1. R³pakkhandhaniddesavaŗŗan±

2. “Kińc²”ti pada½ “ekaccan”ti imin± sam±natthanti ±ha “kińc²ti pak±rantarabheda½ ±masitv± aniyamanidassanan”ti. Ubhayen±ti pak±rabheda½ an±masitv± ±masitv± ca aniyamadassanavasena pavattena “ya½ kińc²”ti padadvayena. Adhippetatthanti r³pa½. Aticc±ti atikkamitv±. Pavattitoti pavattanato. Niyamanatthanti nivattanattha½.
“Kińc±”ti ettha ki½-saddo pucch±ya½ hetu-atthad²pako, karaŗe ceta½ paccattavacana½, ca-saddo vacan±laŖk±roti ±ha “kena k±raŗena vadeth±”ti. Dutiyavikappe pana vuttanayeneva k±raŗatthe pavatta½ ki½-sadda½ “vadeth±”ti kiriy±padasambandhanena upayogavasena pariŗ±metv± vadati “ta½ k±raŗa½ vadeth±”ti.
Purimasant±nassa bhedanti purimasant±nassa vin±sa½, vin±s±padesena cettha sant±ne visadisupp±dameva dasseti. Tenev±ha “visadisasant±nuppattidassanato”ti. Nanu ca ar³padhamm±nampi virodhipaccayasamav±ye visadisuppatti atth²ti? Sacca½ atthi, s± pana na p±kaµatar±, p±kaµatar± ca idh±dhippet±. Tenev±ha “s²t±disannip±te”ti. Tath± c±ha bhagav± “s²tenapi ruppati, uŗhenapi ruppat²”ti-±di (sa½. ni. 3.79). Id±ni bheda-saddo ujukameva vik±r±patti½ vadat²ti dassento “bhedo c±”ti-±dim±ha Visadisar³puppattiyeva, na uppannassa ańńath±bh±voti adhipp±yo. Tena k±piliya½ pariŗ±mav±da½ paµikkhipati. Yadi purimasant±nato bhedo visadisuppatti ruppana½, eva½ sante lakkhaŗassa atippasaŖgo siy±ti codana½ manasi katv± ±ha “ar³pakkhandh±nan”ti-±di. Ettha s²t±d²h²ti ±di-saddena yath± uŗhajighacch±dayo saŖgayhanti, eva½ ±h±r±d²nampi saŖgaho daµµhabbo. Yen±ti yena s²t±d²hi sam±gamena. Tatth±ti tesu r³padhammesu. ¾h±r±dikassa v± µhitippattass±ti sambandho. Yath± r³padhamm±na½ µhitikkhaŗe s²t±d²hi sam±gamo hoti, eva½ ar³pakkhandh±na½ ańńehi sam±gamo natthi atilahuparivattito, tasm± ar³padhamm± r³padhamm±na½ viya p±kaµassa vik±rassa abh±vato “ruppant²”ti, “ruppanalakkhaŗ±”ti ca na vuccant²ti sambandho. “Ruppat²”ti padassa kattukammas±dhan±na½ vasena attha½ dassetu½ aµµhakath±ya½ “kuppati ghaµµ²yati p²¼²yati bhijjat²”ti vuttanti tadattha½ vivaranto “kuppat²ti eten±”ti-±dim±ha. Kop±dikiriy±ti kopasaŖghaµµanap²¼anakiriy±. Kopa-saddo cettha khobhapariy±yo veditabbo. Kattubh³to kammabh³to ca atthoti kattukammas±dhan±na½ vasena vuccam±no bh³tup±d±yar³pasaŖkh±to attho. Kammakattutthena bhijjati-sadden±ti yad± kammakattuttho ruppati-saddo, tad± bhijjati-saddopi tadattho eva veditabboti attho. Tattha yad± kammatthe “ruppat²”ti pada½, tad± “s²ten±”ti-±d²su kattu-atthe karaŗavacana½. Yad± pana “ruppat²”ti pada½ kattu-atthe kammakattu-atthe v±, tad± hetumhi karaŗavacana½ veditabba½. “Ya½ pana ruppat²”ti-±din± “kuppat²”ti-±d²na½ kattukammatth±nampi atthavacan±na½ vacane k±raŗa½ dasseti. Yadipi attha-saddo “p²¼anaµµho”ti-±d²su (paµi. ma. 1.17; 2.8) sabh±vapariy±yopi hoti, “kenaµµhen±”ti panettha abhidheyyapariy±yo adhippetoti ±ha “kenaµµhen±ti pucch±sabh±gavasena ruppanaµµhen±”ti, ruppanasadd±bhidheyyabh±ven±ti attho. Tenev±ha “na kevala½ saddatthoyeva ruppanan”ti. Tassa atthass±ti tassa bh³tup±d±yappabhedassa sabh±vadhammassa. Ruppanalakkhaŗańca n±meta½ aniccat±di viya kakkha¼att±dito ańńanti na gahetabba½. Pańńattiviseso hi tanti, kakkha¼att±d²na½yeva pana ar³padhammavidhuro sabh±vavisesoti veditabba½.
Mucch±pattiy±ti mucch±ya mohassa ±pajjanena. Kappasaŗµh±na½ udakanti kappasaŗµh±pakamah±meghavuµµha½ udaka½. Tath±ti tappak±rat±ya kh±rabh±ve sati udakena kappavuµµh±nak±le viya pathav² vil²yeyya. Lokantariyasatt±na½ pana p±pakammabalena akh±repi kh±re viya sar²rassa vil²yan± veditabb±. Tenev±ti sa-ussadanissayanirayassa vuttatt± eva. Na hi av²cimhi pańcavidhabandhan±dikammak±raŗa½ karonti.
3. Pakaraŗappatta½ r³pa½ pakkhipitv± m±tik± µhapit±ti ±netv± sambandho. Mah±bh³tu…pe… ±pajjati tappak±rabh±vena at²ta½se gaŗana½ gatanti vuttatt±ti adhipp±yo. “Na h²”ti-±din± dhammantaranivattanatthat± pak±rantaranivattanatthat± ca bh³tup±d±yagahaŗassa natth²ti dasseti. Ta½dassaneti gaŗanantaradassane. Ta½sabh±vatt±ti bh³tup±d±yasabh±vatt±. “Na c±”ti-±din± bh³tup±d±yasabh±vo at²ta½sagaŗitat±ya ta½sabh±vassapi ańńath± gaŗitatt±, ata½sabh±vassa ca tath± gaŗitatt± ak±raŗanti dasseti. “Ajjhatta…pe… labbhat²”ti etena dutiyanaye na kevala½ yath±vuttova doso, atha kho aby±pitopi dosoti dasseti. Tadeta½ pana ak±raŗa½ k±raŗabh±vasseva anadhippetatt±. Na hettha bh³tup±d±yar³pabh±vo at²ta½se gaŗanassa k±raŗanti adhippeta½, yato yath±vuttados±patti siy±.
“Kint²”ti ettha “kin”ti pubbe ya½ “r³pan”ti s±mańńato gahita½, tassa sar³papucch±. Iti-saddo nidassanattho, na k±raŗattho. Tenassa ya½ r³pa½ at²ta½ niruddha½…pe… at²ta½sena saŖgahita½ at²takoµµh±se gaŗana½ gata½, ta½ kinti ce? “Catt±ro ca…pe… r³pan”ti bh³tup±d±yavibh±gadassanamukhena visesa½ nidasseti. Yattak± hi idha vises± niddiµµh± cakkh±yatan±dayo, tesamida½ nidassananti. Na cettha purimanayato aviseso. Tattha hi r³passa bh³tup±d±yat±mattasabh±vadassanat± vutt±. Ten±ha aµµhakath±ya½ “at²tar³pampi bh³t±ni cev±”ti-±di. Idha pana bh³tup±d±yena nidassanabh³tena r³passa sabbavisesavibh±vanat± dassit±. Evańca katv± aby±pitadosopi cettha anok±sova, ya½ r³pa½ ajjhatta½…pe… up±dinna½, kinti? Catt±ro ca…pe… r³panti tadańńavisesanidassanassa adhippetatt±. Tath± c±ha “eva½ sabbattha attho veditabbo”ti.
