K±y±nupassan±niddesavaŗŗan±

356. Id±ni seyyath±pi n±ma cheko vil²vak±rako th³lakilańjasaŗhakilańjacaŖkoµakape¼±puµ±d²ni upakaraŗ±ni kattuk±mo eka½ mah±ve¼u½ labhitv± catudh± chinditv± tato ekeka½ ve¼ukhaŗ¹a½ gahetv± ph±letv± ta½ ta½ upakaraŗa½ kareyya, yath± v± pana cheko suvaŗŗak±ro n±n±vihita½ pi¼andhanavikati½ kattuk±mo suparisuddha½ suvaŗŗaghaµika½ labhitv± catudh± bhinditv± tato ekeka½ koµµh±sa½ gahetv± ta½ ta½ pi¼andhana½ kareyya, evameva bhagav± satipaµµh±nadesan±ya satt±na½ anekappak±ra½ vises±dhigama½ kattuk±mo ekameva samm±sati½ “catt±ro satipaµµh±n±– idha bhikkhu ajjhatta½ k±ye k±y±nupass² viharat²”ti-±din± nayena ±rammaŗavasena catudh± bhinditv± tato ekeka½ satipaµµh±na½ gahetv± vibhajanto kathańca bhikkhu ajjhatta½ k±yeti-±din± nayena niddesav±ra½ vattum±raddho.
Tattha kathańc±ti-±di vitth±retu½ kathetukamyat±pucch±. Aya½ panettha saŖkhepattho– kena ca ±k±rena kena pak±rena bhikkhu ajjhatta½ k±ye k±y±nupass² viharat²ti? Sesapucch±v±resupi eseva nayo. Idha bhikkh³ti imasmi½ s±sane bhikkhu. Ayańhettha idha-saddo ajjhatt±divasena sabbappak±rak±y±nupassan±nibbattakassa puggalassa sannissayabh³tas±sanaparid²pano ańńas±sanassa tath±bh±vapaµisedhano ca. Vuttańheta½– “idheva, bhikkhave, samaŗo…pe… suńń± parappav±d± samaŗebhi ańńeh²”ti (ma. ni. 1.139; a. ni. 4.241). Tena vutta½ “imasmi½ s±sane bhikkh³”ti.
Ajjhatta½ k±yanti attano k±ya½. Uddha½ p±datal±ti p±datalato upari. Adho kesamatthak±ti kesaggato heµµh±. Tacapariyantanti tiriya½ tacaparicchinna½. P³ra½ n±nappak±rassa asucino paccavekkhat²ti n±nappak±rakes±di-asucibharito aya½ k±yoti passati. Katha½? Atthi imasmi½ k±ye kes±…pe… muttanti. Tattha atth²ti sa½vijjanti. Imasminti yv±ya½ uddha½ p±datal± adho kesamatthak± tiriya½ tacapariyanto p³ro n±nappak±rassa asucinoti vuccati tasmi½. K±yeti sar²re. Sar²rańhi asucisańcayato kucchit±na½ kes±d²nańceva cakkhurog±d²nańca rogasat±na½ ±yabh³tato k±yoti vuccati.
Kes± lom±ti ete kes±dayo dvatti½s±k±r±. Tattha atthi imasmi½ k±ye kes±, atthi imasmi½ k±ye lom±ti eva½ sambandho veditabbo. Imasmińhi p±datalato paµµh±ya upari, kesamatthak± paµµh±ya heµµh±, tacato paµµh±ya tiriyantatoti ettake by±mamatte ka¼evare sabb±k±renapi vicinanto na koci kińci mutta½ v± maŗi½ v± ve¼uriya½ v± agaru½ v± kuŖkuma½ v± kapp³ra½ v± v±sacuŗŗ±di½ v± aŗumattampi sucibh±va½ passati, atha kho paramaduggandhajeguccha½ assir²kadassana½ n±nappak±ra½ kesalom±dibheda½ asuci½yeva passati. Tena vutta½– atthi imasmi½ k±ye kes± lom±…pe… muttanti. Ayamettha padasambandhato vaŗŗan±.
