(3.) Tikaniddesavaŗŗan±

768. Tividhena ń±ŗavatthuniddese yogavihites³ti yogo vuccati pańń±; pańń±vihitesu pańń±pariŗ±mites³ti attho. Kamm±yatanes³ti ettha kammameva kamm±yatana½; atha v± kammańca ta½ ±yatanańca ±j²v±d²nantipi kamm±yatana½. Sipp±yatanesupi eseva nayo. Tattha duvidha½ kamma½– h²nańca ukkaµµhańca. Tattha h²na½ n±ma va¹¹hak²kamma½, pupphacha¹¹akakammanti evam±di. Ukkaµµha½ n±ma kasi, vaŗijj±, gorakkhanti evam±di. Sippampi duvidha½ h²nańca ukkaµµhańca. Tattha h²na½ sippa½ n±ma na¼ak±rasippa½, pesak±rasippa½, kumbhak±rasippa½, cammak±rasippa½, nh±pitasippanti evam±di. Ukkaµµha½ n±ma sippa½ mudd±, gaŗan±, lekhańc±ti evam±di vijj±va vijj±µµh±na½. Ta½ dhammikameva gahita½. N±gamaŗ¹alaparittasadisa½, phudhamanakamantasadisa½, s±l±kiya½ sallakattiyanti-±d²ni pana vejjasatth±ni “icch±maha½, ±cariya, sippa½ sikkhitun”ti (mah±va. 329) sipp±yatane paviµµhatt± na gahit±ni.
Tattha eko paŗ¹ito manuss±na½ ph±suvih±ratth±ya attano ca dhammat±ya gehap±s±day±nan±v±d²ni upp±deti. So hi ‘ime manuss± vasanaµµh±nena vin± dukkhit±’ti hitakiriy±ya µhatv± d²ghacaturass±dibheda½ geha½ upp±deti, s²tuŗhapaµigh±tatth±ya ekabh³mikadvibh³mik±dibhede p±s±de karoti, ‘y±ne asati anusańcaraŗa½ n±ma dukkhan’ti jaŖgh±kilamathapaµivinodanatth±ya vayhasakaµasandam±nik±d²ni upp±deti, ‘n±v±ya asati samudd±d²su sańc±ro n±ma natth²’ti n±nappak±ra½ n±va½ upp±deti. So sabbampeta½ neva ańńehi kayiram±na½ passati, na kata½ uggaŗh±ti, na kathent±na½ suŗ±ti, attano pana dhammat±ya cint±ya karoti. Pańńavat± hi attano dhammat±ya katampi ańńehi uggaŗhitv± karontehi katasadisameva hoti. Aya½ t±va h²nakamme nayo.
Ukkaµµhakammepi ‘kasikamme asati manuss±na½ j²vita½ na pavattat²’ti eko paŗ¹ito manuss±na½ ph±suvih±ratth±ya yuganaŖgal±d²ni kasibhaŗ¹±ni upp±deti; tath± n±nappak±ra½ v±ŗijakamma½ gorakkhańca upp±deti. So sabbampeta½ neva ańńehi kariyam±na½ passati…pe… katasadisameva hoti. Aya½ ukkaµµhakamme nayo.
Duvidhepi pana sipp±yatane eko paŗ¹ito manuss±na½ ph±suvih±ratth±ya na¼ak±rasipp±d²ni h²nasipp±ni, hatthamudd±ya gaŗanasaŖkh±ta½ mudda½, acchinnakasaŖkh±ta½ gaŗana½, m±tik±ppabhedak±dibhedańca lekha½ upp±deti. So sabbampeta½ neva ańńehi kariyam±na½ passati…pe… katasadisameva hoti. Aya½ sipp±yatane nayo.
Ekacco pana paŗ¹ito amanussasar²sap±d²hi upaddut±na½ manuss±na½ tikicchanatth±ya dhammik±ni n±gamaŗ¹alamant±d²ni vijj±µµh±n±ni upp±deti, t±ni neva ańńehi kariyam±n±ni passati, na kat±ni uggaŗh±ti, na kathent±na½ suŗ±ti, attano pana dhammat±ya cint±ya karoti. Pańńavat± hi attano dhammat±ya katampi ańńehi uggaŗhitv± karontehi katasadisameva hoti.
