515. Aŗumattesu vajjesu bhayadass±vit±niddese aŗumatt±n²ti aŗuppam±ŗ±. Vajj±ti dos±. Y±ni t±ni vajj±n²ti y±ni t±ni garahitabbaµµhena vajj±ni. Appamattak±n²ti parittamattak±ni khuddakappam±ŗ±ni. Oramattak±n²ti parittatopi orimappam±ŗatt± oramattak±ni. Lahus±n²ti lahuk±ni. Lahusammat±n²ti lah³ti sammat±ni. Sa½yamakaraŗ²y±n²ti sa½yamena kattabbapaµikamm±ni. Sa½varakaraŗ²y±n²ti sa½varena k±tabb±ni sa½varena kattabbapaµikamm±ni. Cittupp±dakaraŗ²y±n²ti cittupp±damattena kattabbapaµikamm±ni. Manasik±rapaµibaddh±n²ti manas± ±vajjitamatteneva kattabbapaµikamm±ni. K±ni pana t±n²ti? Div±vih±rav±s² sumatthero t±va ±ha– “an±pattigaman²y±ni cittupp±damattak±ni y±ni ‘na puna evar³pa½ kariss±m²’ti manas± ±vajjitamatteneva sujjhanti. Adhiµµh±n±vikamma½ n±meta½ kathitan”ti. Antev±siko panassa tipiµakac³¼an±gatthero pan±ha– “ida½ p±timokkhasa½varas²lasseva bh±jan²ya½. Tasm± sabbalahuka½ dukkaµadubbh±sita½ idha vajjanti veditabba½. Vuµµh±n±vikamma½ n±meta½ kathitan”ti. Iti-imes³ti eva½pak±resu imesu. Vajjadass±v²ti vajjato dosato dassanas²lo. Bhayadass±v²ti catubbidhassa bhayassa k±raŗatt± bhayato dassanas²lo. ¾d²navadass±v²ti idha nind±vahanato, ±yati½ dukkhavip±kato, upariguŗ±na½ antar±yakaraŗato, vippaµis±rajananato ca etena n±nappak±rena ±d²navato dassanas²lo.
Nissaraŗadass±v²ti ya½ tattha nissaraŗa½ tassa dassanas²lo. Ki½ panettha nissaraŗanti? ¾cariyattherav±de t±va “an±pattigaman²yat±ya sati adhiµµh±n±vikamma½ nissaraŗan”ti kathita½. Antev±sikattherav±de t±va “±pattigaman²yat±ya sati vuµµh±n±vikamma½ nissaraŗan”ti kathita½.
Tattha tath±r³po bhikkhu aŗumatt±ni vajj±ni vajjato bhayato passati n±ma. Ta½ dassetu½ aya½ nayo kathito– param±ŗu n±ma, aŗu n±ma, tajj±r² n±ma, rathareŗu n±ma, likkh± n±ma, ³k± n±ma, dhańńam±so n±ma, aŖgula½ n±ma, vidatthi n±ma, ratana½ n±ma, yaµµhi n±ma, usabha½ n±ma, g±vuta½ n±ma, yojana½ n±ma. Tattha ‘param±ŗu’ n±ma ±k±sakoµµh±siko ma½sacakkhussa ±p±tha½ n±gacchati, dibbacakkhusseva ±gacchati. ‘Aŗu’ n±ma bhitticchiddat±lacchiddehi paviµµhas³riyarasm²su vaµµi vaµµi hutv± paribbhamanto pańń±yati. ‘Tajj±r²’ n±ma gopathamanussapathacakkapathesu chijjitv± ubhosu passesu uggantv± tiµµhati. ‘Rathareŗu’ n±ma tattha tattheva all²yati. Likkh±dayo p±kaµ± eva. Etesu pana chatti½sa param±ŗavo ekassa aŗuno pam±ŗa½. Chatti½sa aŗ³ ek±ya tajj±riy± pam±ŗa½. Chatti½sa tajj±riyo eko rathareŗu. Chatti½sa rathareŗ³ ek± likkh±. Satta likkh± ek± ³k±. Satta ³k± eko dhańńam±so. Sattadhańńam±sappam±ŗa½ eka½ aŖgula½. TenaŖgulena dv±dasaŖgul±ni vidatthi. Dve vidatthiyo ratana½. Satta ratan±ni yaµµhi. T±ya yaµµhiy± v²sati yaµµhiyo usabha½. As²ti usabh±ni g±vuta½. Catt±ri g±vut±ni yojana½. Tena yojanena aµµhasaµµhiyojanasatasahassubbedho sinerupabbatar±j±. Yo bhikkhu aŗumatta½ vajja½ aµµhasaµµhiyojanasatasahassubbedhasinerupabbatasadisa½ katv± daµµhu½ sakkoti– aya½ bhikkhu aŗumatt±ni vajj±ni bhayato passati n±ma. Yopi bhikkhu sabbalahuka½ dukkaµadubbh±sitamatta½ paµhamap±r±jikasadisa½ katv± daµµhu½ sakkoti– aya½ aŗumatt±ni vajj±ni vajjato bhayato passati n±m±ti veditabbo.
