Dhamm±nupassan±niddesavaººan±

N²varaºapabbavaººan±

367. Ett±vat± yasm± k±y±nupassan±ya r³pakkhandhapariggahova kathito, vedan±nupassan±ya vedan±kkhandhapariggahova citt±nupassan±ya viññ±ºakkhandhapariggahova tasm± id±ni sampayuttadhammas²sena saññ±saªkh±rakkhandhapariggahampi kathetu½ dhamm±nupassana½ dassento kathañca bhikkh³ti-±dim±ha. Tattha santanti abhiºhasamud±c±ravasena sa½vijjam±na½. Asantanti asamud±c±ravasena v± pah²natt± v± avijjam±na½. Yath± c±ti yena k±raºena k±macchandassa upp±do hoti. Tañca paj±n±t²ti tañca k±raºa½ paj±n±ti. Imin± nayena sabbapadesu attho veditabbo.
Tattha subhanimitte ayonisomanasik±rena k±macchandassa upp±do hoti. Subhanimitta½ n±ma subhampi subhanimitta½, subh±rammaºampi subhanimitta½. Ayonisomanasik±ro n±ma anup±yamanasik±ro uppathamanasik±ro, anicce niccanti v± dukkhe sukhanti v± anattani att±ti v± asubhe subhanti v± manasik±ro. Ta½ tattha bahula½ pavattayato k±macchando uppajjati. Ten±ha bhagav±–
“Atthi, bhikkhave, subhanimitta½. Tattha ayonisomanasik±rabahul²k±ro– ayam±h±ro anuppannassa v± k±macchandassa upp±d±ya, uppannassa v± k±macchandassa bhiyyobh±v±ya vepull±y±”ti (sa½. ni. 5.232).
Asubhanimitte pana yonisomanasik±renassa pah±na½ hoti. Asubhanimitta½ n±ma asubhampi asubhanimitta½, asubh±rammaºampi asubhanimitta½. Yonisomanasik±ro n±ma up±yamanasik±ro pathamanasik±ro, anicce aniccanti v± dukkhe dukkhanti v± anattani anatt±ti v± asubhe asubhanti v± manasik±ro. Ta½ tattha bahula½ pavattayato k±macchando pah²yati. Ten±ha bhagav±–
“Atthi, bhikkhave, asubhanimitta½. Tattha yonisomanasik±rabahul²k±ro ayaman±h±ro anuppannassa v± k±macchandassa upp±d±ya, uppannassa v± k±macchandassa bhiyyobh±v±ya, vepull±y±”ti (sa½. ni. 5.232).
Apica cha dhamm± k±macchandassa pah±n±ya sa½vattanti– asubhanimittassa uggaho, asubhabh±van±nuyogo, indriyesu guttadv±rat±, bhojane mattaññut±, kaly±ºamittat±, sapp±yakath±ti. Dasavidhañhi asubhanimitta½ uggaºhantass±pi k±macchando pah²yati, bh±ventass±pi; indriyesu pihitadv±rass±pi catunna½ pañcanna½ ±lop±na½ ok±se sati udaka½ pivitv± y±panas²lat±ya bhojane mattaññunopi. Tena vutta½–
“Catt±ro pañca ±lope, abhutv± udaka½ pive;
ala½ ph±suvih±r±ya, pahitattassa bhikkhuno”ti. (Therag±. 983).
Asubhakammikatissattherasadise asubhabh±van±rate kaly±ºamitte sevantass±pi k±macchando pah²yati; µh±nanisajj±d²su dasa-asubhanissitasapp±yakath±yapi pah²yati. Tena vutta½ “cha dhamm± k±macchandassa pah±n±ya sa½vattant²”ti. Imehi pana chahi dhammehi pah²nassa k±macchandassa arahattamaggena ±yati½ anupp±do hot²ti paj±n±ti.
Paµighanimitte ayonisomanasik±rena pana by±p±dassa upp±do hoti. Tattha paµighampi paµighanimitta½ n±ma; paµigh±rammaºampi paµighanimitta½. Ayonisomanasik±ro sabbattha ekalakkhaºova. Ta½ tasmi½ nimitte bahula½ pavattayato by±p±do uppajjati. Ten±ha bhagav±–
“Atthi, bhikkhave, paµighanimitta½. Tattha ayonisomanasik±rabahul²k±ro– ayam±h±ro anuppannassa v± by±p±dassa upp±d±ya, uppannassa v± by±p±dassa bhiyyobh±v±ya vepull±y±”ti (sa½. ni. 5.232).
Mett±ya pana cetovimuttiy± yonisomanasik±renassa pah±na½ hoti. Tattha mett±ti vutte appan±pi upac±ropi vaµµati; cetovimutt²ti appan±va. Yonisomanasik±ro vuttalakkhaºova. Ta½ tattha bahula½ pavattayato by±p±do pah²yati. Ten±ha bhagav±–
“Atthi bhikkhave, mett±cetovimutti. Tattha yonisomanasik±rabahul²k±ro– ayam±h±ro anuppannassa v± by±p±dassa upp±d±ya, uppannassa v± by±p±dassa bhiyyobh±v±ya, vepull±y±”ti (sa½. ni. 5.232 thoka½ visadisa½).
