Tasmi½ pana gamane sapp±y±sapp±ya½ pariggahetv± sapp±yapariggaŗhana½ ‘sapp±yasampajańńa½’, seyyathida½– cetiyadassana½ t±va s±ttha½. Sace pana cetiyassa mahatiy± p³j±ya dasadv±dasayojanantare paris± sannipatanti attano vibhav±nur³pa½ itthiyopi puris±pi alaŖkatapaµiyatt± cittakammar³pak±ni viya sańcaranti, tatra cassa iµµhe ±rammaŗe lobho, aniµµhe paµigho, asamapekkhane moho uppajjati, k±yasa½sagg±patti½ v± ±pajjati, j²vitabrahmacariy±na½ v± antar±yo hoti. Eva½ ta½ µh±na½ asapp±ya½ hoti. Vuttappak±ra-antar±y±bh±ve sapp±ya½. Bodhidassanepi eseva nayo. SaŖghadassanampi s±ttha½. Sace pana antog±me mah±maŗ¹apa½ k±retv± sabbaratti½ dhammassavana½ karontesu manussesu vuttappak±reneva janasannip±to ceva antar±yo ca hoti. Eva½ ta½ µh±na½ asapp±ya½ hoti; antar±y±bh±ve sapp±ya½ hoti. Mah±parisapariv±r±na½ ther±na½ dassanepi eseva nayo.
Asubhadassanampi s±ttha½. Tadatthad²panatthańca ida½ vatthu– eko kira daharabhikkhu s±maŗera½ gahetv± dantakaµµhatth±ya gato. S±maŗero magg± okkamitv± purato gacchanto asubha½ disv± paµhamajjh±na½ nibbattetv± tadeva p±daka½ katv± saŖkh±re sammasanto t²ŗi phal±ni sacchikatv± uparimaggatth±ya kammaµµh±na½ pariggahetv± aµµh±si. Daharo ta½ apassanto “s±maŗer±”ti pakkosi. So ‘may± pabbajitadivasato paµµh±ya bhikkhun± saddhi½ dve kath± n±ma na kathitapubb±, ańńasmi½ divase uparivisesa½ nibbattess±m²’ti cintetv± “ki½, bhante”ti paµivacana½ ad±si. “Eh²”ti ca vutto ekavacaneneva ±gantv± “bhante, imin± t±va maggena gantv± may± µhitok±se muhutta½ puratth±bhimukho µhatv± oloketh±”ti ±ha. So tath± katv± tena pattavisesameva p±puŗi. Eva½ eka½ asubha½ dvinna½ jan±na½ atth±ya j±ta½. Eva½ s±tthampi paneta½ purisassa m±tug±m±subha½ asapp±ya½, m±tug±massa ca puris±subha½, sabh±gameva sapp±yanti. Eva½ sapp±yapariggaŗhana½ sapp±yasampajańńa½ n±ma.
