9. Iddhip±davibhaŖgo

1. Suttantabh±jan²yavaŗŗan±

431. Id±ni tadanantare iddhip±davibhaŖge catt±roti gaŗanaparicchedo. Iddhip±d±ti ettha ijjhat²ti iddhi, samijjhati nipphajjat²ti attho. Ijjhanti v± et±ya satt± iddh± vuddh± ukka½sagat± hont²tipi iddhi. Paµhamenatthena iddhi eva p±do iddhip±do, iddhikoµµh±soti attho. Dutiyenatthena iddhiy± p±doti iddhip±do; p±doti patiµµh±, adhigamup±yoti attho. Tena hi yasm± upar³parivisesasaŖkh±ta½ iddhi½ pajjanti p±puŗanti, tasm± p±doti vuccati. Eva½ t±va “catt±ro iddhip±d±”ti ettha attho veditabbo.
Id±ni te bh±jetv± dassetu½ idha bhikkh³ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha idha bhikkh³ti imasmi½ s±sane bhikkhu. Chandasam±dhipadh±nasaŖkh±rasamann±gatanti ettha chandahetuko chand±dhiko v± sam±dhi chandasam±dhi. Kattukamyat±chanda½ adhipati½ karitv± paµiladdhasam±dhisseta½ adhivacana½. Padh±nabh³t± saŖkh±r± padh±nasaŖkh±r±. Catukiccas±dhakassa sammappadh±nav²riyasseta½ adhivacana½. Samann±gatanti chandasam±dhin± ca padh±nasaŖkh±rehi ca upeta½. Iddhip±danti nipphattipariy±yena v± ijjhanakaµµhena ijjhanti et±ya satt± iddh± vuddh± ukka½sagat± hont²ti imin± v± pariy±yena iddh²ti saŖkha½ gat±na½ upac±rajjh±n±dikusalacittasampayutt±na½ chandasam±dhipadh±nasaŖkh±r±na½ adhiµµh±naµµhena p±dabh³ta½ sesacittacetasikar±sinti attho. Yańhi parato “iddhip±doti tath±bh³tassa vedan±kkhandho…pe… vińń±ŗakkhandho”ti vutta½, ta½ imin± atthena yujjati. Imin± nayena sesesupi attho veditabbo. Yatheva hi chanda½ adhipati½ karitv± paµiladdhasam±dhi chandasam±dh²ti vutto, eva½ v²riya½…pe… citta½. V²ma½sa½ adhipati½ karitv± paµiladdhasam±dhi v²ma½sasam±dh²ti vuccati.
Id±ni chandasam±dhi-±d²ni pad±ni bh±jetv± dassetu½ kathańca bhikkh³ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha chandańce bhikkhu adhipati½ karitv±ti yadi bhikkhu chanda½ adhipati½ chanda½ jeµµhaka½ chanda½ dhura½ chanda½ pubbaŖgama½ katv± sam±dhi½ paµilabhati nibbatteti, eva½ nibbattito aya½ sam±dhi chandasam±dhi n±ma vuccat²ti attho. V²riyańceti-±d²supi eseva nayo. Ime vuccanti padh±nasaŖkh±r±ti ett±vat± chandiddhip±da½ bh±vayam±nassa bhikkhuno padh±n±bhisaŖkh±rasaŖkh±tacatukiccas±dhaka½ v²riya½ kathita½. Tadekajjha½ abhisańń³hitv±ti ta½ sabba½ ekato r±si½ katv±ti attho. SaŖkhya½ gacchat²ti eta½ voh±ra½ gacchat²ti veditabbanti attho.
433. Id±ni “chandasam±dhipadh±nasaŖkh±ro”ti etasmi½ padasam³he chand±didhamme bh±jetv± dassetu½ tattha katamo chandoti-±di ±raddha½. Ta½ utt±natthameva.
Upeto hot²ti iddhip±dasaŖkh±to dhammar±si upeto hoti. Tesa½ dhamm±nanti tesa½ sampayutt±na½ chand±didhamm±na½. Iddhi samiddh²ti-±d²ni sabb±ni nipphattivevacan±neva. Eva½ santepi ijjhanakaµµhena iddhi. Sampuŗŗ± iddhi samiddhi; upasaggena v± pada½ va¹¹hita½. Ijjhan±k±ro ijjhan±. Samijjhan±ti upasaggena pada½ va¹¹hita½. Attano sant±ne p±tubh±vavasena labhana½ l±bho. Parih²n±nampi v²riy±rambhavasena puna l±bho paµil±bho; upasaggena v± pada½ va¹¹hita½. Patt²ti adhigamo. Aparih±navasena samm± patt²ti sampatti. Phusan±ti paµil±bhaphusan±. Sacchikiriy±ti paµil±bhasacchikiriy±va. Upasampad±ti paµil±bha-upasampad± ev±ti veditabb±.
