4. Maggasaccaniddesavaººan±

205. Aññamaggapaµikkhepanatthanti titthiyehi kappitassa maggassa dukkhanirodhag±minipaµipad±bh±va½ paµikkhepetunti attho, aññassa v± maggabh±vapaµikkhepo aññamaggapaµikkhepo. Puggalassa ariyabh±vakaratt± ariya½ karot²ti ariyo, ariyaphalapaµil±bhakaratt± ariya½ labh±peti janet²ti ariyo. Attano kiccavasena phalavasena ca ariyan±mal±bho eva vuttoti daµµhabbo. Aµµha aªg±ni ass±ti aññapadatthasam±sa½ akatv± “aµµhaªg±ni assa sant²ti aµµhaªgiko”ti padasiddhi daµµhabb±.
Caturaªgasamann±gat± v±c± jana½ saªgaºh±t²ti tabbipakkhaviratisabh±v± samm±v±c± bhedakaramicch±v±c±pah±nena jane sampayutte ca pariggaºhanakiccavat² hot²ti “pariggahalakkhaº±”ti vutt±. Yath± c²varakamm±diko kammanto eka½ k±tabba½ samuµµh±peti nipph±deti, ta½ta½kiriy±nipph±dako v± cetan±saªkh±to kammanto hatthap±dacalan±dika½ kiriya½ samuµµh±peti, eva½ s±vajjakattabbakiriy±samuµµh±pakamicch±kammantappah±nena samm±kammanto niravajjasamuµµh±panakiccav± hoti, sampayuttadhamme ca samuµµh±pento eva pavattat²ti “samuµµh±panalakkhaºo”ti vutto. K±yav±c±na½ khandhasant±nassa ca sa½kilesabh³tamicch±-±j²vappah±nena samm±-±j²vo “vod±panalakkhaºo”ti vutto.
Attano paccan²kakiles± diµµhekaµµh± avijj±dayo. Passat²ti pak±set²ti attho. Teneva hi aªgena tattha paccavekkhaº± pavattat²ti. Tathev±ti attano paccan²kakilesehi saddhinti attho.
Kiccatoti pubbabh±gehi dukkh±diñ±ºehi kattabbakiccassa idha nipphattito, imasseva v± ñ±ºassa dukkh±dippak±sanakiccato. T²ºi n±m±ni labhati k±masaªkapp±dippah±nakiccanipphattito. Sikkh±padavibhaªge (vibha. 703 ±dayo) “viraticetan± sabbe sampayuttadhamm± ca sikkh±pad±n²”ti vutt±ti tattha padh±n±na½ viraticetan±na½ vasena “viratiyopi honti cetan±yop²”ti ±ha. Mus±v±d±d²hi viramaºak±le v± viratiyo subh±sit±div±c±bh±san±dik±le ca cetan±yo yojetabb±, maggakkhaºe viratiyova cetan±na½ amaggaªgatt± ekassa ñ±ºassa dukkh±diñ±ºat± viya ek±ya viratiy± mus±v±d±diviratibh±vo viya ca ek±ya cetan±ya samm±v±c±dikiccattayas±dhanasabh±v±bh±v± samm±v±c±dibh±v±siddhito, ta½siddhiyañca aªgattayatt±siddhito ca.
Pubbabh±gepi maggakkhaºepi samm±sam±dhi ev±ti yadipi sam±dhi-upak±rak±na½ abhiniropan±numajjanasampiy±yanabr³hanasantasukh±na½ vitakk±d²na½ vasena cat³hi jh±nehi samm±sam±dhi vibhatto, tath±pi v±y±mo viya anuppann±kusal±nupp±dan±dicatuv±y±makicca½, sati viya ca asubh±sukh±nicc±nattesu k±y±d²su subh±disaññ±pah±nacatusatikicca½, eko sam±dhi catukkajjh±nasam±dhikicca½ na s±dhet²ti pubbabh±gepi paµhamajjh±nasam±dhicitte jh±nasam±dhi paµhamajjh±nasam±dhi eva maggakkhaºepi, tath± pubbabh±gepi catutthajjh±nasam±dhicitte jh±nasam±dhi catutthajjh±nasam±dhi eva maggakkhaºep²ti attho.
