5. IndriyavibhaŖgo

1. Abhidhammabh±jan²yavaŗŗan±

219. Id±ni tadanantare indriyavibhaŖge b±v²sat²ti gaŗanaparicchedo. Indriy±n²ti paricchinnadhammanidassana½. Id±ni t±ni sar³pato dassento cakkhundriyanti-±dim±ha. Tattha cakkhudv±re indaµµha½ k±ret²ti cakkhundriya½. Sotagh±najivh±k±yadv±re indaµµha½ k±ret²ti k±yindriya½. Vij±nanalakkhaŗe indaµµha½ k±ret²ti manindriya½. Itthibh±ve indaµµha½ k±ret²ti itthindriya½. Purisabh±ve indaµµha½ k±ret²ti purisindriya½. Anup±lanalakkhaŗe indaµµha½ k±ret²ti j²vitindriya½. Sukhalakkhaŗe indaµµha½ k±ret²ti sukhindriya½. Dukkhasomanassa domanassa upekkh±lakkhaŗe indaµµha½ k±ret²ti upekkhindriya½. Adhimokkhalakkhaŗe indaµµha½ k±ret²ti saddhindriya½. Paggahalakkhaŗe indaµµha½ k±ret²ti v²riyindriya½. Upaµµh±nalakkhaŗe indaµµha½ k±ret²ti satindriya½. Avikkhepalakkhaŗe indaµµha½ k±ret²ti sam±dhindriya½. Dassanalakkhaŗe indaµµha½ k±ret²ti pańńindriya½. Anańń±tańńass±m²ti pavatte j±nanalakkhaŗe indaµµha½ k±ret²ti anańń±tańńass±m²tindriya½. ѱt±na½yeva dhamm±na½ puna ±j±nane indaµµha½ k±ret²ti ańńindriya½. Ańń±t±v²bh±ve indaµµha½ k±ret²ti ańń±t±vindriya½.
Idha suttantabh±jan²ya½ n±ma na gahita½. Kasm±? Suttante im±ya paµip±µiy± b±v²satiy± indriy±na½ an±gatatt±. Suttantasmińhi katthaci dve indriy±ni kathit±ni, katthaci t²ŗi, katthaci pańca. Eva½ pana nirantara½ dv±v²sati ±gat±ni n±ma natthi. Aya½ t±vettha aµµhakath±nayo. Aya½ pana aparo nayo– etesu hi
Atthato lakkhaŗ±d²hi, kamato ca vij±niy±;
bhed±bhed± tath± kicc±, bh³mito ca vinicchaya½.
Tattha cakkh±d²na½ t±va “cakkhat²ti cakkh³”ti-±din± nayena attho pak±sito. Pacchimesu pana t²su paµhama½ ‘pubbabh±ge anańń±ta½ amata½ pada½ catusaccadhamma½ v± j±niss±m²’ti eva½ paµipannassa uppajjanato indriyaµµhasambhavato ca anańń±tańńass±m²tindriyanti vutta½. Dutiya½ ±j±nanato ca indriyaµµhasambhavato ca ańńindriya½. Tatiya½ ańń±t±vino cat³su saccesu niµµhitań±ŗakiccassa kh²ŗ±savasseva uppajjanato indriyaµµhasambhavato ca ańń±t±vindriya½.
Ko panesa indriyaµµho n±m±ti? IndaliŖgaµµho indriyaµµho, indadesitaµµho indriyaµµho, indadiµµhaµµho indriyaµµho, indasiµµhaµµho indriyaµµho, indajuµµhaµµho indriyaµµho. So sabbopi idha yath±yoga½ yujjati. Bhagav± hi samm±sambuddho paramissariyabh±vato indo. Kusal±kusalańca kamma½ kammesu kassaci issariy±bh±vato. Tenevettha kammasańjanit±ni indriy±ni kusal±kusalakamma½ ulliŖgenti. Tena ca siµµh±n²ti indaliŖgaµµhena indasiµµhaµµhena ca indriy±ni. Sabb±neva panet±ni bhagavat± yath±bh³tato pak±sit±ni ca abhisambuddh±ni c±ti indadesitaµµhena indadiµµhaµµhena ca indriy±ni. Teneva bhagavat± munindena k±nici gocar±sevan±ya, k±nici bh±van±sevan±ya sevit±n²ti indajuµµhaµµhenapi indriy±ni. Apica ±dhipaccasaŖkh±tena issariyaµµhen±pi et±ni indriy±ni. Cakkhuvińń±ŗ±dippavattiyańhi cakkh±d²na½ siddham±dhipacca½; tasmi½ tikkhe tikkhatt± mande ca mandatt±ti. Aya½ t±vettha ‘atthato’ vinicchayo.
‘Lakkhaŗ±d²h²’ti lakkhaŗarasapaccupaµµh±napadaµµh±nehipi cakkh±d²na½ vinicchaya½ vij±niy±ti attho. T±ni nesa½ lakkhaŗ±d²ni heµµh± vuttanay±neva. Pańńindriy±d²ni hi catt±ri atthato amohoyeva. Ses±ni tattha sar³penev±gat±ni.
