Viññ±ºapadaniddeso

227. Saªkh±rapaccay± viññ±ºapadaniddese cakkhuviññ±ºanti-±d²su cakkhuviññ±ºa½ kusalavip±ka½ akusalavip±kanti duvidha½ hoti. Tath± sotagh±najivh±k±yaviññ±º±ni. Manoviññ±ºa½ pana kusal±kusalavip±k± dve manodh±tuyo, tisso ahetukamanoviññ±ºadh±tuyo, aµµha sahetuk±ni k±m±vacaravip±kacitt±ni, pañca r³p±vacar±ni, catt±ri ar³p±vacar±n²ti b±v²satividha½ hoti. Iti imehi chahi viññ±ºehi sabb±nipi b±tti½sa lokiyavip±kaviññ±º±ni saªgahit±ni honti. Lokuttar±ni pana vaµµakath±ya½ na yujjant²ti na gahit±ni.
Tattha siy±– katha½ paneta½ j±nitabba½ ‘ida½ vuttappak±ra½ viññ±ºa½ saªkh±rapaccay± hot²’ti? Upacitakamm±bh±ve vip±k±bh±vato. Vip±kañheta½, vip±kañca na upacitakamm±bh±ve uppajjati. Yadi uppajjeyya, sabbesa½ sabbavip±k±ni uppajjeyyu½; na ca uppajjant²ti j±nitabbameta½– ‘saªkh±rapaccay± ida½ viññ±ºa½ hot²’ti.
Katarasaªkh±rapaccay± kataraviññ±ºanti ce? K±m±vacarapuññ±bhisaªkh±rapaccay± t±va kusalavip±k±ni pañca cakkhuviññ±º±d²ni, manoviññ±ºe ek± manodh±tu, dve manoviññ±ºadh±tuyo, aµµha k±m±vacaramah±vip±k±n²ti so¼asa. Yath±ha–
“K±m±vacarassa kusalassa kammassa katatt± upacitatt± vip±ka½ cakkhuviññ±ºa½ uppanna½ hoti. Tath± sotagh±najivh±k±yaviññ±ºa½ uppanna½ hoti, vip±k± manodh±tu uppann± hoti, manoviññ±ºadh±tu uppann± hoti somanassasahagat±, manoviññ±ºadh±tu uppann± hoti upekkh±sahagat±, manoviññ±ºadh±tu uppann± hoti somanassasahagat± ñ±ºasampayutt±, somanassasahagat± ñ±ºasampayutt± sasaªkh±rena, somanassasahagat± ñ±ºavippayutt±, somanassasahagat± ñ±ºavippayutt± sasaªkh±rena, upekkh±sahagat± ñ±ºasampayutt±, upekkh±sahagat± ñ±ºasampayutt± sasaªkh±rena, upekkh±sahagat± ñ±ºavippayutt±, upekkh±sahagat± ñ±ºavippayutt± sasaªkh±ren±”ti (dha. sa. 431, 498).
R³p±vacarapuññ±bhisaªkh±rapaccay± pana pañca r³p±vacaravip±k±ni. Yath±ha–
“Tasseva r³p±vacarassa kusalassa kammassa katatt± upacitatt± vip±ka½ vivicceva k±mehi…pe… paµhama½ jh±na½…pe… pañcama½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharat²”ti (dha. sa. 499).
Eva½ puññ±bhisaªkh±rapaccay± ekav²satividha½ viññ±ºa½ hoti.
Apuññ±bhisaªkh±rapaccay± pana akusalavip±k±ni pañca cakkhuviññ±º±d²ni, ek± manodh±tu, ek± manoviññ±ºadh±t³ti eva½ sattavidha½ viññ±ºa½ hoti. Yath±ha–
“Akusalassa kammassa katatt± upacitatt± vip±ka½ cakkhuviññ±ºa½ uppanna½ hoti. Tath± sotagh±najivh±k±yaviññ±ºa½ vip±k± manodh±tu, vip±k± manoviññ±ºadh±tu uppann± hot²”ti (dha. sa. 556).