Apica cha dhamm± by±p±dassa pah±n±ya sa½vattanti– mett±nimittassa uggaho, mett±bh±van±nuyogo, kammassakat±paccavekkhaº±, paµisaªkh±nabahul²kat± kaly±ºamittat±, sapp±yakath±ti. Odissak±nodissakadis±pharaº±nañhi aññataravasena metta½ uggaºhantass±pi by±p±do pah²yati. Odhiso anodhiso dis±pharaºavasena metta½ bh±ventass±pi. ‘Tva½ etassa kuddho ki½ karissasi, kimassa s²l±d²ni vin±setu½ sakkhissasi? Nanu tva½ attano kammena ±gantv± attano kammeneva gamissasi? Parassa kujjhana½ n±ma v²taccitaªg±ratatta-ayosal±kag³th±d²ni gahetv± parassa paharituk±mat±sadisa½ hoti. Esopi tava kuddho ki½ karissati? Ki½ te s²l±d²ni vin±setu½ sakkhissati? Esa attano kammen±gantv± attano kammeneva gamissati; appaµicchitapaheºaka½ viya paµiv±takhittarajomuµµhi viya ca etassevesa kodho matthake patissat²’ti. Eva½ attano ca parassa ca kammassakata½ paccavekkhatopi, ubhayakammassakata½ paccavekkhitv± paµisaªkh±ne µhitass±pi, assaguttattherasadise mett±bh±van±rate kaly±ºamitte sevantass±pi by±p±do pah²yati; µh±nanisajj±d²su mett±nissitasapp±yakath±yapi pah²yati. Tena vutta½ “cha dhamm± by±p±dassa pah±n±ya sa½vattant²”ti. Imehi pana chahi dhammehi pah²nassa by±p±dassa an±g±mimaggena ±yati½ anupp±do hot²ti paj±n±ti.
Arat²ti-±d²su ayonisomanasik±rena thinamiddhassa upp±do hoti. Arati n±ma ukkaºµhitat±. Tand² n±ma k±y±lasiyat±. Vijambhik± n±ma k±yavin±man±. Bhattasammado n±ma bhattamucch± bhattapari¼±ho. Cetaso l²natta½ n±ma cittassa l²n±k±ro. Imesu arati-±d²su ayonisomanasik±ra½ bahula½ pavattayato thinamiddha½ uppajjati. Ten±ha bhagav±–
“Atthi, bhikkhave, arati tand² vijambhik± bhattasammado cetaso ca l²natta½. Tattha ayonisomanasik±rabahul²k±ro– ayam±h±ro anuppannassa v± thinamiddhassa upp±d±ya uppannassa v± thinamiddhassa bhiyyobh±v±ya vepull±y±”ti (sa½. ni. 5.232).
¾rambhadh±tu-±d²su pana yonisomanasik±renassa pah±na½ hoti. ¾rambhadh±tu n±ma paµham±rambhav²riya½. Nikkamadh±tu n±ma kosajjato nikkhantatt± tato balavatara½. Parakkamadh±tu n±ma para½ para½ µh±na½ akkamanato tatopi balavatara½. Imasmi½ tippabhede v²riye yonisomanasik±ra½ bahula½ pavattayato thinamiddha½ pah²yati. Ten±ha bhagav±–
“Atthi, bhikkhave, ±rambhadh±tu, nikkamadh±tu, parakkamadh±tu. Tattha yonisomanasik±rabahul²k±ro– ayaman±h±ro anuppannassa v± thinamiddhassa upp±d±ya, uppannassa v± thinamiddhassa bhiyyobh±v±ya, vepull±y±”ti (sa½. ni. 5.232).
Apica cha dhamm± thinamiddhassa pah±n±ya sa½vattanti– atibhojane nimittagg±ho, iriy±pathasamparivattanat±, ±lokasaññ±manasik±ro, abbhok±sav±so, kaly±ºamittat±, sapp±yakath±ti. ¾harahatthaka bhuttavamitaka tatravaµµaka ala½s±µaka k±kam±sakabhojana½ bhuñjitv± rattiµµh±nadiv±µµh±ne nisinnassa hi samaºadhamma½ karoto thinamiddha½ mah±hatth² viya ottharanta½ ±gacchati. Catupañca-±lopa-ok±sa½ pana µhapetv± p±n²ya½ pivitv± y±panas²lassa bhikkhuno ta½ na hot²ti atibhojane nimitta½ gaºhantass±pi thinamiddha½ pah²yati. Yasmi½ iriy±pathe thinamiddha½ okkamati tato añña½ parivattentass±pi, ratti½ cand±lokad²p±loka-ukk±loke div± s³riy±loka½ manasikarontass±pi, abbhok±se vasantass±pi, mah±kassapattherasadise pah²nathinamiddhe kaly±ºamitte sevantass±pi thinamiddha½ pah²yati; µh±nanisajj±d²su dhutaªganissitasapp±yakath±yapi pah²yati. Tena vutta½ “cha dhamm± thinamiddhassa pah±n±ya sa½vattant²”ti. Imehi pana chahi dhammehi pah²nassa thinamiddhassa arahattamaggena ±yati½ anupp±do hot²ti paj±n±ti.
