Therassa hi tad± ativiya parisuddho chavivaººo ahosi, vippasann±ni indriy±ni, mukha½ bandhan± muttat±lapakka½ viya ativiya virocittha. Mah±-up±sik± araññ± ±gantv±– “ki½, amma, bh±tiko te ±gato”ti pucchi. S± sabba½ ta½ pavatti½ ±rocesi. Up±sik± ‘ajja me puttassa pabbajitakicca½ matthaka½ pattan’ti ñatv± “abhiramati te, amma, bh±t± buddhas±sane, na ukkaºµhat²”ti ±ha.
Mahanta½ kho paneta½ satthu d±yajja½ yadida½ satta ariyadhan±ni n±ma. Ta½ na sakk± kus²tena gahetu½. Yath± hi vippaµipanna½ putta½ m±t±pitaro ‘aya½ amh±ka½ aputto’ti parib±hira½ karonti; so tesa½ accayena d±yajja½ na labhati; eva½ kus²topi ida½ ariyadhanad±yajja½ na labhati, ±raddhav²riyova labhat²ti d±yajjamahatta½ paccavekkhatopi uppajjati. ‘Mah± kho pana te satth±. Satthuno hi te m±tukucchismi½ paµisandhigaºhanak±lepi abhinikkhamanepi abhisambodhiyampi dhammacakkapavattanayamakap±µih±riyadevorohana-±yusaªkh±ravossajjanesupi parinibb±nak±lepi dasasahassilokadh±tu kampittha. Yutta½ nu te evar³passa satthuno s±sane pabbajitv± kus²tena bhavitun’ti eva½ satthumahatta½ paccavekkhatopi uppajjati.
‘J±tiy±pi tva½ id±ni na l±makaj±tikosi; asambhinn±ya mah±sammatapaveºiy± ±gate okk±kar±java½se j±to; sirisuddhodanamah±r±jassa ca mah±m±y±deviy± ca natt±; r±hulabhaddassa kaniµµho. Tay± n±ma evar³pena jinaputtena hutv± na yutta½ kus²tena viharitun’ti eva½ j±timahatta½ paccavekkhatopi uppajjati. ‘S±riputtamoggall±n± ceva as²timah±s±vak± ca v²riyeneva lokuttaradhamma½ paµivijjhi½su. Tva½ etesa½ sabrahmac±r²na½ magga½ paµipajjasi, nappaµipajjas²’ti eva½ sabrahmac±rimahatta½ paccavekkhatopi uppajjati.
Kucchi½ p³retv± µhita-ajagarasadise vissaµµhak±yikacetasikav²riye kus²tapuggale parivajjentass±pi ±raddhav²riye pahitatte puggale sevantass±pi µh±nanisajj±d²su viriyupp±danattha½ ninnapoºapabbh±racittass±pi uppajjati. Eva½ uppannassa panassa arahattamaggena bh±van±p±rip³ri hot²ti paj±n±ti.
P²tisambojjhaªgassa
“Atthi bhikkhave, p²tisambojjhaªgaµµh±n²y± dhamm±. Tattha yonisomanasik±rabahul²k±ro– ayam±h±ro anuppannassa v± p²tisambojjhaªgassa upp±d±ya, uppannassa v± p²tisambojjhaªgassa bhiyyobh±v±ya vepull±ya bh±van±ya p±rip³riy± sa½vattat²”ti (sa½. ni. 5.232)–
Eva½ upp±do hoti. Tattha p²tiyeva p²tisambojjhaªgaµµh±n²y± dhamm± n±ma. Tass± upp±dakamanasik±ro yonisomanasik±ro n±ma.
Apica ek±dasa dhamm± p²tisambojjhaªgassa upp±d±ya sa½vattanti– buddh±nussati, dhammasaªghas²lac±gadevat±nussati, upasam±nussati, l³khapuggalaparivajjanat±, siniddhapuggalasevanat±, pas±dan²yasuttantapaccavekkhaºat±, tadadhimuttat±ti.