¾neñj±bhisaªkh±rapaccay± pana catt±ri ar³pavip±k±n²ti eva½ catubbidha½ viññ±ºa½ hot²ti. Yath±ha–
“Tasseva ar³p±vacarassa kusalassa kammassa katatt± upacitatt± vip±ka½ sabbaso r³pasaññ±na½ samatikkam± ±k±s±nañc±yatanasaññ±sahagata½…pe… viññ±ºañc±yatanasaññ±sahagata½…pe… ±kiñcaññ±yatanasaññ±sahagata½…pe… nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanasaññ±sahagata½ sukhassa ca pah±n±…pe… catuttha½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharat²”ti (dha. sa. 501).
Eva½ ya½ saªkh±rapaccay± viññ±ºa½ hoti, ta½ ñatv± id±nissa eva½ pavatti veditabb±– sabbameva hi ida½ pavattipaµisandhivasena dvidh± pavattati. Tattha dve pañcaviññ±º±ni, dve manodh±tuyo, somanassasahagat±hetukamanoviññ±ºadh±t³ti im±ni terasa pañcavok±rabhave pavattiya½yeva pavattanti. Ses±ni ek³nav²sati t²su bhavesu yath±nur³pa½ pavattiyampi paµisandhiyampi pavattanti.
Katha½? Kusalavip±k±ni t±va cakkhuviññ±º±d²ni pañca kusalavip±kena v± akusalavip±kena v± nibbattassa yath±kkama½ parip±kamupagatindriyassa cakkh±d²na½ ±p±thagata½ iµµha½ v± iµµhamajjhatta½ v± r³p±di-±rammaºa½ ±rabbha cakkh±dipas±da½ niss±ya dassanasavanagh±yanas±yanaphusanakicca½ s±dhayam±n±ni pavattanti. Tath± akusalavip±k±ni pañca. Kevalañhi tesa½ aniµµha½ aniµµhamajjhatta½ v± r³p±di-±rammaºa½ hoti, ayameva viseso. Das±pi cet±ni niyatadv±r±rammaºavatthuµµh±n±ni niyatakicc±neva ca bhavanti.
Tato kusalavip±k±na½ cakkhuviññ±º±d²na½ anantara½ kusalavip±kamanodh±tu tesaññeva ±rammaºam±rabbha hadayavatthu½ niss±ya sampaµicchanakicca½ s±dhayam±n± pavattati. Tath± akusalavip±k±na½ anantara½ akusalavip±k± Idañca pana dvaya½ aniyatadv±r±rammaºa½ niyatavatthuµµh±na½ niyatakiccañca hoti.
Somanassasahagat± pana ahetukamanoviññ±ºadh±tu kusalavip±kamanodh±tuy± anantara½ tass± eva ±rammaºa½ ±rabbha hadayavatthu½ niss±ya sant²raºakicca½ s±dhayam±n± ca chasu dv±resu balav±rammaºe k±m±vacarasatt±na½ yebhuyyena lobhasampayuttajavan±vas±ne bhavaªgav²thi½ pacchinditv± javanena gahit±rammaºe tad±rammaºavasena ca saki½ v± dvikkhattu½ v± pavattati. Cittappavattigaºan±ya½ pana sabbadv±resu tad±rammaºe dve eva cittav±r± ±gat±. Ida½ pana citta½ tad±rammaºanti ca piµµhibhavaªganti c±ti dve n±m±ni labhati, aniyatadv±r±rammaºa½ niyatavatthuka½ aniyataµµh±nakiccañca hot²ti. Eva½ t±va terasa pañcavok±rabhave pavattiya½yeva pavattant²ti veditabb±ni. Sesesu ek³nav²satiy± cittesu na kiñci attano anur³p±ya paµisandhiy± na pavattati.
Pavattiya½ pana kusal±kusalavip±k± t±va dve ahetukamanoviññ±ºadh±tuyo pañcadv±re kusal±kusalavip±kamanodh±t³na½ anantara½ sant²raºakicca½ chasu dv±resu pubbe vuttanayeneva tad±rammaºakicca½, attan± dinnapaµisandhito uddha½ asati bhavaªgupacchedake cittupp±de bhavaªgakicca½, ante cutikiccañc±ti catt±ri kicc±ni s±dhayam±n± niyatavatthuk± aniyatadv±r±rammaºaµµh±nakicc± hutv± pavattanti.
Aµµha k±m±vacarasahetukacitt±ni pavattiya½ vuttanayeneva chasu dv±resu tad±rammaºakicca½, attan± dinnapaµisandhito uddha½ asati bhavaªgupacchedake cittupp±de bhavaªgakicca½, ante cutikiccañc±ti t²ºi kicc±ni s±dhayam±n±ni niyatavatthuk±ni aniyatadv±r±rammaºaµµh±nakicc±ni hutv± pavattanti.