Tay±bh³tass±ti tena ±k±rena bh³tassa; te chand±didhamme paµilabhitv± µhitass±ti attho. Vedan±kkhandhoti-±d²hi chand±dayo anto katv± catt±ropi khandh± kathit±. Te dhammeti te catt±ro ar³pakkhandhe; chand±dayo v± tayo dhammetipi vutta½. ¾sevat²ti-±d²ni vuttatth±neva. Sesa-iddhip±daniddesesupi imin±va nayena attho veditabbo.
Ett±vat± ki½ kathitanti? Catunna½ bhikkh³na½ matthakappatta½ kammaµµh±na½ kathita½. Eko hi bhikkhu chanda½ avassayati; kattukamyat±kusaladhammacchandena atthanipphattiya½ sati ‘aha½ lokuttaradhamma½ nibbattess±mi, natthi mayha½ etassa nibbattane bh±ro’ti chanda½ jeµµhaka½ chanda½ dhura½ chanda½ pubbaŖgama½ katv± lokuttaradhamma½ nibbatteti. Eko v²riya½ avassayati. Eko citta½, eko pańńa½ avassayati. Pańń±ya atthanipphattiya½ sati ‘aha½ lokuttaradhamma½ nibbattess±mi natthi mayha½ etassa nibbattane bh±ro’ti pańńa½ jeµµhaka½ pańńa½ dhura½ pańńa½ pubbaŖgama½ katv± lokuttaradhamma½ nibbatteti.
Katha½? Yath± hi cat³su amaccaputtesu µh±nantara½ patthetv± vicarantesu eko upaµµh±na½ avassayi, eko s³rabh±va½, eko j±ti½, eko manta½. Katha½? Tesu hi paµhamo ‘upaµµh±ne appam±dak±rit±ya atthanipphattiy± sati labbham±na½ lacch±meta½ µh±nantaran’ti upaµµh±na½ avassayi. Dutiyo ‘upaµµh±ne appamattopi ekacco saŖg±me paccupaµµhite saŗµh±tu½ na sakkoti; avassa½ kho pana rańńo paccanto kuppissati; tasmi½ kuppite rathadhure kamma½ katv± r±j±na½ ±r±dhetv± ±har±pess±meta½ µh±nantaran’ti s³rabh±va½ avassayi. Tatiyo ‘s³rabh±vepi sati ekacco h²naj±tiko hoti; j±ti½ sodhetv± µh±nantara½ dadant± mayha½ dassant²’ti j±ti½ avassayi. Catuttho ‘j±tim±pi eko amantan²yo hoti; mantena kattabbakicce uppanne ±har±pess±meta½ µh±nantaran’ti manta½ avassayi. Te sabbepi attano attano avassayabalena µh±nantar±ni p±puŗi½su.
Tattha upaµµh±ne appamatto hutv± µh±nantara½ patto viya chanda½ avass±ya kattukamyat±kusaladhammacchandena atthanibbattiya½ sati ‘aha½ lokuttaradhamma½ nibbattess±mi, natthi mayha½ etassa nibbattane bh±ro’ti chanda½ jeµµhaka½ chanda½ dhura½ chanda½ pubbaŖgama½ katv± lokuttaradhammanibbattako daµµhabbo, raµµhap±latthero (ma. ni. 2.293 ±dayo) viya. So hi ±yasm± chanda½ dhura½ katv± lokuttaradhamma½ nibbattesi. S³rabh±vena r±j±na½ ±r±dhetv± µh±nantara½ patto viya v²riya½ jeµµhaka½ v²riya½ dhura½ v²riya½ pubbaŖgama½ katv± lokuttaradhammanibbattako daµµhabbo, soŗatthero (mah±va. 243) viya. So hi ±yasm± v²riya½ dhura½ katv± lokuttaradhamma½ nibbattesi.
J±tisampattiy± µh±nantara½ patto viya citta½ jeµµhaka½ citta½ dhura½ citta½ pubbaŖgama½ katv± lokuttaradhammanibbattako daµµhabbo, sambh³tatthero viya. So hi ±yasm± citta½ dhura½ katv± lokuttaradhamma½ nibbattesi. Manta½ avass±ya µh±nantarappatto viya v²ma½sa½ jeµµhaka½ v²ma½sa½ dhura½ v²ma½sa½ pubbaŖgama½ katv± lokuttaradhammanibbattako daµµhabbo, thero moghar±j± viya. So hi ±yasm± v²ma½sa½ dhura½ katv± lokuttaradhamma½ nibbattesi.
Ettha ca tayo chandasam±dhipadh±nasaŖkh±rasaŖkh±t± dhamm± iddh²pi honti iddhip±d±pi. Ses± pana sampayuttak± catt±ro khandh± iddhip±d±yeva. V²riyacittav²ma½sasam±dhipadh±nasaŖkh±rasaŖkh±t±pi tayo dhamm± iddh²pi honti iddhip±d±pi. Ses± pana sampayuttak± catt±ro khandh± iddhip±d±yeva. Aya½ t±va abhedato kath±.
