitiñ±ºabh±jan²ye vutt±ya paµisambhid±p±¼iy± (paµi. ma. 1.47) vasena vutta½. Ettha hi “cetan± bhavo”ti ±gat±ti. Bhavaniddese pana “s±tthato”ti ettha “cetan±va saªkh±r±, bhavo pana cetan±sampayutt±p²”ti vibhaªgap±¼iy± vasena dassita½. “Tattha katamo puññ±bhisaªkh±ro? Kusal± cetan± k±m±vacar±”ti-±din± hi saªkh±r±na½ cetan±bh±vo vibhaªgap±¼iya½ (vibha. 226) vuttoti. Tattha paµisambhid±p±¼iya½ “cetan±sampayutt± vip±kadhammatt± savip±kena ±y³hanasaªkh±tena saªkhat±bhisaªkharaºakiccena saªkh±r±”ti vutt±. Vibhaªgap±¼iya½ (vibha. 234) “sabbampi bhavag±mikamma½ kammabhavo”ti bhavassa paccayabh±vena bhavag±mibh±vato kammasa½saµµhasah±yat±ya kammabh±vato ca upapattibhava½ bh±vent²ti bhavoti vutt±, upapattibhavabh±vanakicca½ pana cetan±ya s±tisayanti paµisambhid±p±¼iya½ cetan± “bhavo”ti vutt±, bhav±bhisaªkharaºakicca½ cetan±ya s±tisayanti vibhaªgap±¼iya½ “kusal± cetan±”ti-±din± cetan± “saªkh±r±”ti vutt±, tasm± tena tena pariy±yena ubhaya½ ubhayattha vattu½ yuttanti natthettha virodho Gahaºanti k±mup±d±na½ kiccen±ha. Par±masananti itar±ni. ¾y³han±vas±neti t²supi atthavikappesu vuttassa ±y³hanassa avas±ne.
Dv²su atthavikappesu vutte ±y³hanasaªkh±re “tassa pubbabh±g±”ti ±ha, tatiye vutte “ta½sampayutt±”ti. Daharassa cittappavatti bhavaªgabahul± yebhuyyena bhavantarajanakakamm±y³hanasamatth± na hot²ti “idha paripakkatt± ±yatan±nan”ti vutta½. Kammakaraºak±le sammohoti etena kammassa paccayabh³ta½ sammoha½ dasseti, na kammasampayuttameva.
Kamm±neva vip±ka½ sambharanti va¹¹hent²ti kammasambh±r±, kamma½ v± saªkh±rabhav±, tadupak±rak±ni avijj±taºhup±d±n±ni kammasambh±r±, paµisandhid±yako v± bhavo kamma½, tadupak±rak± yath±vutta-±y³hanasaªkh±r± avijj±dayo ca kammasambh±r±ti kammañca kammasambh±r± ca kammasambh±r±ti ekasesa½ katv± “kammasambh±r±”ti ±ha. Dasa dhamm± kammanti avijj±dayopi kammasah±yat±ya kammasarikkhak± tadupak±rak± c±ti “kamman”ti vutt±.
Saªkhippanti ettha avijj±dayo viññ±º±dayo c±ti saªkhepo, kamma½ vip±ko ca. Kamma½ vip±koti eva½ saªkhip²yat²ti v± saªkhepo, avijj±dayo viññ±º±dayo ca. Saªkhepabh±vas±maññena pana ekavacana½ katanti daµµhabba½. Saªkhepasaddo v± bh±g±dhivacananti kammabh±go kammasaªkhepo.
Eva½ samuppannanti kammato vip±ko. Tatth±pi avijj±to saªkh±r±ti eva½ samuppanna½, tisandhi-±divasena v± samuppanna½ ida½ bhavacakkanti attho. Ittaranti gamanadhamma½, vinassadhammanti attho. Tena upp±davayavantat±d²pakena anicca-saddena vik±r±pattid²pakena cala-saddena ca ad²pita½ k±lantaraµµh±yit±paµikkhepa½ d²peti, adhuvanti etena thirabh±vapaµikkhepa½ niss±rata½. Het³ eva sambh±r± hetusambh±r±. “Ýh±naso hetuso”ti ettha eva½ vutta½ v± µh±na½, aññampi tassa tassa s±dh±raºa½ k±raºa½ sambh±ro, as±dh±raºa½ hetu. Evanti eva½ hetuto dhammamattasambhave hetunirodh± ca vaµµupacchede dhamme ca ta½nirodh±ya desite sat²ti attho. Brahmacariya½ idha brahmacariyidha. Satte c±ti ettha ca-saddo eva½ brahmacariyañca vijjati, sassatucched± ca na hont²ti samuccayattho. Evañhi hetu-±yatte dhammamattasambhave satto nupalabbhati, tasmiñca upalabbhante sassato ucchedo v± siy±, nupalabbhante tasmi½ nevucchedo na sassatanti vutta½ hoti.
