Viññ±ºapadaniddesavaººan±

227. Yath±vuttasaªkh±rapaccay±ti puññ±bhisaªkh±r±divuttappak±rasaªkh±rapaccay±. Viññ±º±dayo vedan±pariyos±n± etarahi vip±kavaµµabh³t± idh±dhippet±ti ±ha “ta½kammanibbattameva viññ±ºa½ bhavitu½ arahat²”ti. Ayañca atthavaººan± dh±tukath±p±¼iy± na samet²ti dassento “dh±tukath±ya½ pan±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha dh±tukath±ya½ vacanato sabbaviññ±ºaphassavedan±pariggaho kato dh±tukath±yanti yojan±. Sappades±ti s±vases±, vip±k± ev±ti adhipp±yo. Viññ±º±d²su hi vip±kesuyeva adhippetesu yath±–
“Vip±kehi dhammehi ye dhamm± vippayutt±, te dhamm± asaªkhata½ khandhato µhapetv± pañcahi khandhehi dv±dasah±yatanehi terasahi dh±t³hi saªgahit±. Katihi asaªgahit±? Na kehici khandhehi na kehici ±yatanehi pañcahi dh±t³hi asaªgahit±”ti (dh±tu. 477)–

Vip±kavippayutt±na½ saªgah±saªgah± vissajjit±, evamidh±pi vissajjitabba½ siy±. Ten±ha “vip±k± dhamm±ti imassa viya vissajjana½ siy±”ti. Tasm±ti yasm± vippayuttena saªgahit±saªgahitapadaniddese nippades±va viññ±ºaphassavedan± gahit±, tasm±. Tatth±ti dh±tukath±ya½. Abhidhammabh±jan²yavasen±ti imasmi½ paµiccasamupp±davibhaªge abhidhammabh±jan²yavasena. Ten±ha “avijj±paccay± saªkh±r± c±”ti-±di. Tena yath±vutta-atthavaººan± suttantabh±jan²yavasena vutt±ti yath±dassita½ virodha½ pariharati. Yadi abhidhammabh±jan²yavasena dh±tukath±p±¼i pavatt±, atha kasm± “k±mabhavo pañcahi khandhehi ek±dasah±yatanehi sattarasahi dh±t³hi saªgahito. R³pabhavo pañcahi khandhehi pañcah±yatanehi aµµhahi dh±t³hi saªgahito”ti-±din± (dh±tu. 67-68) up±dinnakkhandhavasena bhavo vissajjitoti codana½ manasi katv± ±ha “bhavo pana…pe… na abhidhammabh±jan²yavasena gahito”ti. Evañca katv±ti abhidhammabh±jan²yavasena aggahitatt± eva. Tatth±ti dh±tukath±ya½. Vip±kañhetanti hi-saddo hetu-attho. Yasm± yath±vuttab±tti½savidhaviññ±ºa½ vip±ka½, tasm± ta½ saªkh±rapaccayanti imamattha½ dassento “viññ±ºassa vip±katt±”ti-±dim±ha.

