Tattha cetan± s²la½ n±ma p±º±tip±t±d²hi v± viramantassa vattapaµipatti½ v± p³rentassa cetan±. Cetasika½ s²la½ n±ma p±º±tip±t±d²hi viramantassa virati. Apica cetan± s²la½ n±ma p±º±tip±t±d²ni pajahantassa satta kammapathacetan±. Cetasika½ s²la½ n±ma “abhijjha½ pah±ya vigat±bhijjhena cetas± viharat²”ti-±din± nayena sa½yuttamah±vagge vutt± anabhijjh±-aby±p±dasamm±diµµhidhamm±. Sa½varo s²lanti ettha pañcavidhena sa½varo veditabbo– p±timokkhasa½varo, satisa½varo, ñ±ºasa½varo khantisa½varo, v²riyasa½varoti. Tassa n±n±karaºa½ visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 1.6) vutta½. Av²tikkamo s²lanti sam±diººas²lassa k±yikav±casiko av²tikkamo. Ettha ca sa½varas²la½ av²tikkamas²lanti idameva nippariy±yato s²la½; cetan± s²la½ cetasika½ s²lanti pariy±yato s²lanti veditabba½.
Yasm± pana p±timokkhasa½varas²lena bhikkhu s±sane patiµµh±ti n±ma, tasm± ta½ ‘patiµµh±’ti vutta½; patiµµhahati v± ettha bhikkhu, kusaladhamm± eva v± ettha patiµµhahant²ti patiµµh±. Ayamattho–
“S²le patiµµh±ya naro sapañño, citta½ paññañca bh±vaya½;
±t±p² nipako bhikkhu, so ima½ vijaµaye jaµan”ti ca. (Sa½. ni. 1.23).
“Patiµµh± mah±r±ja, s²la½ sabbesa½ kusaladhamm±nan”ti ca “s²le patiµµhitassa kho, mah±r±ja, sabbe kusal± dhamm± na parih±yant²”ti (mi. pa. 2.1.9) ca ±disuttavasena veditabbo.
Tadeta½ pubbuppatti-atthena ±di. Vuttampi ceta½–
“Tasm±tiha tva½, uttiya, ±dimeva visodhehi kusalesu dhammesu. Ko c±di kusal±na½ dhamm±na½? S²lañca suvisuddha½ diµµhi ca ujuk±”ti (sa½. ni. 5.382).
Yath± hi nagarava¹¹hak² nagara½ m±petuk±mo paµhama½ nagaraµµh±na½ sodheti, tato aparabh±ge v²thicatukkasiªgh±µak±diparicchedena vibhajitv± nagara½ m±peti; evameva yog±vacaro ±ditova s²la½ visodheti, tato aparabh±ge samathavipassan±maggaphalanibb±n±ni sacchikaroti. Yath± v± pana rajako paµhama½ t²hi kh±rehi vattha½ dhovitv± parisuddhe vatthe yadicchaka½ raªgaj±ta½ upaneti; yath± v± pana cheko cittak±ro r³pa½ likhituk±mo ±ditova bhittiparikamma½ karoti, tato aparabh±ge r³pa½ samuµµh±peti; evameva yog±vacaro ±ditova s²la½ visodhetv± aparabh±ge samathavipassan±dayo dhamme sacchikaroti. Tasm± s²la½ “±d²”ti vutta½.
Tadeta½ caraºasarikkhat±ya caraºa½. Caraº±ti hi p±d± vuccanti. Yath± hi chinnacaraºassa purisassa disa½gaman±bhisaªkh±ro na j±yati, paripuººap±dasseva j±yati; evameva yassa s²la½ bhinna½ hoti khaº¹a½ aparipuººa½, tassa nibb±nagaman±ya ñ±ºagamana½ na sampajjati. Yassa pana ta½ abhinna½ hoti akkhaº¹a½ paripuººa½ tassa nibb±nagaman±ya ñ±ºagamana½ sampajjati. Tasm± s²la½ “caraºan”ti vutta½.