‘Kamato’ti ayampi desan±kkamova. Tattha ajjhattadhamma½ parińń±ya ariyabh³mipaµil±bho hot²ti attabh±vapariy±pann±ni cakkhundriy±d²ni paµhama½ desit±ni. So panattabh±vo ya½ dhamma½ up±d±ya itth²ti v± purisoti v± saŖkha½ gacchati, aya½ soti nidassanattha½ tato itthindriya½ purisindriyańca So duvidhopi j²vitindriyapaµibaddhavutt²ti ń±panattha½ tato j²vitindriya½. Y±va tassa pavatti t±va etesa½ vedayit±na½ anivatti. Ya½ kińci vedayita½ sabba½ ta½ sukhadukkhanti ń±panattha½ tato sukhindriy±d²ni. Ta½nirodhattha½ pana ete dhamm± bh±vetabb±ti paµipattidassanattha½ tato saddh±d²ni. Im±ya paµipattiy± esa dhammo paµhama½ attani p±tubhavat²ti paµipattiy± amoghabh±vadassanattha½ tato anańń±tańńass±m²tindriya½. Tasseva phalatt± tato anantara½ bh±vetabbatt± ca tato ańńindriya½. Ito para½ bh±van±ya imassa adhigamo, adhigate ca panimasmi½ natthi kińci uttari karaŗ²yanti ń±panattha½ ante paramass±sabh³ta½ ańń±t±vindriya½ desitanti ayamettha kamo.
‘Bhed±bhed±’ti j²vitindriyasseva cettha bhedo. Tańhi r³paj²vitindriya½ ar³paj²vitindriyanti duvidha½ hoti. Ses±na½ abhedoti evamettha bhed±bhedato vinicchaya½ vij±niy±.
‘Kicc±’ti ki½ indriy±na½ kiccanti ce? Cakkhundriyassa t±va “cakkh±yatana½ cakkhuvińń±ŗadh±tuy± ta½sampayuttak±nańca dhamm±na½ indriyapaccayena paccayo”ti vacanato ya½ ta½ indriyapaccayabh±vena s±dhetabba½ attano tikkhamand±dibh±vena cakkhuvińń±ŗ±didhamm±na½ tikkhamand±disaŖkh±ta½ att±k±r±nuvatt±pana½ ida½ ‘kicca½’. Eva½ sotagh±najivh±k±y±na½. Manindriyassa pana sahaj±tadhamm±na½ attano vasavatt±pana½, j²vitindriyassa sahaj±tadhamm±nup±lana½, itthindriyapurisindriy±na½ itthipurisanimittakutt±kapp±k±r±nuvidh±na½, sukhadukkhasomanassadomanassindriy±na½ sahaj±tadhamme abhibhavitv± yath±saka½ o¼±rik±k±r±nup±pana½, upekkhindriyassa santapaŗ²tamajjhatt±k±r±nup±pana½, saddh±d²na½ paµipakkh±bhibhavana½ sampayuttadhamm±nańca pasann±k±r±dibh±vasamp±pana½, anańń±tańńass±m²tindriyassa sa½yojanattayappah±nańceva sampayuttak±nańca tappah±n±bhimukhabh±vakaraŗa½, ańńindriyassa k±mar±gaby±p±d±ditanukaraŗapah±nańceva sahaj±t±nańca attano vas±nuvatt±pana½, ańń±t±vindriyassa sabbakiccesu ussukkappah±nańceva amat±bhimukhabh±vapaccayat± ca sampayutt±nanti evamettha kiccato vinicchaya½ vij±niy±.
‘Bh³mito’ti cakkhusotagh±najivh±k±ya-itthipurisasukhadukkhadomanassindriy±ni cettha k±m±vacar±neva Manindriyaj²vitindriya-upekkhindriy±ni, saddh±v²riyasatisam±dhipańńindriy±ni ca catubh³mipariy±pann±ni. Somanassindriya½ k±m±vacara-r³p±vacara-lokuttaravasena bh³mittayapariy±panna½. Avas±ne t²ŗi lokuttar±nev±ti eva½ bh³mito vinicchaya½ vij±niy±. Evańhi vij±nanto–
Sa½vegabahulo bhikkhu, µhito indriyasa½vare;
indriy±ni parińń±ya, dukkhassanta½ nigacchat²ti.
220. Niddesav±re “ya½ cakkhu catunna½ mah±bh³t±nan”ti-±di sabba½ dhammasaŖgaŗiya½ padabh±jane (dha. sa. aµµha. 595 ±dayo) vuttanayeneva veditabba½. V²riyindriyasam±dhindriyaniddes±d²su ca samm±v±y±mo micch±v±y±mo samm±sam±dhi micch±sam±dh²ti-±d²ni na vutt±ni. Kasm±? SabbasaŖg±hakatt±. SabbasaŖg±hak±ni hi idha indriy±ni kathit±ni. Eva½ santepettha dasa indriy±ni lokiy±ni k±m±vacar±neva, t²ŗi lokuttar±ni, nava lokiyalokuttaramissak±n²ti.

Abhidhammabh±jan²yavaŗŗan±.