Saªkh±rapadaniddesavaººan±

“Sodheti apuññaphalato”ti imin± puññassa vip±kadukkhavivittata½ ±ha, “dukkhato”ti imin± cetodukkhavivittata½, “sa½kilesato”ti imin± kilesadukkhavivittata½. “Apuññaphalato”ti v± imin± puññassa ±yati½ hitata½ dasseti. “Dukkhasa½kilesato”ti imin± pavattihitata½ pavattisukhatañca dasseti. Ta½nipph±danen±ti hitasukhanibbattanena. Pujjabhavanibbattako pujjanibbattako.
“Evamida½ puñña½ pava¹¹hat²”ti-±d²su puññaphalampi puññanti vuccat²ti ±ha “puññupaganti bhavasampattupagan”ti.
¾dibh±van±ti “pathav² pathav²”ti-±din± kasiºesu pavattabh±van±. Pathav² pathav²ti v± ettha iti-saddo ±di-attho, pak±rattho v±. Tena itarakasiº±na½ gahaºa½. ¾dibh±van±ti-±dibh³t± bh±van±. S± hi “parikamman”ti vuccati. Maº¹alakaraºa½ kasiºamaº¹alakaraºa½.
D±navasen±ti deyyadhammaparicc±gavasena. Cittacetasik± dhamm± d±na½ diyyati eten±ti. Tatth±ti tesu cittacetasikesu. D±na½ ±rabbh±ti tehi nibbattiyam±na½ paricc±ga½ uddissa. Yath± v± so nippajjati, tath± µhapetv±. Adhikicc±ti tasseva vevacana½. Yath± v± sampayuttehi nibbattiyam±n± d±nakiriy± nipphattivasena adhikata½ p±puº±ti, tath± katv±. Cetan±vaseneva hi d±n±dikammanipphatti. Itares³ti “s²la½ ±rabbh±”ti-±d²su.
Asarikkhakamp²ti attan± asadisampi kaµatt±r³panti sambandho. Vin±pi catutthajjh±navip±kena. R³pataºh±saªkh±tass±ti “r³pataºh±”ti ettha vuttar³pataºham±ha. Guñjanti guñjaphalaparim±ºa½ dh±raº²yavatthu½. Tath± taº¹ula½.
“Vacanavisesamattamev±”ti atthavises±bh±vo vuttoti atthavises±bh±vam±ha “k±yadv±re pavatti eva hi ±d±n±dip±pan±”ti. Purimen±ti “k±yadv±re pavatt±”ti imin±. Tañhi pavattimattakathanato dv±r³palakkhaºa½ hoti. Pacchimen±ti “±d±n±”divacanena.
K±yavac²saªkh±raggahaºeti uddesa½ sandh±y±ha. K±yavac²sañcetan±gahaºeti niddesa½. Viññ±ºass±ti paµisandhiviññ±ºassa. Sahaj±tassa pana anantarassa ca paccayo hotiyeva. “Kusal± vip±kadhamm± c±”ti ida½ sekkhaputhujjanasant±ne abhiññ±cetan± idh±dhippet±, na itar±ti katv± vutta½. Tena yath±vutta-abhiññ±cetan±pi paµisandhiviññ±ºassa paccayo siy± kusalasabh±vatt±, vip±kadhammatt± v± tadaññakusal±kusalacetan± viy±ti dasseti. Tayida½ lokuttarakusal±ya anekantika½. Na hi s± paµisandhiviññ±ºassa paccayo. Atha vip±kad±yin²ti vucceyya, evampi ahosikammena anekantika½. Na hi tass± vip±kupp±dana½ atth²ti ±ha “na vip±kupp±danena kusalat± vip±kadhammat± c±”ti. Kevalañhi y± aññesa½ vip±kadhamm±na½ saby±p±r± sa-uss±h± pavatti, tad±k±r±vass± appah²nakilese sant±ne pavatt²ti vip±kadhammat±, anavajjaµµhena kusalat± ca vutt±. Evampi yadi vip±kadhamm± abhiññ±cetan±, katha½ avip±k±ti? Asambhavatoti ta½ asambhava½ dassetu½ “s± pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Abhiññ±cetan± hi yadi vip±ka½ upp±deyya, sabh³mika½ v± upp±deyya aññabh³mika½ v±. Tattha aññabh³mikassa t±va upp±dana½ ayutta½ paccay±bh±vato, tath± adassanato ca. Ten±ha “na h²”ti-±di. Sabh³mika½ navattabb±rammaºa½ v± upp±deyya paritt±di-±rammaºa½ v±, tesu attano kammasam±n±rammaºat±ya r³p±vacaravip±kassa dassitatt±, paritt±di-±rammaºatt± ca