K±y±nupassan±-uddesavaŗŗan±

Ajjhattanti niyakajjhatta½ adhippeta½. Tasm± ajjhatta½ k±yeti attano k±yeti attho. Tattha k±yeti r³pak±ye. R³pak±yo hi idha aŖgapaccaŖg±na½ kes±d²nańca dhamm±na½ sam³haµµhena, hatthik±ya-assak±yarathak±y±dayo viya, k±yoti adhippeto. Yath± ca sam³haµµhena eva½ kucchit±na½ ±yaµµhena. Kucchit±nańhi paramajegucch±na½ so ±yotipi k±yo. ¾yoti uppattideso. Tatr±ya½ vacanattho– ±yanti tatoti ±yo. Ke ±yanti? Kucchit± kes±dayo. Iti kucchit±na½ kes±d²na½ ±yoti k±yo.
K±y±nupass²ti k±ya½ anupassanas²lo, k±ya½ v± anupassam±no k±yeti ca vatv±pi puna k±y±nupass²ti dutiya½ k±yaggahaŗa½ asammissato vavatth±naghanavinibbhog±didassanattha½ katanti veditabba½. Tena na k±ye vedan±nupass² cittadhamm±nupass² v±; atha kho k±ye k±y±nupass² yev±ti k±yasaŖkh±te vatthusmi½ k±y±nupassan±k±rasseva dassanena asammissato vavatth±na½ dassita½ hoti. Tath± na k±ye aŖgapaccaŖgavinimutta-ekadhamm±nupass², n±pi kesalom±divinimutta-itthipuris±nupass². Yopi cettha kesalom±diko bh³tup±d±yasam³hasaŖkh±to k±yo, tatth±pi na bh³tup±d±yavinimutta-ekadhamm±nupass²; atha kho rathasambh±r±nupassako viya aŖgapaccaŖgasam³h±nupass², nagar±vayav±nupassako viya kesalom±disam³h±nupass², kadalikkhandhapattavaµµivinibhuńjako viya rittamuµµhiviniveµhako viya ca bh³tup±d±yasam³h±nupass²yev±ti n±nappak±rato sam³havasena k±yasaŖkh±tassa vatthuno dassanena ghanavinibbhogo dassito hoti. Na hettha yath±vuttasam³havinimutto k±yo v± itth² v± puriso v± ańńo v± koci dhammo dissati. Yath±vuttadhammasam³hamatteyeva pana tath± tath± satt± micch±bhinivesa½ karonti. Ten±hu por±ŗ±–
“Ya½ passati na ta½ diµµha½, ya½ diµµha½ ta½ na passati;
apassa½ bajjhate m³¼ho, bajjham±no na muccat²”ti.
Ghanavinibbhog±didassanatthanti vutta½. ¾disaddena cettha ayampi attho veditabbo– ayańhi etasmi½ k±ye k±y±nupass²yeva, na ańńadhamm±nupass². Ki½ vutta½ hoti? Yath± anudakabh³t±yapi mar²ciy± udak±nupassino honti, na eva½ aniccadukkh±natta-asubhabh³teyeva imasmi½ k±ye niccasukha-attasubhabh±v±nupass²; atha kho k±y±nupass² aniccadukkh±natta-asubh±k±rasam³h±nupass²yev±ti vutta½ hoti. Atha v± yv±ya½ mah±satipaµµh±ne “idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu arańńagato v±…pe… so satova assasat²”ti-±din± (d². ni. 2.374; ma. ni. 1.107) nayena ass±sapass±s±dicuŗŗakaj±ta-aµµhikapariyos±no k±yo vutto, yo ca “idhekacco pathav²k±ya½ aniccato anupassati, tath± ±pok±ya½, tejok±ya½, v±yok±ya½, kesak±ya½, lomak±ya½, chavik±ya½, cammak±ya½, ma½sak±ya½, rudhirak±ya½, nh±ruk±ya½, aµµhik±ya½, aµµhimińjak±yan”ti paµisambhid±ya½ k±yo vutto, tassa sabbassa imasmi½yeva k±ye anupassanato k±ye k±y±nupass²ti evampi attho daµµhabbo.
Atha v± k±ye ahanti v± mamanti v± eva½ gahetabbassa kassaci ananupassanato, tassa tasseva pana kesalom±dikassa n±n±dhammasam³hassa anupassanato k±ye kes±didhammasam³hasaŖkh±te k±y±nupass²ti evamattho daµµhabbo. Apica “imasmi½ k±ye aniccato anupassati, no niccato”ti-±din± (paµi. ma. 3.35) anukkamena paµisambhid±ya½ ±gatanayassa sabbasseva aniccalakkhaŗ±dino ±k±rasam³hasaŖkh±tassa k±yassa anupassanatopi k±ye k±y±nupass²ti evampi attho daµµhabbo.
