2. Abhidhammabh±jan²yavaººan±

183. Abhidhammabh±jan²ye sar³peneva sabb±pi dh±tuyo dassento aµµh±rasa dh±tuyo– cakkhudh±tu r³padh±t³ti-±dim±ha. Tattha uddesav±re t±va–
Atthato lakkhaº±dito, kamat±vatvasaªkhato;
paccay± atha daµµhabb±, veditabbo vinicchayo.
Tattha ‘atthato’ti cakkhat²ti cakkhu. R³payat²ti r³pa½. Cakkhussa viññ±ºa½ cakkhuviññ±ºanti evam±din± t±va nayena cakkh±d²na½ visesatthato veditabbo vinicchayo. Avisesena pana vidahati, dh²yate, vidh±na½, vidh²yate et±ya, ettha v± dh²yat²ti dh±tu. Lokiy± hi dh±tuyo k±raºabh±vena vavatthit± hutv± suvaººarajat±didh±tuyo viya suvaººarajat±di½ anekappak±ra½ sa½s±radukkha½ vidahanti bh±rah±rehi ca bh±ro viya sattehi dh²yante dh±r²yanteti attho. Dukkhavidh±namattameva cet± avasavattanato. Et±hi ca karaºabh³t±hi sa½s±radukkha½ sattehi anuvidh²yati; tath±vihitañceta½ et±sveva dh²yati µhap²yat²ti attho. Iti cakkh±d²su ekeko dhammo yath±sambhava½ vidahati dh²yateti-±di-atthavasena dh±t³ti vuccati.
Apica yath± titthiy±na½ att± n±ma sabh±vato natthi, na evamet±. Et± pana attano sabh±va½ dh±rent²ti dh±tuyo. Yath± ca loke vicitt± harit±lamanosil±dayo sil±vayav± dh±tuyoti vuccanti, evamet±pi dh±tuyo viya dh±tuyo. Vicitt± het± ñ±ºañeyy±vayav±ti. Yath± v± sar²rasaªkh±tassa samud±yassa avayavabh³tesu rasasoºit±d²su aññamañña½ visabh±galakkhaºaparicchinnesu dh±tusamaññ±, evametesupi pañcakkhandhasaªkh±tassa attabh±vassa avayavesu dh±tusamaññ± veditabb±. Aññamaññavisabh±galakkhaºaparicchinn± hete cakkh±dayoti. Apica dh±t³ti nijj²vamattasseta½ adhivacana½. Tath± hi bhagav±– “cha dh±turo aya½, bhikkhu, puriso”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 3.343-344) j²vasaññ±sam³hanattha½ dh±tudesana½ ak±s²ti. Tasm± yath±vuttenatthena cakkhu ca ta½ dh±tu c±ti cakkhudh±tu pe… manoviññ±ºañca ta½ dh±tu c±ti manoviññ±ºadh±t³ti eva½ t±vettha atthato viññ±tabbo vinicchayo.
‘Lakkhaº±dito’ti cakkh±d²na½ lakkhaº±dito pettha veditabbo vinicchayo. T±ni ca pana tesa½ lakkhaº±d²ni heµµh± vuttanayeneva veditabb±ni.
‘Kamato’ti idh±pi pubbe vuttesu uppattikkam±d²su desan±kkamova yujjati. So ca pan±ya½ hetuphal±nupubbavavatth±navasena vutto. Cakkhudh±tu r³padh±t³ti idañhi dvaya½ hetu. Cakkhuviññ±ºadh±t³ti phala½. Eva½ sabbattha kamato veditabbo vinicchayo.