Pariy±yadesanatt±ti sabh±vato pariy±yana½ parivattana½ pariy±yo, ujuka½ appavatt²ti attho. Pariy±yena, pariy±yabh³t± v± desan± etth±ti pariy±yadesana½, suttanta½. Suttantańhi veneyyajjh±sayavasena desetabbadhamme lesato labbham±nabh±vakathana½, na ujunippadesabh±vakathananti pariy±yadesana½ n±ma. Teneva ta½ “yath±nulomas±sanan”ti vuccati. Abhidhammo pana desetabbadhamme ujunippadesakathananti nippariy±yadesana½ n±ma, yato “yath±dhammas±sanan”ti vuccati. Nicchayena desoti vavatth±nato kathana½. Tath± bhaddekarattasutt±d²su (ma. ni. 3.272 ±dayo) viya at²t±dibh±vo at²t±n±gatapaccuppannabh±vo addh±vasena idh±pi khandhavibhaŖge suttantabh±jan²yatt± niddisitabbo siy±ti yojan±.
Sannipatitanti sam±gata½. Sant±navasen±ti pubb±paravasena. Pubben±parassa samappam±ŗat±ya an³na½ anadhika½, tato eva ek±k±ra½. Pavattik±lavasena v± an³na½ anadhika½, sam±nasabh±vat±ya ek±k±ra½. Tena visabh±ga-utun± anantaritata½ dasseti. Eva½ ±h±rep²ti ettha visabh±g±h±rena anantarito anekav±ra½ anekadivasampi bhutto sabh±gek±h±ra½ n±ma. “Tato pubbe visabh±ga-utu-±h±rasamuµµh±na½ at²ta½, pacch± an±gatan”ti hi vuttanti. “Ek±h±rasamuµµh±nan”ti pana vuttatt± ekasseva ±h±rassa yojan± yuttar³p±ti apare. Pańcadv±ravasen±ti ettha pańcadv±r±vajjanato paµµh±ya y±va tad±rammaŗa½, y±va javana½, y±va v± voµµhabbana½, t±va pavatt± cittasantati ekav²thi. Ekajavanasamuµµh±nanti ekajavanav±rasamuµµh±na½. Ettha ca samaya½ an±masitv±va santativasena, santatińca an±masitv±va samayavasena at²t±divibh±go gahetabbo.
Tesanti hetupaccay±na½. Kal±pass±ti r³pakal±passa. Kamm±nantar±d²ti kamm±di, anantar±d²ti pacceka½ ±di-saddo yojetabbo. Tattha paµhamena ±disaddena upanissayapaccayassa ±h±r±dino ca dutiyena samanantar±nantar³panissay±dino saŖgaho veditabbo. Cittupp±dassa cettha kamm±nantar±dipaccayavasena, itarassa kamm±divaseneva janakabh±ve yojan± daµµhabb±. Tath± cittupp±dassa purej±tavasena, itarassa pacch±j±tavasena, ubhayesampi sahaj±tavasena upatthambhana½ veditabba½ Tenev±ha “yath±sambhava½ yojetabban”ti. Upp±dakkhaŗeti hetukiccakkhaŗe. Hetukicca½ n±ma tassa tassa upp±detabbassa uppattikaraŗa½, tańca tasmi½ khaŗe uppannaphalatt± tato para½ kattabb±bh±vato niµµhitańc±ti daµµhabba½. Itara½ pana t²supi khaŗesu paccayakicca½ daµµhabbanti yojan±.
