Bojjhaªgapabbavaººan±

Bojjhaªgapabbe santanti paµil±bhavasena vijjam±na½. Asantanti appaµil±bhavasena avijjam±na½. Yath± ca anuppannass±ti-±d²su pana satisambojjhaªgassa t±va–
“Atthi bhikkhave, satisambojjhaªgaµµh±n²y± dhamm±. Tattha yonisomanasik±rabahul²k±ro– ayam±h±ro anuppannassa v± satisambojjhaªgassa upp±d±ya, uppannassa v± satisambojjhaªgassa bhiyyobh±v±ya vepull±ya bh±van±ya p±rip³riy± sa½vattat²”ti (sa½. ni. 5.183)– eva½ upp±do hoti. Tattha satiyeva satisambojjhaªgaµµh±n²y± dhamm±. Yonisomanasik±ro vuttalakkhaºoyeva. Ta½ tattha bahula½ pavattayato satisambojjhaªgo uppajjati.
Apica catt±ro dhamm± satisambojjhaªgassa upp±d±ya sa½vattanti– satisampajañña½, muµµhassatipuggalaparivajjanat±, upaµµhitassatipuggalasevanat±, tadadhimuttat±ti. Abhikkant±d²su hi sattasu µh±nesu satisampajaññena, bhattanikkhittak±kasadise muµµhassatipuggale parivajjanena, tissadattatthera-abhayattherasadise upaµµhitassatipuggale sevanena, µh±nanisajj±d²su satisamuµµh±panattha½ ninnapoºapabbh±racittat±ya ca satisambojjhaªgo uppajjati. Eva½ cat³hi k±raºehi uppannassa panassa arahattamaggena bh±van±p±rip³ri hot²ti paj±n±ti.
Dhammavicayasambojjhaªgassa pana–
“Atthi, bhikkhave, kusal±kusal± dhamm±…pe… kaºhasukkasappaµibh±g± dhamm±. Tattha yonisomanasik±rabahul²k±ro– ayam±h±ro anuppannassa v± dhammavicayasambojjhaªgassa upp±d±ya, uppannassa v± dhammavicayasambojjhaªgassa bhiyyobh±v±ya vepull±ya bh±van±ya p±rip³riy± sa½vattat²”ti (sa½. ni. 5.232)–
Eva½ upp±do hoti.
Apica satta dhamm± dhammavicayasambojjhaªgassa upp±d±ya sa½vattanti– paripucchakat±, vatthuvisadakiriy±, indriyasamattapaµip±dan±, duppaññapuggalaparivajjan±, paññavantapuggalasevan±, gambh²rañ±ºacariyapaccavekkhaº±, tadadhimuttat±ti. Tattha paripucchakat±ti khandhadh±tu-±yatana-indriyabalabojjhaªgamaggaªgajh±nasamathavipassan±na½ atthasannissitaparipucch±bahulat±. Vatthuvisadakiriy±ti ajjhattikab±hir±na½ vatth³na½ visadabh±vakaraºa½. Yad± hissa kesanakhalom±ni d²gh±ni honti, sar²ra½ v± ussannadosañceva sedamalamakkhitañca, tad± ajjhattika½ vatthu avisada½ hoti aparisuddha½. Yad± pana c²vara½ jiººa½ kiliµµha½ duggandha½ hoti, sen±sana½ v± ukl±pa½, tad± b±hira½ vatthu avisada½ hoti aparisuddha½. Tasm± kes±dichedanena uddha½virecana-adhovirecan±d²hi sar²rasallahukabh±vakaraºena, ucch±dananh±panena ca ajjhattikavatthu visada½ k±tabba½. S³cikammadhovanarajanaparibhaº¹akaraº±d²hi b±hiravatthu visada½ k±tabba½. Etasmiñhi ajjhattikab±hiravatthumhi avisade uppannesu cittacetasikesu ñ±ºampi avisada½ hoti aparisuddha½; aparisuddh±ni d²pakapallakavaµµitel±ni niss±ya uppannad²pasikh±ya obh±so viya. Visade pana ajjhattikab±hiravatthumhi uppannesu cittacetasikesu ñ±ºampi visada½ hoti parisuddh±ni d²pakapallakavaµµitel±ni niss±ya uppannad²pasikh±ya obh±so viya. Tena vutta½ “vatthuvisadakiriy± dhammavicayasambojjhaªgassa upp±d±ya sa½vattat²”ti.
