1. R³pakkhandhaniddesavaººan±

2. Ya½ kiñc²ti ettha yanti s±maññena aniyamanidassana½, kiñc²ti pak±rantarabheda½ ±masitv± aniyamanidassana½. Ubhayenapi at²ta½ v±…pe… santike v± appa½ v± bahu½ v± y±disa½ v± t±disa½ v± ya½ kiñc²ti napu½sakaniddes±raha½ sabba½ by±petv± saªgaºh±t²ti aññesupi napu½sakaniddes±rahesu pasaªga½ disv± tassa adhippetattha½ aticca pavattito atippasaªgassa niyamanattha½ “r³pan”ti ±ha. Ya½kiñc²ti sanip±ta½ ya½-sadda½ ki½-saddañca aniyamekatthad²panavasena eka½ padanti gahetv± “padadvayenap²”ti vutta½.
Kiñca, bhikkhave, r³pa½ vadeth±ti tumhepi r³pa½ r³panti vadetha, ta½ kena k±raºena vadeth±ti attho, atha v± kena k±raºena r³pa½, ta½ k±raºa½ vadeth±ti attho. Athetesu bhikkh³su tuºh²bh³tesu bhagav± ±ha “ruppat²ti kho”ti-±di.
Bhijjat²ti s²t±disannip±te visadisasant±nuppattidassanato purimasant±nassa bheda½ sandh±y±ha. Bhedo ca visadisat±vik±r±patt²ti bhijjat²ti vik±ra½ ±pajjat²ti attho. Vik±r±patti ca s²t±disannip±te visadisar³puppattiyeva. Ar³pakkhandh±na½ pana atilahuparivattito yath± r³padhamm±na½ µhitikkhaºe s²t±d²hi sam±gamo hoti, yena tattha utuno µhitippattassa purimasadisasant±nupp±danasamatthat± na hoti ±h±r±dikassa v±, eva½ aññehi sam±gamo natthi. Saªghaµµanena ca vik±r±pattiya½ ruppana-saddo niru¼ho, tasm± ar³padhamm±na½ saªghaµµanavirahitatt± r³padhamm±na½ viya p±kaµassa vik±rassa abh±vato ca “ruppant²”ti “ruppanalakkhaº±”ti ca na vuccanti. Jighacch±pip±s±hi ruppanañca udaraggisannip±tena hot²ti daµµhabba½. Ettha ca kuppat²ti etena kattu-atthe r³papadasiddhi½ dasseti, ghaµµ²yati p²¼²yat²ti etehi kammatthe. Kop±dikiriy±yeva hi ruppanakiriy±ti. So pana kattubh³to kammabh³to ca attho bhijjam±no hot²ti imassatthassa dassanattha½ “bhijjat²ti attho”ti vutta½. Atha v± ruppat²ti r³panti kammakattutthe r³papadasiddhi vutt±. Vik±ro hi ruppananti. Teneva “bhijjat²ti attho”ti kammakattutthena bhijjati-saddena attha½ dasseti. Ya½ pana ruppati bhijjati, ta½ yasm± kuppati ghaµµ²yati p²¼²yati, tasm± etehi ca padehi padattho p±kaµo katoti. “Kenaµµhen±”ti pucch±sabh±gavasena “ruppanaµµhen±”ti vutta½. Na kevala½ saddatthoyeva ruppana½, tassa panatthassa lakkhaºañca hot²ti atthalakkhaºavasena “ruppanalakkhaºena r³pantipi vattu½ vaµµat²”ti ±ha.
Chijjitv±ti mucch±pattiy± muccitv± aªgapaccaªg±na½ chedanavasena v± chijjitv±. Accantakh±rena s²todaken±ti atis²tabh±vameva sandh±ya accantakh±rat± vutt± siy±. Na hi ta½ kappasaºµh±na½ udaka½ sampattikara½ pathav²sandh±raka½ kappavin±sa-udaka½ viya kh±ra½ bhavitu½ arahati. Tath± hi sati pathav² vil²yeyy±ti. Av²cimah±nirayeti sa-ussada½ av²ciniraya½ vutta½. Teneva “tattha h²”ti-±di vutta½. Petti…pe… na hont²ti eva½vidh±pi satt± atth²ti adhipp±yo eva½vidh±yeva hont²ti niyam±bh±vato. Eva½ k±lakañjik±d²sup²ti. Sarant± gacchant²ti sar²sapa-saddassa attha½ vadati.