Eva½ pariggahitas±tthasapp±yassa pana aµµhati½s±ya kammaµµh±nesu attano cittaruciya½ kammaµµh±nasaŖkh±ta½ gocara½ uggahetv± bhikkh±c±ragocare ta½ gahetv±va gamana½ ‘gocarasampajańńa½’ n±ma. Tass±vibh±vanattha½ ida½ catukka½ veditabba½–
Idhekacco bhikkhu harati na pacc±harati, ekacco na harati pacc±harati, ekacco pana neva harati na pacc±harati, ekacco harati ca pacc±harati ca. Tattha yo bhikkhu divasa½ caŖkamena nisajj±ya ±varaŗ²yehi dhammehi citta½ parisodhetv±, tath± rattiy± paµhamay±me majjhimay±me seyya½ kappetv± pacchimay±mepi nisajj±caŖkamehi v²tin±metv± pageva cetiyaŖgaŗabodhiyaŖgaŗavatta½ katv± bodhirukkhe udaka½ ±sińcitv± p±n²ya½ paribhojan²ya½ paccupaµµh±petv± ±cariyupajjh±yavatt±d²ni sabb±ni khandhakavatt±ni sam±d±ya vattati, so sar²raparikamma½ katv± sen±sana½ pavisitv± dve tayo pallaŖke usuma½ g±h±pento kammaµµh±na½ anuyuńjitv±, bhikkh±c±ravel±ya uµµhahitv± kammaµµh±nas²seneva pattac²varam±d±ya sen±sanato nikkhamitv± kammaµµh±na½ manasikarontova cetiyaŖgaŗa½ gantv±, sace buddh±nussatikammaµµh±na½ hoti ta½ avissajjetv±va cetiyaŖgaŗa½ pavisati, ańńa½ ce kammaµµh±na½ hoti sop±nam³le µhatv± hatthena gahitabhaŗ¹a½ viya ta½ µhapetv± buddh±rammaŗa½ p²ti½ gahetv± cetiyaŖgaŗa½ ±ruyha mahanta½ cetiya½ ce, tikkhattu½ padakkhiŗa½ katv± cat³su µh±nesu vanditabba½, khuddaka½ ce, tatheva padakkhiŗa½ katv± aµµhasu µh±nesu vanditabba½. Cetiya½ vanditv± bodhiyaŖgaŗa½ patten±pi buddhassa bhagavato sammukh± viya nipacc±k±ra½ dassetv± bodhi vanditabb±.
So eva½ cetiyańca bodhińca vanditv± paµis±mitaµµh±na½ gantv±, paµis±mita½ bhaŗ¹aka½ hatthena gaŗhanto viya, nikkhittakammaµµh±na½ gahetv± g±masam²pe kammaµµh±nas²seneva c²vara½ p±rupitv± g±ma½ piŗ¹±ya pavisati. Atha na½ manuss± disv± ‘ayyo no ±gato’ti paccuggantv± patta½ gahetv± ±sanas±l±ya v± gehe v± nis²d±petv± y±gu½ datv± y±va bhatta½ na niµµh±ti t±va p±de dhovitv± telena makkhetv± purato nis²ditv± pańha½ v± pucchanti dhamma½ v± sotuk±m± honti. Sacepi na kath±penti “janasaŖgahattha½ dhammakath± n±ma k±tabb±yev±”ti aµµhakath±cariy± vadanti. Dhammakath± hi kammaµµh±navinimutt± n±ma natthi. Tasm± kammaµµh±nas²seneva ±h±ra½ paribhuńjitv± anumodana½ vatv± nivattiyam±nehipi manussehi anugatova g±mato nikkhamitv± tattha te nivattetv± magga½ paµipajjati.
Atha na½ puretara½ nikkhamitv± bahig±me katabhattakicc± s±maŗeradaharabhikkh³ disv± paccuggantv± pattac²varamassa gaŗhanti. Por±ŗakabhikkh³ kira ‘amh±ka½ upajjh±yo, amh±ka½ ±cariyo’ti na mukha½ oloketv± vatta½ karonti, sampattaparicchedeneva karonti. Te ta½ pucchanti “bhante, ete manuss± tumh±ka½ ki½ honti? M±tipakkhato sambandh± pitipakkhato”ti? “Ki½ disv± pucchath±”ti? “Tumhesu etesa½ pema½ bahum±nan”ti. “¾vuso, ya½ m±t±pit³hipi dukkara½ ta½ ete manuss± amh±ka½ karonti. Pattac²varampi no etesa½ santakameva, etesa½ ±nubh±vena neva bhaye bhaya½, na ch±take ch±taka½ j±n±ma. Edis± n±ma amh±ka½ upak±rino natth²”ti tesa½ guŗe kathento gacchati. Aya½ vuccati ‘harati na pacc±harat²’ti.