‘T±vatvato’ti t±vabh±vato. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– tesu tesu hi sutt±bhidhammapadesesu ±bh±dh±tu, subhadh±tu, ±k±s±nañc±yatanadh±tu, viññ±ºañc±yatanadh±tu, ±kiñcaññ±yatanadh±tu nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanadh±tu, saññ±vedayitanirodhadh±tu, k±madh±tu, by±p±dadh±tu, vihi½s±dh±tu, nekkhammadh±tu, aby±p±dadh±tu, avihi½s±dh±tu, sukhadh±tu, dukkhadh±tu, somanassadh±tu, domanassadh±tu, upekkh±dh±tu avijj±dh±tu, ±rambhadh±tu, nikkamadh±tu, parakkamadh±tu, h²nadh±tu, majjhimadh±tu, paº²tadh±tu, pathav²dh±tu, ±podh±tu, tejodh±tu, v±yodh±tu, ±k±sadh±tu, viññ±ºadh±tu, saªkhatadh±tu, asaªkhatadh±tu, anekadh±tun±n±dh±tulokoti evam±dayo aññ±pi dh±tuyo dissanti.
Eva½ sati sabb±sa½ vasena pariccheda½ akatv± kasm± aµµh±ras±ti ayameva paricchedo katoti ce? Sabh±vato vijjam±n±na½ sabbadh±t³na½ tadantogadhatt±. R³padh±tuyeva hi ±bh±dh±tu. Subhadh±tu pana r³p±dippaµibaddh±. Kasm±? Subhanimittatt±. Subhanimittañhi subhadh±tu. Tañca r³p±divinimutta½ na vijjati, kusalavip±k±rammaº± v± r³p±dayo eva subhadh±t³ti r³p±dimattameves±. ¾k±s±nañc±yatanadh±tu-±d²su citta½ manoviññ±ºadh±tu. Ses± dhamm± dhammadh±tu. Saññ±vedayitanirodhadh±tu pana sabh±vato natthi; dh±tudvayanirodhamattameva hi s±. K±madh±tu dhammadh±tumatta½ v± hoti, yath±ha “tattha katam± k±madh±tu? K±mapaµisa½yutto takko …pe… micch±saªkappo”ti; aµµh±rasapi dh±tuyo v±, yath±ha “heµµhato av²ciniraya½ pariyanta½ katv± uparito paranimmitavasavattideve antokaritv± ya½ etasmi½ antare etth±vacar± ettha pariy±pann± khandhadh±tu-±yatan±, r³p±, vedan±, saññ±, saªkh±r±, viññ±ºa½– aya½ vuccati k±madh±t³”ti. Nekkhammadh±tu dhammadh±tu eva; “sabbepi kusal± dhamm± nekkhammadh±t³”ti v± vacanato manoviññ±ºadh±tupi hotiyeva. By±p±davihi½s±-aby±p±da-avihi½s±sukhadukkhasomanassadomanassupekkh±-avijj±-±rambhanikkamaparakkamadh±tuyo dhammadh±tuyeva.
H²namajjhimapaº²tadh±tuyo aµµh±rasadh±tumattameva. H²n± hi cakkh±dayo h²nadh±tu. Majjhimapaº²t± cakkh±dayo majjhim± ceva paº²t± ca dh±t³. Nippariy±yena pana akusal± dhammadh±tumanoviññ±ºadh±tuyo h²nadh±tu. Lokiy± kusal±by±kat± ubhopi cakkhudh±tu-±dayo ca majjhimadh±tu. Lokuttar± pana dhammadh±tumanoviññ±ºadh±tuyo paº²tadh±tu. Pathav²tejov±yodh±tuyo phoµµhabbadh±tuyeva. ¾podh±tu ±k±sadh±tu ca dhammadh±tuyeva. Viññ±ºadh±tu cakkhuviññ±º±disattaviññ±ºadh±tusaªkhepoyeva. Sattarasa dh±tuyo dhammadh±tu-ekadeso ca saªkhatadh±tu. Asaªkhatadh±tu pana dhammadh±tu-ekadesova. Anekadh±tun±n±dh±tuloko pana aµµh±rasadh±tuppabhedamattamev±ti. Iti sabh±vato vijjam±n±na½ sabbadh±t³na½ tadantogadhatt± aµµh±raseva vutt±ti.