Vac²bhedassa upak±rako vitakko s±vajj±navajjavac²bhedanivattanapavattanakar±ya samm±v±c±yapi upak±rako ev±ti “sv±yan”ti-±dim±ha. Vac²bhedaniy±mik± v±c± k±yikakiriy±niy±makassa samm±kammantassa upak±rik±. Ida½ v²riyanti catusammappadh±nav²riya½. Gatiyoti nipphattiyo, kicc±disabh±ve v±. Samanvesitv±ti upadh±retv±.
Purim±ni dve sacc±ni uggaºhitv±ti sambandho. Iµµha½ kantanti nirodhamaggesu ninnabh±va½ dasseti, na abhinandana½, tanninnabh±voyeva ca tattha kammakaraºa½ daµµhabba½.
Kiccatoti pariññ±dito. ¾rammaºapaµivedhoti sacchikiriy±paµivedham±ha. Sabbampi paµivedhañ±ºa½ lokuttaranti kasm± vutta½, nanu uggah±dipaµivedho ca paµivedhova, na ca so lokuttaroti? Na, kevalena paµivedha-saddena uggah±dipaµivedh±na½ avacan²yatt±, paµivedhanimittatt± v± uggah±divasena pavatta½ dukkh±d²su pubbabh±ge ñ±ºa½ “paµivedho”ti vutta½, na paµivedhatt±, paµivedhabh³tameva pana ñ±ºa½ sandh±y±ha “sabbampi paµivedhañ±ºa½ lokuttaran”ti. Uggahaparipucch±ñ±º±nipi savanañ±ºe eva avarodha½ gacchant²ti “savanadh±raºasammasanañ±ºa½ lokiyan”ti tividhameva ñ±ºam±ha. Uggah±d²hi saccapariggaºhana½ pariggaho.
Payogoti kiriy±, v±y±mo v±. Tassa mahantatarassa icchitabbata½ dukkarataratañca upam±hi dasseti “bhavaggagahaºatthan”ti-±din±.
Padagh±tanti ettha gatamaggo “padan”ti vuccati. Yena cup±yena k±raºena k±mavitakko uppajjati, so tassa gatamaggoti tassa gh±to padagh±to. Ussukk±petv±ti uddha½ uddha½ santivisesayutta½ katv±, va¹¹hetv±ti attho.
P±¼iya½ vibhattes³ti katarap±¼iya½? Dhammasaªgahe t±va aµµha kasiº±ni dasa asubh± catt±ro brahmavih±r± catt±ri ±rupp±ni vibhatt±ni, ±gamesu dasa anussatiyo ±h±re paµik³lasaññ± catudh±tuvavatth±nanti im±ni c±ti tattha tattha vibhatta½. Imesu t²s³ti k±m±d²su t²su µh±nesu.
Micch±v±c±saªkh±t±y±ti etena ek±ya cetan±ya pah±tabba-ekatta½ dasseti. Idha ariyas±vako sakaly±ºaputhujjanako sekkho. K±yadv±rav²tikkam±ti ±j²vahetukato p±º±tip±t±dito visu½ visu½ viramaºa½ yojetabba½.
Aya½ panass±ti maggabh±vena catubbidhampi ekattena gahetv± assa maggassa aya½ jh±navasena sabbasadisasabb±sadisa-ekaccasadisat± viseso. P±dakajjh±naniy±mena hot²ti idha p±dakajjh±naniy±ma½ dhura½ katv± ±ha, aµµhas±liniya½ pana vipassan±niy±ma½ tattha sabbav±d±virodhato, idha pana sammasitajjh±napuggalajjh±sayav±danivattanato p±dakajjh±naniy±ma½. Vipassan±niy±mo pana s±dh±raºatt± idh±pi na paµikkhittoti daµµhabbo. Aññe c±cariyav±d± vakkham±n± vibhajitabb±ti yath±vuttameva t±va p±dakajjh±naniy±ma½ vibhajanto ±ha “p±dakajjh±naniy±mena t±v±”ti.