516. Sam±d±ya sikkhati sikkh±pades³tipadaniddese bhikkhusikkh±ti bhikkh³hi sikkhitabbasikkh±. S± bhikkhun²hi s±dh±raŗ±pi as±dh±raŗ±pi bhikkhusikkh± eva n±ma. Bhikkhun²sikkh±ti bhikkhun²hi sikkhitabbasikkh±. S±pi bhikkh³hi s±dh±raŗ±pi as±dh±raŗ±pi bhikkhun²sikkh± eva n±ma. S±maŗerasikkham±nas±maŗer²na½ sikkh±pi ettheva paviµµh±. Up±sakasikkh±ti up±sakehi sikkhitabbasikkh±. S± pańcas²ladasas²lavasena vaµµati. Up±sik±sikkh±ti up±sik±hi sikkhitabbasikkh±. S±pi pańcas²ladasas²lavasena vaµµati. Tattha bhikkhubhikkhun²na½ sikkh± y±va arahattamagg± vaµµati. Up±saka-up±sik±na½ sikkh± y±va an±g±mimagg±. Tatr±ya½ bhikkhu attan± sikkhitabbasikkh±padesu eva sikkhati. Sesasikkh± pana atthuddh±ravasena sikkh±padassa atthadassa dassanattha½ vutt±. Iti im±su sikkh±s³ti eva½pak±r±su et±su sikkh±su. Sabbena sabbanti sabbena sikkh±sam±d±nena sabba½ sikkha½. Sabbath± sabbanti sabbena sikkhitabb±k±rena sabba½ sikkha½. Asesa½ nissesanti ses±bh±vato asesa½; satisammosena bhinnass±pi sikkh±padassa puna p±katikakaraŗato nissesa½. Sam±d±ya vattat²ti sam±diyitv± gahetv± vattati. Tena vuccat²ti yena k±raŗena eta½ sabba½ sikkh±pada½ sabbena sikkhitabb±k±rena sam±diyitv± sikkhati p³reti, tena vuccati “sam±d±ya sikkhati sikkh±pades³”ti.
517-8. Indriyesu guttadv±ro bhojane mattańń³tipadadvayassa niddese kaŗhapakkhassa paµhamavacane payojana½ ±c±raniddese vuttanayeneva veditabba½. Tattha katam± indriyesu aguttadv±rat±ti-±d²su pana ya½ vattabba½, ta½ sabba½ nikkhepakaŗ¹avaŗŗan±ya½ vuttameva.