Apica vij±nanasabh±ve viññ±ºe j²vasaññ²na½ j²vasaññ±sam³hanatthampi aµµh±raseva vutt± Santi hi satt± vij±nanasabh±ve viññ±ºe j²vasaññino. Tesa½ cakkhusotagh±najivh±k±yaviññ±ºamanoviññ±ºadh±tubhedena tass± anekatta½, cakkhur³p±dipaccay±yattavuttit±ya aniccatañca pak±setv± d²gharatt±nusayita½ j²vasañña½ sam³hanituk±mena bhagavat± aµµh±rasa dh±tuyo pak±sit±. Kiñca bhiyyo? Tath± veneyyajjh±sayavasena; ye ca im±ya n±tisaªkhepavitth±r±ya desan±ya veneyy± satt±, tadajjh±sayavasena ca aµµh±raseva pak±sit±.
Saªkhepavitth±ranayena tath± tath± hi,
dhamma½ pak±sayati esa yath± yath±ssa;
saddhammatejavihata½ vilaya½ khaºena,
veneyyasattahadayesu tamo pay±t²ti.
Evamettha ‘t±vatvato’ veditabbo vinicchayo.
‘Saªkhato’ti cakkhudh±tu t±va j±tito eko dhammotveva saªkha½ gacchati cakkhupas±davasena. Tath± sotagh±najivh±k±yar³pasaddagandharasadh±tuyo sotapas±d±divasena. Phoµµhabbadh±tu pana pathav²tejov±yovasena tayo dhamm±ti saªkha½ gacchati. Cakkhuviññ±ºadh±tu kusal±kusalavip±kavasena dve dhamm±ti saªkha½ gacchati. Tath± sotagh±najivh±k±yaviññ±ºadh±tuyo. Manodh±tu pana pañcadv±r±vajjanakusal±kusalavip±kasampaµicchanavasena tayo dhamm±ti saªkha½ gacchati. Dhammadh±tu tiººa½ ar³pakkhandh±na½, so¼asanna½ sukhumar³p±na½, asaªkhat±ya ca dh±tuy± vasena v²satidhamm±ti saªkha½ gacchati. Manoviññ±ºadh±tu sesakusal±kusal±by±kataviññ±ºavasena chasattatidhamm±ti saªkha½ gacchat²ti evamettha ‘saªkhato’ veditabbo vinicchayo.
‘Paccay±’ti cakkhudh±tu-±d²na½ cakkhuviññ±ºadh±tu-±d²su paccayato veditabbo vinicchayo. So panetesa½ paccayabh±vo niddesav±re ±vi bhavissati.
‘Daµµhabb±’ti daµµhabbatopettha vinicchayo veditabboti attho. Sabb± eva hi saªkhat± dh±tuyo pubbant±parantavivittato, dhuvasubhasukhattabh±vasuññato, paccay±yattavuttito ca daµµhabb±. Visesato panettha bheritala½ viya cakkhudh±tu daµµhabb±, daº¹o viya r³padh±tu, saddo viya cakkhuviññ±ºadh±tu Tath± ±d±satala½ viya cakkhudh±tu, mukha½ viya r³padh±tu, mukhanimitta½ viya cakkhuviññ±ºadh±tu. Atha v± ucchutil±ni viya cakkhudh±tu, yantacakkayaµµhi viya r³padh±tu, ucchurasatel±ni viya cakkhuviññ±ºadh±tu. Tath± adhar±raº² viya cakkhudh±tu, uttar±raº² viya r³padh±tu, aggi viya cakkhuviññ±ºadh±tu. Esa nayo sotadh±tu-±d²supi.
Manodh±tu pana yath±sambhavato cakkhuviññ±ºadh±tu-±d²na½ purecar±nucar± viya daµµhabb±. Dhammadh±tuy± vedan±kkhandho sallamiva s³lamiva ca daµµhabbo saññ±saªkh±rakkhandh± vedan±sallas³layog± ±tur± viya; puthujjan±na½ v± saññ± ±s±dukkhajananato rittamuµµhi viya, ayath±bhuccanimittagg±hakato vanamigo viya; saªkh±r± paµisandhiya½ pakkhipanato aªg±rak±suya½ khipanakapuriso viya, j±tidukkh±nubandhanato r±japuris±nubandhacor± viya, sabb±natth±vahassa khandhasant±nassa hetuto visarukkhab²j±ni viya; r³pa½ n±n±vidh³paddavanimittato khuracakka½ viya daµµhabba½.