Abhisaññ³hitv±ti ettha sam³ha½ katv±tipi attho. Etena sabba½ r³pa½…pe… dassita½ hot²ti etena r³pakkhandha-saddassa sam±n±dhikaraºasam±sabh±va½ dasseti. Tenev±ha “na hi r³pato…pe… atth²”ti.
3. Pakkhipitv±ti ettha ek±dasok±sesu r³pa½ pakkhipitv±ti attho. Na hi tattha m±tika½yeva pakkhipitv± m±tik± µhapit±, atha kho pakaraºappatta½ r³panti.
Aparo nayo…pe… ettheva gaºana½ gatanti etena at²ta½sen±ti bhummatthe karaºavacananti dasseti. Yena pak±rena gaºana½ gata½, ta½ dassetu½ “catt±ro ca mah±bh³t±”ti-±di vuttanti imasmi½ atthe sati mah±bh³tup±d±yar³pabh±vo at²takoµµh±se gaºanassa k±raºanti ±pajjati. Na hi at²ta½s±na½ vedan±d²na½ nivattanattha½ ida½ vacana½ “ya½ r³pan”ti eteneva tesa½ nivattitatt±, n±pi r³passa aññappak±ranivattanattha½ sabbappak±rassa tattha gaºitatt±, na ca an±gatapaccuppann±k±ranivattanattha½ at²ta½savacanena ta½nivattanatoti. Atha pana ya½ at²ta½sena gaºita½, ta½ catt±ro ca…pe… r³panti eva½ gaºitanti ayamattho adhippeto, eva½ sati gaºanantaradassana½ ida½ siy±, na at²ta½sena gaºitappak±radassana½, ta½dassane pana sati bh³tup±d±yar³pappak±rena at²ta½se gaºita½ ta½sabh±vatt±ti ±pannameva hoti, na ca eva½sabh±vat± at²ta½se gaºitat±ya k±raºa½ bhavitu½ arahati eva½sabh±vasseva paccuppann±n±gatesu gaºitatt± sukh±disabh±vassa ca at²ta½se gaºitatt±, tasm± purimanayo eva yutto. Ajjhattabahiddh±niddesesupi t±diso evattho labbhat²ti.
Suttantapariy±yatoti pariy±yadesanatt± suttassa vutta½. Abhidhammaniddesatoti nippariy±yadesanatt± abhidhammassa nicchayena deso niddesoti katv± vutta½. Kiñc±p²ti-±d²su ayamadhipp±yo suttantabh±jan²yatt± yath± “at²ta½ nanv±gameyy±”ti-±d²su addh±navasena at²t±dibh±vova vutto, tath± idh±pi niddisitabbo (ma. ni. 3.272, 275; apa. thera 2.55.244) siy±. Eva½ santepi suttantabh±jan²yampi abhidhammadesan±yeva suttante vuttadhamme vicinitv± vibhajanavasena pavatt±ti abhidhammaniddeseneva at²t±dibh±vo niddiµµhoti.
Addh±santatisamayakhaºavasen±ti ettha cutipaµisandhiparicchinne k±le addh±-saddo vattat²ti “ahosi½ nu kho ahamat²tamaddh±nan”ti-±disuttavasena (ma. ni. 1.18; sa½. ni. 2.20) viññ±yati. “Tayome, bhikkhave, addh±. Katame tayo? At²to addh±, an±gato addh±, paccuppanno addh±”ti (itivu. 63; d². ni. 3.305) ettha pana paramatthato paricchijjam±no addh± niruttipathasuttavasena (sa½. ni. 3.62) khaºaparicchinno yutto. Tattha hi “ya½, bhikkhave, r³pa½ j±ta½ p±tubh³ta½, ‘atth²’ti tassa saªkh±”ti (sa½. ni. 3.62) vijjam±nassa paccuppannat± tato pubbe pacch± ca at²t±n±gatat± vutt±ti. Yebhuyyena pana cutipaµisandhiparicchinno (d². ni. 3.305; itivu. 63) suttesu at²t±diko addh± vuttoti so eva idh±pi “addh±vasen±”ti vutto. S²ta½ s²tassa sabh±go, tath± uºha½ uºhassa. Ya½ pana s²ta½ uºha½ v± sar²re sannipatita½ sant±navasena pavattam±na½ an³na½ anadhika½ ek±k±ra½, ta½ eko ut³ti vuccati. Sabh±ga-utuno anekantasabh±vato ekagahaºa½ kata½, eva½ ±h±repi. Ekav²thi-ekajavanasamuµµh±nanti pañcachaµµhadv±ravasena vutta½. Santatisamayakath± vipassak±na½ upak±ratth±ya aµµhakath±su kathit±.