Pañca r³p±vacar±ni catt±ri ca ar³p±vacar±ni attan± dinnapaµisandhito uddha½ asati bhavaªgupacchedake cittupp±de bhavaªgakicca½, ante cutikiccañc±ti kiccadvaya½ s±dhayam±n±ni pavattanti. Tesu r³p±vacar±ni niyatavatth±rammaº±ni aniyataµµh±nakicc±ni, itar±ni avatthuk±ni niyat±rammaº±ni aniyataµµh±nakicc±ni hutv± pavattant²ti. Eva½ t±va b±tti½savidhampi viññ±ºa½ pavattiya½ saªkh±rapaccay± pavattati. Tatrassa te te saªkh±r± kammapaccayena ca upanissayapaccayena ca paccay± honti.
Tattha y±net±ni ek±dasa tad±rammaºacitt±ni vutt±ni, tesu ekampi r³p±r³pabhave tad±rammaºa½ hutv± na pavattati. Kasm±? B²j±bh±v±. Tattha hi k±m±vacaravip±kasaªkh±ta½ paµisandhib²ja½ natthi, ya½ r³p±d²su ±rammaºesu pavattiya½ tassa janaka½ bhaveyya. Cakkhuviññ±º±d²nampi r³pabhave abh±vo ±pajjat²ti ce? Na; indriyappavatti-±nubh±vato dv±rav²thibhede cittaniyamato ca.
Yath± ceta½ tad±rammaºa½ ekantena r³p±r³pabhave nappavattati tath± sabbepi ak±m±vacare dhamme n±nubandhati. Kasm±? Ajanakatt± ceva janakassa ca asadisatt±. Tañhi yath± n±ma geh± nikkhamitv± bahi gantuk±mo taruºad±rako attano janaka½ pitara½ v± añña½ v± pitusadisa½ hitak±ma½ ñ±ti½ aªguliya½ gahetv± anubandhati, na añña½ r±japuris±di½, tath± etampi bhavaªg±rammaºato bahi nikkhamituk±ma½ sabh±gat±ya attano janaka½ pitara½ v± pitusadisa½ v± k±m±vacarajavanameva anubandhati, na añña½ mahaggata½ anuttara½ v±.
Yath± ceta½ mahaggatalokuttare dhamme n±nubandhati, tath± yad± ete k±m±vacaradhamm±pi mahaggat±rammaº± hutv± pavattanti tad± tepi n±nubandhati. Kasm±? Aparicitadesatt± accantaparitt±rammaºatt± ca. Tañhi yath± pitara½ v± pitusadisa½ v± ñ±ti½ anubandhantopi taruºad±rako gharadv±ra-antarav²thicatukk±dimhi pariciteyeva dese anubandhati, na arañña½ v± yuddhabh³mi½ v± gacchanta½; eva½ k±m±vacaradhamme anubandhantampi amahaggat±dimhi pariciteyeva dese pavattam±ne dhamme anubandhati, na mahaggatalokuttaradhamme ±rabbha pavattam±neti.
Yasm± cassa “sabbo k±m±vacaravip±ko kiriyamanodh±tu kiriya-ahetukamanoviññ±ºadh±tu somanassasahagat± ime dhamm± paritt±rammaº±”ti eva½ accantaparittameva ±rammaºa½ vutta½, tasm±peta½ mahaggatalokuttar±rammaºe k±m±vacaradhammepi n±nubandhat²ti veditabba½.
Ki½ v± im±ya yuttikath±ya? Aµµhakath±yañhi ekanteneva vutta½– ek±dasa tad±rammaºacitt±ni n±magotta½ ±rabbha javane javite tad±rammaºa½ na gaºhanti. Paººatti½ ±rabbha javane javite tad±rammaºa½ na labbhati. Tilakkhaº±rammaºikavipassan±ya tad±rammaºa½ na labbhati. Vuµµh±nag±miniy± balavavipassan±ya tad±rammaºa½ na labbhati. R³p±r³padhamme ±rabbha javane javite tad±rammaºa½ na labbhati. Micchattaniyatadhammesu tad±rammaºa½ na labbhati. Sammattaniyatadhammesu tad±rammaºa½ na labbhati. Lokuttaradhamme ±rabbha javane javite tad±rammaºa½ na labbhati. Abhiññ±ñ±ºa½ ±rabbha javane javite tad±rammaºa½ na labbhati. Paµisambhid±ñ±ºa½ ±rabbha javane javite tad±rammaºa½ na labbhati. K±m±vacare dubbal±rammaºe tad±rammaºa½ na labbhati, chasu dv±resu balav±rammaºe ±p±thagateyeva labbhati, labbham±nañca k±m±vacareyeva labbhati. R³p±r³pabhave tad±rammaºa½ n±ma natth²ti.