abhiññ±cetan±ya navattabb±rammaºa½ na upp±deyya. Tath± ekantanavattabb±rammaºatt± r³p±vacaravip±kassa paritt±di-±rammaºañca na upp±deyy±ti ayamasambhavo. Ten±ha “attan± sadis±rammaºañc±”ti-±di. Tattha tiµµh±nikanti paµisandhibhavaªgacutivasena µh±nattayavanta½. “Pathav²kasiºa½ ±pokasiºan”ti-±din± kusalena abhinna½ katv± vip±kassa ±rammaºa½ desitanti ±ha “cittupp±dakaº¹e…pe… vuttatt±”ti. “R³p±vacaratikacatukkajjh±n±ni kusalato ca vip±kato ca kiriyato ca catutthassa jh±nassa vip±ko ±k±s±nañc±yatana½ ±kiñcaññ±yatana½ ime dhamm± navattabb± “paritt±rammaº±”tipi ‘mahaggat±rammaº±’tipi ‘appam±º±rammaº±’tip²”ti vacanato r³p±vacaravip±ko ekantanavattabb±rammaºoti ±ha “na ca r³p±vacaravip±ko paritt±di-±rammaºo atth²”ti. Sv±yamasambhavo paritt±di-±rammaº±ya abhiññ±cetan±ya vip±k±bh±va½ s±dheti, na navattabb±rammaº±ya Navattabb±rammaº±pi hi s± atth²ti na by±p²ti vip±k±nupp±dane tass± añña½ k±raºa½ dassetu½ “kasiºesu c±”ti-±dim±ha. Sam±dhivijambhanabh³t± abhiññ± sam±dhissa ±nisa½samattanti “sam±dhiphalasadis±”ti vutta½. Tassa tassa adhiµµh±navikubbanadibbasaddasavan±dikassa yadicchitassa kiccassa nipph±danamatta½ pana abhiññ±cetan±, na k±lantaraphal±, diµµhadhammavedan²ya½ viya n±pi vip±kaphal±, atha kho yath±vutta-±nisa½saphal± daµµhabb±.
Keci pana “sam±nabh³mikato ±sevanal±bhena balavant±ni jh±n±n²ti t±ni vip±ka½ denti sam±pattibh±vato, abhiññ± pana satipi jh±nabh±ve tadabh±vato tasmi½ tasmi½ ±rammaºe ±gantuk±v±ti dubbal±, tasm± vip±ka½ na det²”ti vadanti. Ta½ ak±raºa½ punappuna½ parikammavasena abhiññ±yapi vas²bh±vasabbh±vato. Ya½ pana vadanti “p±dakajjh±ne attan± sam±nasabh±vehi javanehi laddh±sevane sammadeva vas²bh±vappatte parisuddhat±di-aµµhaªgasamann±gamena s±tisaye j±te abhiññ± nibbattanti, t±sañca catutthajjh±nikatt± catutthajjh±nabh³miko eva vip±ko nibbatteyya, so ca yath±vuttaguºena balavat± p±dakajjh±neneva katok±sena sijjhat²ti anok±sat±ya abhiññ± na vip±ka½ det²”ti. Tampi ak±raºa½ avip±kabh±vato t±sa½. Sati hi vip±kad±yibh±ve vip±kassa anok±sacodan± yutt±, avip±kat± ca t±sa½ vuttanay± eva.
Na hot²ti viññ±ºassa paccayo na hot²ti. Uddhaccacetan±pi abhiññ±cetan±to nibbisesena vutt±ti maññam±no “vip±ke”ti ca vacana½ na vip±k±rahat±mattav±cako, atha kho vip±kasabbh±vav±cakoti ±ha “vic±retabban”ti. Tath± ca vutta½ “na hi ‘vip±ke’ti vacana½ vip±kadhammavacana½ viya vip±k±rahata½ vadat²”ti. Tattha ya½ vic±retabba½, ta½ heµµh± vuttameva. Ida½ panettha sanniµµh±na½– yasm± uddhaccacetan± pavattivip±kameva deti, na paµisandhivip±ka½, tasm± tass± pavattivip±kassa vasena vibhaªge vip±ko uddhaµo. Ubhayavip±kad±yik±ya pana cetan±ya n±n±kkhaºikakammapaccayo vuccat²ti tadabh±vato paµµh±ne tass± so na vutto. Ya½ pana aµµhakath±ya½ “viññ±ºassa paccayabh±ve apanetabb±”ti (vibha. aµµha. 226 saªkh±rapadaniddesa) vutta½, ta½ paµisandhiviññ±ºameva sandh±ya vutta½. “Eva½ uddhaccacetan±pi na hot²”ti idampi viññ±ºassa paccayat±bh±vamatta½ gahetv± vutta½. Evañhettha aññamañña½ p±¼iy± aµµhakath±ya ca avirodho daµµhabbo.
