8. Sammappadh±navibhaªgo

1. Suttantabh±jan²yavaººan±

390. Id±ni tadanantare sammappadh±navibhaªge catt±roti gaºanaparicchedo. Tena na tato heµµh± na uddhanti sammappadh±napariccheda½ d²peti. Sammappadh±n±ti k±raºappadh±n± up±yappadh±n± yonisopadh±n±. Idha bhikkh³ti imasmi½ s±sane paµipannako bhikkhu. Anuppann±nanti anibbatt±na½. P±pak±nanti l±mak±na½. Akusal±na½ dhamm±nanti akosallasambh³t±na½ dhamm±na½. Anupp±d±y±ti na upp±danatth±ya. Chanda½ janet²ti kattukamyat±saªkh±ta½ kusalacchanda½ janeti upp±deti. V±yamat²ti payoga½ parakkama½ karoti. V²riya½ ±rabhat²ti k±yikacetasika½ v²riya½ karoti. Citta½ paggaºh±t²ti teneva sahaj±tav²riyena citta½ ukkhipati. Padahat²ti padh±nav²riya½ karoti. Paµip±µiy± panet±ni catt±ripi pad±ni ±sevan±bh±van±bahul²kammas±taccakiriy±hi yojetabb±ni.
Uppann±na½ p±pak±nanti anuppannanti avattabbata½ ±pann±na½ p±padhamm±na½. Pah±n±y±ti pajahanatth±ya. Anuppann±na½ kusal±na½ dhamm±nanti anibbatt±na½ kosallasambh³t±na½ dhamm±na½. Upp±d±y±ti upp±danatth±ya. Uppann±nanti nibbatt±na½. Ýhitiy±ti µhitatth±ya. Asammos±y±ti anassanattha½. Bhiyyobh±v±y±ti punappuna½ bh±v±ya. Vepull±y±ti vipulabh±v±ya. Bh±van±y±ti va¹¹hiy±. P±rip³riy±ti parip³raºatth±ya. Aya½ t±va catunna½ sammappadh±n±na½ uddesav±ravasena ekapadiko atthuddh±ro.
391. Id±ni paµip±µiy± t±ni pad±ni bh±jetv± dassetu½ kathañca bhikkhu anuppann±nanti-±din± nayena niddesav±ro ±raddho. Tattha ya½ heµµh± dhammasaªgahe ±gatasadisa½, ta½ tassa vaººan±ya½ vuttanayeneva veditabba½. Ya½ pana tasmi½ an±gata½, tattha chandaniddese t±va yo chandoti yo chandaniyavasena chando. Chandikat±ti chandikabh±vo, chandakaraº±k±ro v±. Kattukamyat±ti kattuk±mat±. Kusaloti cheko. Dhammacchandoti sabh±vacchando. Ayañhi chando n±ma taºh±chando, diµµhichando, v²riyachando, dhammacchandoti bahuvidho n±nappak±rako. Tesu dhammacchandoti imasmi½ µh±ne kattukamyat±kusaladhammacchando adhippeto.
Ima½ chanda½ janet²ti chanda½ kurum±nova chanda½ janeti n±ma. Sañjanet²ti upasaggena pada½ va¹¹hita½. Uµµhapet²ti chanda½ kurum±nova ta½ uµµhapeti n±ma. Samuµµhapet²ti upasaggena pada½ va¹¹hita½. Nibbattet²ti chanda½ kurum±nova ta½ nibbatteti n±ma. Abhinibbattet²ti upasaggena pada½ va¹¹hita½. Apica chanda½ karontova chanda½ janeti n±ma. Tameva satata½ karonto sañjaneti n±ma. Kenacideva antar±yena patita½ puna ukkhipanto uµµhapeti n±ma. Pabandhaµµhiti½ p±pento samuµµhapeti n±ma. Ta½ p±kaµa½ karonto nibbatteti n±ma. Anosakkanat±ya al²navuttit±ya anol²navuttit±ya abhimukhabh±vena nibbattento abhinibbatteti n±ma.