Ya½ pana vutta½ “sesesu ek³nav²satiy± cittesu na kiñci attano anur³p±ya paµisandhiy± na pavattat²”ti, ta½ atisa½khittatt± dubbij±na½. Tenassa vitth±ranayadassanattha½ vuccati– “kati paµisandhiyo? Kati paµisandhicitt±ni? Kena kattha paµisandhi hoti? Ki½ paµisandhiy± ±rammaºan”ti?
Asaññapaµisandhiy± saddhi½ v²sati paµisandhiyo. Vuttappak±r±neva ek³nav²sati paµisandhicitt±ni. Tattha akusalavip±k±ya ahetukamanoviññ±ºadh±tuy± ap±yesu paµisandhi hoti, kusalavip±k±ya manussaloke jaccandhaj±tibadhiraj±ti-ummattaka-e¼am³ganapu½sak±d²na½. Aµµhahi sahetukamah±vip±kehi k±m±vacaradevesu ceva manussesu ca puññavant±na½ paµisandhi hoti, pañcahi r³p±vacaravip±kehi r³p²brahmaloke, cat³hi ar³p±vacaravip±kehi ar³paloketi. Yena ca yattha paµisandhi hoti, s± eva tass± anur³papaµisandhi n±ma.
Saªkhepato paµisandhiy± t²ºi ±rammaº±ni honti– kamma½, kammanimitta½ gatinimittanti. Tattha kamma½ n±ma ±y³hit± kusal±kusalacetan±. Kammanimitta½ n±ma ya½ vatthu½ ±rammaºa½ katv± kamma½ ±y³hati. Tattha at²te kappakoµisatasahassamatthakasmimpi kamme kate tasmi½ khaºe kamma½ v± kammanimitta½ v± ±gantv± upaµµh±ti.
Tatrida½ kammanimittassa upaµµh±ne vatthu– gopakas²val² kira n±ma t±lapiµµhikavih±re cetiya½ k±resi. Tassa maraºamañce nipannassa cetiya½ upaµµh±si. So tadeva nimitta½ gaºhitv± k±la½katv± devaloke nibbatti. Aññ± samm³¼hak±lakiriy± n±ma hoti. Parammukha½ gacchantassa hi pacchato tikhiºena asin± s²sa½ chindanti. Nipajjitv± nidd±yantass±pi tikhiºena asin± s²sa½ chindanti. Udake os²d±petv± m±renti. Evar³pepi k±le aññatara½ kamma½ v± kammanimitta½ v± upaµµh±ti. Añña½ lahukamaraºa½ n±ma atthi. Nikh±danadaº¹akamatthakasmiñhi nil²namakkhika½ muggarena paharitv± pisanti. Evar³pepi k±le kamma½ v± kammanimitta½ v± upaµµh±ti. Eva½ pisiyam±n±ya pana makkhik±ya paµhama½ k±yadv±r±vajjana½ bhavaªga½ n±vaµµeti, manodv±r±vajjanameva ±vaµµeti. Atha javana½ javitv± bhavaªga½ otarati. Dutiyav±re k±yadv±r±vajjana½ bhavaªga½ ±vaµµeti. Tato k±yaviññ±ºa½, sampaµicchana½, sant²raºa½, voµµhapananti v²thicitt±ni pavattanti. Javana½ javitv± bhavaªga½ otarati. Tatiyav±re manodv±r±vajjana½ bhavaªga½ ±vaµµeti. Atha javana½ javitv± bhavaªga½ otarati. Etasmi½ µh±ne k±lakiriya½ karoti. Ida½ kimattha½ ±bhata½? Ar³padhamm±na½ visayo n±ma eva½ lahukoti d²panattha½.