Tadeta½ sa½yamanavasena sa½yamo, sa½varaºavasena sa½varo. Ubhayen±pi s²lasa½yamo ceva s²lasa½varo ca kathito. Vacanattho panettha sa½yameti v²tikkamavipphandana½, puggala½ v± sa½yameti, v²tikkamavasena tassa vipphanditu½ na det²ti sa½yamo. V²tikkamassa pavesanadv±ra½ sa½varati pidahat²tipi sa½varo. Mokkhanti uttama½ mukhabh³ta½ v±. Yath± hi satt±na½ catubbidho ±h±ro mukhena pavisitv± aªgamaªg±ni pharati, eva½ yoginopi catubh³makakusala½ s²lamukhena pavisitv± atthasiddhi½ samp±deti. Tena vutta½ “mokkhan”ti. Pamukhe s±dh³ti p±mokkha½; pubbaªgama½ seµµha½ padh±nanti attho. Kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ sam±pattiy±ti catubh³makakusal±na½ paµil±bhatth±ya p±mokkha½ pubbaªgama½ seµµha½ padh±nanti veditabba½.
K±yiko av²tikkamoti tividha½ k±yasucarita½. V±casikoti catubbidha½ vac²sucarita½. K±yikav±casikoti tadubhaya½. Imin± ±j²vaµµhamakas²la½ pariy±d±ya dasseti. Sa½vutoti pihito; sa½vutindriyo pihitindriyoti attho. Yath± hi sa½vutadv±ra½ geha½ “sa½vutageha½ pihitagehan”ti vuccati, evamidha sa½vutindriyo “sa½vuto”ti vutto. P±timokkhasa½varen±ti p±timokkhena ca sa½varena ca, p±timokkhasaªkh±tena v± sa½varena. Upetoti-±d²ni vuttatth±neva.
512. Iriyat²ti-±d²hi sattahipi padehi p±timokkhasa½varas²le µhitassa bhikkhuno iriy±pathavih±ro kathito.
513. ¾c±ragocaraniddese kiñc±pi bhagav± samaº±cara½ samaºagocara½ kathetuk±mo “±c±ragocarasampannoti atthi ±c±ro, atthi an±c±ro”ti pada½ uddhari. Yath± pana maggakusalo puriso magga½ acikkhanto ‘v±ma½ muñca dakkhiºa½ gaºh±’ti paµhama½ muñcitabba½ sabhayamagga½ uppathamagga½ ±cikkhati pacch± gahetabba½ khemamagga½ ujumagga½; evameva maggakusalapurisasadiso dhammar±j± paµhama½ pah±tabba½ buddhappaµikuµµha½ an±c±ra½ ±cikkhitv± pacch± ±c±ra½ ±cikkhituk±mo “tattha katamo an±c±ro”ti-±dim±ha. Purisena hi ±cikkhitamaggo sampajjeyya v± na v±, tath±gatena ±cikkhitamaggo apaººako, indena vissaµµha½ vajira½ viya, avirajjhanako nibb±nanagara½yeva samosarati. Tena vutta½– “puriso maggakusaloti kho, tissa, tath±gatasseta½ adhivacana½ arahato samm±sambuddhass±”ti (sa½. ni. 3.84).
Yasm± v± sas²sa½ nah±nena pah²nasedamalajallikassa purisassa m±l±gandhavilepan±divibh³sanavidh±na½ viya pah²nap±padhammassa kaly±ºadhammasam±yogo sampannar³po hoti, tasm± sedamalajallikka½ viya pah±tabba½ paµhama½ an±c±ra½ ±cikkhitv±, pah²nasedamalajallikassa m±l±gandhavilepan±divibh³sanavidh±na½ viya pacch± ±c±ra½ ±cikkhituk±mopi tattha katamo an±c±roti-±dim±ha. Tattha k±yiko v²tikkamoti tividha½ k±yaduccarita½; v±casiko v²tikkamoti catubbidha½ vac²duccarita½; k±yikav±casiko v²tikkamoti tadubhaya½. Eva½ ±j²vaµµhamakas²lasseva v²tikkama½ dassesi.
