11. Maggaªgavibhaªgo

1. Suttantabh±jan²yavaººan±

486. Id±ni tadanantare maggavibhaªge ariyo aµµhaªgiko maggoti-±di sabba½ saccavibhaªge dukkhanirodhag±min²paµipad±niddese vuttanayeneva veditabba½. Bh±van±vasena p±µiyekka½ dassite dutiyanayepi samm±diµµhi½ bh±veti vivekanissitanti-±di sabba½ bojjhaªgavibhaªge vuttanayeneva veditabba½. Evamida½ dvinnampi nay±na½ vasena suttantabh±jan²ya½ lokiyalokuttaramissakameva kathita½.

2. Abhidhammabh±jan²yavaººan±

490. Abhidhammabh±jan²ye ‘ariyo’ti avatv± aµµhaªgiko maggoti vutta½. Eva½ avuttepi aya½ ariyo eva. Yath± hi muddh±bhisittassa rañño muddh±bhisitt±ya deviy± kucchismi½ j±to putto r±japuttoti avuttepi r±japuttoyeva hoti, evamayampi ariyoti avuttepi ariyo ev±ti veditabbo. Sesamidh±pi saccavibhaªge vuttanayeneva veditabba½.
493. Pañcaªgikav±repi aµµhaªgikoti avuttepi aµµhaªgiko eva veditabbo. Lokuttaramaggo hi pañcaªgiko n±ma natthi. Ayamettha ±cariy±na½ sam±natthakath±. Vitaº¹av±d² pan±ha– “lokuttaramaggo aµµhaªgiko n±ma natthi, pañcaªgikoyeva hot²”ti. So “sutta½ ±har±h²”ti vutto addh± añña½ apassanto ima½ mah±sa¼±yatanato suttappadesa½ ±harissati “y± tath±bh³tassa diµµhi, s±ssa hoti samm±diµµhi. Yo tath±bh³tassa saªkappo, v±y±mo, sati, yo tath±bh³tassa sam±dhi, sv±ssa hoti samm±sam±dhi. Pubbeva kho panassa k±yakamma½ vac²kamma½ ±j²vo suparisuddho hot²”ti.
Tato “etassa anantara½ suttapada½ ±har±”ti vattabbo. Sace ±harati icceta½ kusala½, no ce ±harati saya½ ±haritv± “evamass±ya½ ariyo aµµhaªgiko maggo bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchat²”ti (ma. ni. 3.431) “imin± te satthus±sanena v±do bhinno; lokuttaramaggo pañcaªgiko n±ma natthi, aµµhaªgikova hot²”ti vattabbo.
Im±ni pana t²ºi aªg±ni pubbe parisuddh±ni vattanti, lokuttaramaggakkhaºe parisuddhatar±ni honti. Atha ‘pañcaªgiko maggo’ti ida½ kimattha½ gahitanti? Atirekakiccadassanattha½. Yasmiñhi samaye micch±v±ca½ pajahati, samm±v±ca½ p³reti, tasmi½ samaye samm±kammantasamm±-±j²v± natthi. Im±ni pañcak±r±pakaªg±neva micch±v±ca½ pajahanti; samm±v±c± pana saya½ virativasena p³reti. Yasmi½ samaye micch±kammanta½ pajahati, samm±kammanta½ p³reti, tasmi½ samaye samm±v±c±samm±-±j²v± natthi. Im±ni pañca k±r±pakaªg±neva micch±kammanta½ pajahanti; samm±kammanto pana saya½ virativasena p³reti. Yasmi½ samaye micch±-±j²va½ pajahati, samm±-±j²va½ p³reti, tasmi½ samaye samm±v±c±samm±kammant± natthi. Im±ni pañca k±r±pakaªg±neva micch±-±j²va½ pajahanti; samm±-±j²vo pana saya½ virativasena p³reti. Ima½ etesa½ pañcanna½ k±r±pakaªg±na½ kicc±tirekata½ dassetu½ pañcaªgiko maggoti gahita½. Lokuttaramaggo pana aµµhaªgikova hoti, pañcaªgiko n±ma natthi.