Niµµhitahetupaccayakicca½, niµµhitahetukiccamaniµµhitapaccayakicca½, ubhayakiccamasampatta½, sakiccakkhaºe paccuppanna½. Janako hetu, upatthambhako paccayo, tesa½ upp±dana½ upatthambhanañca kicca½. Yath± b²jassa aªkurupp±dana½ pathav²-±d²nañca tadupatthambhana½ kammassa kaµatt±r³pavip±kupp±dana½ ±h±r±d²na½ tadupatthambhana½, eva½ ekekassa kal±passa cittupp±dassa ca janak±na½ kamm±nantar±dipaccayabh³t±na½ upatthambhak±nañca sahaj±tapurej±tapacch±j±t±na½ kicca½ yath±sambhava½ yojetabba½. Tattha upp±dakkhaºe hetukicca½ daµµhabba½, t²supi khaºesu paccayakicca½. Pathav²-±d²na½ sandh±raº±dika½ phass±d²na½ phusan±dikañca attano attano kicca½ sakicca½, tassa karaºakkhaºo sakiccakkhaºo. Saha v± kiccena sakicca½, yasmi½ khaºe sakicca½ r³pa½ v± ar³pa½ v± hoti, so sakiccakkhaºo, tasmi½ khaºe paccuppanna½.
6. Ettakamev±ti “tesa½ tesan”ti imin± ±me¹itavacanena abhiby±panatthena vuttatthameva. “Aparassa aparass±”ti d²pana½ aparad²pana½. Pariyesat³ti etena pariyesan±ya aniµµhan±manivattanassa ak±raºabh±va½ dasseti. Kammadosena hi cittavipall±sadosena ca g³thabhakkhap±º±dayo ummattak±dayo ca pariyeseyyu½ diµµhivipall±sena ca yonak±dayo na ±rammaºassa pariyesitabbasabh±vatt±, apariyesitabbasabh±vatt± pana etassa aniµµhamicceva n±manti attho.
Sampattivirahatoti r³p±d²na½ devamanussasampattibhave kusalakammaphalat± samiddhasobhanat± ca sampatti, tabbirahatoti attho. Tato eva ta½ na pariyesitabbanti. Sobhan±ni ca k±nici hatthir³p±d²ni akusalakammanibbatt±ni na tesa½yeva hatthi-±d²na½ sukhassa hetubh±va½ gacchant²ti tesa½ saªgaºhanattha½ “akantan”ti vutta½. Tassa tasseva hi sattassa attan± katena kusalena nibbatta½ sukhassa paccayo hoti, akusalena nibbatta½ dukkhassa. Tasm± kammaj±na½ iµµh±niµµhat± kammak±rakasattassa vasena yojan±rah± siy±. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana “kusalakammaja½ aniµµha½ n±ma natth²”ti idameva vutta½, na vutta½ “akusalakammaja½ iµµha½ n±ma natth²”ti. Tena akusalakammajampi sobhana½ parasatt±na½ iµµhanti anuññ±ta½ bhavissati. Kusalakammaja½ pana sabbesa½ iµµhamev±ti vadanti. Tiracch±nagat±na½ pana kesañci manussar³pa½ aman±pa½, yato te disv±va pal±yanti. Manuss± ca devat±r³pa½ disv± bh±yanti, tesampi vip±kaviññ±ºa½ ta½ r³pa½ ±rabbha kusalavip±ka½ uppajjati, t±disassa pana puññassa abh±v± na tesa½ tattha abhirati hot²ti adhipp±yo. Kusalakammajassa pana aniµµhass±bh±vo viya akusalakammajassa sobhanassa iµµhassa abh±vo vattabbo. Hatthi-±d²nampi hi akusalakammaja½ manuss±na½ akusalavip±kasseva ±rammaºa½, kusalakammaja½ pana pavatte samuµµhita½ kusalavip±kassa. Iµµh±rammaºena pana vomissakatt± appaka½ akusalakammaja½ bahula½ akusalavip±kuppattiy± k±raºa½ na bhavissat²ti sakk± vattunti. Vip±ka½ pana katthaci na sakk± vañcetunti vip±kavasena iµµh±niµµh±rammaºavavatth±na½ suµµhu vutta½. Tasm± ta½ anugantv± sabbattha iµµh±niµµhat± yojetabb±.