Indriyasamattapaµip±dan± n±ma saddh±d²na½ indriy±na½ samabh±vakaraºa½. Sace hissa saddhindriya½ balava½ hoti, itar±ni mand±ni, tato v²riyindriya½ paggahakicca½, satindriya½ upaµµh±nakicca½, sam±dhindriya½ avikkhepakicca½, paññindriya½ dassanakicca½ k±tu½ na sakkoti. Tasm± ta½ dhammasabh±vapaccavekkhaºena v± yath± v± manasikaroto balava½ j±ta½, tath± amanasik±rena h±petabba½. Vakkalittheravatthu cettha nidassana½. Sace pana v²riyindriya½ balava½ hoti, atha neva saddhindriya½ adhimokkhakicca½ k±tu½ sakkoti, na itar±ni itarakiccabheda½. Tasm± ta½ passaddh±dibh±van±ya h±petabba½. Tatr±pi soºattheravatthu dassetabba½. Eva½ sesesupi ekassa balavabh±ve sati itaresa½ attano kiccesu asamatthat± veditabb±.
Visesato panettha saddh±paññ±na½ sam±dhiv²riy±nañca samata½ pasa½santi. Balavasaddho hi mandapañño muddhappasanno hoti, avatthusmi½ pas²dati. Balavapañño mandasaddho ker±µikapakkha½ bhajati, bhesajjasamuµµhito viya rogo atekiccho hoti ‘cittupp±damatteneva kusala½ hot²’ti atidh±vitv± d±n±d²ni puññ±ni akaronto niraye uppajjati. Ubhinna½ pana samat±ya vatthusmi½yeva pas²dati. Balavasam±dhi½ pana mandav²riya½, sam±dhissa kosajjapakkhatt±, kosajja½ adhibhavati. Balavav²riya½ mandasam±dhi½, v²riyassa uddhaccapakkhatt±, uddhacca½ adhibhavati. Sam±dhi pana v²riyena sa½yojito kosajje patitu½ na labhati. V²riya½ sam±dhin± sa½yojita½ uddhacce patitu½ na labhati. Tasm± tadubhayampi sama½ k±tabba½. Ubhayasamat±ya hi appan± hoti Apica sam±dhikammikassa balavat²pi saddh± vaµµati. Eva½ so saddahanto okappento appana½ p±puºissati.
Sam±dhipaññ±su pana sam±dhikammikassa ekaggat± balavat² vaµµati. Evañhi so appana½ p±puº±ti. Vipassan±kammikassa paññ± balavat² vaµµati. Evañhi so lakkhaºapaµivedha½ p±puº±ti. Ubhinna½ pana samat±ya appan± hotiyeva. Sati pana sabbattha balavat² vaµµati. Sati hi citta½ uddhaccapakkhik±na½ saddh±v²riyapaññ±na½ vasena uddhaccap±tato, kosajjapakkhikena ca sam±dhin± kosajjap±tato rakkhati. Tasm± s±, loºadh³pana½ viya sabbabyañjanesu, sabbakammika-amacco viya ca sabbar±jakiccesu, sabbattha icchitabb±. Ten±ha “sati ca pana sabbatthik± vutt± bhagavat±. Ki½ k±raº±? Cittañhi satipaµisaraºa½, ±rakkhapaccupaµµh±n± ca sati; na vin± satiy± cittassa paggahaniggaho hot²”ti.
