Namo tassa bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa.

Abhidhammapiµake

Vibhaªga-m³laµ²k±

1. Khandhavibhaªgo

1. Suttantabh±jan²yavaººan±

Catusaccadasoti catt±ri sacc±ni sam±haµ±ni catusacca½, catusacca½ pass²ti catusaccadaso. Satipi s±vak±na½ paccekabuddh±nañca catusaccadassanabh±ve anaññapubbakatt± bhagavato catusaccadassanassa tattha ca sabbaññut±ya dasabalesu ca vas²bh±vassa pattito parasant±nesu ca pas±ritabh±vena sup±kaµatt± bhagav±va visesena “catusaccadaso”ti thomana½ arahat²ti N±that²ti n±tho, veneyy±na½ hitasukha½ ±s²sati pattheti, parasant±nagata½ v± kilesabyasana½ upat±peti, “s±dhu, bhikkhave, bhikkhu k±lena k±la½ attasampatti½ paccavekkhit±”ti-±din± (a. ni. 8.7) v± ta½ ta½ hitapaµipatti½ y±cat²ti attho. Paramena cittissariyena samann±gato, sabbasatte v± guºehi ²sati abhibhavat²ti paramissaro bhagav± “n±tho”ti vuccati. “Saddhamme g±rava½ katv± kariss±m²”ti sotabbabh±ve k±raºa½ vatv± puna savane niyojento ±ha “ta½ suº±tha sam±hit±”ti. “Por±ºaµµhakath±naya½ vig±hitv± kariss±m²”ti v± etena sakkaccasavane ca k±raºa½ vatv± tattha niyojento ±ha “saddhamme g±rava½ katv± ta½ suº±th±”ti.
Ettha ca “catusaccadaso”ti vacana½ thomanameva catuppabhed±ya desan±ya sam±nagaºanadassanaguºena, “aµµh±rasahi buddhadhammehi upeto”ti ca aµµh±rasappabhed±ya desan±ya sam±nagaºanaguºeh²ti daµµhabba½. Yath±vuttena v± niratisayena catusaccadassanena bhagav± catudh± dhammasaªgaºi½ desetu½ samattho ahosi, aµµh±rasabuddhadhammasamann±gamena aµµh±rasadh± vibhaªganti yath±vuttadesan±samatthat±samp±dakaguºanidassanameta½ “catusaccadaso upeto buddhadhammehi aµµh±rasah²”ti. Tena yath±vutt±ya desan±ya sabbaññubh±sitatt± avipar²tata½ dassento tattha satte uggah±d²su niyojeti, niµµh±nagamanañca attano v±y±ma½ dassento aµµhakath±savane ca ±dara½ upp±dayati, yath±vuttaguºarahitena asabbaññun± desetu½ asakkuºeyyata½ dhammasaªgaº²vibhaªgappakaraº±na½ dassento tattha tadaµµhakath±ya ca s±tisaya½ g±rava½ janayati, buddh±d²nañca ratan±na½ samm±sambuddhat±diguºe vibh±veti.
Tattha catt±ri sacc±ni p±kaµ±neva, aµµh±rasa pana buddhadhamm± eva½ veditabb±– “at²ta½se buddhassa bhagavato appaµihata½ ñ±ºa½, an±gata½se…pe… paccuppanna½se…pe… imehi t²hi dhammehi samann±gatassa buddhassa bhagavato sabba½ k±yakamma½ ñ±ºapubbaªgama½ ñ±º±nuparivatta½, sabba½ vac²kamma½…pe … sabba½ manokamma½…pe… imehi chahi dhammehi samann±gatassa buddhassa bhagavato natthi chandassa h±ni, natthi dhammadesan±ya, natthi v²riyassa, natthi sam±dhissa, natthi paññ±ya, natthi vimuttiy± h±ni. Imehi dv±dasahi dhammehi samann±gatassa buddhassa bhagavato natthi dav±, natthi rav±, natthi aphuµa½, natthi veg±yitatta½, natthi aby±vaµamano, natthi appaµisaªkh±nupekkh±”ti.
Tattha natthi dav±ti khi¹¹±dhipp±yena kiriy± natthi. Natthi rav±ti sahas± kiriy± natthi. Natthi aphuµanti ñ±ºena aphusita½ natthi. Natthi veg±yitattanti turitakiriy± natthi. Natthi aby±vaµamanoti niratthako cittasamud±c±ro natthi. Natthi appaµisaªkh±nupekkh±ti aññ±ºupekkh± natthi. Katthaci pana “natthi dhammadesan±ya h±n²”ti alikhitv± “natthi chandassa h±ni, natthi v²riyassa, natthi sattiy±”ti likhanti.