“Somanassasahagat±neva sandh±ya vuttan”ti ida½ vic±retabba½ upekkh±sahagatakusal±kusalajavan±nantarampi somanassasahagatatad±rammaºassa icchitatt±. Tath± hi aµµhakath±ya½ “catunna½ pana duhetukakusalacitt±na½ aññatarajavanassa pariyos±ne ahetukacitta½ tad±rammaºabh±vena patiµµh±t²”ti (dha. sa. aµµha. 498 vip±kuddh±rakath±) vatv± “iµµh±rammaºe pana sant²raºampi tad±rammaºampi somanassasahagatamev±”ti vutta½. Kusal±kusalañhi abhi-iµµhampi ±rammaºa½ tath±bhisaªkharaºena kad±ci na majjhatta½ katv± na pavattati, vip±ka½ pana yath±sabh±vatova ±rammaºarasa½ anubhavati. Ten±ha “na sakk± vip±ka½ vañcetun”ti. Kiriyajavan±na½ pana visay±bhisaªkharaºassa balavabh±vato tadanantar±na½ tad±rammaº±na½ yath±visaya½ vedan±vasena tadanuguºat± icchit±. Ye pana kiriyajavan±nantara½ tad±rammaºa½ na icchanti, tesa½ vattabbameva natthi. Ya½ pana “javanena tad±rammaºa½ niyametabban”ti vutta½, ta½ kusala½ sandh±ya vuttanti ca vutta½. Tasm± yath±vutto vic±retabbo. Tihetukajavan±vas±ne ca duhetukajavan±vas±ne c±ti samuccayattho ca-saddo. Keci pana vibh±ga½ akatv± “kusalajavan±vas±nepi ahetukatad±rammaºa½ hot²ti ‘yebhuyyen±’ti vuttan”ti vadanti. Lobhacittassa v± satt±na½ bahula½ uppajjanato “yebhuyyen±”ti vutta½. “Saki½ v±”ti vacanasiliµµhat±vasena vutta½ yath± “aµµha v± dasa v±”ti dassetu½ “dirattatiratt±d²su viya veditabban”ti ±ha. V±-saddassa abh±v±ti suyyam±nassa -saddassa abh±vena vutta½. Atthato pana tatth±pi -saddo labbhateva. Tiratta½ pana v±s±dike labbham±ne diratte vattabbameva natth²ti dirattaggahaºa½ visu½ na yojet²ti adhipp±yena “vacanasiliµµhat±matten±”ti vutta½. Kevala½ “tirattan”ti vutte aññattha v±s±din± antaritampi tiratta½ gaºheyya, dirattavisiµµha½ pana tiratta½ vuccam±na½ tena anantaritameva tiratta½ d²pet²ti ±ha “nirantaratirattadassanattha½ v±”ti. Balavar³p±dike ±rammaºeti atimahati r³p±di-±rammaºe. “Adhipp±yo”ti etena ekacittakkhaº±yukepi visaye kad±ci tad±rammaºa½ uppajjeyy±ti “saki½ ev±”ti-±din± vuttamattha½ ulliªgeti. “Sabbadv±resu tad±rammaºe dve eva cittav±r± ±gat±”ti vuttatt± ayampi attho vic±retv± gahetabbo. Anur³p±ya paµisandhiy±ti attano attano anucchavikena paµisandh±nakiccena.
“Kati paµisandhiyo, kati paµisandhicitt±n²”ti-±din± paµisandhivic±ro parato vitth±rato kath²yat²ti ±ha “paµisandhikath± mah±visay±ti katv± pavattimeva t±va dassento”ti. Ahetukadvay±d²nanti ±di-saddena mah±vip±kamahaggatavip±ke saªgaºh±ti. Dv±raniyam±niyam±vacananti dv±rassa niyat±niyat±vacana½, niyatadv±ra½ aniyatadv±ranti v± avacananti attho. Anuppattitoti na uppajjanato. Yadipi “anur³p±ya paµisandhiy±”ti paµisandhipi heµµh± gahit±, “pavattiya½ pan±”ti adhikatatt± pana pavattiyeva pacc±maµµh±. Paccayuppannabh±vena paµhamuddiµµh±ni sabb±nipi lokiyavip±kacitt±ni anv±desa½ arahant²ti ±ha “tatrass±ti pavattiya½ b±tti½savidhass±”ti.
