Maraºaniddeso

193. Maraºaniddese cavanakavasena cuti; ekacatupañcakkhandh±ya cutiy± s±maññavacanameta½. Cavanat±ti bh±vavacanena lakkhaºanidassana½. Bhedoti cutikhandh±na½ bhaªguppattiparid²pana½ Antaradh±nanti ghaµassa viya bhinnassa bhinn±na½ cutikhandh±na½ yena kenaci pariy±yena µh±n±bh±vaparid²pana½. Maccu maraºanti maccusaªkh±ta½ maraºa½. K±lo n±ma antako, tassa kiriy± k±lakiriy±. Ett±vat± sammutiy± maraºa½ d²pita½ hoti.
Id±ni paramatthena d²petu½ khandh±na½ bhedoti-±dim±ha. Paramatthena hi khandh±yeva bhijjanti, na satto n±ma koci marati. Khandhesu pana bhijjam±nesu satto marati bhinnesu matoti voh±ro hoti. Ettha ca catupañcavok±ravasena khandh±na½ bhedo, ekavok±ravasena ka¼evarassa nikkhepo; catuvok±ravasena v± khandh±na½ bhedo, sesadvayavasena ka¼evarassa nikkhepo veditabbo. Kasm±? Bhavadvayepi r³pak±yasaªkh±tassa ka¼evarassa sambhavato. Yasm± v± c±tumah±r±jik±d²su khandh± bhijjanteva, na kiñci nikkhipati, tasm± tesa½ vasena khandh±na½ bhedo. Manuss±d²su ka¼evarassa nikkhepo. Ettha ca ka¼evarassa nikkhepakaraºato maraºa½ “ka¼evarassa nikkhepo”ti vutta½.
J²vitindriyassa upacchedoti imin± indriyabaddhasseva maraºa½ n±ma hoti, anindriyabaddhassa maraºa½ n±ma natth²ti dasseti. ‘Sassa½ mata½, rukkho mato’ti ida½ pana voh±ramattameva. Atthato pana evar³p±ni vacan±ni sass±d²na½ khayavayabh±vameva d²penti. Ida½ vuccati maraºanti ida½ sabbampi maraºa½ n±ma kathiyati.
Apicettha khaºikamaraºa½, sammutimaraºa½, samucchedamaraºanti ayampi bhedo veditabbo. Tattha ‘khaºikamaraºa½’ n±ma pavatte r³p±r³padhamm±na½ bhedo. ‘Tisso mato, phusso mato’ti ida½ ‘sammutimaraºa½’ n±ma. Kh²º±savassa appaµisandhik± k±lakiriy± ‘samucchedamaraºa½’ n±ma. Imasmi½ panatthe sammutimaraºa½ adhippeta½. J±tikkhayamaraºa½, upakkamamaraºa½, sarasamaraºa½, ±yukkhayamaraºa½, puññakkhayamaraºantipi tasseva n±ma½. Tayida½ cutilakkhaºa½, viyogarasa½, vippav±sapaccupaµµh±na½.
‘Maraºassa dukkhaµµho veditabbo’ti ettha pana idampi saya½ na dukkha½, dukkhassa pana vatthubh±vena dukkhanti vutta½. Maraºantik±pi hi s±r²rik± vedan±, paµiv±te gahit± ±dittatiºukk± viya, sar²ra½ nidahanti. Narakanimitt±d²na½ upaµµh±nak±le balavadomanassa½ uppajjati. Iti imesa½ dvinnampi dukkh±na½ vatthubh±vena dukkhanti veditabba½. Api ca–
P±passa p±pakamm±di, nimittamanupassato;
bhaddass±pasahantassa, viyoga½ piyavatthuka½.
M²yam±nassa ya½ dukkha½, m±nasa½ avisesato;
sabbesañc±pi ya½ sandhi-bandhanacchedan±dika½.
Vitujjam±namamm±na½, hoti dukkha½ sar²raja½;
asayhamappaµik±ra½, dukkhassetassida½ yato;
maraºa½ vatthu teneta½, dukkhamicceva bh±sitanti.
Apica im±ni j±tijar±maraº±ni n±ma imesa½ satt±na½ vadhakapacc±mitt± viya ot±ra½ gavesant±ni vicaranti. Yath± hi purisassa t²su pacc±mittesu ot±r±pekkhesu vicarantesu eko vadeyya– “aha½ asuka-araññassa n±ma vaººa½ kathetv± eta½ ±d±ya tattha gamiss±mi, ettha mayha½ dukkara½ natth²”ti. Dutiyo vadeyya “aha½ tava eta½ gahetv± gatak±le pothetv± dubbala½ kariss±mi, ettha mayha½ dukkara½ natth²”ti. Tatiyo vadeyya– “tay± etasmi½ pothetv± dubbale kate tiºhena asin± s²sacchedana½ n±ma mayha½ bh±ro hot³”ti. Te eva½ vatv± tath± kareyyu½.
Tattha paµhamapacc±mittassa araññassa vaººa½ kathetv± ta½ ±d±ya tattha gatak±lo viya suhajjañ±timaº¹alato nikka¹¹hitv± yattha katthaci nibbatt±pana½ n±ma j±tiy± kicca½. Dutiyassa pothetv± dubbalakaraºa½ viya nibbattakkhandhesu nipatitv± par±dh²namañcapar±yaºabh±vakaraºa½ jar±ya kicca½. Tatiyassa tiºhena asin± s²sacchedana½ viya j²vitakkhayap±pana½ maraºassa kiccanti veditabba½.
Apicettha j±tidukkha½ s±d²navamah±kant±rappaveso viya daµµhabba½. Jar±dukkha½ tattha annap±narahitassa dubbalya½ viya daµµhabba½. Maraºadukkha½ dubbalassa iriy±pathapavattane vihataparakkamassa v±¼±d²hi anayabyasan±p±dana½ viya daµµhabbanti.