394. V²riyaniddese v²riya½ karontova v²riya½ ±rabhati n±ma. Dutiyapada½ upasaggena va¹¹hita½. V²riya½ karontoyeva ca ±sevati bh±veti n±ma. Punappuna½ karonto vahul²karoti. ¾ditova karonto ±rabhati. Punappuna½ karonto sam±rabhati. Bh±van±vasena bhajanto ±sevati. Va¹¹hento bh±veti. Sabbakiccesu tadeva bahul²karonto bahul²karot²ti veditabbo.
395. Cittapaggahaniddese v²riyapaggahena yojento citta½ paggaºh±ti, ukkhipat²ti attho. Punappuna½ paggaºhanto sampaggaºh±ti. Eva½ sampaggahita½ yath± na patati tath± na½ v²riyupatthambhena upatthambhento upatthambheti. Upatthambhitampi thirabh±vatth±ya punappuna½ upatthambhento paccupatthambheti n±ma.
406. Ýhitiy±tipadassa niddese sabbesampi asammos±d²na½ µhitivevacanabh±va½ dassetu½ y± µhiti so asammosoti-±di vutta½. Ettha hi heµµhima½ heµµhima½ pada½ uparimassa uparimassa padassa attho, uparima½ uparima½ pada½ heµµhimassa heµµhimassa atthotipi vattu½ vaµµati. Sesa½ sabbattha utt±natthamev±ti. Aya½ t±va p±¼ivaººan±.
Aya½ panettha vinicchayakath±. Ayañhi sammappadh±nakath± n±ma duvidh±– lokiy± lokuttar± ca. Tattha lokiy± sabbapubbabh±ge hoti. S± kassapasa½yuttapariy±yena lokiyamaggakkhaºe veditabb±. Vuttañhi tattha–
“Catt±ro me, ±vuso, sammappadh±n±. Katame catt±ro?
Idh±vuso, bhikkhu ‘anuppann± me p±pak± akusal± dhamm± uppajjam±n± anatth±ya sa½vatteyyun’ti ±tappa½ karoti; ‘uppann± me p±pak± akusal± dhamm± appah²yam±n± anatth±ya sa½vatteyyun’ti ±tappa½ karoti; ‘anuppann± me kusal± dhamm± anuppajjam±n± anatth±ya sa½vatteyyun’ti ±tappa½ karoti. ‘Uppann± me kusal± dhamm± nirujjham±n± anatth±ya sa½vatteyyun’ti ±tappa½ karot²”ti (sa½. ni. 2.145).
Ettha ca ‘anuppann± me kusal± dhamm±’ti samathavipassan± ceva maggo ca. Uppann± kusal± n±ma samathavipassan±va. Maggo pana saki½ uppajjitv± nirujjham±no anatth±ya sa½vattanako n±ma natthi. So hi phalassa paccaya½ datv±va nirujjhati. Purimasmi½ v± samathavipassan±va gahetabb±ti vutta½, ta½ pana na yutta½.
Tattha “uppann± samathavipassan± nirujjham±n± anatth±ya sa½vattant²”ti atthassa ±vibh±vattha½ ida½ vatthu– eko kira kh²º±savatthero ‘mah±cetiyañca mah±bodhiñca vandiss±m²’ti sam±pattil±bhin± bhaº¹ag±hakas±maºerena saddhi½ janapadato mah±vih±ra½ ±gantv± vih±rapariveºa½ p±visi; s±yanhasamaye mah±bhikkhusaªghe cetiya½ vandam±ne cetiya½ vandanatth±ya na nikkhami. Kasm±? Kh²º±sav±nañhi t²su ratanesu mahanta½ g±rava½ hoti. Tasm± bhikkhusaªghe vanditv± paµikkante manuss±na½ s±yam±sabhuttavel±ya s±maºerampi aj±n±petv± ‘cetiya½ vandiss±m²’ti ekakova nikkhami. S±maºero ‘ki½ nu kho thero avel±ya ekakova gacchati, j±niss±m²’ti upajjh±yassa pad±nupadikova nikkhami. Thero an±vajjanena tassa ±gamana½ aj±nanto dakkhiºadv±rena mah±cetiyaªgaºa½ ±ru¼ho. S±maºeropi anupada½yeva ±ru¼ho.