Yath± k±m±vacarapaµisandhiviññ±ºasaªkh±tassa b²jassa abh±vepi r³pabhave cakkhusotindriyapavatti-±nubh±vato cakkhusotaviññ±º±na½ sambhavo, eva½ teneva k±raºena sampaµicchan±d²nampi tattha sambhavoti dassento “indriyapavatti-±nubh±vato ev±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha cakkhusotadv±rabheden±ti cakkhusotadv±ravisesena bhavitabbanti sambandho. Tass±ti cakkhusotadv±rassa. Dv±ravant±pekkho dv±rabh±voti ±ha “viññ±ºav²thibhed±yattatt±”ti. Tasmiñca sat²ti tasmi½ dv±rabhede v²thibhede ca sati. Bh±voti uppatti. Janaka½ anubandhati n±m±ti ta½sadise tabboh±ra½ katv± vutta½.
Ida½ pana vatv±ti r³p±r³p±vacaradhamme ±rabbha tad±rammaº±nuppatti½ vatv±. Bh±van±y±ti akusalabh±van±ya sa½kilesava¹¹hanena, sa½kiliµµhasam±dh±nen±ti attho. Tath± hi lobhadosasahagatacittupp±depi sam±dhi “avaµµhiti avis±h±ro avikkhepo avis±haµam±nasat±”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 11) niddiµµho. Avatthubh±vadassanatthanti aµµh±nabh±vadassanattha½, an±rammaºabh±vadassanatthanti attho.
“Kena katth±”ti padassa “kena cittena kasmi½ bhave”ti saªkhepena vuttamattha½ vitth±rato dassetu½ “ek³nav²sat²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha tena tena citten±ti tena tena ahetukadvay±dicittena saddhi½ pavattam±n± paµisandhikkhaºe r³p±r³padhamm± ek³nav²sati paµisandhiyoti yojan±. Tena tena cittena sahaj±t±dipaccayat±ya hetubh³tena, karaºabh³tena v±. Tattha tattha bhave.
Anussaraºattho by±p±ro anussaraºaby±p±ro. Kec²ti dhammasiritthera½ sandh±ya vadati. T²su javanav±resu…pe… bhavitabbanti kamm±di-upaµµh±nassa parato t²hi javanav±rehi pavattitabbanti attho. Ten±ha “aneka…pe… abhippalambanañca hot²”ti. Tasm±ti yasm± ekajavanav±rasseva kamm±di-upaµµh±nena maraºa½ na sambhavati, tasm±. Phoµµhabbass±ti pah±raphoµµhabbassa Bhavaªgacitte vattam±ne, antarantar± pañcadv±rav²thiy± v± vattam±n±ya phoµµhabbasam±yoge paµhama½ k±yadv±r±vajjanuppatti yutt±, tath±pi kismiñci cintiyam±ne tamev±rabbha ekasmi½ javanav±re pavatte pacch± k±yadv±r±vajjanuppatti siy± cittassa lahuparivattibh±vatoti keciv±dassa adhipp±yo. Yath± nidd±yantassa phoµµhabbasam±yogena pabujjhanak±le manodv±r±vajjanameva ±vaµµeti, na k±yadv±r±vajjana½. “Pañcahi viññ±ºehi na paµibujjhat²”ti (vibha. 751) hi vutta½. Eva½sampada½ v± eta½ daµµhabba½. Lahukapaccupaµµh±nanti lahu-upaµµh±na½. Manodv±rassa visayo kamm±diko. Lahukat±ti lahupaµµh±nat±. R³p±nanti cakkh±dir³padhamm±na½. Visayabh±vep²ti r³p±yatan±divisayasabbh±vepi. Yesa½ visayo atth²ti yesa½ nippariy±yena visayo atthi. Ta½dassanatthamev±ti tesa½ s±rammaº±na½yeva dassanattha½. Ten±ti tasm±.
“Bh³micittupp±d±divasen±”ti ida½ kamma½ sandh±ya vutta½, kammanimittassapi vasena labbhateva tassa cha¼±rammaºabh±vato. Gatinimittassa pana pabhedo n²l±dikoyeva.