Buddhaguºe anussarantass±pi hi y±va upac±r± sakalasar²ra½ pharam±no p²tisambojjhaªgo uppajjati; dhammasaªghaguºe anussarantass±pi, d²gharatta½ akkhaº¹a½ katv± rakkhita½ catup±risuddhis²la½ paccavekkhantass±pi, gihino dasas²la½ pañcas²la½ paccavekkhantass±pi, dubbhikkhabhay±d²su paº²ta½ bhojana½ sabrahmac±r²na½ datv± ‘eva½ n±ma adamh±’ti c±ga½ paccavekkhantass±pi, gihinopi evar³pe k±le s²lavant±na½ dinnad±na½ paccavekkhantass±pi, yehi guºehi samann±gat± devat± devatta½ patt± tath±r³p±na½ guº±na½ attani atthita½ paccavekkhantass±pi, sam±pattiy± vikkhambhite kilese saµµhipi sattatipi vass±ni na samud±carant²ti paccavekkhantass±pi, cetiyadassanabodhidassanatheradassanesu asakkaccakiriy±ya sa½s³cital³khabh±ve buddh±d²su pas±dasineh±bh±vena gadrabhapiµµhe rajasadise l³khapuggale parivajjentass±pi, buddh±d²su pas±dabahule muducitte siniddhapuggale sevantass±pi, ratanattayaguºaparid²pake pas±dan²yasuttante paccavekkhantass±pi, µh±nanisajj±d²su p²ti-upp±danattha½ ninnapoºapabbh±racittass±pi uppajjati. Eva½ uppannassa panassa arahattamaggena bh±van±p±rip³ri hot²ti paj±n±ti.
Passaddhisambojjhaªgassa
“Atthi bhikkhave, k±yapassaddhi cittapassaddhi. Tattha yonisomanasik±rabahul²k±ro– ayam±h±ro anuppannassa v± passaddhisambojjhaªgassa upp±d±ya, uppannassa v± passaddhisambojjhaªgassa bhiyyobh±v±ya vepull±ya bh±van±ya p±rip³riy± sa½vattat²”ti (sa½. ni. 5.232)–
Eva½ upp±do hoti. Apica satta dhamm± passaddhisambojjhaªgassa upp±d±ya sa½vattanti– paº²tabhojanasevanat±, utusukhasevanat± iriy±pathasukhasevanat±, majjhattapayogat±, s±raddhak±yapuggalaparivajjanat±, passaddhik±yapuggalasevanat±, tadadhimuttat±ti. Paº²tañhi siniddha½ sapp±yabhojana½ bhuñjantass±pi, s²tuºhesu ut³su µh±n±d²su ca iriy±pathesu sapp±ya½ utuñca iriy±pathañca sevantass±pi passaddhi uppajjati. Yo pana mah±purisaj±tiko sabba-utu-iriy±pathakkhamova hoti, na ta½ sandh±yeta½ vutta½. Yassa sabh±gavisabh±gat± atthi, tasseva visabh±ge utu-iriy±pathe vajjetv± sabh±ge sevantass±pi uppajjati. Majjhattapayogo vuccati attano ca parassa ca kammassakatapaccavekkhaº±; imin± majjhattapayogena uppajjati. Yo le¹¹udaº¹±d²hi para½ viheµhayam±nova vicarati, evar³pa½ s±raddhak±ya½ puggala½ parivajjentass±pi, sa½yatap±dap±ºi½ passaddhak±ya½ puggala½ sevantass±pi, µh±nanisajj±d²su passaddhi-upp±danatth±ya ninnapoºapabbh±racittass±pi uppajjati. Eva½ uppannassa panassa arahattamaggena bh±van±p±rip³ri hot²ti paj±n±ti.
Sam±dhisambojjhaªgassa–
“Atthi, bhikkhave, samathanimitta½ abyagganimitta½. Tattha yonisomanasik±rabahul²k±ro– ayam±h±ro anuppannassa v± sam±dhisambojjhaªgassa upp±d±ya, uppannassa v± sam±dhisambojjhaªgassa bhiyyobh±v±ya vepull±ya bh±van±ya p±rip³riy± sa½vattat²”ti (sa½. ni. 5.232)–
Eva½ upp±do hoti. Tattha samathova samathanimitta½, avikkhepaµµhena ca abyagganimittanti.
Apica ek±dasa dhamm± sam±dhisambojjhaªgassa upp±d±ya sa½vattanti– vatthuvisadakiriyat± indriyasamattapaµip±danat±, nimittakusalat±, samaye cittassa paggaºhanat±, samaye cittassa niggahaºanat±, samaye sampaha½sanat±, samaye ajjhupekkhaºat±, asam±hitapuggalaparivajjanat±, sam±hitapuggalasevanat±, jh±navimokkhapaccavekkhaºat±, tadadhimuttat±ti. Tattha vatthuvisadakiriyat± ca indriyasamattapaµip±danat± ca vuttanayeneva veditabb±.