Bhedato pana ‘chando’ iddhi n±ma. Chandadhurena bh±vit± catt±ro khandh± chandiddhip±do n±ma. Sam±dhi padh±nasaŖkh±roti dve dhamm± saŖkh±rakkhandhavasena chandiddhip±de pavisanti; p±de paviµµh±tipi vattu½ vaµµatiyeva. Tattheva ‘sam±dhi’ iddhi n±ma. Sam±dhidhurena bh±vit± catt±ro khandh± sam±dhiddhip±do n±ma. Chando padh±nasaŖkh±roti dve dhamm± saŖkh±rakkhandhavasena sam±dhiddhip±de pavisanti; p±de paviµµh±tipi vattu½ vaµµati eva. Tattheva ‘padh±nasaŖkh±ro’ iddhi n±ma. Padh±nasaŖkh±rabh±vit± catt±ro khandh± padh±nasaŖkh±riddhip±do n±ma. Chando sam±dh²ti dve dhamm± saŖkh±rakkhandhavasena padh±nasaŖkh±riddhip±de pavisanti; p±de paviµµh±tipi vattu½ vaµµati eva. Tattheva ‘v²riya½’ iddhi n±ma, ‘citta½’ iddhi n±ma, ‘v²ma½s±’ iddhi n±ma…pe… p±de paviµµh±tipi vattu½ vaµµati eva. Aya½ bhedato kath± n±ma.
Ettha pana abhinava½ natthi; gahitameva vibh³tadh±tuka½ kata½. Katha½? Chando, sam±dhi, padh±nasaŖkh±roti ime tayo dhamm± iddh²pi honti iddhip±d±pi. Ses± sampayuttak± catt±ro khandh± iddhip±d±yeva. Ime hi tayo dhamm± ijjham±n± sampayuttakehi cat³hi khandhehi saddhi½yeva ijjhanti, na vin±. Sampayuttak± pana catt±ro khandh± ijjhanakaµµhena iddhi n±ma honti, patiµµh±naµµhena p±do n±ma. ‘Iddh²’ti v± ‘iddhip±do’ti v± na ańńassa kassaci adhivacana½, sampayuttak±na½ catunna½ khandh±na½yeva adhivacana½. V²riya½, citta½, v²ma½s±sam±dhipadh±nasaŖkh±roti tayo dhamm±…pe… catunna½ khandh±na½yeva adhivacana½.
Apica pubbabh±go pubbabh±go iddhip±do n±ma; paµil±bho paµil±bho iddhi n±m±ti veditabbo. Ayamattho upac±rena v± vipassan±ya v± d²petabbo. Paµhamajjh±naparikammańhi iddhip±do n±ma, paµhamajjh±na½ iddhi n±ma. Dutiyatatiyacatuttha-±k±s±nańc±yatana, vińń±ŗańc±yatana-±kińcańń±yatananevasańń±n±sańń±yatanaparikamma½ iddhip±do n±ma, nevasańń±n±sańń±yatana½ iddhi n±ma. Sot±pattimaggassa vipassan± iddhip±do n±ma, sot±pattimaggo iddhi n±ma. Sakad±g±mi, an±g±mi, arahattamaggassa vipassan± iddhip±do n±ma, arahattamaggo iddhi n±ma. Paµil±bhen±pi d²petu½ vaµµatiyeva. Paµhamajjh±nańhi iddhip±do n±ma, dutiyajjh±na½ iddhi n±ma; dutiyajjh±na½ iddhip±do n±ma, tatiyajjh±na½ iddhi n±ma…pe… an±g±mimaggo iddhip±do n±ma, arahattamaggo iddhi n±ma.
Kenaµµhena iddhi? Kenaµµhena p±doti? Ijjhanakaµµheneva iddhi. Patiµµh±naµµheneva p±do. Evamidh±pi iddh²ti v± p±doti v± na ańńassa kassaci adhivacana½, sampayuttak±na½ catunna½ khandh±na½yeva adhivacananti. Eva½ vutte pana idam±ha½su– catunna½ khandh±nameva adhivacana½ bhaveyya, yadi satth± parato uttarac³¼abh±jan²ya½ n±ma na ±hareyya. Uttarac³¼abh±jan²ye pana “chandoyeva chandiddhip±do, v²riyameva, cittameva, v²ma½s±va v²ma½siddhip±do”ti kathita½. Keci pana “iddhi n±ma anipphann±, iddhip±do nipphanno”ti vadi½su. Tesa½ vacana½ paµikkhipitv± iddh²pi iddhip±dopi ‘nipphanno tilakkhaŗabbh±hato’ti sanniµµh±na½ kata½. Iti imasmi½ suttantabh±jan²ye lokiyalokuttaramissak± iddhip±d± kathit±ti.

Suttantabh±jan²yavaŗŗan±.