Yasm± pana na kevala½ k±yav±c±hi eva an±c±ra½ ±carati, manas±pi ±carati eva, tasm± ta½ dassetu½ “sabbampi duss²lya½ an±c±ro”ti vutta½. Tattha ekacciya½ an±c±ra½ vibhajitv± dassento idhekacco ve¼ud±nen±ti-±dim±ha. Tattha ve¼ud±nen±ti paccayahetukena ve¼ud±nena. Vih±re uµµhitañhi araññato v± ±haritv± rakkhitagopita½ ve¼u½ ‘eva½ me paccaya½ dassant²’ti upaµµh±k±na½ d±tu½ na vaµµati. Evañhi j²vita½ kappento anesan±ya micch±j²vena j²vati. So diµµheva dhamme garaha½ p±puº±ti, sampar±ye ca ap±yaparip³rako hoti. Attano puggalikave¼u½ kulasaªgahatth±ya dadanto kulad³sakadukkaµam±pajjati; parapuggalika½ theyyacittena dadam±no bhaº¹agghena k±retabbo. Saªghikepi eseva nayo. Sace pana ta½ issaravat±ya deti garubhaº¹avissajjanam±pajjati
Kataro pana ve¼u garubhaº¹a½ hoti, kataro na hot²ti? Yo t±va aropimo saya½j±tako, so saªghena paricchinnaµµh±neyeva garubhaº¹a½, tato para½ na garubhaº¹a½; ropitaµµh±ne sabbena sabba½ garubhaº¹a½. So pana pam±ºena paricchinno telan±¼ippam±ºopi garubhaº¹a½, na tato heµµh±. Yassa pana bhikkhuno telan±¼iy± v± kattaradaº¹ena v± attho, tena ph±tikamma½ katv± gahetabbo. Ph±tikamma½ tadagghanaka½ v± atireka½ v± vaµµati, ³naka½ na vaµµati. Hatthakammampi udak±haraºamatta½ v± appaharitakaraºamatta½ v± na vaµµati, ta½ th±vara½ k±tu½ vaµµati. Tasm± pokkharaºito v± pa½su½ uddharitv± sop±na½ v± atthar±petv± visamaµµh±na½ v± sama½ katv± gahetu½ vaµµati. Ph±tikamma½ akatv± gahito tattha vasanteneva paribhuñjitabbo; pakkamantena saªghika½ katv± µhapetv± gantabba½. Asatiy± gahetv± gatena yattha gato sarati, tato pacc±haritabbo. Sace antar± bhaya½ hoti, sampattavihare µhapetv± gantabba½.
Manuss± vih±ra½ gantv± ve¼u½ y±canti. Bhikkh³ ‘saªghiko’ti d±tu½ na visahanti. Manuss± punappuna½ y±canti v± tajjenti v±. Tad± bhikkh³hi ‘daº¹akamma½ katv± gaºhath±’ti vattu½ vaµµati; ve¼ud±na½ n±ma na hoti. Sace te daº¹akammatth±ya v±sipharasu-±d²ni v± kh±dan²yabhojan²ya½ v± denti, gahetu½ na vaµµati. Vinayaµµhakath±ya½ pana “da¹¹hageh± manuss± gaºhitv± gacchant± na v±retabb±”ti vutta½.
