3. Dh±tuvibhaªgo

1. Suttantabh±jan²yavaººan±

172. Abhidhamme ca ±gat±ti imasmi½ dh±tuvibhaªge abhidhammabh±jan²yapañhapucchakesu, nikkhepakaº¹adhammahadayavibhaªg±d²su ca desan±ru¼h±. Yath± pana suttante abhidhamme ca ±gat± khandh±dayo suttante desitaniy±mena khandhavibhaªg±d²su suttantabh±jan²yavasena vibhatt±, evamidh±pi cakkhudh±t±dayo suttantabh±jan²yavasena vibhajitabb± siyu½. Tattha khandh±d²na½ sabbasaªg±hako abhidhammadesan±visiµµho suttante ±gato añño desetabb±k±ro natth²ti te r³pakkhandh±divaseneva suttantabh±jan²ye desit±, dh±t³na½ pana so atth²ti te tiººa½ dh±tuchakk±na½ vasena idha desit±ti dassento ±ha “suttantesveva…pe… vibhattanti veditabban”ti. Ten±ha aµµhakath±ya½ “sabb± dh±tuyo chahi chahi dh±t³hi saªkhipitv±”ti.
Katha½ pana chasu chasu dh±t³su aµµh±rasanna½ dh±t³na½ samavarodhoti? Sabh±vanissayadv±r±rammaºasampayogas±maññato. Tattha paµhamachakke t±va pathav²tejov±yodh±tuyo sabh±vato phoµµhabbadh±tu. ¾podh±tu-±k±sadh±tuyo dhammadh±tu-ekadeso. Viññ±ºadh±tu sattaviññ±ºadh±tuyo. Catudh±tuggahaºena cettha tad±yattavuttik± nissay±padesena, viññ±ºadh±tuy± dv±r±rammaºabh±vena v± avasiµµh± r³padh±tuyo samavaruddh±, viññ±ºadh±tuggahaºena ta½sampayogato dhammadh±tu-ekadesoti eva½ sabbadh±tusamavarodho daµµhabbo. Dutiye chapi dh±tuyo sabh±vato, dhamm±yatanekadeso, ta½sampayogato sattaviññ±ºadh±tuyo, yath±raha½ tesa½ nissayadv±r±rammaºabh±vato avasiµµhadh±tuyo samavaruddh±. Tatiyachakkepi eseva nayo. Evamettha chasu chasu dh±t³su aµµh±rasanna½ dh±t³na½ samavarodho daµµhabbo. Tena vutta½ “sabb± dh±tuyo chahi chahi dh±t³hi saªkhipitv±”ti.
Suññoti attasuñño, tena sasabh±vat±ya ca idha dh±tuvoh±roti ±ha “suññe sabh±vamatte niru¼ho dh±tusaddo”ti. Ta½ta½bh³tavivittat± r³papariyantova ±k±soti yehi vivitto, yesañca paricchedo, tehi asamphuµµhat± tesa½ by±pakabh±ve sati na hot²ti ±ha “cat³hi mah±bh³tehi aby±pitabh±vo”ti. Paricchinnavutt²ni hi bh³t±n²ti.
173. Avayavavinimutto samud±yo n±ma koci natth²ti purimattha½ asambh±vento “dve eva v±”ti-±din± samud±yena vin± dutiyattham±ha. Paccatta½ attani j±tatanti p±µipuggalikata½.
P±µiyekko koµµh±soti v± lom±di-itarakoµµh±sehi asammisso visu½ eko pathav²koµµh±soti attho.
Payoganti bh±van±payoga½. V²riyanti bh±van±nipph±daka½ uss±ha½. ¾y³hananti t±disa½ cetana½.
Dh±tupaµikk³lavaººamanasik±r±nanti dh±tumanasik±rapaµikk³lamanasik±ravaººamanasik±r±na½. Aby±p±rat±y±ti “ahameta½ nipph±demi, mama es± nipph±dan±”ti cetan±rahitat±ya. Karont²ti ±bhogapaccavekkhaº±ni upp±denti.
Lakkhaºavasen±ti sabh±vavasena. So pana yasm± pathav²dh±tuy± kakkha¼akharat± hot²ti ±ha “kakkha¼a½ kharigatanti-±divacana½ sandh±ya vuttan”ti.
Vekantaka½ n±ma sabbalohacchedanasamattha½ loha½. Tath± hi ta½ vikantati chindat²ti vikanta½, vikantameva vekantakanti vuccati. Lohasadisanti loh±k±ra½ lohamala½ viya ghanasahita½ hutv± tiµµhati. T±petv± t±¼ita½ pana chinna½ chinna½ hutv± visarati, mudu maµµha½ kammaniya½ v± na hoti, tena “lohavij±t²”ti vuccat²ti. Tiputamb±d²h²ti tiputambe missetv± kata½ ka½saloha½, s²satambe missetv± kata½ vaµµaloha½, jasadatambe missetv± kata½ ±rak³µa½ Ya½ pana kevala½ jasadadh±tuviniggata½, ya½ “pittalan”tipi vadanti, ta½ idha n±dhippeta½, yath±vuttamissakameva pana gahetv± “kittiman”ti vutta½.