Ima½ pana kammaµµh±na½ bh±vetv± arahatta½ p±puŗituk±mena kulaputtena ±ditova catubbidha½ s²la½ sodhetv± suparisuddhas²le patiµµhitena, yv±ya½ dasasu palibodhesu palibodho atthi ta½ upacchinditv±, paµikk³lamanasik±rakammaµµh±nabh±van±ya paµhamajjh±na½ nibbattetv±, jh±na½ p±daka½ katv± vipassana½ paµµhapetv±, arahatta½ an±g±miphal±d²su v± ańńatara½ pattassa sabbantimena paricchedena s±µµhakath±ya p±¼iy± kataparicayassa tanti-±cariyass±pi kaly±ŗamittassa santike uggahetabba½. Visuddha½ tath±r³pa½ kaly±ŗamitta½ ekavih±re alabhantena tassa vasanaµµh±na½ gantv± uggahetabba½. Tattha catubbidhas²lavisodhanańceva (visuddhi. 1.19) palibodho (visuddhi. 1.41) ca palibodhupacchedo ca ±cariyassa santika½ upasaŖkamanavidh±nańca sabbampi visuddhimagge vitth±rato kathita½. Tasm± ta½ tattha kathitanayeneva veditabba½.
¾cariyena pana kammaµµh±na½ kathentena tividhena kathetabba½. Eko bhikkhu pakatiy± uggahitakammaµµh±no hoti. Tassa eka½ dve nisajjav±re sajjh±ya½ k±retv± kathetabba½. Eko santike vasitv± uggaŗhituk±mo hoti. Tassa ±gat±gatavel±ya kathetabba½. Eko uggaŗhitv± ańńattha gantuk±mo hoti. Tassa n±tipapańca½ n±tisaŖkhepa½ katv± nijjaµa½ niggaŗµhika½ kammaµµh±na½ kathetabba½. Kathentena ki½ ±cikkhitabbanti? Sattadh± uggahakosalla½ dasadh± ca manasik±rakosalla½ ±cikkhitabba½.
Tattha vacas± manas± vaŗŗato saŗµh±nato disato ok±sato paricchedatoti eva½ sattadh± uggahakosalla½ ±cikkhitabba½. Imasmińhi paµikk³lamanasik±rakammaµµh±ne yopi tipiµako hoti, tenapi manasik±rak±le paµhama½ v±c±ya sajjh±yo k±tabbo. Ekaccassa hi sajjh±ya½ karontasseva kammaµµh±na½ p±kaµa½ hoti, malayav±s²mah±devattherassa santike uggahitakammaµµh±n±na½ dvinna½ ther±na½ viya. Thero kira tehi kammaµµh±na½ y±cito ‘catt±ro m±se ima½ eva½ sajjh±ya½ karoth±’ti dvattis±k±rap±¼i½ ad±si. Te, kińc±pi tesa½ dve tayo nik±y± paguŗ±, padakkhiŗagg±hit±ya pana catt±ro m±se dvatti½s±k±ra½ sajjh±yant±va sot±pann± ahesu½.
Tasm± kammaµµh±na½ kathentena ±cariyena antev±siko vattabbo– ‘paµhama½ t±va v±c±ya sajjh±ya½ karoh²’ti. Karontena ca tacapańcak±d²ni paricchinditv± anulomapaµilomavasena sajjh±yo k±tabbo. “Kes± lom± nakh± dant± taco”ti hi vatv± puna paµilomato “taco dant± nakh± lom± kes±”ti vattabba½. Tadanantara½ vakkapańcake “ma½sa½ nh±ru aµµhi aµµhimińja½ vakkan”ti vatv± puna paµilomato “vakka½ aµµhimińja½ aµµhi nh±ru ma½sa½ taco dant± nakh± lom± kes±”ti vattabba½. Tato papph±sapańcake “hadaya½ yakana½ kilomaka½ pihaka½ papph±san”ti vatv± puna paµilomato “papph±sa½ pihaka½ kilomaka½ yakana½ hadaya½ vakka½ aµµhimińja½ aµµhi nh±ru ma½sa½ taco dant± nakh± lom± kes±”ti vattabba½.