Sace saªghassa ve¼ugumbe ve¼ud³sik± uppajjanti, ta½ akoµµ±pent±na½ ve¼u nassati, ki½ k±tabbanti? Bhikkh±c±re manuss±na½ ±cikkhitabba½. Sace koµµetu½ na icchanti ‘samabh±ga½ labhissath±’ti vattabb±; na icchantiyeva ‘dve koµµh±se labhissath±’ti vattabb±. Evampi anicchantesu ‘naµµhena attho natthi, tumh±ka½ khaºe sati daº¹akamma½ karissatha, koµµetv± gaºhath±’ti vattabb±; ve¼ud±na½ n±ma na hoti. Ve¼ugumbe aggimhi uµµhitepi, udakena vuyham±nave¼³supi eseva nayo. Rukkhesupi ayameva kath±maggo. Rukkho pana s³cidaº¹akappam±ºo garubhaº¹a½ hoti. Saªghike rukkhe koµµ±petv± saªgha½ an±pucchitv±pi saªghika½ ±v±sa½ k±tu½ labbhati. Vacanapathacchedanattha½ pana ±pucchitv±va k±tabbo.
Puggalika½ k±tu½ labbhati, na labbhat²ti? Na labbhati. Hatthakammas²sena pana ekasmi½ gehe mañcaµµh±namatta½ labbhati, t²su gehesu eka½ geha½ labhati. Sace dabbhasambh±r± puggalik± honti, bh³mi saªghik±, eka½ geha½ katv± samabh±ga½ labhati, dv²su gehesu eka½ geha½ labhati. Saªghikarukkhe saªghika½ ±v±sa½ b±dhente saªgha½ an±pucch± h±retu½ vaµµati, na vaµµat²ti? Vaµµati. Vacanapathacchedanattha½ pana ±pucchitv±va h±retabbo. Sace rukkha½ niss±ya saªghassa mahanto l±bho hoti, na h±retabbo. Puggalikarukkhe saªghika½ ±v±sa½ b±dhente rukkhas±mikassa ±cikkhitabba½. Sace haritu½ na icchati, ched±petv± h±retabbo. ‘Rukkha½ me deth±’ti codentassa rukkha½ aggh±petv± m³la½ d±tabba½. Saªghike rukkhe puggalik±v±sa½, puggalike ca puggalik±v±sa½ b±dhentepi eseva nayo. Valliyampi ayameva kath±maggo. Valli pana yattha vikk±yati, dullabh± hoti, tattha garubhaº¹a½. S± ca kho upa¹¹hab±huppam±ºato paµµh±ya; tato heµµh± vallikhaº¹a½ garubhaº¹a½ na hoti.
Pattad±n±d²supi pattad±nen±ti paccayahetukena pattad±nen±ti-±di sabba½ ve¼ud±ne vuttanayeneva veditabba½. Garubhaº¹at±ya panettha aya½ vinicchayo. Pattampi hi yattha vikk±yati, gandhik±dayo gandhapaliveµhan±d²na½ atth±ya gaºhanti, t±dise dullabhaµµh±neyeva garubhaº¹a½ hoti. Esa t±va ki½sukapattakaººapi¼andhanat±lapatt±d²su vinicchayo.
T±lapaººampi imasmi½yeva µh±ne kathetabba½. T±lapaººampi hi saya½j±te t±lavane saªghena paricchinnaµµh±neyeva garubhaº¹a½, na tato para½. Ropimat±lesu sabbampi garubhaº¹a½. Tassa pam±ºa½ heµµhimakoµiy± aµµhaªgulappam±ºopi rittapotthako. Tiºampi ettheva pakkhipitv± kathetabba½. Yattha pana tiºa½ natthi tattha muñjapal±lan±¼ikerapaºº±d²hipi ch±denti. Tasm± t±nipi tiºeneva saªgahit±ni. Iti muñjapal±l±d²su ya½kiñci muµµhippam±ºa½ tiºa½, n±¼ikerapaºº±d²su ca ekapaººampi saªghassa dinna½ v± tatthaj±taka½ v± bahi-±r±me saªghassa tiºavatthumhi j±tatiºa½ v± rakkhitagopita½ garubhaº¹a½ hoti. Ta½ pana saªghakamme ca cetiyakamme ca kate atireka½ puggalikakamme d±tu½ vaµµati. Heµµh± vuttave¼umhipi eseva nayo.