Saccappabhavatoti saccato, sacc±na½ v± pabhavato. Kusal±kusala½ kammanti vaµµakath±ya vattam±natt± s±savanti viññ±yati. Avisesen±ti cetan± cetan±sampayuttak±ti visesa½ akatv± sabbampi ta½ kusal±kusala½ kamma½ “samudayasaccan”ti vuttanti attho. “Taºh± ca…pe… avases± ca s±sav± kusal± dhamm±”ti hi cetan±cetan±sampayuttavisesa½ akatv± vuttanti, ariyasaccavisesa½ v± akatv± samudayasaccanti vuttanti attho.
Vatth³s³ti ±rammaºesu, cakkh±d²su v± paµicch±detabbesu vatth³su. Sok±d²na½ adhiµµh±natt±ti tesa½ k±raºatt±, tehi siddh±ya avijj±ya sahitehi saªkh±rehi paccayo ca hoti bhavantarap±tubh±v±y±ti adhipp±yo. Cuticitta½ v± paµisandhiviññ±ºassa anantarapaccayo hot²ti “paccayo ca hoti bhavantarap±tubh±v±y±”ti vutta½ Ta½ pana cuticitta½ avijj±saªkh±rarahita½ bhavantarassa paccayo na hot²ti tassa sah±yadassanattham±ha “sok±d²na½ adhiµµh±natt±”ti. Dvidh±ti attanoyeva sarasena dhammantarapaccayabh±vena c±ti dvidh±.
Avijj±paccay± saªkh±r±ti etena saªkh±r±na½ paccayuppannat±dassanena “ko nu kho abhisaªkharot²ti esa no kallo pañho”ti dasseti. Teneta½ k±rakadassananiv±raºanti. Evam±didassananiv±raºanti etena “socati paridevati dukkhito”ti-±didassananiv±raºam±ha. Sok±dayopi hi paccay±yatt± avasavattinoti “j±tipaccay± jar±maraºa½ soka…pe… sambhavant²”ti etena vuttanti.
Gaº¹abhedap²¼ak± viy±ti gaº¹abhedanattha½ paccam±ne gaº¹e tassapi upari j±yam±nakhuddakap²¼ak± viya, gaº¹assa v± anekadh±bhede p²¼ak± viya. Gaº¹avik±r± s³nat±sar±gapubbagahaº±dayo.
Paµal±bhibh³tacakkhuko r³p±ni na passati, kiñcipi passanto ca vipar²ta½ passati, eva½ avijj±bhibh³to dukkh±d²ni na paµipajjati na passati, micch± v± paµipajjat²ti paµala½ viya avijj± kimin± viya attan± katatt± vaµµassa attanoyeva paribbhamanak±raºatt± ca kosappades± viya saªkh±r±, saªkh±rapariggaha½ vin± patiµµha½ alabham±na½ viññ±ºa½ pariº±yakapariggaha½ vin± patiµµha½ alabham±no r±jakum±ro viy±ti pariggahena vin± patiµµh±l±bho ettha s±mañña½. Upapattinimittanti kamm±di-±rammaºam±ha. Parikappanatoti ±rammaºakaraºato, sampayuttena v± vitakkena vitakkanato. Devamanussamigavihaªg±divividhappak±rat±ya m±y± viya n±mar³pa½, patiµµh±visesena vu¹¹hivises±pattito vanappagumbo viya sa¼±yatana½. ¾yatan±na½ visayivisayabh³t±na½ aññamaññ±bhimukhabh±vato ±yatanaghaµµanato. Ettha ca saªkh±r±d²na½ kosappadesapariº±yak±d²hi dv²hi dv²hi sadisat±ya dve dve upam± vutt±ti daµµhabb±.
