Suddh±ya v±ti mahaggatakammanimitt±rammaº±ya javanav²thiy± tad±rammaºarahit±y±ti attho. S± pana javanav²thi mahaggatavip±kassa upac±ro viya daµµhabb±. Keci pana ta½ v²thi½ mahaggat±vas±na½ vadanti. At²t±rammaº± ek±dasavidh±, navattabb±rammaº± sattavidh±.
Eten±nus±rena ±ruppacutiy±pi anantar± paµisandhi veditabb±ti ida½ kasm± vutta½, nanu “pathav²kasiºajjh±n±divasena paµiladdhamahaggatasugatiya½ µhitass±”ti evam±dike eva naye ayampi paµisandhi avaruddh±ti? Na, tattha r³p±vacaracuti-anantar±ya eva paµisandhiy± vuttatt±. Tattha hi “pathav²kasiº±dika½ v± nimitta½ mahaggatacitta½ v± manodv±re ±p±tham±gacchati. Cakkhusot±na½ v±”ti-±dikena r³p±vacaracutiy± eva anantar± paµisandhi vutt±ti viññ±yati. Ath±pi yath±sambhavayojan±ya ayampi paµisandhi tattheva avaruddh±, ar³p±vacaracuti-anantar± pana r³p±vacarapaµisandhi natthi, ar³p±vacare ca upar³paricutiy± heµµhim± heµµhim± paµisandh²ti catutth±ruppacutiy± navattabb±rammaº± paµisandhi natthi. Tena tato tattheva at²t±rammaº± k±m±vacare ca at²tapaccuppann±rammaº± paµisandhi itar±hi ca yath±sambhava½ at²tanavattabb±rammaº± ±ruppapaµisandhi, at²tapaccuppann±rammaº± ca k±m±vacarapaµisandhi yojetabb±ti imassa visesassa dassanattha½ visu½ uddharaºa½ kata½.
Eva½ ±rammaºavasena ekavidh±ya k±m±vacarasugaticutiy± duvidh± duggatipaµisandhi, duggaticutiy± duvidh± sugatipaµisandhi, k±m±vacarasugaticutiy± dvi-ekadvippak±r±na½ k±mar³p±rupp±na½ vasena pañcavidh± sugatipaµisandhi, r³p±vacaracutiy± ca tatheva pañcavidh±, duvidh±ya ±ruppacutiy± pacceka½ dvinna½ dvinna½ k±m±rupp±na½ vasena aµµhavidh± ca paµisandhi dassit±, duggaticutiy± pana ekavidh±ya duggatipaµisandhi duvidh± na dassit±, ta½ dassetu½ “duggatiya½ µhitassa pan±”ti-±dim±ha. Yath±vutt± pana–
Dvidvipañcappak±r± ca, pañc±µµhaduvidh±pi ca;
catuv²sati sabb±pi, t± honti paµisandhiyo.

“K±m±vacarassa kusalassa kammassa katatt±”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 431, 455, 498) n±n±kkhaºikakammapaccayabh±vo dassitappak±roti upanissayapaccayabh±vameva dassento “vuttañhetan”ti-±dim±ha.

¾din± sah±ti-±din± vimissaviññ±ºena saha. Omato dve v± tayo v± dasak± uppajjant²ti gabbhaseyyak±na½ vasena vutta½. Aññattha hi aneke kal±p± saha uppajjanti. Brahmattabh±vepi hi anekag±vutappam±ºe aneke kal±p± sahuppajjant²ti ti½sato adhik±neva r³p±ni honti gandharas±h±r±na½ paµikkhittatt± cakkhusotavatthusattakaj²vitachakkabh±vepi tesa½ bahutt±. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana tatthapi cakkhusotavatthudasak±na½ j²vitanavakassa ca uppatti vutt±, p±¼iya½ pana “r³padh±tuy± upapattikkhaºe µhapetv± asaññasatt±na½ dev±na½ pañc±yatan±ni p±tubhavanti, pañca dh±tuyo p±tubhavant²”ti vutta½, tath± “r³padh±tuy± cha ±yatan±ni nava dh±tuyo”ti sabbasaªgahavasena tattha vijjam±n±yatanadh±tuyo dassetu½ vutta½. Kath±vatthumhi ca gh±n±yatan±d²na½ viya gandh±yatan±d²nañca tattha bh±vo paµikkhitto “atthi tattha gh±n±yatananti? ¾mant±, atthi tattha gandh±yatananti? Na heva½ vattabbe”ti-±din± (kath±. 519), na ca aphoµµhabb±yatan±na½ pathav²dh±tu-±d²na½ viya agandharas±yatan±na½ gandharas±na½ tattha bh±vo sakk± vattu½ phusitu½ asakkuºeyyat±vinimuttassa pathav²-±disabh±vassa viya gandharasabh±vavinimuttassa gandharasasabh±vassa abh±v±.