6. Aniµµhan±manivattanass±ti aniµµhan±manivattiy± ak±raŗabh±vadassanena iµµhan±mal±bh±panassa ak±raŗabh±va½ dasseti.
Devamanussasampattibhaveti sampattiyutte sampanne devamanussabhave. Samiddhasobhanat±ti abhivuddhasobhanat±. Tato ev±ti sampattivirahato eva, asampannatt± ev±ti attho. Tesa½yeva hatthi-±d²na½ sukhassa hetubh±va½ na gacchanti s±raŗ±divasena dukkhapaccayatt±. Tesanti hatthir³p±d²na½. “Tassa tassev±”ti-±din± yath±vuttamattha½ vivarati. Akusalena attan± katena nibbatta½ dukkhassa paccayo hot²ti yojan±. Tasm±ti yasm± kamma½ yasmi½ sant±ne nibbatta½, tattheva sukhadukkh±na½ paccayo hoti, na ańńattha, tasm±. Aµµhakath±ya½ pan±ti ekaccamatadassana½. Tattha “aniµµha½ n±ma natth²”ti yasm± paµisedhadvayena kusalakammajassa iµµhabh±vo niyato, tasm± “kusalakammajameva iµµhan”ti eva½ aniyametv± “kusalakammaja½ iµµhamev±”ti evamettha niyamo gahetabboti dassento “akusalakammajamp²”ti-±dim±ha. Kinti akusalakammaja½ sobhana½, ya½ paresa½ iµµha½ n±ma siy±? Yadi duggatiya½ kesańci tiracch±n±na½ saŗµh±n±disampatti sugatiya½ satt±na½ akusalanissandena vir³par³pat± viya kusalanissandena, katha½ tass± akusalakammajat±. Atha pana ya½ kesańci aman±pampi sam±na½ r³pa½ man±pa½ hutv± upaµµh±ti, ta½ sandh±ya vutta½, evampi yath± kesańci tiracch±n±d²na½ kusalakammaja½ manuss±dir³pa½ aman±pato upaµµhahantampi kusalavip±kasseva ±rammaŗabh±vato atthato iµµhameva n±ma hoti, eva½ akusalakammaja½ kesańci man±pa½ hutv± upaµµhahantampi akusalavip±kasseva ±rammaŗabh±vato atthato aniµµhameva n±ma hoti, evańceta½ sampaµicchitabba½. Ańńath± “aµµh±nameta½ anavak±so, ya½ k±yaduccaritassa iµµho kanto man±po vip±ko uppajjeyy±”ti-±di-aµµh±nap±¼iy± (ma. ni. 3.131) virodho siy±. Tenev±ha “kusalakammajassa pan±”ti-±di. Sabbesanti attano, paresańca Iµµhassa abh±vo vattabboti yath± “kusalakammaja½ aniµµha½ n±ma natth²”ti vutta½, eva½ kińc±pi “akusalakammaja½ iµµha½ n±ma natth²”ti aµµhakath±ya½ na vutta½, tena pana nayadassanena akusalakammajassa abh±vo vutto eva hot²ti so sa½vaŗŗan±vasena niddh±retv± vattabboti adhipp±yo. Etena kusalakammajameva iµµhanti purimapad±vadh±raŗassa gahetabbata½ dasseti.
Id±ni “hatthi-±d²namp²”ti-±din± tamevattha½ vivarati. Kusalavip±kass±ti etth±pi kusalavip±kasseva ±rammaŗanti attho. Manuss±nanti ca nidassanamatta½ daµµhabba½. Itaresampi ca akusalakammaja½ akusalavip±kasseva, kusalakammajańca kusalavip±kasseva ±rammaŗanti dassitov±ya½ nayoti. Kasm± pana iµµh±niµµhamissite vatthumhi man±pat±va saŗµh±t²ti ±ha “iµµh±rammaŗena…pe… sakk± vattun”ti. Suµµhu vuttanti “iµµh±niµµha½ ekantato vip±keneva paricchijjat²”ti vadantehi iµµh±niµµh±rammaŗavavatth±na½ sammadeva vutta½. Ta½ anugantv±ti vip±kavasena iµµh±niµµh±rammaŗavavatth±na½ anugantv±. Sabbatth±ti sugatiduggat²su, sabbesu v± ±rammaŗesu.
