4. Maggasaccaniddesavaººan±

205. Titthiyehi kappitassa maggassa pakatipurisantarañ±º±dikassa. Ariya½ labh±pet²ti ariya½ s±maññaphala½ labh±peti.
Tabbipakkhaviratisabh±v±ti tass± samm±v±c±ya vipakkhato micch±v±c±ya viratisabh±v±. Bhedakaramicch±v±c± pisuºav±c±, sabb±pi v± micch±v±c± visa½v±dan±divasena bhedakar²ti ±ha “bhedakaramicch±v±c±pah±nen±”ti. Visa½v±dan±dikiccat±ya hi l³kh±na½ aparigg±hak±na½ mus±v±d±d²na½ paµipakkhabh³t± siniddhabh±vena parigg±hakasabh±v± samm±v±c± tappaccayasubh±sitasampaµigg±hake jane, sampayuttadhamme ca pariggaºhant² pavattat²ti pariggahalakkhaº±. Ten±ha “jane, sampayutte ca pariggaºhanakiccavat²”ti. C²varakamm±diko t±diso payogo. K±tabba½ c²vararajan±dika½. Niravajjasamuµµh±panakiccav±ti niravajjassa kattabbassa, niravajj±k±rena v± samuµµh±panakiccav±. Sampayuttadhamme ca samuµµh±pentoti ettha samuµµh±pana½ micch±kammantapaµipakkhabh³tassa attano kiccassa anuguºabh±vena sampayutt±na½ pavattanameva, ukkhipana½ v± nesa½ k±yikakiriy±ya bh±rukkhipana½ viya. Sampayuttadhamm±na½, ±j²vasseva v± visodhana½ vod±pana½.
Diµµhekaµµh±ti diµµhiy± sahajapah±nekaµµh±, paµhamamaggasamm±diµµhivaseneva ta½ veditabba½. “Diµµhekaµµha-avijj±dayo”tipi p±µho. Etasmi½ pakkhe catumaggasamm±diµµhiy± saªgaho kato hoti. Uparimaggasamm±diµµhiy± pana diµµhiµµh±ne ta½ta½maggavajjho m±no gahetabbo. So hi “ahan”ti pavatti-±k±rato diµµhiµµh±niyo. Pak±set²ti kiccapaµivedhena paµivijjhati. Teneva hi aªgen±ti teneva samm±diµµhisaªkh±tena maggaªgena. Tath±pavattitena karaºabh³tena, tena v± k±raºena. Aªga-saddo hi k±raºatthopi hot²ti. Tatth±ti magge, maggacittupp±de v±.
Imassev±ti ariyamaggapariy±pannasseva. Yadipi viramitabbato viramantassa cetan±pi labbhateva, viratiy± eva pana tad± padh±nabh±voti ±ha “viramaºak±le v± viratiyo”ti. Subh±sit±d²ti asamphappal±p±di. ¾di-saddena apisuº±di saªgahit±. Bh±san±d²ti ettha pana k±yasucarit±di. Amaggaªgatt±ti amaggasabh±vatt±. Tameva cetan±ya amaggasabh±vata½ dassetu½ “ekassa ñ±ºass±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha samm±v±c±dikiccattaya½ n±ma micch±v±c±d²na½ tiººa½ p±padhamm±na½ samucchindana½, maggacetan± ca ta½sabh±v± na hot²ti na tass± maggakkhaºe samm±v±c±dibh±vasiddhi. Ta½siddhiyanti kiccattayasiddhiya½. Yath± panass± pubbabh±ge subh±sitav±c±dibh±vo, eva½ maggakkhaºepi siy±. Eva½ sante yath± tattha ekassa samm±saªkappassa tikiccat±, samm±diµµhi-±d²nañca ekek±na½ catukiccat±, eva½ ek± maggacetan± samm±v±c±dikiccattayassa s±dhik± bhaveyya, tath± ca sati magge samm±v±c±d²ni t²ºi aªg±ni na bhaveyyu½, cha¼aªgiko ca ariyamaggo siy±ti tayidam±ha “ek±ya cetan±y±”ti-±din±. Yasm± paneta½ natthi, tasm± maggapaccayat±vacanato ca na cetan±ya maggabh±voti maggakkhaºe viratiyova samm±v±c±dayo.