Tato ima½ tanti½ an±ru¼hampi paµisambhid±magge (paµi. ma. 1.4) ±gata½ matthaluŖga½ kar²s±vas±ne tanti½ ±ropetv± imasmi½ matthaluŖgapańcake “anta½ antaguŗa½ udariya½ kar²sa½ matthaluŖgan”ti vatv± puna paµilomato “matthaluŖga½ kar²sa½ udariya½ antaguŗa½ anta½ papph±sa½ pihaka½ kilomaka½ yakana½ hadaya½ vakka½ aµµhimińja½ aµµhi nh±ru ma½sa½ taco dant± nakh± lom± kes±”ti vattabba½.
Tato medachakke “pitta½ semha½ pubbo lohita½ sedo medo”ti vatv± puna paµilomato “medo sedo lohita½ pubbo semha½ pitta½ matthaluŖga½ kar²sa½ udariya½ antaguŗa½ anta½ papph±sa½ pihaka½ kilomaka½ yakana½ hadaya½ vakka½ aµµhimińja½ aµµhi nh±ru ma½sa½ taco dant± nakh± lom± kes±”ti vattabba½.
Tato muttachakke “assu vas± khe¼o siŖgh±ŗik± lasik± muttan”ti vatv± puna paµilomato “mutta½ lasik± siŖgh±ŗik± khe¼o vas± assu medo sedo lohita½ pubbo semha½ pitta½ matthaluŖga½ kar²sa½ udariya½ antaguŗa½ anta½ papph±sa½ pihaka½ kilomaka½ yakana½ hadaya½ vakka½ aµµhimińja½ aµµhi nh±ru ma½sa½ taco dant± nakh± lom± kes±”ti eva½ k±lasatampi k±lasahassampi k±lasatasahassampi v±c±ya sajjh±yo k±tabbo. Vacas± sajjh±yena hi kammaµµh±natanti paguŗ± hoti; na ito cito ca citta½ vidh±vati; koµµh±s± p±kaµ± honti, hatthasaŖkhalik± viya kh±yanti, vatip±dapanti viya ca kh±yanti. Yath± ca pana vacas±, tatheva manas±pi sajjh±yo k±tabbo. Vacas± sajjh±yo hi manas± sajjh±yassa paccayo hoti. Manas± sajjh±yo lakkhaŗapaµivedhassa paccayo hoti. Lakkhaŗapaµivedho maggaphalapaµivedhassa paccayo hoti.
‘Vaŗŗato’ti kes±d²na½ vaŗŗo vavatthapetabbo. ‘Saŗµh±nato’ti tesa½yeva saŗµh±na½ vavatthapetabba½ ‘Disato’ti imasmi½ sar²re n±bhito uddha½ uparim± dis±, adho heµµhim± dis±. Tasm± “aya½ koµµh±so imiss± n±ma dis±y±”ti dis± vavatthapetabb±. ‘Ok±sato’ti “aya½ koµµh±so imasmi½ n±ma ok±se patiµµhito”ti eva½ tassa tassa ok±so vavatthapetabbo. ‘Paricchedato’ti sabh±gaparicchedo visabh±gaparicchedoti dve paricched±. Tattha “aya½ koµµh±so heµµh± ca upari ca tiriyańca imin± n±ma paricchinno”ti eva½ sabh±gaparicchedo veditabbo. “Kes± na lom±, lom±pi na kes±”ti eva½ amiss²katavasena visabh±gaparicchedo veditabbo.
Eva½ sattadh± uggahakosalla½ ±cikkhantena pana “ida½ kammaµµh±na½ asukasmi½ sutte paµikk³lavasena kathita½, asukasmi½ dh±tuvasen±”ti ńatv± ±cikkhitabba½. Idańhi mah±satipaµµh±ne (d². ni. 2.372; ma. ni. 1.105 ±dayo) paµikk³lavaseneva kathita½, mah±hatthipadopama (ma. ni. 1.300 ±dayo) -mah±r±hulov±da (ma. ni. 2.113 ±dayo) -dh±tuvibhaŖgesu (ma. ni. 3.342 ±dayo) dh±tuvasena kathita½. K±yagat±satisutte (ma. ni. 3.153 ±dayo) pana yassa vaŗŗato upaµµh±ti, ta½ sandh±ya catt±ri jh±n±ni vibhatt±ni. Tattha dh±tuvasena kathita½ vipassan±kammaµµh±na½ hoti, paµikk³lavasena kathita½ samathakammaµµh±na½. Tadeta½ idha samathakammaµµh±na½ avisesato sabbas±dh±raŗavasena kathitanti vadantiyev±ti.