Mah±thero mah±cetiya½ ulloketv± buddh±rammaºa½ p²ti½ gahetv± sabba½ cetaso samann±haritv± haµµhapahaµµho mah±cetiya½ vandati. S±maºero therassa vandan±k±ra½ disv± ‘upajjh±yo me ativiya pasannacitto vandati; ki½ nu kho pupph±ni labhitv± p³ja½ kareyy±’ti cintesi. There vanditv± uµµh±ya sirasi añjali½ µhapetv± mah±cetiya½ ulloketv± µhite s±maºero ukk±sitv± attano ±gatabh±va½ j±n±pesi. Thero parivattetv± olokento “kad± ±gatos²”ti pucchi. “Tumh±ka½ cetiya½ vandanak±le, bhante; ativiya pasann± cetiya½ vandittha; kinnu kho pupph±ni labhitv± p³jeyy±th±”ti? “¾ma, s±maºera, imasmi½ cetiye viya aññatra ettaka½ dh±tunidh±na½ n±ma natthi. Evar³pa½ asadisa½ mah±th³pa½ pupph±ni labhitv± ko na p³jeyy±”ti? “Tena hi, bhante, adhiv±setha, ±hariss±m²”ti t±vadeva jh±na½ sam±pajjitv± iddhiy± himavanta½ gantv± vaººagandhasampann±ni pupph±ni gahetv± pariss±vana½ p³retv± mah±there dakkhiºamukhato pacchimamukhe asampatteyeva ±gantv± pupphapariss±vana½ hatthe µhapetv± “p³jetha bhante”ti ±ha. Thero “atimand±ni no, s±maºera, pupph±n²”ti ±ha. “Gacchatha, bhante, bhagavato guºe ±vajjetv± p³jeth±”ti.
Thero pacchimamukhanissitena sop±nena ±ruyha kucchivedik±bh³miya½ pupphap³ja½ k±tu½ ±raddho. Vedik±bh³mi paripuºº±; pupph±ni patitv± dutiyabh³miya½ jaººuppam±ºena odhin± p³rayi½su. Tato otaritv± p±dapiµµhikapanti½ p³jesi; s±pi parip³ri; paripuººabh±va½ ñatv± heµµhimatale vikiranto agam±si; sabba½ cetiyaªgaºa½ parip³ri; tasmi½ paripuººe “s±maºera, pupph±ni na kh²yant²”ti ±ha. “Pariss±vana½, bhante, adhomukha½ karoth±”ti. Adhomukha½ katv± c±lesi. Tad± pupph±ni kh²º±ni. Thero pariss±vana½ s±maºerassa datv± saddhi½ hatthip±k±rena cetiya½ tikkhattu½ padakkhiºa½ katv± cat³su µh±nesu vanditv± pariveºa½ gacchanto cintesi– ‘y±va mahiddhiko vat±ya½ s±maºero; sakkhissati nu kho ima½ iddh±nubh±va½ rakkhitunti? Tato ‘na sakkhissat²’ti disv± s±maºera½ ±ha– “s±maºera, tva½ id±ni mahiddhiko; evar³pa½ pana iddhi½ n±setv± pacchimak±le k±ºapesak±riy± hatthena maddita½kañjiya½ pivissas²”ti. Daharakabh±vassa n±mesa doso ya½ so upajjh±yassa kath±ya sa½vejetv± ‘kammaµµh±na½ me, bhante, ±cikkhath±’ti na y±ci; ‘amh±ka½ upajjh±yo ki½ vadat²’ti ta½ pana asuºanto viya agam±si.