Yassa pana pageva vuttappak±ra½ vattapaµipatti½ karontassa kammajatejo pajjalati, anup±dinnaka½ muńcitv± up±dinnaka½ gaŗh±ti, sar²rato sed± muccanti, kammaµµh±na½ v²thi½ n±rohati, so pageva pattac²varam±d±ya vegas±va cetiya½ vanditv± gor³p±na½ nikkhamanavel±yameva g±ma½ y±gubhikkh±ya pavisitv± y±gu½ labhitv± ±sanas±la½ gantv± pivati. Athassa dvattikkhattu½ ajjhoharaŗamatteneva kammajatejodh±tu up±dinnaka½ muńcitv± anup±dinnaka½ gaŗh±ti, ghaµasatena nh±to viya tejodh±tupari¼±hanibb±na½ patv± kammaµµh±nas²sena y±gu½ paribhuńjitv± pattańca mukhańca dhovitv± antar±bhatte kammaµµh±na½ manasikatv± avasesaµµh±ne piŗ¹±ya caritv± kammaµµh±nas²sena ±h±ra½ paribhuńjitv± tato paµµh±ya poŖkh±nupoŖkha½ upaµµhaham±na½ kammaµµh±na½ gahetv±va ±gacchati. Aya½ vuccati ‘na harati pacc±harat²’ti. Edis± ca bhikkh³ y±gu½ pivitv± vipassana½ ±rabhitv± buddhas±sane arahatta½ patt± n±ma gaŗanapatha½ v²tivatt±. S²ha¼ad²peyeva tesu tesu g±mesu ±sanas±l±ya na ta½ ±sana½ atthi, yattha y±gu½ pivitv± arahatta½ patt± bhikkh³ natth²ti.
Yo pam±davih±r² hoti nikkhittadhuro sabbavatt±ni bhinditv± pańcavidhacetokh²lavinibandhabaddhacitto viharanto ‘kammaµµh±na½ n±ma atth²’tipi sańńa½ akatv± g±ma½ piŗ¹±ya pavisitv± ananulomikena gih²sa½saggena sa½saµµho caritv± ca bhuńjitv± ca tuccho nikkhamati– aya½ vuccati ‘neva harati na pacc±harat²’ti.
Yo pan±ya½ “harati ca pacc±harati c±”ti vutto, so gatapacc±gatikavattavasena veditabbo– atthak±m± hi kulaputt± s±sane pabbajitv± dasampi v²sampi ti½sampi catt±r²sampi pańń±sampi satampi ekato vasant± katikavatta½ katv± viharanti– “±vuso, tumhe na iŗaµµ±, na bhayaµµ±, na ±j²vik±pakat± pabbajit±; dukkh± muńcituk±m± panettha pabbajit±. Tasm± gamane uppannakilesa½ gamaneyeva niggaŗhatha. Żh±ne, nisajj±ya, sayane uppannakilesa½ sayaneyeva niggaŗhath±”ti.
Te eva½ katikavatta½ katv± bhikkh±c±ra½ gacchant±, a¹¹ha-usabha-usabha-a¹¹hag±vutag±vutantaresu p±s±ŗ± honti, t±ya sańń±ya kammaµµh±na½ manasikaront±va gacchanti. Sace kassaci gamane kileso uppajjati, tattheva na½ niggaŗh±ti. Tath± asakkonto tiµµhati. Athassa pacchato ±gacchantopi tiµµhati. So ‘aya½ bhikkhu tuyha½ uppanna½ vitakka½ j±n±ti, ananucchavika½ te etan’ti att±na½ paµicodetv± vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± ariyabh³mi½ okkamati. Tath± asakkonto nis²dati. Athassa pacchato ±gacchantopi nis²dat²ti so eva nayo. Ariyabh³mi½ okkamitu½ asakkontopi ta½ kilesa½ vikkhambhetv± kammaµµh±na½ manasikarontova gacchati, na kammaµµh±navippayuttena cittena p±da½ uddharati, uddharati ce paµinivattitv± purimapadesańńeva eti, ±lindakav±s² mah±phussadevatthero viya. So kira ek³nav²sati vass±ni gatapacc±gatavatta½ p³rento eva vih±si. Manuss±pi antar±magge kasant± ca vapant± ca maddant± ca kamm±ni ca karont± thera½ tath±gacchanta½ disv± “aya½ thero punappuna½ nivattitv± gacchati, ki½ nu kho maggam³¼ho ud±hu kińci pamuµµho”ti samullapanti. So ta½ an±diyitv± kammaµµh±nayuttacitteneva samaŗadhamma½ karonto v²sativassabbhantare arahatta½ p±puŗi. Arahattapattadivase cassa caŖkamanakoµiya½ adhivatth± devat± aŖgul²hi d²pa½ ujj±letv± aµµh±si. Catt±ropi mah±r±j±no sakko ca dev±namindo brahm± ca sahampati upaµµh±na½ ±gami½su. Tańca obh±sa½ disv± vanav±s² mah±tissatthero ta½ dutiyadivase pucchi– “rattibh±ge ±yasmato santike obh±so ahosi. Ki½ so obh±so”ti? Thero vikkhepa½ karonto “obh±so n±ma d²pobh±sopi hoti, maŗi-obh±sop²”ti evam±dim±ha. Tato “paµicch±detha tumhe”ti nibaddho “±m±”ti paµij±nitv± ±rocesi.