“Aniµµh±”ti vacaneneva tesa½ iµµhat± nivattit±ti ±ha “sadisat± ca r³p±dibh±voyev±”ti. Iµµh±neva r³p±d²ni k±maguŗ±ti sutte vutt±n²ti mittapaµipakkho amitto viya iµµhapaµipakkh± aniµµh±ti adhippet±ti vutta½ “aniµµh±ti…pe… voh±ro viy±”ti. Sabb±ni v±ti ettha “piyar³pa½ s±tar³pan”ti (d². ni. 2.400; ma. ni. 1.133; vibha. 203) vacanato katha½ aniµµh±na½ r³p±d²na½ k±maguŗabh±v±patt²ti ce? Tesampi vipall±savasena taŗh±vatthubh±vato piyar³pabh±vassa adhippetatt±. Yadi eva½ katha½ “cakkhuvińńeyy±ni r³p±ni iµµh±n²”ti-±disuttapada½ (ma. ni. 1.166; 2.155; 3.57; sa½. ni. 5.30) n²yat²ti ±ha “atisayen±”ti-±di.
Indriyabaddhar³pavasena p±¼iya½ h²nadukaniddeso pavattoti dassetu½ “dv²supi h²napaŗ²tapades³”ti-±dim±ha. Avayavayoge s±mivacana½, na kattar²ti adhipp±yo. “Tesa½ tesa½ satt±nan”ti indriyabaddhar³pe niddiµµhe kasm± kammajavasena attho vutto, na catusantativasen±ti ±ha “sattasant±na…pe… vuttan”ti. Padh±natt± hi kammajavasena attha½ vatv± sesesu “eva½ utusamuµµh±n±d²sup²”ti aµµhakath±ya½ atideso kato “Tehi teh²ti etasmi½ atthe”ti imin± “tesa½ tesan”ti kattari s±mivacana½ ±saŖkati. Tath± sati visaye v± s±mivacane laddhaguŗa½ dasseti “na kammajavasenev±”ti-±din±, kammajaggahaŗańcettha upalakkhaŗa½ daµµhabba½.
Mariy±d±bh³tanti uttamamariy±d±bh³ta½. Tenev±ha “yassa yeva man±p±, tassa teva param±”ti. Tesanti k±maguŗ±na½. Sabh±vatoti lakkhaŗato.
“Ekasmi½yeva ass±danakujjhanato”ti-±din± “yasm± teyeva r³p±dayo eko ass±det²”ti-±dika½ suttantavivaraŗa½ iµµh±niµµhabh±ve hetubh±vena vuttanti dasseti. Iµµh±niµµhaggahaŗa½ hot²ti nibb±ne viya aniµµhaggahaŗa½ sańń±vipall±sena ańńesupi ±rammaŗesu iµµh±niµµh±bhiniveso hot²ti adhipp±yo.
Vibh±go n±ma asaŖkaro, vitth±ro c±ti “vibhattan”ti padassa “vavatthita½, pak±sitan”ti ca attham±ha. Ańńesanti ati-a¹¹hadalidd±na½. Ida½ iµµha½, aniµµhańca hot²ti ettha ca-saddena aniµµha½, iµµhańca hot²ti ayampi attho vuttoti veditabba½. Aniµµha½ iµµhanti iµµhassa “aniµµhan”ti, aniµµhassa “iµµhan”ti gahaŗe yath±saŖkhya½ yojan±. Indriyavik±r±patti-±din±ti ettha ±di-saddena pubb±bhisaŖkh±r±di½ saŖgaŗh±ti. Puretara½ pavattacitt±bhisaŖkh±ravasen±pi hi vin±va sańń±vipall±sa½ iµµha½ “aniµµhan”ti, aniµµhańca “iµµhan”ti gayhat²ti.