Gambh²ro eva hutv± obh±sati pak±sati dissat²ti gambh²r±vabh±so. J±tipaccayasambh³tasamud±gataµµhoti j±tipaccay± sambh³ta½ hutv± sahitassa attano paccay±nur³passa uddha½ uddha½ ±gatabh±vo, anuppabandhoti attho. Atha v± sambh³taµµho ca samud±gataµµho ca sambh³tasamud±gataµµho. “Na j±tito jar±maraºa½ na hoti, na ca j±ti½ vin± aññato hot²”ti hi j±tipaccayasambh³taµµho vutto. Itthañca j±tito samud±gacchat²ti paccayasamud±gataµµho, y± y± j±ti yath± yath± paccayo hoti, tadanur³pap±tubh±voti attho.
Anulomapaµilomatoti idha pana paccayupp±d± paccayuppannupp±dasaªkh±ta½ anuloma½, nirodh± nirodhasaªkh±ta½ paµilomañc±ha. ¾dito pana antagamana½ anuloma½, antato ca ±digamana½ paµilomam±h±ti. “Ime catt±ro ±h±r± ki½nid±n±”ti-±dik±ya (sa½. ni. 2.11) vemajjhato paµµh±ya paµilomadesan±ya, “cakkhu½ paµicca r³pe ca uppajjati cakkhuviññ±ºa½, tiººa½ saªgati phasso, phassapaccay± vedan±”ti-±dik±ya (sa½. ni. 2.43-44; 2.4.60) anulomadesan±ya ca dvisandhitisaªkhepa½, “sa½yojan²yesu, bhikkhave, dhammesu ass±d±nupassino viharato taºh± pava¹¹hati, taºh±paccay± up±d±nan”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 2.53-54) ekasandhidvisaªkhepa½.
Avijj±d²na½ sabh±vo paµivijjh²yat²ti paµivedho. Vuttañhi “tesa½ tesa½ v± tattha tattha vuttadhamm±na½ paµivijjhitabbo salakkhaºasaªkh±to avipar²tasabh±vo paµivedho”ti (dha. sa. aµµha. nid±nakath±). Apuññ±bhisaªkh±rekadeso sar±go, añño vir±go, r±gassa v± apaµipakkhabh±vato r±gappava¹¹hako sabbopi apuññ±bhisaªkh±ro sar±go, itaro paµipakkhabh±vato vir±go. “D²gharattañheta½, bhikkhave, assutavato puthujjanassa ajjhosita½ mam±yita½ par±maµµha½ ‘eta½ mama, esohamasmi, eso me att±”ti (sa½. ni. 2.62) attapar±m±sassa viññ±ºa½ visiµµha½ vatthu vuttanti viññ±ºassa suññataµµho gambh²ro, att± vij±n±ti sa½sarat²ti saby±p±rat±saªkanti-abhinivesabalavat±ya aby±p±raµµha-asaªkantipaµisandhip±tubh±vaµµh± ca gambh²r±, n±massa r³pena, r³passa ca n±mena asampayogato vinibbhogo, n±massa n±mena avinibbhogo yojetabbo. Ekupp±dekanirodhehi avinibbhoge adhippete r³passa ca r³pena labbhati. Atha v± ekacatuvok±rabhavesu n±mar³p±na½ asahavattanato aññamaññavinibbhogo, pañcavok±rabhave sahavattanato avinibbhogo ca veditabbo.
Adhipatiyaµµho n±ma indriyapaccayabh±vo. “Lokopeso dv±r±pes± khettampetan”ti (dha. sa. 598-599) vutt± lok±di-atth± cakkh±d²su pañcasu yojetabb±. Man±yatanassapi lujjanato manosamphass±d²na½ dv±rakhettabh±vato ca ete atth± sambhavanteva. ¾p±thagat±na½ r³p±d²na½ pak±sanayogyat±lakkhaºa½ obh±sana½ cakkh±d²na½ visayibh±vo, man±yatanassa vij±nana½. Saªghaµµanaµµho visesena cakkhusamphass±d²na½ pañcanna½, itare channampi yojetabb±. Phusanañca phassassa sabh±vo, saªghaµµana½ raso, itare upaµµh±n±k±r±. ¾rammaºaras±nubhavanaµµho rasavasena vutto, vedayitaµµho lakkhaºavasena. Att± vedayat²ti abhinivesassa balavat±ya nijj²vaµµho vedan±ya gambh²ro. Nijj²v±ya vedan±ya vedayita½ nijj²vavedayita½, nijj²vavedayitameva attho nijj²vavedayitaµµho.