Cetaso av³pasame ayonisomanasik±rena uddhaccakukkuccassa upp±do hoti. Av³pasamo n±ma av³pasant±k±ro; uddhaccakukkuccameveta½ atthato. Tattha ayonisomanasik±ra½ bahula½ pavattayato uddhaccakukkucca½ uppajjati. Ten±ha bhagav±–
“Atthi bhikkhave, cetaso av³pasamo. Tattha ayonisomanasik±rabahul²k±ro– ayam±h±ro anuppannassa v± uddhaccakukkuccassa upp±d±ya, uppannassa v± uddhaccakukkuccassa bhiyyobh±v±ya vepull±y±”ti (sa½. ni. 5.232).
Sam±dhisaªkh±te pana cetaso v³pasame yonisomanasik±renassa pah±na½ hoti. Ten±ha bhagav±–
“Atthi, bhikkhave, cetaso v³pasamo. Tattha yonisomanasik±rabahul²k±ro– ayaman±h±ro anuppannassa v± uddhaccakukkuccassa upp±d±ya, uppannassa v± uddhaccakukkuccassa bhiyyobh±v±ya, vepull±y±”ti (sa½. ni. 5.232).
Apica cha dhamm± uddhaccakukkuccassa pah±n±ya sa½vattanti– bahussutat±, paripucchakat±, vinaye pakataññut±, vu¹¹hasevit± kaly±ºamittat±, sapp±yakath±ti. B±husaccenapi hi eka½ v± dve v± tayo v± catt±ro v± pañca v± nik±ye p±¼ivasena ca atthavasena ca uggaºhantass±pi uddhaccakukkucca½ pah²yati. Kappiy±kappiyaparipucch±bahulass±pi, vinayapaññattiya½ ciººavas²bh±vat±ya pakataññunopi, vu¹¹he mahallakatthere upasaªkamantass±pi, up±littherasadise vinayadhare kaly±ºamitte sevantassapi uddhaccakukkucca½ pah²yati; µh±nanisajj±d²su kappiy±kappiyanissitasapp±yakath±yapi pah²yati. Tena vutta½ “cha dhamm± uddhaccakukkuccassa pah±n±ya sa½vattant²”ti. Imehi pana chahi dhammehi pah²ne uddhaccakukkucce uddhaccassa arahattamaggena kukkuccassa an±g±mimaggena ±yati½ anupp±do hot²ti paj±n±ti.
Vicikicch±µh±n²yesu dhammesu ayonisomanasik±rena vicikicch±ya upp±do hoti. Vicikicch±µh±n²y± dhamm± n±ma punappuna½ vicikicch±ya k±raºatt± vicikicch±va. Tattha ayonisomanasik±ra½ bahula½ pavattayato vicikicch± uppajjati. Ten±ha bhagav±–
“Atthi, bhikkhave, vicikicch±µh±n²y± dhamm±. Tattha ayonisomanasik±rabahul²k±ro ayam±h±ro anuppann±ya v± vicikicch±ya upp±d±ya, uppann±ya v± vicikicch±ya bhiyyobh±v±ya vepull±y±”ti (sa½. ni. 5.232).
Kusal±didhammesu yonisomanasik±rena panass± pah±na½ hoti. Ten±ha bhagav±–
“Atthi, bhikkhave, kusal±kusal± dhamm±, s±vajj±navajj± dhamm±, h²nappaº²t± dhamm±, kaºhasukkasappaµibh±g± dhamm±. Tattha yonisomanasik±rabahul²k±ro– ayaman±h±ro anuppann±ya v± vicikicch±ya upp±d±ya, uppann±ya v± vicikicch±ya bhiyyobh±v±ya, vepull±y±”ti (sa½. ni. 5.232).
Apica cha dhamm± vicikicch±ya pah±n±ya sa½vattanti– bahussutat±, paripucchakat±, vinaye pakataññut±, adhimokkhabahulat±, kaly±ºamittat±, sapp±yakath±ti. B±husaccenapi hi eka½ v±…pe… pañca v± nik±ye p±¼ivasena ca atthavasena ca uggaºhantass±pi vicikicch± pah²yati. T²ºi ratan±ni ±rabbha paripucch±bahulass±pi, vinaye ciººavas²bh±vass±pi, t²su ratanesu okappaniyasaddh±saªkh±ta-adhimokkhabahulass±pi saddh±dhimutte vakkalittherasadise kaly±ºamitte sevantass±pi vicikicch± pah²yati. Ýh±nanissajj±d²su tiººa½ ratan±na½ guºanissitasapp±yakath±yapi pah²yati. Tena vutta½ “cha dhamm± vicikicch±ya pah±n±ya sa½vattant²”ti. Imehi pana chahi dhammehi pah²n±ya vicikicch±ya sot±pattimaggena ±yati½ anupp±do hot²ti paj±n±ti.

N²varaºapabbavaººan±.