Thero mah±cetiyañca mah±bodhiñca vanditv± s±maºera½ pattac²vara½ g±h±petv± anupubbena kuµe¼itissamah±vih±ra½ agam±si. S±maºero upajjh±yassa pad±nupadiko hutv± bhikkh±c±ra½ na gacchati. “Katara½ g±ma½ pavisatha, bhante”ti pucchitv± pana ‘id±ni me upajjh±yo g±madv±ra½ sampatto bhavissat²’ti ñatv± attano ca upajjh±yassa ca pattac²vara½ gahetv± ±k±sen±gantv± therassa pattac²vara½ datv± piº¹±ya pavisati. Thero sabbak±la½ ovadati– “s±maºera, m± evamak±si; puthujjaniddhi n±ma cal± anibaddh±; asapp±ya½ r³p±di-±rammaºa½ labhitv± appamattakeneva bhijjati; sant±ya sam±pattiy± parih²n± brahmacariyav±se santhambhitu½ na sakkont²”ti. S±maºero ‘ki½ katheti mayha½ upajjh±yo’ti sotu½ na icchati, tatheva karoti. Thero anupubbena cetiyavandana½ karonto kammupendavih±ra½ n±ma gato. Tattha vasantepi there s±maºero tatheva karoti.
Athekadivasa½ ek± pesak±radh²t± abhir³p± paµhamavaye µhit± kammupendag±mato nikkhamitv± padumassara½ oruyha g±yam±n± pupph±ni bhañjati. Tasmi½ samaye s±maºero padumassaramatthakena gacchati gacchanto pana, sakkaralasik±ya k±ºamakkhik± viya, tass± g²tasadde bajjhi; t±vadeva iddhi antarahit±, chinnapakkho k±ko viya ahosi. Santasam±pattibalena pana tattheva udakapiµµhe apatitv± simbalit³la½ viya patam±na½ anupubbena padumassarat²re aµµh±si. So vegena gantv± upajjh±yassa pattac²vara½ datv± nivatti. Mah±thero ‘pageveta½ may± diµµha½, niv±riyam±nopi na nivattissat²’ti kiñci avatv± piº¹±ya p±visi.
S±maºero gantv± padumassarat²re aµµh±si tass± paccuttaraºa½ ±gamayam±no. S±pi s±maºera½ ±k±sena gacchantañca pun±gantv± µhitañca disv± ‘addh± esa ma½ niss±ya ukkaºµhito’ti ñatv± ‘paµikkama s±maºer±’ti ±ha. Sopi paµipakkami. Itar± paccuttaritv± s±µaka½ niv±setv± ta½ upasaªkamitv± ‘ki½, bhante’ti pucchi. So tamattha½ ±rocesi. S± bah³hi k±raºehi ghar±v±se ±d²nava½ brahmacariyav±se ±nisa½sañca dassetv± ovadam±n±pi tassa ukkaºµha½ vinodetu½ asakkont² ‘aya½ mama k±raº± evar³p±ya iddhiy± parih²no; na d±ni yutta½ pariccajitun’ti. ‘Idheva tiµµh±’ti vatv± ghara½ gantv± m±t±pit³na½ ta½ pavatti½ ±rocesi. Tepi ±gantv± n±nappak±ra½ ovadam±n± vacana½ aggaºhanta½ ±ha½su– “tva½ amhe ucc±kul±ti m± sallakkhesi. Maya½ pesak±r±. Sakkhissasi pesak±rakamma½ k±tun”ti? S±maºero ±ha– “up±saka, gih²bh³to n±ma pesak±rakamma½ v± kareyya na¼ak±rakamma½ v±, ki½ imin±, m± s±µakamatte lobha½ karoth±”ti Pesak±rako udare baddhas±µaka½ datv± ghara½ netv± dh²tara½ ad±si.