Asaªkhat± pana dh±tu amatato santato khemato ca daµµhabb±. Kasm±? Sabb±natthapaµipakkhabh³tatt±. Manoviññ±ºadh±tu gahit±rammaºa½ muñcitv±pi añña½ gahetv±va pavatanato vanamakkaµo viya, duddamanato assakha¼uªko viya, yatthak±manip±tito veh±sa½ khittadaº¹o viya, lobhados±din±nappak±rakilesayogato raªganaµo viya daµµhabboti.
184. Niddesav±re cakkhuñca paµicca r³pe c±ti idañca dvaya½ paµicca aññañca kiriy±manodh±tuñceva sampayuttakhandhattayañc±ti attho. Cakkhuviññ±ºadh±tuy± hi cakkhu nissayapaccayo hoti, r³pa½ ±rammaºapaccayo, kiriyamanodh±tu vigatapaccayo, tayo ar³pakkhandh± sahaj±tapaccayo. Tasm± es± cakkhuviññ±ºadh±tu ime catt±ro paµicca uppajjati n±ma. Sotañca paµicc±ti-±d²supi eseva nayo.
Niruddhasamanantar±ti niruddh±ya samanantar±. Tajj± manodh±t³ti tasmi½ ±rammaºe j±t± kusal±kusalavip±kato duvidh± manodh±tu sampaµicchanakicc±. Sabbadhammesu v± pana paµhamasamann±h±roti etesu cakkhuviññ±º±d²su sabbadhammesu uppajjam±nesu paµhamasamann±h±ro; cakkhuviññ±ºadh±tu-±d²na½ v± ±rammaºasaªkh±tesu sabbadhammesu paµhamasamann±h±roti ayamettha attho veditabbo. Etena pañcadv±r±vajjanakicc± kiriyamanodh±tu gahit±ti veditabb±.
Manodh±tuy±pi uppajjitv± niruddhasamanantar±ti ettha pi-k±ro sampiº¹anattho. Tasm± manodh±tuy±pi manoviññ±ºadh±tuy±p²ti ayamettha attho veditabbo. Tena y± ca vip±kamanodh±tuy± uppajjitv± niruddh±ya samanantar± uppajjati sant²raºakicc± vip±kamanoviññ±ºadh±tu, y± ca tass± uppajjitv± niruddh±ya samanantar± uppajjati voµµhabbanakicc± kiriyamanoviññ±ºadh±tu, y± ca tass± uppajjitv± niruddh±ya samanantar± uppajjati javanakicc± manoviññ±ºadh±tu– t± sabb±pi kathit± hot²ti veditabb±. Manañca paµicc±ti bhavaªgamana½. Dhamme c±ti catubh³mikadhamm±rammaºa½. Uppajjati manoviññ±ºanti sah±vajjanaka½ javana½ nibbattati.
Imasmi½ pana µh±ne hatthe gahitapañha½ n±ma gaºhi½su. Mah±dhammarakkhitatthero kira n±ma d²ghabh±ºak±bhayatthera½ hatthe gahetv± ±ha– ‘paµicc±ti n±ma ±gataµµh±ne ±vajjana½ visu½ na k±tabba½, bhavaªganissitakameva k±tabban’ti. Tasm± idha manoti sah±vajjanaka½ bhavaªga½. Manoviññ±ºanti javanamanoviññ±ºa½. Imasmi½ pana abhidhammabh±jan²ye so¼asa dh±tuyo k±m±vacar±, dve catubh³mik± lokiyalokuttaramissak± kathit±ti.

Abhidhammabh±jan²yavaººan±.