519. J±gariy±nuyoganiddese pubbaratt±pararattanti ettha a¹¹harattasaŖkh±t±ya rattiy± pubbe pubbaratta½; imin± paµhamay±mańceva pacch±bhattańca gaŗh±ti Rattiy± pacch± apararatta½; imin± pacchimay±mańceva purebhattańca gaŗh±ti. Majjhimay±mo panassa bhikkhuno nidd±kilamathavinodanok±soti na gahito. J±gariy±nuyoganti j±gariyassa asupanabh±vassa anuyoga½. Anuyutto hot²ti ta½ anuyogasaŖkh±ta½ ±sevana½ bh±vana½ anuyutto hoti sampayutto. Niddese panassa idha bhikkhu divasanti pubbaŗho, majjhanho, s±yanhoti tayopi divasakoµµh±s± gahit±. CaŖkamena nisajj±y±ti sakalampi divasa½ imin± iriy±pathadvayeneva viharanto. Cittassa ±varaŗato ±varaŗ²yehi dhammehi pańcahipi n²varaŗehi sabb±kusaladhammehi v± citta½ parisodheti. Tehi dhammehi visodheti parimoceti. Żh±na½ panettha kińc±pi na gahita½, caŖkamanisajj±sannissita½ pana katv± gahetabbameva. Paµhamay±manti sakalasmimpi paµhamay±me. Majjhimay±manti rattindivassa chaµµhakoµµh±sasaŖkh±te majjhimay±me.
S²haseyyanti ettha k±mabhog²seyy±, petaseyy±, s²haseyy±, tath±gataseyy±ti catasso seyy±. Tattha “yebhuyyena, bhikkhave, k±mabhog² v±mena passena sent²”ti aya½ k±mabhog²seyy±. Tesu hi yebhuyyena dakkhiŗapassena say±no n±ma natthi. “Yebhuyyena, bhikkhave pet± utt±n± sent²”ti aya½ petaseyy±; appama½salohitatt± hi aµµhisaŖgh±µajaµit± ekena passena sayitu½ na sakkonti, utt±n±va senti. S²ho, bhikkhave, migar±j± dakkhiŗena passena seyya½ kappeti…pe… attamano hot²”ti (a. ni. 4.246) aya½ s²haseyy±; tejussadatt± hi s²ho migar±j± dve purimap±de ekasmi½ µh±ne dve pacchimap±de ekasmi½ µh±ne µhapetv± naŖguµµha½ antarasatthimhi pakkhipitv± purimap±dapacchimap±danaŖguµµh±na½ µhitok±sa½ sallakkhetv± dvinna½ purimap±d±na½ matthake s²sa½ µhapetv± sayati; divasampi sayitv± pabujjham±no na uttasanto pabujjhati, s²sa½ pana ukkhipitv± purimap±d±d²na½ µhitok±sa½ sallakkheti; sace kińci µh±na½ vijahitv± µhita½ hoti ‘nayida½ tuyha½ j±tiy± na s³rabh±vassa anur³pan’ti anattamano hutv± tattheva sayati, na gocar±ya pakkamati; avijahitv± µhite pana ‘tuyha½ j±tiy± ca s³rabh±vassa ca anur³pamidan’ti haµµhatuµµho uµµh±ya s²havijambhita½ vijambhitv± kesarabh±ra½ vidhunitv± tikkhattu½ s²han±da½ naditv± gocar±ya pakkamati. Catutthajjh±naseyy± pana tath±gataseyy±ti vuccati. T±su idha s²haseyy± ±gat±. Ayańhi tejussada-iriy±pathatt± uttamaseyy± n±ma.
P±de p±danti dakkhiŗap±de v±map±da½. Acc±dh±y±ti ati-±dh±ya ²saka½ atikkamma µhapetv± gopphakena hi gopphake j±ŗun± v± j±ŗumhi saŖghaµµiyam±ne abhiŗha½ vedan± uppajjati, citta½ ekagga½ na hoti, seyy± aph±suk± hoti; yath± pana na saŖghaµµeti, eva½ atikkamma µhapite vedan± nuppajjati, citta½ ekagga½ hoti, seyy± ph±suk± hoti. Tena vutta½ “p±de p±da½ acc±dh±y±”ti. Sato sampaj±noti satiy± ceva sampaj±napańń±ya ca samann±gato hutv±. Imin± suparigg±haka½ satisampajańńa½ kathita½. Uµµh±nasańńa½ manasikaritv±ti asukavel±ya n±ma uµµhahiss±m²’ti eva½ uµµh±navel±paricchedaka½ uµµh±nasańńa½ citte upetv±. Eva½ katv± nipanno hi yath±paricchinnak±leyeva uµµh±tu½ yutto.