Yadi ca gh±nasamphass±d²na½ k±raºabh±vo natth²ti ±yatan±n²ti tena vucceyyu½, dh±tu-saddo pana nissattanijj²vav±cakoti gandhadh±turasadh±t³ti avacane natthi k±raºa½, dhammabh±vo ca tesa½ ekantena icchitabbo sabh±vadh±raº±dilakkhaºato aññassa abh±v±, dhamm±nañca ±yatanabh±vo ekantato yamake (yama. 1. ±yatanayamaka.13) vutto “dhammo ±yatananti? ¾mant±”ti. Tasm± tesa½ gandharas±yatanabh±v±bh±vepi koci ±yatanasabh±vo vattabbo. Yadi ca phoµµhabbabh±vato añño pathav²dh±tu-±dibh±vo viya gandharasabh±vato añño tesa½ koci sabh±vo siy±, tesa½ dhamm±yatane saªgaho. Gandharasabh±ve pana ±yatanabh±ve ca sati gandho ca so ±yatanañca gandh±yatana½, raso ca so ±yatanañca ras±yatananti idam±pannamev±ti gandharas±yatanabh±vo ca na sakk± niv±retu½, “tayo ±h±r±”ti (vibha. 993) ca vacanato kaba¼²k±r±h±rassa tattha abh±vo viññ±yati. Tasm± yath± p±¼iy± avirodho hoti, tath± r³pagaºan± k±tabb±. Evañhi dhammat± na vilomit± hot²ti.
J±ti-uºº±y±ti gabbha½ ph±letv± gahita-uºº±y±tipi vadanti. Sambhavabhedoti atthit±bhedo. Nijjh±mataºhik± kira nicca½ dukkh±turat±ya k±ma½ sevitv± gabbha½ na gaºhanti.
R³p²brahmesu t±va opap±tikayonikes³ti opap±tikayonikehi r³p²brahme niddh±reti. “Sa½sedajopap±t²su avaka½sato ti½s±”ti eta½ vivaranto ±ha “avaka½sato pan±”ti-±di, ta½ paneta½ p±¼iy± na sameti. Na hi p±¼iya½ k±m±vacar±na½ sa½sedajopap±tik±na½ agh±nak±na½ upapatti vutt±. Dhammahadayavibhaªge (vibha. 1007) hi–
“K±madh±tuy± upapattikkhaºe kassaci ek±das±yatan±ni p±tubhavanti, kassaci das±yatan±ni, kassaci apar±ni das±yatan±ni, kassaci nav±yatan±ni, kassaci satt±yatan±ni p±tubhavant²”ti–

Vutta½, na vutta½ “aµµh±yatan±ni p±tubhavant²”ti. Tath± “das±yatan±ni p±tubhavant²”ti tikkhattu½ vattabba½ siy±, agh±naka-upapattiy± vijjam±n±ya tikkhattuñca “nav±yatan±ni p±tubhavant²”ti, na ca ta½ vutta½. Eva½ dh±tup±tubh±v±dipañhesu yamakepi gh±najivh±k±y±na½ sahac±rit± vutt±ti.

Cutipaµisandh²na½ khandh±d²hi aññamañña½ sam±nat± abhedo, asam±nat± bhedo. Nayamukhamatta½ dassetv± vutta½ avuttañca sabba½ saªgaºhitv± ±ha “aya½ t±va ar³pabh³m²suyeva nayo”ti. R³p±r³p±vacar±na½ upac±rassa balavat±ya tato cavitv± duggatiya½ upapatti natth²ti “ekaccasugaticutiy±”ti ±ha. Ekaccaduggatipaµisandh²ti ettha ekaccaggahaºassa payojana½ maggitabba½. Aya½ panetth±dhipp±yo siy±– n±nattak±yan±nattasaññ²su vutt± ekacce vinip±tik± tihetuk±dipaµisandhik±, tesa½ ta½ paµisandhi½ vinip±tabh±vena duggatipaµisandh²ti gahetv± sabbasugaticutiy±va s± paµisandhi hoti, na ekaccasugaticutiy± ev±ti ta½nivattanattha½ ekaccaduggatiggahaºa½ kata½. Ap±yapaµisandhi eva hi ekaccasugaticutiy± hoti, na sabbasugaticutiy±. Atha v± duggatipaµisandhi duvidh± ekaccasugaticutiy± anantar± duggaticutiy± c±ti. Tattha pacchima½ vajjetv± purima½ eva gaºhitu½ ±ha “ekaccaduggatipaµisandh²”ti. Ahetukacutiy± sahetukapaµisandh²ti duhetuk± tihetuk± ca yojetabb±. Maº¹³kadevaputt±d²na½ viya hi ahetukacutiy± tihetukapaµisandhipi hot²ti.