Etth±ti uddhaccacetan±ya vip±kad±ne. Amataggapatheti eva½n±make pakaraºe. “Puthujjanasant±ne akusal± dassanena pah±tabb±, sekkhasant±ne bh±van±ya pah±tabb±”ti imassa atthassa vuttatt± “puthujjan±na½ pan±”ti-±di vutta½. “Na vuccant²”ti imin± puthujjane pavattabahiddh±sa½yojan±d²na½ bh±van±ya pah±tabbapariy±y±bh±va½ dasseti. “Yadi vucceyyun”ti-±din± tamevattha½ yuttito ca ±gamato ca vibh±veti. Tattha kesañc²ti sakabhaº¹e chandar±g±d²na½. Kec²ti sakk±yadiµµhi-±dayo. Kad±c²ti at²t±dike kismiñci k±le. Cattatt±ti-±di pariy±yavacana½. Upaniss±y±ti upanissayapaccaye katv±.
Itaresanti nadassanenapah±tabb±na½. Na ca na hont²ti sambandho. Evañca katv±ti yath±vuttap±¼iya½ uddhaccaggahaºena uddhaccasahagatacittupp±do gahito, na yattha katthaci uddhaccanti evamatthe sati. Tanti diµµhi½. “At²t±dibh±vena navattabbatte”ti kasm± vutta½, nanu an±gat± eva pah±tabb±ti? Na, uppajjan±rah± nippariy±yena an±gat± n±ma, pah±tabb± pana na uppajjan±rah±ti tesa½ at²t±dibh±vena navattabbat± vutt±. Dassana½ apekkhitv±ti bh±vita½ dassanamagga½ upanidh±ya. Sah±yavirah±ti dassanapah±tabbasaªkh±tasahak±rik±raº±bh±vato. Vip±ka½ na janayant²ti sakalakilesaparikkhaye viya ekaccaparikkhayepi tannimitta½ ta½ ekacca½ kamma½ na vipaccat²ti adhipp±yo. Vip±ko vibhaªge vuttoti paµisandhipavattibheda½ duvidhampi vip±ka½ sandh±y±ha.
Akusal±nanti yath±vuttavises±na½ puthujjanasant±ne akusal±na½. Appah±tabb±nanti appah±tabbasabh±v±na½ kusal±d²na½. Appah±tabbaviruddhasabh±vat± s±vajjat±. “Evamp²”ti-±di dosantaradassana½. Tena yadipi tesa½ akusal±na½ imasmi½ tike tatiyapadasaªgaho na siy±, navattabbat± pana ±pajjat²ti d²peti. Sabbena sabba½ dhammavasena asaªgahitassa tikadukesu navattabbat±patt²ti ±ha “n±pajjat²”ti. Id±ni ta½ navattabbat±n±pajjana½ “cittupp±dakaº¹e”ti-±din± k±raºato, nidassanato ca vibh±veti. Yatth±ti yasmi½ tike. Niyogatoti niyamato ekantato. Tesanti padattayasaªgahitadhamm±na½. Yath±vuttapadesu viy±ti yath±vuttesu paµham±d²su t²su padesu. Yath± bhinditabb± cittupp±d±, itare ca yath±raha½ r±sittayavasena bhinditv± bhaj±pit± ta½ta½koµµh±sato kat±, eva½. Tatth±p²ti catutthakoµµh±sepi. Bhaj±petabbeti navattabbabh±va½ bhaj±petabbe. Tadabh±v±ti tassa catutthakoµµh±sassa abh±v±. Tath±ti navattabbabh±vena.
Ettha ca ya½ “na bh±van±ya pah±tabbampi atthi uddhaccasahagatan”ti-±di amataggapathe vutta½, ta½ ak±raºa½, kasm±? Tassa ekantena bh±van±ya pah±tabbatt±. Yath±ha “katame dhamm± bh±van±ya pah±tabb±? Uddhaccasahagato cittupp±do”ti (dha. sa. 1583). Yadi hi uddhaccasahagata½ na bh±van±ya pah±tabbampi abhavissa, yath± at²t±rammaºattike “niyog± an±gat±rammaº± natth²”ti vatv± “k±m±vacarakusalassa vip±kato dasa cittupp±d±”ti-±din± puna vibhajitv± vutta½, evamidh±pi “katame dhamm± bh±van±ya pah±tabb±? Niyog± bh±van±ya pah±tabb± natth²”ti vatv± “uddhaccasahagato cittupp±do siy± bh±van±ya pah±tabbo, siy± na vattabbo ‘dassanena pah±tabbo’tipi ‘bh±van±ya pah±tabbo’tip²”ti-±di vattabba½ siy±, na ca tath± vutta½. Y± ca tamattha½ paµip±dentena “yadi vucceyyun”ti-±din± yutti vutt±, s±pi ayutti. Kasm±? Dassanena pah±tabb±rammaº±na½ r±gadiµµhivicikicchuddhacc±na½ dassanena pah±tabbabh±vasseva icchitatt±.