1. Dhammasaªgahe dhamme kusal±dike tikadukehi saªgahetv± te eva dhamme suttante khandh±divasena vutte vibhajitu½ vibhaªgappakaraºa½ vutta½. Tattha saªkhepena vutt±na½ khandh±d²na½ vibhajana½ vibhaªgo. So so vibhaªgo pakato adhikato yass± p±¼iy±, s± “vibhaªgappakaraºan”ti vuccati. Adhikatoti ca vattabbabh±vena pariggahitoti attho. Tattha vibhaªgappakaraºassa ±dibh³te khandhavibhaªge “pañcakkhandh± r³pakkhandho…pe… viññ±ºakkhandho”ti ida½ suttantabh±jan²ya½ n±ma. Nanu na ettakameva suttantabh±jan²yanti? Sacca½, iti-saddena pana ±di-saddatthajotakena pak±ratthajotakena v± sabba½ suttantabh±jan²ya½ saªgahetv± viññ±ºakkhandhoti evam±di eva½pak±ra½ v± ida½ suttantabh±jan²yanti veditabba½. Atha v± ekadesena samud±ya½ nidasseti pabbatasamudd±dinidassako viya. Tattha nibb±navajj±na½ sabbadhamm±na½ saªg±hakatt± sabbasaªg±hakehi ca ±yatan±d²hi appakatarapadatt± khandh±na½ khandhavibhaªgo ±dimhi vutto.
Na tato heµµh±ti r³p±d²na½ vedayit±disabh±vatt±bh±v± yasmi½ sabh±ve at²t±dayo r±s² katv± vattabb±, tassa ruppan±dito aññass±bh±v± ca heµµh± gaºanesu saªkhatadhamm±na½ aniµµh±na½ s±vasesabh±va½, na heµµh± gaºanamatt±bh±va½ sandh±ya vutta½. Chaµµhassa pana khandhassa abh±v± “na uddhan”ti ±ha. Na hi savibh±gadhammehi nissaµassa at²t±dibh±varahitassa ekassa nibb±nassa r±saµµho atth²ti. “R±simh²”ti saddatthasahita½ khandha-saddassa visaya½ dasseti. “Guºe paººattiya½ ru¼hiyan”ti visayameva khandha-saddassa dasseti, na saddattha½. Lokiyalokuttarabhedañhi s²l±diguºa½ nippadesena gahetv± pavattam±no khandha-saddo s²l±diguºavisiµµha½ r±saµµha½ d²pet²ti. Keci pana “guºaµµho ettha khandhaµµho”ti vadanti. D±rukkhandhoti ettha pana na khandha-saddo paññatti-saddassa atthe vattati, t±dise pana puthul±yate d±rumhi d±rukkhandhoti paññatti hot²ti paññattiya½ nipatat²ti vutta½. Tath± ekasmimpi viññ±ºe pavatto viññ±ºakkhandhoti khandha-saddo na ru¼h²-saddassa attha½ vadati, samud±ye pana niru¼ho khandha-saddo tadekadese pavattam±no t±ya eva ru¼hiy± pavattat²ti khandha-saddo ru¼hiya½ nipatat²ti vutta½.
R±sito guºatoti sabbattha nissakkavacana½ visayasseva khandha-saddappavattiy± k±raºabh±va½ sandh±ya katanti veditabba½. “R±sito”ti imamattha½ saddatthavasenapi niyametv± dassetu½ “ayañhi khandhaµµho n±ma piº¹aµµho”ti-±dim±ha. Koµµh±saµµhe khandhaµµhe chaµµhenapi khandhena bhavitabba½. Nibb±nampi hi chaµµho koµµh±soti. Tasm± “khandhaµµho n±ma r±saµµho”ti yutta½. Yesa½ v± at²t±divasena bhedo atthi, tesa½ ruppan±dilakkhaºavasena ta½ta½koµµh±sat± vuccat²ti bhedarahitassa nibb±nassa koµµh±saµµhena ca khandhabh±vo na vuttoti veditabbo.
Ett±vat±ti uddesamatten±ti attho. Catt±ro ca mah±bh³t±…pe… r³panti eva½ vibhatto. Katth±ti ce? Ek±dasasu ok±sesu. Iti-saddena nidassanatthena sabbo vibhajananayo dassito. Idañca vibhajana½ o¼±rik±d²su cakkh±yatananti-±divibhajanañca yath±sambhava½ ek±dasasu ok±sesu yojetabba½, eva½ vedan±kkhandh±d²supi. Viññ±ºakkhandho pana ek±dasok±sesu purime ok±sapañcake “cakkhuviññ±ºa½…pe… manoviññ±ºan”ti chaviññ±ºak±yavisesena vibhatto, na tattha manodh±tu manoviññ±ºadh±t³ti vibhajana½ atthi. Ta½ pana dvaya½ manoviññ±ºanti vuttanti imamattha½ dassetu½ aµµhakath±ya½ “manodh±tu manoviññ±ºadh±t³”ti vuttanti daµµhabba½.
Eva½ p±¼inayena pañcasu khandhesu dhammapariccheda½ dassetv± puna aññena pak±rena dassetu½ “apic±”ti-±dim±ha. Etth±ti etasmi½ khandhaniddese.