Eva½ sattadh± uggahakosalla½ ±cikkhitv± “anupubbato, n±tis²ghato, n±tisaŗikato, vikkhepapaµib±hanato, paŗŗattisamatikkamanato, anupubbamuńcanato, appan±to, tayo ca suttant±”ti eva½ dasadh± manasik±rakosalla½ ±cikkhitabba½. Tattha ‘anupubbato’ti idańhi sajjh±yakaraŗato paµµh±ya anupaµip±µiy± manasik±tabba½, na ekantarik±ya. Ekantarik±ya hi manasikaronto yath± n±ma akusalo puriso dvatti½sapada½ nisseŗi½ ekantarik±ya ±rohanto kilantak±yo patati, na ±rohana½ samp±deti; evameva bh±van±sampattivasena adhigantabbassa ass±dassa anadhigam± kilantacitto patati, na bh±vana½ samp±deti.
Anupubbato manasikaronten±pi ca ‘n±tis²ghato’ manasik±tabba½. Atis²ghato manasikaroto hi yath± n±ma tiyojana½ magga½ paµipajjitv± okkamanavissajjana½ asallakkhetv± s²ghena javena sattakkhattumpi gaman±gamana½ karoto purisassa kińc±pi addh±na½ parikkhaya½ gacchati, atha kho pucchitv±va gantabba½ hoti; evameva kevala½ kammaµµh±na½ pariyos±na½ p±puŗ±ti, avibh³ta½ pana hoti, na visesa½ ±vahati. Tasm± n±tis²ghato manasik±tabba½.
Yath± ca n±tis²ghato eva½ ‘n±tisaŗikato’pi. Atisaŗikato manasikaroto hi yath± n±ma tadaheva tiyojana½ magga½ gantuk±massa purisassa antar±magge rukkhapabbatagahan±d²su vilambam±nassa maggo parikkhaya½ na gacchati, dv²hat²hena pariyos±petabbo hoti; evameva kammaµµh±na½ pariyos±na½ na gacchati, vises±dhigamassa paccayo na hoti.
‘Vikkhepapaµib±hanato’ti kammaµµh±na½ vissajjetv± bahiddh± puthutt±rammaŗe cetaso vikkhepo paµib±hitabbo. Appaµib±hato hi yath± n±ma ekapadika½ pap±tamagga½ paµipannassa purisassa akkamanapada½ asallakkhetv± ito cito ca vilokayato padav±ro virajjhati, tato sataporise pap±te patitabba½ hoti; evameva bahiddh± vikkhepe sati kammaµµh±na½ parih±yati, paridha½sati. Tasm± vikkhepapaµib±hanato manasik±tabba½.
‘Paŗŗattisamatikkamanato’ti y± aya½ “kes± lom±”ti ±dik± paŗŗatti ta½ atikkamitv± paµikk³lanti citta½ µhapetabba½. Yath± hi udakadullabhak±le manuss± arańńe udap±na½ disv± tattha t±lapaŗŗ±dika½ kińcideva sańń±ŗa½ bandhitv± tena sańń±ŗena ±gantv± nh±yanti ceva pivanti ca, yad± pana tesa½ abhiŗhasańc±rena ±gat±gatapada½ p±kaµa½ hoti, tad± sańń±ŗena kicca½ na hoti, icchiticchitakkhaŗe gantv± nh±yanti ceva pivanti ca; evameva pubbabh±ge ‘kes± lom±’ti paŗŗattivasena manasikaroto paµikk³labh±vo p±kaµo hoti. Atha ‘kes± lom±’ti paŗŗatti½ samatikkamitv± paµikk³labh±veyeva citta½ µhapetabba½.