Tassa tassa vipar²tato ca yath±yoga½ yojetabbanti “ekaccasugaticutiy± ekaccaduggatipaµisandh²”ti-±d²su bhedavisesesu “ekaccaduggaticutiy± ekaccasugatipaµisandh²”ti-±din± ya½ ya½ yujjati, ta½ ta½ yojetabbanti attho. Yujjam±namatt±pekkhanavasena napu½sakaniddeso kato, yojetabbanti v± bh±vattho daµµhabbo. Amahaggatabahiddh±rammaº±ya mahaggata-ajjhatt±rammaº±ti-±d²su pana vipar²tayojan± na k±tabb±. Na hi mahaggata-ajjhatt±rammaº±ya cutiy± ar³pabh³m²su amahaggatabahiddh±rammaº± paµisandhi atthi. Catukkhandh±ya ar³pacutiy± pañcakkhandh± k±m±vacarapaµisandh²ti etassa vipariy±yo sayameva yojito. At²t±rammaºacutiy± paccuppann±rammaº± paµisandh²ti etassa ca vipariy±yo natthi ev±ti. Bhedaviseso eva ca eva½ vitth±rena dassito, abhedaviseso pana ekekasmi½ bhede tattha tattheva cutipaµisandhiyojan±vasena yojetabbo “pañcakkhandh±ya k±m±vacar±ya pañcakkhandh± k±m±vacar±…pe… avitakka-avic±r±ya avitakka-avic±r±”ti, catukkhandh±ya pana catukkhandh± sayameva yojit±. Eteneva nayena sakk± ñ±tunti pañcakkhandh±d²su abhedaviseso na dassitoti. Tato hetu½ vin±ti tattha hetu½ vin±.
Aªgapaccaªgasandh²na½ bandhan±ni aªgapaccaªgasandhibandhan±ni, tesa½ chedak±na½. Niruddhesu cakkh±d²s³ti atimandabh±v³pagamana½ sandh±ya vuttanti veditabba½. Pañcadv±rikaviññ±º±nantarampi hi pubbe cuti dassit±. Yamake ca (yama. 1.±yatanayamaka.120)–
“Yassa cakkh±yatana½ nirujjhati, tassa man±yatana½ nirujjhat²ti? ¾mant±. Yassa v± pana man±yatana½ nirujjhati, tassa cakkh±yatana½ nirujjhat²ti? Sacittak±na½ acakkhuk±na½ cavant±na½ tesa½ man±yatana½ nirujjhati, no ca tesa½ cakkh±yatana½ nirujjhati. Sacakkhuk±na½ cavant±na½ tesa½ man±yatanañca nirujjhati, cakkh±yatanañca nirujjhat²”ti–

¾din± cakkh±yatan±d²na½ cuticittena saha nirodho vuttoti. Laddho avaseso avijj±diko viññ±ºassa paccayo eten±ti laddh±vasesapaccayo, saªkh±ro. Avijj±paµicch±dit±d²nave tasmi½ kamm±divisaye paµisandhiviññ±ºassa ±rammaºabh±vena uppattiµµh±nabh³te taºh±ya appah²natt± eva purimuppann±ya ca santatiy± pariºatatt± paµisandhiµµh±n±bhimukha½ viññ±ºa½ ninnapoºapabbh±ra½ hutv± pavattat²ti ±ha “taºh± n±met²”ti. Sahaj±tasaªkh±r±ti cuti-±sannajavanaviññ±ºasahaj±tacetan±, sabbepi v± phass±dayo. Tasmi½ paµisandhiµµh±ne kamm±divisaye viññ±ºa½ khipanti, khipant± viya tasmi½ visaye paµisandhivasena viññ±ºapatiµµh±nassa hetubh±vena pavattant²ti attho.