Aniµµh± pañca k±maguº±ti kasm± vutta½, nanu “cakkhuviññeyy±ni r³p±ni iµµh±n²”ti (ma. ni. 1.166; 2.155; 3.190; sa½. ni. 5.30) evam±din± iµµh±neva r³p±d²ni “k±maguº±”ti vutt±n²ti? K±maguºasadisesu k±maguºavoh±rato, sadisat± ca r³p±dibh±voyeva na iµµhat±. “Aniµµh±”ti v± vacanena ak±maguºat± dassit±ti k±maguºavisabh±g± r³p±dayo “k±maguº±”ti vutt± asive “siv±”ti voh±ro viya. Sabb±ni v± iµµh±niµµh±ni r³p±d²ni taºh±vatthubh±vato k±maguº±yeva. Vuttañhi “r³p± loke piyar³pa½ s±tar³pan”ti-±di (d². ni. 2.400; ma. ni. 1.133; vibha. 203). Atisayena pana k±man²yatt± suttesu “k±maguº±”ti iµµh±ni r³p±d²ni vutt±n²ti.
Dv²supi h²napaº²tapadesu “akusalakammajavasena kusalakammajavasen±”ti vacana½ “tesa½ tesa½ satt±nan”ti sattavasena niyametv± vibhajitatt±, ayañcattho “tesa½ tesan”ti avayavayoge s±mivacana½ katv± vuttoti veditabbo. Sattasant±napariy±pannesu kammaja½ visiµµhanti “kammajavasen±”ti vutta½. Yadi pana tehi teh²ti etasmi½ atthe tesa½ tesanti s±mivacana½, visayavisay²sambandhe v±, na kammajavaseneva r³p±d²ni vibhatt±ni, sabbesa½ pana indriyabaddh±na½ vasena vibhatt±n²ti viññ±yanti. Ettha ca p±kaµehi r³p±d²hi nayo dassitoti cakkh±d²supi h²napaº²tat± yojetabb±.
Man±papariyantanti man±pa½ pariyanta½ mariy±d±bh³ta½ pañcasu k±maguºesu vad±m²ti attho. Ki½ k±raºanti? Yasm± te ekaccassa man±p± honti, ekaccassa aman±p±, yassa yeva man±p±, tassa teva param±, tasm± tassa tassa ajjh±sayavasena k±maguº±na½ paramat± hoti, na tesa½yeva sabh±vato.
Evanti imasmi½ sutte vuttanayena. Ekasmi½yeva ass±danakujjhanato ±rammaºasabh±vasseva iµµh±niµµh±bh±vato aniµµha½ “iµµhan”ti gahaºato ca, iµµha½ “aniµµhan”ti gahaºato ca iµµh±niµµha½ n±ma p±µiyekka½ paµivibhatta½ natth²ti attho. Saññ±vipall±sena c±ti-±din± nibb±ne viya aññesu ±rammaºesu saññ±vipall±sena iµµh±niµµhaggahaºa½ hoti. Pittummatt±d²na½ kh²rasakkar±d²su dosussadasamuµµhitasaññ±vipall±savasena tittaggahaºa½ viy±ti imamattha½ sandh±ya man±papariyantat± vutt±ti dasseti.
Vibhatta½ atth²ti ca vavatthita½ atth²ti attho, aµµhakath±cariyehi vibhatta½ pak±sitanti v±. Tañca majjhimakasattassa vasena vavatthita½ pak±sitañca, aññesañca vipall±savasena ida½ iµµha½ aniµµhañca hot²ti adhipp±yo. Eva½ vavatthitassa paniµµh±niµµhassa aniµµha½ iµµhanti ca gahaºe na kevala½ saññ±vipall±sova k±raºa½, dh±tukkhobhavasena indriyavik±r±patti-±din± kusal±kusalavip±kuppattihetubh±vop²ti sakk± vattu½. Tath± hi s²tudaka½ ghamm±bhitatt±na½ kusalavip±kassa k±yaviññ±ºassa hetu hoti, s²t±bhibh³t±na½ akusalavip±kassa. T³lapicusamphasso vaºe dukkho nivaºe sukho, mudutaruºahatthasamb±hanañca sukha½ upp±deti, teneva hatthena paharaºa½ dukkha½, tasm± vip±kavasena ±rammaºavavatth±na½ yutta½.