K±¼avallimaŗ¹apav±s² mah±n±gatthero viya ca. Sopi kira gatapacc±gatavatta½ p³rento ‘paµhama½ t±va bhagavato mah±padh±na½ p³jess±m²’ti satta vass±ni µh±nacaŖkamameva adhiµµh±si; puna so¼asa vass±ni gatapacc±gatavatta½ p³retv± arahatta½ p±puŗi. So kammaµµh±nayutteneva cittena p±da½ uddharanto vippayuttena cittena uddhate p±de paµinivattento g±mas²ma½ gantv± ‘g±v² nu kho, pabbajito nu kho’ti ±saŖkan²yappadese µhatv± c²vara½ p±rupitv± kacchakantarato udakena patta½ dhovitv± udakagaŗ¹³sa½ karoti. Ki½ k±raŗ±? ‘M± me bhikkha½ d±tu½ v± vanditu½ v± ±gate manusse ‘d²gh±yuk± hoth±’ti vacanamatten±pi kammaµµh±navikkhepo ahos²’ti. ‘Ajja, bhante, katim²’ti divasa½ v± bhikkhugaŗana½ v± pańha½ v± pucchito pana udaka½ gilitv± ±roceti; sace divas±dipucchak± na honti, nikkhamanavel±ya½ g±madv±re niµµhubhitv±va y±ti.
Kalambatitthavih±re vass³pagat± pańń±sa bhikkh³ viya ca. Te kira ±s±¼hipuŗŗim±ya½ katikavatta½ aka½su– “arahatta½ appatv± ańńamańńa½ n±lapiss±m±”ti. G±mańca piŗ¹±ya pavisant± udakagaŗ¹³sa½ katv± pavisi½su, divas±d²su pucchitesu vuttanayena paµipajji½su. Tattha manuss± niµµhubhanaµµh±na½ disv± j±ni½su– ‘ajja eko ±gato, ajja dve’ti; evańca cintesu½– ‘kinnu kho ete amheheva saddhi½ na sallapanti ud±hu ańńamańńampi? Yadi ańńamańńampi na sallapanti, addh± viv±daj±t± bhavissanti; etha ne ańńamańńa½ kham±pess±m±’ti sabbe vih±ra½ gantv± pańń±s±ya bhikkh³su dvepi bhikkh³ ekok±se n±ddasa½su. Tato yo tesu cakkhum± puriso so ±ha– “na, bho, kalahak±rak±na½ vasanok±so ²diso hoti. Susammaµµha½ cetiyaŖgaŗabodhiyaŖgaŗa½, sunikkhitt± sammajjaniyo, s³paµµhita½ p±n²yaparibhojan²yan”ti. Te tatova nivatt±. Tepi bhikkh³ antotem±seyeva arahatta½ patv± mah±pav±raŗ±ya visuddhipav±raŗa½ pav±resu½.