Duppaññapuggalaparivajjan± n±ma khandh±dibhede anog±¼hapaññ±na½ dummedhapuggal±na½ ±rak± parivajjana½. Paññavantapuggalasevan± n±ma samapaññ±salakkhaºaparigg±hik±ya udayabbayapaññ±ya samann±gatapuggalasevan±. Gambh²rañ±ºacariyapaccavekkhaº± n±ma gambh²resu khandh±d²su pavatt±ya gambh²rapaññ±ya pabhedapaccavekkhaº±. Tadadhimuttat± n±ma µh±nanisajj±d²su dhammavicayasambojjhaªgasamuµµh±panattha½ ninnapoºapabbh±racittat±. Eva½ uppannassa panassa arahattamaggena bh±van±p±rip³ri hot²ti paj±n±ti.
V²riyasambojjhaªgassa–
“Atthi, bhikkhave, ±rambhadh±tu nikkamadh±tu parakkamadh±tu. Tattha yonisomanasik±rabahul²k±ro– ayam±h±ro anuppannassa v± v²riyasambojjhaªgassa upp±d±ya, uppannassa v± v²riyasambojjhaªgassa bhiyyobh±v±ya vepull±ya bh±van±ya p±rip³riy± sa½vattat²”ti (sa½. ni. 5.232)–

Eva½ upp±do hoti.

Apica ek±dasa dhamm± v²riyasambojjhaªgassa upp±d±ya sa½vattanti– ap±yabhayapaccavekkhaºat±, ±nisa½sadass±vit±, gamanav²thipaccavekkhaºat±, piº¹ap±t±pac±yanat± d±yajjamahattapaccavekkhaºat±, satthumahattapaccavekkhaºat±, j±timahattapaccavekkhaºat±, sabrahmac±rimahattapaccavekkhaºat±, kus²tapuggalaparivajjanat±, ±raddhav²riyapuggalasevanat±, tadadhimuttat±ti.
Tattha nirayesu pañcavidhabandhanakammak±raºato paµµh±ya mah±dukkha½ anubhavanak±lepi, tiracch±nayoniya½ j±lakkhipakum²n±d²hi gahitak±lepi, p±canakaºµak±dippah±r±vitunnassa pana sakaµavahan±dik±lepi, pettivisaye anek±nipi vassasahass±ni eka½ buddhantarampi khuppip±s±hi ±tur²bh³tak±lepi, k±lakañjika-asuresu saµµhihattha-as²tihatthappam±ºena aµµhicammamatteneva attabh±vena v±t±tap±didukkh±nubhavanak±lepi na sakk± v²riyasambojjhaªga½ upp±detu½. ‘Ayameva te, bhikkhu, k±lo v²riyakaraº±y±’ti eva½ ap±yabhaya½ paccavekkhantass±pi v²riyasambojjhaªgo uppajjati. ‘Na sakk± kus²tena nava lokuttaradhamm± laddhu½; ±raddhav²riyeneva sakk±; ayam±nisa½so v²riyass±’ti eva½ ±nisa½sadass±vinopi uppajjati. ‘Sabbabuddhapaccekabuddhamah±s±vakeheva te gatamaggo gantabbo; so ca na sakk± kus²tena gantun’ti eva½ gamanav²thi½ paccavekkhantass±pi uppajjati. ‘Ye ta½ piº¹ap±t±d²hi upaµµhahanti, ime te manuss± neva ñ±tak±, na d±sakammakar±, n±pi ta½ niss±ya ‘j²viss±m±’ti te paº²t±ni piº¹ap±t±d²ni denti; atha kho attano k±r±na½ mahapphalata½ pacc±si½sam±n± denti. Satth±r±pi ‘aya½ ime paccaye paribhuñjitv± k±yada¼h²bahulo sukha½ viharissat²’ti na evañca sampassat± tuyha½ paccay± anuññat±; atha kho ‘aya½ ime paribhuñjam±no samaºadhamma½ katv± vaµµadukkhato muccissat²’ti te paccay± anuññ±t±. So d±ni tva½ kus²to viharanto na ta½ piº¹ap±ta½ apac±yissasi. ¾raddhav²riyasseva hi piº¹ap±t±pac±yana½ n±ma hot²’ti eva½ piº¹ap±t±pac±yana½ paccavekkhantass±pi uppajjati, mah±mittattherassa viya.