Kiñc±p²ti-±din± satipi saññ±vipall±se buddhar³padassan±d²su kusalavip±kasseva g³thadassan±d²su ca akusalavip±kassa uppatti½ dassento tena vip±kena ±rammaºassa iµµh±niµµhata½ dasseti. Vijjam±nepi saññ±vipall±se ±rammaºena vip±kaniyamadassana½ ±rammaºaniyamadassanatthameva katanti.
Apica dv±ravasenap²ti-±din± dv±rantare dukkhassa sukhassa ca paccayabh³tassa dv±rantare sukhadukkhavip±kupp±danato vip±kena ±rammaºaniyamadassanena ekasmi½yeva ca dv±re sam±nasseva maºiratan±diphoµµhabbassa saºika½ phusane pothane ca sukhadukkhupp±danato vip±kavasena iµµh±niµµhat± dassit±ti viññ±yati.
Heµµhimanayoti majjhimakasattassa vip±kassa ca vasena vavatthita½ ±rammaºa½ gahetv± “tesa½ tesa½ satt±na½ uññ±tan”ti (vibha. 6) ca ±din± vuttanayo. Sammutiman±panti majjhimakasattassa vip±kassa ca vasena sammata½ vavatthita½ man±pa½, ta½ pana sabh±veneva vavatthitanti abhinditabbatova na bhindat²ti adhipp±yo. Saññ±vipall±sena nerayik±d²hipi puggalehi man±panti gahita½ puggalaman±pa½ “ta½ ta½ v± pan±”ti-±din± bhindati. Vem±nikapetar³pampi akusalakammajatt± kammak±raº±didukkhavatthubh±vato ca “manussar³pato h²nan”ti vutta½.
7. O¼±rikar³p±na½ vatth±rammaºapaµigh±tavasena supariggahitat±, sukhum±na½ tath± abh±vato duppariggahitat± ca yojetabb±. Duppariggahaµµheneva lakkhaºaduppaµivijjhanat± daµµhabb±. Dasavidhanti “d³re”ti avuttassa dassanattha½ vutta½. Vuttampi pana ok±sato d³re hotiyeva.
Heµµhimanayoti “itthindriya½…pe… ida½ vuccati r³pa½ santike”ti (vibha. 7) eva½ lakkhaºato dv±dasahatthavasena vavatthita-ok±sato ca dassetv± niyy±titanayo. So lakkhaºok±savasena d³rasantikena saha gahetv± niyy±titatt± bhindam±no missaka½ karonto gato. Atha v± bhindam±noti sar³padassanena lakkhaºato yev±panakena ok±satoti eva½ lakkhaºato ok±sato ca visu½ karonto gatoti attho. Atha v± lakkhaºato santikad³r±na½ ok±sato d³rasantikabh±vakaraºena santikabh±va½ bhinditv± d³rabh±va½, d³rabh±vañca bhinditv± santikabh±va½ karonto pavattoti “bhindam±no gato”ti vutta½. Idha pan±ti “ta½ ta½ v± pana r³pa½ up±d±ya up±d±y±”ti idha purimanayena lakkhaºato d³ra½ ok±sato santikabh±vakaraºena na bhindati bhagav±, na ca ok±sad³rato visu½ karaºena, n±pi ok±sad³rena vomissakakaraºen±ti attho. Ki½ pana karot²ti? Ok±sato d³rameva bhindati. Ettha pana na pubbe vuttanayena tidh± attho daµµhabbo. Na hi ok±sato d³ra½ lakkhaºato santika½ karoti, lakkhaºato v± visu½ tena v± vomissakanti. Ok±sato d³rassa pana ok±satova santikabh±vakaraºa½ idha “bhedanan”ti veditabba½. Idha pana na lakkhaºato d³ra½ bhindat²ti etth±pi v± na pubbe vuttanayena tidh± bhedassa akaraºa½ vutta½, lakkhaºato santikad³r±na½ pana lakkhaºato up±d±yup±d±ya d³rasantikabh±vo natth²ti lakkhaºato d³rassa lakkhaºatova santikabh±v±karaºa½ lakkhaºato d³rassa abhedananti daµµhabba½. Purimanayo viya aya½ nayo na hot²ti ettakameva hi ettha dasset²ti bhindam±noti ettha ca aññath± bhedana½ vutta½, bhedana½ idha ca aññath± vuttanti.

R³pakkhandhaniddesavaººan± niµµhit±.