520-521. S±tacca½ nepakkanti satata½ pavattayitabbato s±taccasaŖkh±ta½ v²riyańceva parip±kagatatt± nepakkasaŖkh±ta½ pańńańca yutto anuyutto pavattayam±noyeva j±gariy±nuyoga½ anuyutto viharat²ti attho. Ettha ca v²riya½ lokiyalokuttaramissaka½ kathita½, pańń±pi v²riyagatik± eva; v²riye lokiyamhi lokiy±, lokuttare lokuttar±ti attho.
522. Bodhipakkhiy±na½ dhamm±nanti catusaccabodhisaŖkh±tassa maggań±ŗassa pakkhe bhav±na½ dhamm±na½. Ett±vat± sabbepi sattati½sa bodhipakkhiyadhamme sam³hato gahetv± lokiy±yapi bh±van±ya ek±rammaŗe ekato pavattanasamatthe bojjhaŖgeyeva dassento satta bojjhaŖg±ti-±dim±ha. Te lokiyalokuttaramissak±va kathit±ti veditabb±. Sesamettha heµµh± vuttanayatt± utt±natthameva.
523. Abhikkanteti-±diniddese abhikkante paµikkanteti ettha t±va abhikkanta½ vuccati purato gamana½. Paµikkantanti nivattana½. Tadubhayampi cat³su iriy±pathesu labbhati. Gamane t±va purato k±ya½ abhiharanto abhikkamati n±ma, paµinivattanto paµikkamati n±ma. Żh±nepi µhitakova k±ya½ purato on±mento abhikkamati n±ma, pacchato apan±mento paµikkamati n±ma. Nisajj±yapi nisinnakova ±sannassa purima-aŖg±bhimukho sa½saranto abhikkamati n±ma, pacchima-aŖgappadesa½ pacc±sa½saranto paµikkamati n±ma. Nipajj±yapi eseva nayo.
Sampaj±nak±r² hot²ti sampajańńena sabbakiccak±r², sampajańńasseva v± k±r². So hi abhikkant±d²su sampajańńa½ karoteva, na katthaci sampajańńavirahito hoti. Ta½ pana sampajańńa½ yasm± satisampayuttameva hoti, tenassa niddese “sato sampaj±no abhikkamati, sato sampaj±no paµikkamat²”ti vutta½.
Ayańhi abhikkamanto v± paµikkamanto v± na muµµhassat² asampaj±no hoti; satiy± pana samann±gato pańń±ya ca sampaj±noyeva abhikkamati ceva paµikkamati ca; sabbesu abhikkam±d²su catubbidha½ sampajańńa½ ot±reti. Catubbidhańhi sampajańńa½– s±tthakasampajańńa½, sapp±yasampajańńa½, gocarasampajańńa½, asammohasampajańńanti. Tattha abhikkamanacitte uppanne cittavaseneva agantv± ‘kinnu me ettha gatena attho atthi, natth²’ti atth±nattha½ pariggahetv± atthapariggaŗhana½ ‘s±tthakasampajańńa½’. Tattha ca ‘attho’ti cetiyadassanabodhidassanasaŖghadassanatheradassana-asubhadassan±divasena dhammato va¹¹hi. Cetiya½ v± bodhi½ v± disv±pi hi buddh±rammaŗa½ p²ti½, saŖghadassanena saŖgh±rammaŗa½ p²ti½ upp±detv± tadeva khayavayato sammasanto arahatta½ p±puŗ±ti. There disv± tesa½ ov±de patiµµh±ya, asubha½ disv± tattha paµhamajjh±na½ upp±detv± tadeva khayavayato sammasanto arahatta½ p±puŗ±ti. Tasm± etesa½ dassana½ s±ttha½. Keci pana “±misatopi va¹¹hi atthoyeva; ta½ niss±ya brahmacariy±nuggah±ya paµipannatt±”ti vadanti.