Anupacchinnesu maggena appah²nesu. Tañca kamm±di½. Bhavantaraninn±dit± cittasant±nassa bhavapatthan±ya tath±bhisaªkhatatt±. Yasmiñhi cittasant±ne puññ±dicetan±ya viya bhavapatthan±ya paribh±van± anupacchinn±, tattheva bhavantarapariy±pannacittuppatti. Ta½ pana citta½ tath± uppajjam±na½ t±ya vin±mita½ viya hot²ti vutta½ “anupacchinnakilesabalavin±mitan”ti. Sabbatth±ti sugatiduggat²su. Itar±y±ti sugatipaµisandhininn±ya cutiy±. “Nicchinant²”ti vuttassa nicchayassa nibandhana½ ±gama½ dassento “nimittass±dagadhita½ v±”ti-±dim±ha.
Akusale hi duggat³panissaye niyamite kusala½ sugat³panissayoti niyamitameva hot²ti.
Aniµµha½ ±rammaºa½ ±ha yato duggatipaµisandhi dass²yat²ti adhipp±yo. Yadi eva½ “r±g±dihetubh³tan”ti kasm± vuttanti ±ha “tampi hi…pe… hot²”ti. Tamp²ti aniµµh±rammaºampi. Yasm± pana h²na½ ±rammaºanti ±rammaºabh³takammanimitta½ adhippeta½, tasm± “akusalavip±kajanakakammasahaj±t±na½ v±”ti-±di vutta½. Kammanimittabh³tañhi ±rammaºa½ ya½ vip±kassa janaka½ kamma½, tena sahaj±t±na½, tassa kammassa sadis±sannajavanasahaj±t±nañca r±g±d²na½ ±rammaºapaccayasaªkh±to hetu hoti, so eva cassa h²nabh±voti dassetu½ “tañh²”ti-±di vutta½. Kammavasena aniµµhanti h²nassa akusalakammassa ±rammaºato ±rammaºat±vasena h²nanti katv± aniµµha½, sabh±vena iµµhamp²ti adhipp±yo. “Aññath± c±”ti-±din± kammanimitt±rammaºassa akusalavip±kassa na sambhavoti dasseti. ¾sannakatakamm±rammaºasantatiyanti ±sannakatassa kammassa ±rammaºasant±ne. Ta½sadisanti yath±vuttakamm±rammaºasadisa½. Paµisandhi-±rammaº³paµµh±pakanti paµisandhiy± ±rammaºassa upaµµh±paka½. Cuti-±sannajavan±na½ paµisandhijanakatte ayamattho labbheyy±ti codana½ manasi katv± ±ha “na ca paµisandhiy±”ti-±di. Ta½sam±nav²thiyanti t±ya paµisandhiy± ekav²thiya½. Na ass±dit±n²ti ass±danabh³t±ya taºh±ya na ±maµµh±ni.
Samatt±ti paripuºº±, pariyatt± v±. “Maraºak±le…pe… sam±dinn±”ti vacanato yath±vuttacuti-±sannajavan±na½ paµisandhid±na½ siddhanti codana½ sandh±y±ha “na ca dubbaleh²”ti-±di. “Vakkhati c±”ti-±din± vuttamevattha½ upacayena p±kaµatara½ karoti. ѱºavatthuvibhaªgavaººan±yañhi “pañcahi viññ±ºehi na kañci dhamma½ paµivij±n±t²”ti pad±na½ attha½ vivaranto vakkhati “sabbampi…pe… paµikkhitt±n²”ti. Tattha paµivij±nan±d²ti ±di-saddena iriy±pathakappanak±yavac²kammupaµµh±panakusal±kusaladhammasam±d±nasam±pajjanavuµµh±n±ni saªgaºh±ti. Upapajjanasupinadassan±d²na½ manodv±rikacitteneva pavatti p±kaµ±ti t±ni bahi karonto “cavanapariyos±na½ kiccan”ti ±ha. Sahajavanak±n²ti javanasahit±ni, pañcadv±rikajavanehi saddhinti attho.