Nidassanamattanti mutt±na½ j±tito anekabhedatt± vutta½. Tath± hi hatthikumbha½ var±had±µha½ bhujaªgas²sa½ val±hak³µa½ veºupabba½ macchasiro saªkho sipp²ti aµµha mutt±yoniyo. Tattha hatthikumbhaj± p²tavaºº± pabh±h²n±. Var±had±µhaj± var±had±µhavaºº±va. Bhujaªgas²saj± n²l±divaºº± suvisuddh±, vaµµal± ca. Val±hakaj± bh±sur± dubbibh±gar³p± rattibh±ge andhak±ra½ vidhamant± tiµµhanti, dev³pabhog± eva honti. Veºupabbaj± k±raphalasam±navaºº±, na bh±sur±, te ca ve¼avo amanussagocare eva padese j±yanti. Macchas²saj± p±µh²napiµµhisam±navaºº±, vaµµal±, laghavo ca honti pabh±vih²n±, te ca macch± samuddamajjheyeva j±yanti. Saªkhaj± saªkhoracchavivaºº±, kolappam±º±pi honti pabh±vih²n±va. Sippij± pana pabh±visesayutt±va honti n±n±saºµh±n±. Eva½ j±tito aµµhavidh±su mutt±su y± macchasaªkhasippij±, t± s±muddik±. Bhujaªgaj±pi k±ci s±muddik±ti vadanti, itar± as±muddik±. Tena vutta½ “s±muddikamutt±ti nidassanamattameta½, sabb±pi pana mutt± mutt± ev±”ti. Bahulato v± aµµhakath±ya½ eta½ vutta½ “mutt±ti s±muddikamutt±”ti. Bahulañhi loke s±muddik±va mutt± dissanti. Tatth±pi sippij±va, itar± kad±ci k±c²ti.
174. Idha natthi niyamo kevala½ dravabh±vasseva adhippetatt±.
175. Nisitabh±ven±ti sant±pan±divasappavattena tikhiºabh±vena. Usm±k±rañhi nis±na½ idha nisitabh±vo. P±katikoti s±bh±viko k±yusm±ti adhippeto. Sad±ti sabbak±la½ y±va j²vitindriya½ pavattati. Petaggi nijjh±mataºhikapetaggi. Idh±ti b±hiratejodh±tukath±ya½.
176. V±yana½ b²jana½, ta½ pana th±mas± pavatt²ti ±ha “savegagamanavasen±”ti. Samud²raºa½ allaparisosana½, bh³tasaªgh±tassa desantaruppattihetubh±vo v±.
177. Bhitticchidd±divasena labbham±na½ ajaµ±k±sa½ niss±yeva paricched±k±sassa parikammakaraºanti ±ha “ajaµ±k±sassa ca kathitatan”ti.
179. Sukhadukkhaphoµµhabbasamuµµh±panapaccayabh±ven±ti iµµh±niµµhaphoµµhabb±na½ nibbattakabh³tena paccayabh±vena. Kassa pana so paccayabh±voti ±ha “sar²raµµhaka-utuss±”ti Paccayabh±ven±ti ca hetumhi karaºavacana½. Tena hi k±raºabh³tena sukhadukkhaphoµµhabb±na½ yath±vuttasamatthat± hot²ti. “Tathev±”ti imin± “yath±bala½ sar²rekadesasakalasar²ran”ti ida½ anuka¹¹hati. Evanti attano phal³pac±rasiddhena pharaºappak±rena. Etesanti sukh±d²na½. “O¼±rikappavatti eva v± pharaºan”ti imin± nirupac±ra½ etesa½ pharaºaµµha½ dasseti. Ubhayavatoti sukhadukkhavato, somanassadomanassavato ca, pharaº±pharaºaµµh±navato v±.
181. Ettha vutta½ saªkappanti etasmi½ “saªkappo k±mo”ti-±dike (mah±ni. 1; c³¼ani. ajitam±ºavapucch±niddesa 8) niddesapadese vutta½ saªkappa½. Tattha hi kilesak±mova “saªkappar±go purisassa k±mo”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 6.63; kath±. 513) viya. Vatthuk±massa tath± tath± saªkappanato parikappanato “saªkappo”ti vutto, na vitakkoti ayamettha attho vutto. ݲk±ya½ pana vitakkavasena attha½ dassetu½ “sopi h²”ti-±di vutta½. Tatr±pi purimo evattho adhippetoti ce, sampiº¹anattho pi-saddo niratthako siy±, “kilesasanthavasambhavato”ti ca na vattabba½ siy±, parato ca “by±p±davacanena by±p±davitakka½ dasset²”ti vakkhati. Kilesak±mo vibhatto kilesasampayuttatt±ti adhipp±yo. K±mapaµibaddh±ti ettha k±ma-saddena vatthuk±m±pi saªgahit±ti daµµhabb±.
182. Ubhayattha uppannoti sattesu, saªkh±res³ti ubhayattha uppanno, satt±k±ro, saªkh±r±k±roti v± ±rammaºassa ubhay±k±raggahaºavasena uppanno. Kammapathaviseso, kammapathavin±sako ca kammapathabhedoti dassetu½ “abhijjh±sa½yogen±”ti-±di vutta½. Tath± vihi½s±ya vihi½s±vitakka½ dasset²ti yojan±. Vihi½s±y±ti ca vihi½s±vacanen±ti attho. Yath±sambhava½ p±º±tip±t±divasen±ti ±di-saddena adinn±d±namus±v±dapesuññapharusav±c±samphappal±pe saªgaºh±ti. Sabba…pe… saªg±hakehi k±manekkhammadh±t³hi. Dve dveti by±p±davihi½s±dh±tuyo, aby±p±da-avihi½s±dh±tuyo ca. “Etth±ti pan±”ti-±din± sa½kilesavod±n±na½ saªkarabh±vassa aniµµh±pajjanassa ca dassanena purima½yeva attha½ byatirekamukhena samp±deti.

Suttantabh±jan²yavaººan± niµµhit±.