Br³hana½ sukha½. Santasukha½ upekkh±. S± hi “upekkh± pana santatt±, sukhamicceva bh±sit±”ti (visuddhi. 2.644; vibha. aµµha. 232) vutt±. Vitakk±d²nanti teyeva abhiniropan±dayo p±kaµapariy±yena vutt±.
Vac²saªkh±rabh±vato vac²bhedassa upak±rako vitakko. “S±vajj±…pe… upak±rako ev±”ti imin± vac²bhedata½ samuµµh±pakacetan±na½ viya viratiy±pi visesapaccayo vitakkoti dasseti. Vac²bhedaniy±mik± v±c±ti vac²duccaritaviratim±ha. S± hi samm±v±c±bh³t± micch±v±c±su sa½yamin². Tattha yath± visa½v±dan±dimicch±v±cato avirato micch±kammantatopi na viramateva. Yath±ha– “eka½ dhamma½…pe… ak±riyan”ti (dha. pa. 176). Tath± avisa½v±dan±din± samm±v±c±ya µhito samm±kammantampi p³retiyev±ti ±ha “vac²bheda…pe… upak±rik±”ti. Dhamm±na½ pavattiniµµh±bh±vato yath± gat²ti nibbatti vuccati, eva½ pavattibh±vato rasalakkhaº±nip²ti ±ha “kicc±disabh±ve v±”ti.
Abhinandananti taºh±divasena abhinandana½.
V±cuggatakaraºa½ uggaho, atthaparipucchana½ paripucch±ti tadubhaya½ savan±dh²nanti ±ha “savanañ±ºe eva avarodha½ gacchant²”ti. ѱºena paricchinditv± gahaºa½ pariggaºhana½.
Tass±ti payogassa.
Soti k±mavitakkappavattiy± k±raºabh³to subhanimitte ayonisomanasik±ro. Tass±ti k±mavitakkassa. Gata½ gamana½ pavatti, tassa up±yoti gatamaggo.
Pah±tabba-ekattanti pah±tabbat±s±mañña½.
Maggabh±vena catubbidhampi ekatten±ti sot±pattimagg±divasena catubbidhampi maggabh±vena ekattena s±maññato gahetv± “ass±”ti ekavacanena vuttanti attho. Sabbassa maggassa aññamañña½ sadisat±, tath± asadisat± ca ekaccasadisat± ca jh±naªgavasena sabbasadisasabb±sadisa-ekaccasadisat±, so eva visesoti yojetabba½. Vipassan±niy±ma½ dhura½ katv± ±h±ti sambandho. Idha pan±ti imiss± sammohavinodaniya½. Sammasi…pe… nivattanatoti paµhamattherav±da½ vadanto tadajjh±saya½ purakkhatv± vadat²ti adhipp±yena vutta½. Itarath± itarav±d±pettha dassit± ev±ti. P±dakajjh±naniy±manti p±dakajjh±naniy±ma½ dhura½ katv± ±h±ti yojan±. “Vipassan± pe… daµµhabbo”ti kasm± vutta½. Na hi tass± idha paµikkhepat± atthi. Tath± hi vutta½ “keci vuµµh±nag±minivipassan± niy±met²ti vadant²”ti? Nayidameva½. Idh±p²ti idha p±dakajjh±naniy±mepi vipassan±niy±mo na paµikkhittoti ayañhettha attho. Tenev±ha “s±dh±raºatt±”ti. “Idha pan±”ti imin±pi paµhamattherav±do saªgahitoti veditabbo. Yadi eva½ kasm± vipassan±niy±mo visu½ gahitoti? V±dattay±vidhurat±dassanattha½. Aññe c±cariyav±d±ti sammasitajjh±napuggalajjh±sayav±d±.