Tath± hi aya½ k±ye k±y±nupassan±paµipada½ paµipanno bhikkhu ima½ k±ya½ anicc±nupassan±d²na½ sattanna½ anupassan±na½ vasena aniccato anupassati no niccato, dukkhato anupassati no sukhato, anattato anupassati no attato, nibbindati no nandati, virajjati no rajjati, nirodheti no samudeti, paµinissajjati no ±diyati. So ta½ aniccato anupassanto niccasańńa½ pajahati, dukkhato anupassanto sukhasańńa½ pajahati, anattato anupassanto attasańńa½ pajahati nibbindanto nandi½ pajahati, virajjanto r±ga½ pajahati, nirodhento samudaya½ pajahati, paµinissajjanto ±d±na½ pajahat²ti (paµi. ma. 3.35) veditabbo.
Viharat²ti cat³su iriy±pathavih±resu ańńataravih±rasam±yogaparid²panameta½, eka½ iriy±pathab±dhana½ aparena iriy±pathena vicchinditv± apatam±na½ attabh±va½ harati pavattet²ti attho.
Bahiddh± k±yeti parassa k±ye. Ajjhattabahiddh± k±yeti k±lena attano k±ye, k±lena parassa k±ye. Paµhamanayena hi attano k±ye k±yapariggaho vutto, dutiyanayena parassa k±ye, tatiyanayena k±lena attano k±lena parassa k±ye. Ajjhattabahiddh± pana ghaµit±rammaŗa½ n±ma natthi. Paguŗakammaµµh±nassa pana apar±para½ sańcaraŗak±lo ettha kathito. ¾t±p²ti k±yaparigg±hakav²riyasam±yogaparid²panameta½. So hi yasm± tasmi½ samaye ya½ ta½ v²riya½ t²su bhavesu kiles±na½ ±t±panato ±t±poti vuccati, tena samann±gato hoti, tasm± ±t±p²ti vuccati.
Sampaj±noti k±yaparigg±hakena sampajańńasaŖkh±tena ń±ŗena samann±gato. Satim±ti k±yaparigg±hik±ya satiy± samann±gato. Aya½ pana yasm± satiy± ±rammaŗa½ pariggahetv± pańń±ya anupassati, na hi sativirahitassa anupassan± n±ma atthi, tenev±ha– “satińca khv±ha½, bhikkhave, sabbatthika½ vad±m²”ti (sa½. ni. 5.234), tasm± ettha “k±ye k±y±nupass² viharat²”ti ett±vat± k±y±nupassan±satipaµµh±nakammaµµh±na½ vutta½ hoti. Atha v± yasm± an±t±pino antosaŖkhepo antar±yakaro hoti, asampaj±no up±yapariggahe anup±yaparivajjane ca sammuyhati, muµµhassat² up±y±paricc±ge anup±y±pariggahe ca asamatthova hoti, tenassa ta½ kammaµµh±na½ na sampajjati; tasm± yesa½ dhamm±na½ ±nubh±vena ta½ sampajjati tesa½ dassanattha½ “±t±p² sampaj±no satim±”ti ida½ vuttanti veditabba½.
Iti k±y±nupassan±satipaµµh±na½ sampayogaŖgańca dassetv± id±ni pah±naŖga½ dassetu½ vineyya loke abhijjh±domanassanti vutta½. Tattha vineyy±ti tadaŖgavinayena v± vikkhambhanavinayena v± vinayitv±. Loketi ettha yv±ya½ ajjhatt±dibhedo k±yo pariggahito sveva idha loko n±ma. Tasmi½ loke abhijjh±domanassa½ vinayitv±ti attho. Yasm± panettha abhijjh±gahaŗena k±macchando, domanassaggahaŗena by±p±do saŖgaha½ gacchati, tasm± n²varaŗapariy±pannabalavadhammadvayadassanena n²varaŗappah±na½ vutta½ hot²ti veditabba½.
Visesena cettha abhijjh±vinayena k±yasampattim³lakassa anurodhassa, domanassavinayena k±yavipattim³lakassa virodhassa, abhijjh±vinayena ca k±ye abhiratiy±, domanassavinayena k±yabh±van±ya anabhiratiy±, abhijjh±vinayena k±ye abh³t±na½ subhasukhabh±v±d²na½ pakkhepassa, domanassavinayena k±ye bh³t±na½ asubh±sukhabh±v±d²na½ apanayanassa ca pah±na½ vutta½. Tena yog±vacarassa yog±nubh±vo yogasamatthat± ca d²pit± hoti. Yog±nubh±vo hi esa yadida½ anurodhavirodhavippamutto, aratiratisaho, abh³tapakkhepabh³t±panayanavirahito ca hoti. Anurodhavirodhavippamutto cesa aratiratisaho abh³ta½ apakkhipanto bh³tańca anapanento yogasamattho hot²ti.
Aparo nayo– “k±ye k±y±nupass²”ti ettha anupassan±ya kammaµµh±na½ vutta½. Viharat²ti ettha vuttavih±rena kammaµµh±nikassa k±yapariharaŗa½. ¾t±p²ti-±d²su ±t±pena sammappadh±na½, satisampajańńena sabbatthikakammaµµh±na½, kammaµµh±napariharaŗ³p±yo v±; satiy± v± k±y±nupassan±vasena paµiladdhasamatho, sampajańńena vipassan± abhijjh±domanassavinayena bh±van±phala½ vuttanti veditabba½. Aya½ t±va k±y±nupassan±satipaµµh±nuddesassa atthavaŗŗan±.