Tanti ta½ viññ±ºa½, cutipaµisandhitad±sannaviññ±º±na½ santativasena viññ±ºanti upan²tekatta½. Taºh±ya n±miyam±na½…pe… pavattat²ti namanakhipanapurimanissayajahan±paranissayass±dananissayarahitapavattan±ni santativasena tassevekassa viññ±ºassa honti, na aññass±ti dasseti. Santativasen±ti ca vadanto “tadevida½ viññ±ºa½ sandh±vati sa½sarati anaññan”ti (ma. ni. 1.396) idañca micch±g±ha½ paµikkhipati. Sati hi n±nattanaye santativasena ekattanayo hot²ti. Orimat²rarukkhavinibaddharajju viya purimabhavattabh±vavinibandha½ kamm±di-±rammaºa½ daµµhabba½, puriso viya viññ±ºa½, tassa m±tik±tikkamanicch± viya taºh±, atikkamanapayogo viya khipanakasaªkh±r±. Yath± ca so puriso parat²re patiµµhaham±no parat²rarukkhavinibaddha½ kiñci ass±dayam±no anass±dayam±no v± kevala½ pathaviya½ sabalapayogeheva patiµµh±ti, evamidampi bhavantarattabh±vavinibaddha½ hadayavatthunissaya½ pañcavok±rabhave ass±dayam±na½ catuvok±rabhave anass±dayam±na½ v± kevala½ ±rammaºasampayuttakammeheva pavattati. Tattha ass±dayam±nanti p±puºanta½, paµilabham±nanti attho.
Bhavantar±dipaµisandh±natoti bhavantarassa ±disambandhanato, bhavantar±dayo v± bhavayonigativiññ±ºaµµhitisatt±v±santar±, tesa½ paµisandh±natoti attho. Kammanti paµisandhijanaka½ kamma½. Saªkh±r±ti cuti-±sannajavanaviññ±ºasahagat± khipanakasaªkh±r±.
Sadd±dihetuk±ti ettha paµighoso saddahetuko, pad²po pad²pantar±dihetuko, mudd± lañchanahetuk±, ch±y± ±d±s±digatamukh±dihetuk±. Aññatra agantv± hont²ti sadd±dipaccayadesa½ agantv± sadd±dihetuk± honti tato pubbe abh±v±, evamidampi paµisandhiviññ±ºa½ na hetudesa½ gantv± ta½hetuka½ hoti tato pubbe abh±v±, tasm± na ida½ hetudesato purimabhavato ±gata½ paµighos±dayo viya sadd±didesato, n±pi tattha hetun± vin± uppanna½ sadd±d²hi vin± paµighos±dayo viy±ti attho. Atha v± aññatra agantv± hont²ti pubbe paccayadese sannihit± hutv± tato aññatra gantv± tappaccay± na honti uppattito pubbe abh±v±, n±pi sadd±dipaccay± na honti, evamidamp²ti vuttanayena yojetabba½. Esa nayoti b²jaªkur±d²su sabbahetuhetusamuppannesu yath±sambhava½ yojan± k±tabb±ti dasseti. Idh±pi hi hetuhetusamuppannaviññ±º±na½ ekantamekatte sati na manussagatiko devagatibh³to siy±, ekantan±natte na kammavato phala½ siy±. Tato “rattassa b²ja½, rattassa phalan”ti-±dikassa viya “bh³tapubb±ha½, bhante, rohitasso n±ma is²”ti-±dikassa (sa½. ni. 1.107) voh±rassa lopo siy±, tasm± ettha sant±nabandhe sati hetuhetusamuppannesu na ekantameva ekat± v± n±nat± v± upagantabb±. Ettha ca ekanta-ekat±paµisedhena “saya½kata½ sukha½ dukkhan”ti ima½ diµµhi½ niv±reti, ekantan±nat±paµisedhena “para½kata½ sukha½ dukkhan”ti, hetuhetusamuppannabh±vavacanena “adhiccasamuppannan”ti. Etth±ti ekasant±ne.
Catumadhura-alattakaras±dibh±van± ambam±tuluªg±dib²j±na½ abhisaªkh±ro. Ettha b²ja½ viya kammav± satto, abhisaªkh±ro viya kamma½, b²jassa aªkur±dippabandho viya sattassa paµisandhiviññ±º±dippabandho, tatthuppannassa madhurassa rattakesarassa v± phalassa v± tasseva b²jassa, tato eva ca abhisaªkh±rato bh±vo viya kammak±rakasseva sattassa, ta½kammato eva ca phalassa bh±vo veditabbo. B±lasar²re kata½ vijj±pariy±puºana½ sippasikkhana½ osadhappayogo ca na vu¹¹hasar²ra½ gacchanti. Atha ca ta½nimitta½ vijj±p±µava½ sippaj±nana½ an±mayat± ca vu¹¹hasar²re hoti, na ca ta½ aññassa hoti ta½santatipariy±panne eva vu¹¹hasar²re uppajjanato, na ca yath±payuttena vijj±pariy±puºan±din± vin± aññato hoti tadabh±ve abh±vato. Evamidh±pi sant±ne ya½ phala½, eta½ n±ññassa, na ca aññatoti yojetabba½. Na aññatoti etena ca saªkh±r±bh±ve phal±bh±vameva dasseti, n±ññapaccayaniv±raºa½ karoti.