¾d±naµµho catunnampi up±d±n±na½ sam±no, gahaºaµµho k±mup±d±nassa, itaresa½ tiººa½ abhinives±diattho. “Diµµhikant±ro”ti hi vacanato diµµh²na½ duratikkamanaµµhop²ti. Da¼hagahaºatt± v± catunnampi duratikkamanaµµho yojetabbo. Yonigatiµhitiniv±sesukhipananti sam±se bhummavacanassa alopo daµµhabbo, tasm± tena ±y³han±bhisaªkharaºapad±na½ sam±so hoti. Jar±maraºaªga½ maraºappadh±nanti maraºaµµh± eva khay±dayo gambh²r± dassit±. Navanav±nañhi parikkhayena khaº¹icc±diparipakkappavatti jar±ti, khayaµµho v± jar±ya vuttoti daµµhabbo. Navabh±v±pagamo hi khayoti vattu½ yuttoti. Vipariº±maµµho dvinnampi. Santativasena v± jar±ya khayavayabh±vo, sammutikhaºikavasena maraºassa bhedavipariº±mat± yojetabb±.
Atthanay±ti atth±na½ nay±. Avijj±di-atthehi ekatt±d² sena bh±vena n²yanti gamment²ti ekatt±dayo tesa½ nay±ti vutt±. N²yant²ti hi nay±ti. Atth± eva v± ekatt±dibh±vena n²yam±n± ñ±yam±n± “atthanay±”ti vutt±. N²yanti eteh²ti v± nay±, ekatt±d²hi ca atth± “ekan”ti-±din± n²yanti, tasm± ekatt±dayo atth±na½ nay±ti atthanay±. Sant±n±nupacchedena b²ja½ rukkhabh±va½ patta½ rukkhabh±vena pavattanti ekattena vuccat²ti sant±n±nupacchedo ekatta½, evamidh±pi avijj±d²na½ sant±n±nupacchedo ekattanti dasseti.
Bhinnasant±nassev±ti sambandharahitassa n±nattassa gahaºato sattantaro ucchinno sattantaro uppannoti gaºhanto ucchedadiµµhimup±diyati.
Yato kutoc²ti yadi aññasm± aññassuppatti siy±, v±likato telassa, ucchuto kh²rassa kasm± uppatti na siy±, tasm± na koci kassaci hetu atth²ti ahetukadiµµhi½, avijjam±nepi hetumhi niyatat±ya tilag±v²sukkasoºit±d²hi telakh²rasar²r±d²ni pavattant²ti niyativ±dañca up±diyat²ti viññ±tabba½ yath±raha½.
Kasm±? Yasm± idañhi bhavacakka½ apad±letv± sa½s±rabhayamat²to na koci supinantarepi atth²ti sambandho. Durabhiy±nanti duratikkama½. Asanivicakkamiv±ti asanimaº¹alamiva. Tañhi nimmathanameva, n±nimmathana½ pavattam±na½ atthi, eva½ bhavacakkampi ekanta½ dukkhupp±danato “niccanimmathanan”ti vutta½.
ѱº±sin± apad±letv± sa½s±rabhaya½ at²to natth²ti etassa s±dhaka½ dassento ±ha “vuttampi cetan”ti-±di. Tant³na½ ±kulaka½ tant±kulaka½, tant±kulakamiva j±t± tant±kulakaj±t±, kilesakammavip±kehi at²va jaµit±ti attho. Guº±ya sakuºiy± n²¹a½ guº±guº¹ika½. Va¹¹hi-abh±vato ap±ya½ dukkhagatibh±vato duggati½ sukhasamussayato vinip±tatt± vinip±tañca catubbidha½ ap±ya½, “khandh±nañca paµip±µ²”ti-±din± vutta½ sa½s±rañca n±tivattati. Sa½s±ro eva v± sabbo idha va¹¹hi-apagam±d²hi atthehi ap±y±din±mako vutto kevala½ dukkhakkhandhabh±vato.

Bhavacakkakath±vaººan± niµµhit±.

Suttantabh±jan²yavaººan± niµµhit±.