Tena vip±ken±ti tena kusal±kusalavip±kena. ¾rammaŗassa iµµh±niµµhatanti yattha ta½ uppajjati, tassa buddhar³p±dikassa g³th±dikassa ca ±rammaŗassa yath±kkama½ iµµhata½ aniµµhatańca nidasseti. Vijjam±nepi sańń±vipall±se ±rammaŗena vip±kaniyamadassananti iµµh±rammaŗe kusalavip±kova uppajjati, aniµµh±rammaŗe akusalavip±kov±ti eva½ ±rammaŗena vip±kaniyamadassana½. ¾rammaŗaniyamadassanatthanti ya½ kusalavip±kassa ±rammaŗa½, ta½ iµµha½ n±ma. Ya½ akusalavip±kassa ±rammaŗa½, ta½ aniµµha½ n±m±ti dassanattha½. ¾rammaŗena niy±mito hi vip±ko attano upak±rakassa ±rammaŗassa niy±mako hot²ti.
Dv±rantare dukkhassa paccayabh³tassa ±rammaŗassa dv±rantare sukhavip±kupp±danato, dv±rantare sukhassa paccayabh³tassa ±rammaŗassa dv±rantare dukkhavip±kupp±danato vip±kena ±rammaŗaniyamadassanena vip±kavasena iµµh±niµµhat± dassit±ti yojan±.
7. Duppariggahaµµhena k±raŗabh³tena lakkhaŗassa indriy±disabh±vassa duppaµivijjhat±, eva½ supariggahaµµhena lakkhaŗasuppaµivijjhat± veditabb±. “D³re”ti avuttass±ti lakkhaŗato “d³re”ti akathitassa. Vuttamp²ti lakkhaŗato “d³re”ti vuttampi sukhumar³pa½.
“Bhindam±no”ti sambhindam±noti vutta½ hot²ti ±ha “missaka½ karonto”ti. Yasm± pana bhedana½ vibh±gakaraŗampi hoti, tasm± dutiyavikappe “bhindam±no”ti padassa “visu½ karonto”ti attham±ha. Tatiyavikappe pana bhindam±noti vin±sentoti attho. Ten±ha “santikabh±va½ bhinditv± d³rabh±va½, d³rabh±vańca bhinditv± santikabh±va½ karonto”ti. Na hi sakk± santikassa tabbh±va½ avin±setv± d³rabh±va½ k±tu½, tath± itarass±pi. Santikabh±vakaraŗena na bhindati na vin±seti, na ca ok±sad³rato lakkhaŗato d³ra½ visu½ karaŗena bhindati vibh±ga½ karoti, n±pi ok±sad³rena lakkhaŗato d³ra½ vomissakakaraŗena bhindati sambhindat²ti yojan±. “Tidh± attho daµµhabbo”ti saŖkhepena vuttamattha½ “na h²”ti-±din± vivarati. Visu½ karoti, vomissaka½ karot²ti karoti-sadda½ ±netv± sambandho. “Etth±p²”ti-±din± yath± “ok±sato d³rameva bhindat²”ti ettha ok±sato d³rassa ok±sato santikabh±vakaraŗa½ adhippetanti vin±sana½ bhedana½, eva½ “na lakkhaŗato d³ra½ bhindat²”ti etth±pi lakkhaŗato d³rassa lakkhaŗato santikabh±v±karaŗa½ abhedana½ avin±sananti imamattha½ dasseti. Vomissakakaraŗavibh±gakaraŗatthata½ sandh±y±ha “bhindam±noti ettha ca ańńath± bhedana½ vuttan”ti. Pacchimanaye vin±sanatthameva sandh±ya “bhedana½ idha ca ańńath± vuttan”ti avoca.

R³pakkhandhaniddesavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.