“Yadi samm±v±c±d²hi saddhi½ aµµhaªgikoti vadatha, catasso samm±v±c±cetan±, tisso samm±kammantacetan±, satta samm±-±j²vacetan±ti imamh± cetan±bahutt± katha½ muccissatha? Tasm± pañcaªgikova lokuttaramaggo”ti. “Cetan±bahutt± ca pamucciss±ma; aµµhaªgikova lokuttaramaggoti ca vakkh±ma”. “Tva½ t±va mah±catt±r²sakabh±ºako hosi, na hos²”ti pucchitabbo. Sace “na hom²”ti vadati, “tva½ abh±ºakatt± na j±n±s²”ti vattabbo. Sace “bh±ºakosm²”ti vadati, “sutta½ ±har±”ti vattabbo. Sace sutta½ ±harati icceta½ kusala½, no ce ±harati saya½ uparipaºº±sato ±haritabba½–
“Katam± ca, bhikkhave, samm±v±c±? Samm±v±ca½paha½, bhikkhave, dv±ya½ vad±mi– atthi, bhikkhave, samm±v±c± s±sav± puññabh±giy± upadhivepakk±; atthi, bhikkhave, samm±v±c± ariy± an±sav± lokuttar± maggaªg±.
“Katam± ca, bhikkhave, samm±v±c± s±sav± puññabh±giy± upadhivepakk±? Mus±v±d± veramaº², pisuº±ya v±c±ya veramaº², pharus±ya v±c±ya veramaº², samphappal±p± veramaº²– aya½, bhikkhave, samm±v±c± s±sav± puññabh±giy± upadhivepakk±.
“Katam± ca, bhikkhave, samm±v±c± ariy± an±sav± lokuttar± maggaªg±? Y± kho, bhikkhave, ariyacittassa an±savacittassa ariyamaggasamaªgino ariyamagga½ bh±vayato cat³hi vac²duccaritehi ±rati virati paµivirati veramaº²– aya½, bhikkhave, samm±v±c± ariy± an±sav± lokuttar± maggaªg±…pe….
“Katamo ca, bhikkhave, samm±kammanto? Samm±kammanta½paha½, bhikkhave, dvaya½ vad±mi…pe… upadhivepakko.
“Katamo ca, bhikkhave, samm±kammanto ariyo an±savo lokuttaro…pe….
“Katamo ca, bhikkhave, samm±-±j²vo? Samm±-±j²va½paha½, bhikkhave, dv±ya½ vad±mi…pe… upadhivepakko.
“Katamo ca, bhikkhave, samm±-±j²vo ariyo an±savo lokuttaro maggaªgo? Y± kho, bhikkhave, ariyacittassa an±savacittassa ariyamaggasamaªgino ariyamagga½ bh±vayato micch±-±j²v± ±rati virati paµivirati veramaº²– aya½, bhikkhave, samm±-±j²vo ariyo an±savo lokuttaro maggaªgo”ti (ma. ni. 3.138 ±dayo).
“yasmi½ kho, subhadda, dhammavinaye ariyo aµµhaªgiko maggo na upalabbhati, samaºopi tattha na upalabbhati…pe… imasmi½ kho, subhadda, dhammavinaye ariyo aµµhaªgiko maggo upalabbhati; idheva subhadda, samaºo…pe… suññ± parappav±d± samaºehi aññeh²ti (d². ni. 2.214).
Aññesupi anekesu suttasatesu aµµhaªgikova maggo ±gato. Kath±vatthuppakaraºepi vutta½–
“Magg±na½ aµµhaªgiko seµµho, sacc±na½ caturo pad±;
vir±go seµµho dhamm±na½, dvipad±nañca cakkhum±”ti (kath±. 872)–
“Attheva suttantoti”? “¾mant±”“tena hi aµµhaªgiko maggo”ti. Sace pana ettaken±pi saññatti½ na gacchati, “gaccha, vih±ra½ pavisitv± y±gu½ piv±h²”ti uyyojetabbo. Uttarimpana k±raºa½ vakkhat²ti aµµh±nameta½. Sesamettha utt±natthameva.
Nay± panettha gaºetabb±. Aµµhaªgikamaggasmiñhi ekato pucchitv± ekato vissajjane cat³su maggesu catt±ri nayasahass±ni vibhatt±ni. Pañcaªgikamagge ekato pucchitv± ekato vissajjane catt±ri; p±µiyekka½ pucchitv± p±µiyekka½ vissajjane catt±ri catt±r²ti pañcasu aªgesu v²sati. Iti purim±ni aµµha im±ni ca v²sat²ti sabb±nipi maggavibhaªge aµµhav²sati nayasahass±ni vibhatt±ni. T±ni ca kho nibbattitalokuttar±ni kusal±neva. Vip±ke pana kusalato tiguº± nay± k±tabb±ti.

Abhidhammabh±jan²yavaººan±.