“¾ruppe tikacatukkajjh±na½…pe… na lokiyan”ti ida½ therav±de ±gata½ por±ºaµµhakath±ya½ tanti½ katv± µhapitanti aµµhas±liniya½ saªgahetv± vuttanti ±ha “vutta½ aµµhas±liniyanti adhipp±yo”ti. Yes³ti pacchimajjh±navajj±ni sandh±ya vadati. Tattha hi ar³puppattiya½ sa½sayo, na itarasmi½. “Catukkapañcakajjh±nan”ti vutte avisesato s±sav±n±sava½ apekkh²yati, nivattetabbagahetabbas±dh±raºavacanenettha s±savato avacchindanattha½ “tañca lokuttaran”ti vatv± nivattitadhammadassanattha½ “na lokiyan”ti vuttanti dassento ±ha “samud±yañca…pe… ±h±”ti. Itarath± byabhic±r±bh±vato “lokuttaran”ti visesana½ niratthaka½ siy±. Tayo magg±ti dutiyamagg±dayo. Tajjh±nikanti tikacatukkajjh±nika½ sot±pattiphal±di½. Aññajh±nik±p²ti tikacatukkajjh±nato aññajh±nik±pi catukkajjh±nik±pi magg± uppajjanti. Pi-saddena tajjh±nik±pi tikacatukkajjh±nik±ti attho. Yadi eva½ catuvok±rabhavepi pañcavok±rabhave viya maggassa tikacatukkajjh±nikabh±ve kenassa jh±naªg±diniy±moti ±ha “jh±naªg±diniy±mik± pubb±bhisaªkh±rasam±patt²”ti. Pubb±bhisaªkh±rasam±patt²ti ca p±dakabh³t± attan± atikkantadhammavir±gabh±vena vipassan±ya pubb±bhisaªkh±rak±r² ar³pasam±patti, phalasam±patti v±. Ten±ha “p±dakan”ti. Na sammasitabb±ti na sammasitabb± sam±patti jh±naªg±diniy±mik± sammasitabb±na½ tikacatukkajjh±n±na½ tattha anuppajjanato, itarattha ca vises±bh±vato. Phalassap²ti catutthapañcamajjh±nikaphalassapi.
Dukkhañ±º±d²nanti dukkhasamudayañ±º±na½. Ta½ta½kusal±rammaº±rammaºatt±ti k±m±vacar±d²su yena yena kusalena saddhi½ nekkhammasaªkapp±dayo uppajjanti, tassa tassa kusalassa ±rammaºa½ ±rammaºa½ etesanti ta½ta½kusal±rammaº±rammaº± tabbh±vato. Ta½ta½viramitabb±di-±rammaºatt±ti visa½v±danavatthu-±di-±rammaºatt±. V²tikkamitabbato eva hi virat²ti. “Aªg±nan”ti ida½ “nekkhammasaªkapp±d²nan”ti etth±pi yojetabba½ avayavena vin± samud±y±bh±vato. Visesapaccayoti bhinnas²lassa, aparisuddhas²lassa v± sammappadh±n±sambhavato sam±dh±nassa viya v±y±massa s²la½ visesapaccayo. Ayañca attho yadipi purimasiddhas²lavasena yutto, sahaj±tavasen±pi pana labbhatev±ti dassento “sampayuttass±p²”ti ±ha. Sahajameva cettha adhippetanti ±ha “sampayuttasseva c±”ti-±di. Sammoso pam±do, tappaµipakkho asammoso appam±do, so cittassa ±rakkh±ti ±ha “cetaso rakkhitat±”ti.
S²lakkhandho c±ti ca-saddena sam±dhikkhandho ca. Khantippadh±natt± s²lassa adosas±dhanat±, n²varaºajeµµhakassa k±macchandassa ujuvipaccan²kabh±vato sam±dhissa alobhas±dhanat± daµµhabb±. S±sananti paµivedhas±sana½, “s±sanabrahmacariyan”ti ca vadanti.

Maggasaccaniddesavaººan± niµµhit±.

Suttantabh±jan²yavaººan± niµµhit±.