Thero kira kassakaleºe n±ma paµivasati. Tassa ca gocarag±me ek± mah±-up±sik± thera½ putta½ katv± paµijaggati. S± ekadivasa½ arañña½ gacchant² dh²tara½ ±ha– “amma, asukasmi½ µh±ne pur±ºataº¹ul±, asukasmi½ kh²ra½, asukasmi½ sappi, asukasmi½ ph±ºita½. Tava bh±tikassa ayyamittassa ±gatak±le bhatta½ pacitv± kh²rasappiph±ºitehi saddhi½ dehi tvañca bhuñjeyy±s²”ti. “Tva½ pana ki½ bhuñjissasi, amm±”ti? “Aha½ pana hiyyo pakka½ p±riv±sikabhatta½ kañjiyena bhuttamh²”ti. “Div± ki½ bhuñjissasi, amm±”ti? “S±kapaººa½ pakkhipitv± kaºataº¹ulehi ambilay±gu½ pacitv± µhapehi, amm±”ti.
Thero c²vara½ p±rupitv± patta½ n²harantova ta½ sadda½ sutv± att±na½ ovadi– ‘mah±-up±sik± kira kañjiyena p±riv±sikabhatta½ bhuñji; div±pi kaºapaººambilay±gu½ bhuñjissati; tuyha½ atth±ya pana pur±ºataº¹ul±d²ni ±cikkhati. Ta½ niss±ya kho panes± neva khetta½, na vatthu½, na bhatta½, na vattha½ pacc±s²sati; tisso pana sampattiyo patthayam±n± deti. Tva½ etiss± t± sampattiyo d±tu½ sakkhissasi, na sakkhissas²ti? Aya½ kho pana piº¹ap±to tay± sar±gena sadosena samohena na sakk± bhuñjitun’ti patta½ thavik±ya pakkhipitv± gaºµhika½ muñcitv± nivattitv± kassakaleºameva gantv± patta½ heµµh±mañce c²vara½ c²varava½se µhapetv± ‘arahatta½ ap±puºitv± na nikkhamiss±m²’ti v²riya½ adhiµµhahitv± nis²di. D²gharatta½ appamatto hutv± nivutthabhikkhu vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± purebhattameva arahatta½ patv± vikasam±namiva paduma½ mah±kh²º±savo sita½ karontova nis²di. Leºadv±re rukkhamhi adhivatth± devat±–
“Namo te puris±jañña, namo te purisuttama;
yassa te ±sav± kh²º±, dakkhiºeyyosi m±ris±”ti.
Ud±na½ ud±netv±– ‘bhante, piº¹±ya paviµµh±na½ tumh±dis±na½ arahant±na½ bhikkha½ datv± mahallakitthiyo dukkh± muccissant²’ti ±ha.
Thero uµµhahitv± dv±ra½ vivaritv± k±la½ olokento ‘p±toyev±’ti ñatv± pattac²varam±d±ya g±ma½ p±visi. D±rik±pi bhatta½ samp±detv± ‘id±ni me bh±t± ±gamissati, id±ni me bh±t± ±gamissat²ti dv±ra½ vivaritv± olokayam±n± nis²di. S±, there gharadv±ra½ sampatte, patta½ gahetv± sappiph±ºitayojitassa kh²rapiº¹ap±tassa p³retv± hatthe µhapesi. Thero ‘sukha½ hot³’ti anumodana½ katv± pakk±mi. S±pi ta½ olokayam±n± aµµh±si.