Yampi vutta½, tattha vad±m±ti vacanaseso. Tattha v± upabhuñjake asati siddh± bhuñjakasammut²ti sambandho. Phalat²ti sammuti phalatisammuti.
Eva½ santep²ti asaªkantip±tubh±ve, tattha ca yath±vuttadosapariharaºe sati siddheti attho. Pavattito pubbeti kamm±y³hanakkhaºato pubbe. Pacch± c±ti vipaccanapavattito pacch± ca. Avipakkavip±k± katatt± ce paccay±, vipakkavip±k±nampi katatta½ sam±nanti tesampi phal±vahat± siy±ti ±saªk±nivattanattha½ ±ha “na ca nicca½ phal±vah±”ti. Na vijjam±natt± v± avijjam±natt± v±ti etena vijjam±natta½ avijjam±nattañca niss±ya vuttadoseva pariharati.
Tass± p±µibhogakiriy±ya, bhaº¹ak²ºanakiriy±ya, iºagahaº±dikiriy±ya v± karaºamatta½ ta½kiriy±karaºamatta½. Tadeva tadatthaniyy±tane paµibhaº¹ad±ne iºad±ne ca paccayo hoti, aphalitaniyy±tan±diphalanti attho.
Avisesen±ti “tihetuko tihetukass±”ti-±dika½ bheda½ akatv±va s±maññato, piº¹avasen±ti attho. Sabbattha upanissayapaccayo balavakammassa vasena yojetabbo. “Dubbalañhi upanissayapaccayo na hot²”ti vakkham±nameveta½ paµµh±navaººan±yanti. Avisesen±ti sabbapuññ±bhisaªkh±ra½ saha saªgaºh±ti. Dv±das±kusalacetan±bhedoti ettha uddhaccasahagat± kasm± gahit±ti vic±retabbameta½. Ekassa viññ±ºassa tatheva paccayo paµisandhiya½, no pavatteti ekasseva paccayabh±vaniyamo paµisandhiya½, no pavatte. Pavatte hi sattannampi paccayoti adhipp±yo. “Tath± k±m±vacaradevalokepi aniµµh± r³p±dayo natth²”ti vutta½, dev±na½ pana pubbanimittap±tubh±vak±le mil±tam±l±d²na½ aniµµhat± katha½ na siy±.
Sveva dv²su bhaves³ti ettha ek³nati½sacetan±bhedampi cittasaªkh±ra½ cittasaªkh±rabh±vena ekatta½ upanetv± “svev±”ti vutta½. Tadekadeso pana k±m±vacaracittasaªkh±rova terasanna½ navannañca paccayo daµµhabbo. Ekadesapaccayabh±vena hi samud±yo vuttoti.
Yattha ca vitth±rappak±sana½ kata½, tato bhavato paµµh±ya mukhamattappak±sana½ k±tuk±mo ±ha “±dito paµµh±y±”ti. Tena “dv²su bhaves³”ti-±di vutta½. Tatiyajjh±nabh³mivasen±ti etena ekattak±ya-ekattasaññ²s±maññena catutthajjh±nabh³mi ca asaññ±ruppavajj± gahit±ti veditabb±. Yath±sambhavanti ekav²satiy± k±m±vacarar³p±vacarakusalavip±kesu cuddasanna½ paµisandhiya½ pavatte ca, sattanna½ pavatte eva. Aya½ yath±sambhavo.
Catunna½ viññ±º±nanti bhav±dayo apekkhitv± vutta½, cat³su antogadh±na½ pana tiººa½ viññ±º±na½ t²su viññ±ºaµµhit²su ca paccayabh±vo yojetabbo, aviññ±ºake satt±v±se saªkh±rapaccay± viññ±ºe avijjam±nepi tassa saªkh±rahetukatta½ dassetu½ “apic±”ti-±dim±ha. Etasmiñca mukhamattappak±sane puññ±bhisaªkh±r±d²na½ duggati-±d²su pavattiya½ kusalavip±k±diviññ±º±na½ paccayabh±vo bhavesu vuttanayeneva viññ±yat²ti na vuttoti veditabbo.

Viññ±ºapadaniddesavaººan± niµµhit±.