Nimittakusalat± n±ma kasiºanimittassa uggahaºakusalat±. Samaye cittassa paggahaºanat±ti yasmi½ samaye atisithilav²riyat±d²hi l²na½ citta½ hoti, tasmi½ samaye dhammavicayav²riyap²tisambojjhaªgasamuµµh±panena tassa paggaºhana½. Samaye cittassa niggahaºanat±ti yasmi½ samaye acc±raddhav²riyat±d²hi uddhaµa½ citta½ hoti, tasmi½ samaye passaddhisam±dhi-upekkh±sambojjhaªgasamuµµh±panena tassa niggaºhana½. Samaye sampaha½sanat±ti yasmi½ samaye citta½ paññ±payogamandat±ya v± upasamasukh±nadhigamena v± nirass±da½ hoti, tasmi½ samaye aµµhasa½vegavatthupaccavekkhaºena sa½vejeti. Aµµha sa½vegavatth³ni n±ma j±tijar±by±dhimaraº±ni catt±ri, ap±yadukkha½ pañcama½, at²te vaµµam³laka½ dukkha½, an±gate vaµµam³laka½ dukkha½, paccuppanne ±h±rapariyeµµhim³laka½ dukkhanti. Ratanattayaguº±nussaraºena ca pas±da½ janeti. Aya½ vuccati samaye sampaha½sanat±ti.
Samaye ajjhupekkhanat± n±ma yasmi½ samaye samm±paµipatti½ ±gamma al²na½ anuddhaµa½ anirass±da½ ±rammaºe samappavatta½ samathav²thipaµipanna½ citta½ hoti, tad±ya½ paggahaniggahasampaha½sanesu na by±p±ra½ ±pajjati s±rath² viya samappavattesu assesu. Aya½ vuccati samaye ajjhupekkhanat±ti. Asam±hitapuggalaparivajjanat± n±ma upac±ra½ v± appana½ v± appatt±na½ vikkhittacitt±na½ puggal±na½ ±rak± parivajjana½. Sam±hitapuggalasevanat± n±ma upac±rena v± appan±ya v± sam±hitacitt±na½ sevan± bhajan± payirup±san±. Tadadhimuttat± n±ma µh±nanisajj±d²su sam±dhi-upp±danattha½yeva ninnapoºapabbh±racittat±. Evañhi paµipajjato esa uppajjati. Eva½ uppannassa panassa arahattamaggena bh±van±p±rip³ri hot²ti paj±n±ti.
Upekkh±sambojjhaªgassa–
“Atthi, bhikkhave, upekkh±sambojjhaªgaµµh±n²y± dhamm±. Tattha yonisomanasik±rabahul²k±ro ayam±h±ro anuppannassa v± upekkh±sambojjhaªgassa upp±d±ya, uppannassa v± upekkh±sambojjhaªgassa bhiyyobh±v±ya vepull±ya bh±van±ya p±rip³riy± sa½vattat²”ti (sa½. ni. 5.232)–
Eva½ upp±do hoti. Tattha upekkh±va upekkh±sambojjhaªgaµµh±n²y± dhamm± n±ma. Apica pañca dhamm± upekkh±sambojjhaªgassa upp±d±ya sa½vattanti– sattamajjhattat±, saªkh±ramajjhattat±, sattasaªkh±rakel±yanapuggalaparivajjanat±, sattasaªkh±ramajjhattapuggalasevanat±, tadadhimuttat±ti.
Tattha dv²h±k±rehi sattamajjhattata½ samuµµh±peti– ‘tva½ attano kammena ±gantv± attanova kammena gamissasi. Esopi attano kammena ±gantv± attanova kammena gamissati. Tva½ ka½ kel±yas²’ti eva½ kammassakatapaccavekkhaºena ca ‘paramatthato sattoyeva natthi. So tva½ ka½ kel±yas²’ti eva½ nissattapaccavekkhaºena ca. Dv²hev±k±rehi saªkh±ramajjhattata½ samuµµh±peti– ‘ida½ c²vara½ anupubbena vaººavik±rañceva jiººabh±vañca upagantv± p±dapuñchanaco¼aka½ hutv± yaµµhikoµiy± cha¹¹an²ya½ bhavissati. Sace panassa s±miko bhaveyya, n±ssa eva½ vinassitu½ dadeyy±’ti eva½ ass±mikabh±vapaccavekkhaºena ca. ‘Anaddhaniya½ ida½ t±vak±likan’ti eva½ t±vak±likabh±vapaccavekkhaºena ca. Yath± ca c²vare, eva½ patt±d²supi yojan± k±tabb±.