¾ruppe catukkapañcaka…pe… vutta½ aµµhas±liniyanti adhipp±yo. Nanu tattha “±ruppe tikacatukkajjh±na½ uppajjat²”ti vutta½, na “catukkapañcakajjh±nan”ti? Sacca½, yesu pana sa½sayo atthi, tesa½ uppattidassanena, tenatthato catukkapañcakajjh±na½ uppajjat²ti vuttameva hot²ti evam±h±ti veditabba½. Samud±yañca apekkhitv± “tañca lokuttara½, na lokiyan”ti ±ha. Catutthajjh±nameva hi lokiya½ tattha uppajjati, na catukka½ pañcakañc±ti. Ettha kathanti p±dakajjh±nassa abh±v± katha½ daµµhabbanti attho. Ta½jh±nik±va tassa tattha tayo magg± uppajjanti tajjh±nika½ paµhamaphal±di½ p±daka½ katv± uparimaggabh±van±y±ti adhipp±yo, tikacatukkajjh±nika½ pana magga½ bh±vetv± tatthuppannassa ar³pajjh±na½ tajjh±nika½ phalañca p±daka½ katv± uparimaggabh±van±ya aññajh±nik±pi uppajjant²ti jh±naªg±diniy±mik± pubb±bhisaªkh±rasam±patti p±daka½, na sammasitabb±ti phalassapi p±dakat± daµµhabb±.
Dukkhañ±º±d²na½ r³p±dicha¼±rammaºatt± nekkhammasaªkapp±d²na½ kasiº±dita½ta½kusal±rammaº±rammaºatt± samm±v±c±d²na½ aªg±na½ ta½ta½viramitabb±di-±rammaºatt± “yath±nur³pan”ti ±ha. Tadanur³poti avippaµis±rakaras²la½ v±y±massa visesapaccayoti s²l±nur³pat± v±y±massa vutt± sampayuttassapi, sampayuttasseva ca vacanato “s²labh³miya½ patiµµhitass±”ti avatv± “patiµµham±nass±”ti vutta½. Cetaso asammosoti “ek±rakkho”ti ettha vuttena sat±rakkhena cetaso rakkhitat±. Ten±ha “iti…pe… suvihitacitt±rakkhass±”ti.
¾savakkhayañ±ºassa vijj±bh±vo vuttoti ±savakkhayasaªkh±te magge t²hi khandhehi saªgahite paññ±kkhandho vijj±, s²lassa catunnañca jh±n±na½ caraºabh±vo vuttoti itare dve khandh± caraºa½. Yanti etena nibb±na½ gacchant²ti y±na½, vipassan±va y±na½ vipassan±y±na½. S²la½ sam±dhissa visesapaccayo, sam±dhi vipassan±y±ti samathassa upak±ratt± s²lakkhandho ca samathay±nena saªgahito. Vipassan±y±nena k±mesu ±d²nava½ vibh±vento samathay±nena nir±misa½ jh±nasukha½ apariccajanto antadvayakummagga½ vivajjeti. Paññ± viya mohassa, s²lasam±dhayo ca dosalobh±na½ ujuvipaccan²k± ados±lobhehi s±dhetabbatt±. S²lasam±dhipaññ±yogato ±dimajjhapariyos±nakaly±ºa½. S²l±d²ni hi s±sanassa ±dimajjhapariyos±nanti. Yasmi½ µhito maggaµµho phalaµµho ca ariyo hoti, ta½ maggaphalasaªkh±ta½ khandhattayasaªgahita½ s±sana½ ariyabh³mi.

Maggasaccaniddesavaººan± niµµhit±.

Suttantabh±jan²yavaººan± niµµhit±.