Sattasaªkh±rakel±yanapuggalaparivajjanat±ti ettha yo puggalo gih² v± attano puttadh²t±dike, pabbajito v± attano antev±sikasam±nupajjh±yak±dike mam±yati, sahattheneva nesa½ kesacchedanas³cikammac²varadhovanarajanapattapacan±d²ni karoti, muhuttampi apassanto ‘asuko s±maºero kuhi½? Asuko daharo kuhin’ti? Bhantamigo viya ito cito ca ±loketi; aññena kesacchedan±d²na½ atth±ya ‘muhutta½ t±va asuka½ peseth±’ti y±ciyam±nopi ‘amhepi ta½ attano kamma½ na k±rema, tumhe na½ gahetv± kilamessath±’ti na deti– aya½ sattakel±yano n±ma.
Yo pana c²varapattath±lakakattarayaµµhi-±d²ni mam±yati, aññassa hatthena par±masitumpi na deti, t±vak±lika½ y±citopi ‘mayampi ima½ mam±yant± na paribhuñj±ma, tumh±ka½ ki½ dass±m±’ti vadati– aya½ saªkh±rakel±yano n±ma. Yo pana tesu dv²supi vatth³su majjhatto ud±s²no– aya½ sattasaªkh±ramajjhatto n±ma. Iti aya½ upekkh±sambojjhaªgo evar³pe sattasaªkh±rakel±yanapuggale ±rak± parivajjentass±pi, sattasaªkh±ramajjhattapuggale sevantass±pi, µh±nanisajj±d²su tadupp±danattha½ ninnapoºapabbh±racittass±pi uppajjati. Eva½ uppannassa panassa arahattamaggena bh±van±p±rip³ri hot²ti paj±n±ti. Sesa½ sabbattha utt±natthamev±ti.

Bojjhaªgapabbavaººan±.

Imesupi dv²su pabbesu suddhavipassan±va kathit±. Iti ime catt±ro satipaµµh±n± pubbabh±ge n±n±cittesu labbhanti. Aññeneva hi cittena k±ya½ pariggaºh±ti, aññena vedana½, aññena citta½, aññena dhamme pariggaºh±ti; lokuttaramaggakkhaºe pana ekacitteyeva labbhanti. ¾dito hi k±ya½ pariggaºhitv± ±gatassa vipassan±sampayutt± sati k±y±nupassan± n±ma. T±ya satiy± samann±gato puggalo k±y±nupass² n±ma. Vipassana½ ussukk±petv± ariyamagga½ pattassa maggakkhaºe maggasampayutt± sati k±yanupassan± n±ma. T±ya satiy± samann±gato puggalo k±y±nupass² n±ma. Vedana½ pariggaºhitv±…. Citta½ pariggaºhitv±…. Dhamme pariggaºhitv± ±gatassa vipassan±sampayutt± sati dhamm±nupassan± n±ma. T±ya satiy± samann±gato puggalo dhamm±nupass² n±ma. Vipassana½ ussukk±petv± ariyamagga½ pattassa maggakkhaºe maggasampayutt± sati dhamm±nupassan± n±ma. T±ya satiy± samann±gato puggalo dhamm±nupass² n±ma. Eva½ t±va desan± puggale tiµµhati. K±ye pana ‘subhan’ti vipall±sappah±n± k±yaparigg±hik± sati maggena samijjhat²ti k±y±nupassan± n±ma. Vedan±ya ‘sukhan’ti vipall±sappah±n± vedan±parigg±hik± sati maggena samijjhat²ti vedan±nupassan± n±ma. Citte ‘niccan’ti vipall±sappah±n± cittaparigg±hik± sati maggena samijjhat²ti citt±nupassan± n±ma. Dhammesu ‘att±’ti vipall±sappah±n± dhammaparigg±hik± sati maggena samijjhat²ti dhamm±nupassan± n±ma. Iti ek±va maggasampayutt± sati catukiccas±dhanaµµhena catt±ri n±m±ni labhati. Tena vutta½– ‘lokuttaramaggakkhaºe pana ekacitteyeva labbhant²’ti.

Suttantabh±jan²yavaººan±.