Kammassakata½ ti “ida½ kamma½ satt±na½ saka½, ida½ no sakan”ti eva½ j±nanań±ŗa½. Sacc±nulomika½ v±ti vipassan±ń±ŗa½. Tańhi catunna½ sacc±na½ anulomanato sacc±nulomikanti vuccati. Id±nissa pavattan±k±ra½ dassetu½ r³pa½ aniccanti v±ti-±di vutta½. Ettha ca aniccalakkhaŗameva ±gata½, na dukkhalakkhaŗa-anattalakkhaŗ±ni, atthavasena pana ±gat±nev±ti daµµhabb±ni– yańhi anicca½ ta½ dukkha½, ya½ dukkha½ tadanatt±ti.
Ya½ evar³pinti ya½ eva½ heµµh± niddiµµhasabh±va½ anulomika½. Khantinti-±d²ni sabb±ni pańń±vevacan±neva. S± hi heµµh± vutt±na½ kamm±yatan±d²na½ pańcanna½ k±raŗ±na½ apaccan²kadassanena anulomet²ti anulomik±. Tath± satt±na½ hitacariy±ya anulometi, maggasaccassa anulometi, paramatthasaccassa nibb±nassa anulomanato anulomet²tipi anulomik±. Sabb±nipi et±ni k±raŗ±ni khamati sahati daµµhu½ sakkot²ti khanti, passat²ti diµµhi, rocet²ti ruci, mudat²ti mudi, pekkhat²ti pekkh±. Sabbepiss± te kamm±yatan±dayo dhamm± nijjh±na½ khamanti, visesato ca pańcakkhandhasaŖkh±t± dhamm± punappuna½ aniccadukkh±nattavasena nijjh±yam±n± ta½ nijjh±na½ khamant²ti dhammanijjh±nakhant².
Parato assutv± paµilabhat²ti ańńassa upadesavacana½ assutv± sayameva cintento paµilabhati. Aya½ vuccat²ti aya½ cint±may± pańń± n±ma vuccati. S± panes± na yesa½ kesańci uppajjati, abhińń±t±na½ pana mah±satt±nameva uppajjati. Tatth±pi sacc±nulomikań±ŗa½ dvinna½yeva bodhisatt±na½ uppajjati. Sesapańń± sabbesampi p³ritap±ram²na½ mah±pańń±na½ uppajjat²ti veditabb±.
Parato sutv± paµilabhat²ti ettha kamm±yatan±d²ni parena kariyam±n±ni v± kat±ni v± disv±pi yassa kassaci kathayam±nassa vacana½ sutv±pi ±cariyassa santike uggahetv±pi paµiladdh± sabb± parato sutv±yeva paµiladdh± n±m±ti veditabb±.
Sam±pannass±ti sam±pattisamaŖgissa; antosam±pattiya½ pavatt± pańń± bh±van±may± n±m±ti attho.
769. D±na½ ±rabbh±ti d±na½ paµicca; d±nacetan±paccay±ti attho. D±n±dhigacch±ti d±na½ adhigacchantassa; p±puŗantass±ti attho. Y± uppajjat²ti y± eva½ d±nacetan±sampayutt± pańń± uppajjati, aya½ d±namay± pańń± n±ma. S± panes± ‘d±na½ dass±m²’ti cintentassa, d±na½ dentassa, d±na½ datv± ta½ paccavekkhantassa pubbacetan±, muńcacetan±, aparacetan±ti tividhena uppajjati.
S²la½ ±rabbha s²l±dhigacch±ti idh±pi s²lacetan±sampayutt±va s²lamay± pańń±ti adhippet±. Ayampi ‘s²la½ p³ress±m²’ti cintentassa, s²la½ p³rentassa, s²la½ p³retv± ta½ paccavekkhantassa pubbacetan±, muńcacetan±, aparacetan±ti tividheneva uppajjati. Bh±van±may± heµµh± vutt±yeva.
770. Adhis²lapańń±d²su s²l±d²ni duvidhena veditabb±ni– s²la½, adhis²la½; citta½, adhicitta½; pańń±, adhipańń±ti. Tattha “upp±d± v± tath±gat±na½ anupp±d± v± tath±gat±na½ µhit±va s± dh±tu dhammaµµhitat± dhammaniy±mat±”ti (sa½. ni. 2.20; a. ni. 3.137) im±ya tantiy± saŖgahitavasena pańcapi s²l±ni dasapi s²l±ni s²la½ n±ma. Tańhi tath±gate uppannepi anuppannepi hoti. Anuppanne ke pańń±pent²ti? T±pasaparibb±jak±, sabbańńubodhisatt±, cakkavattir±j±no ca pańń±penti. Uppanne samm±sambuddhe bhikkhusaŖgho, bhikkhun²saŖgho, up±sak±, up±sik±yo ca pańń±penti. P±timokkhasa½varas²la½ pana sabbas²lehi adhika½ uppanneyeva tath±gate uppajjati, no anuppanne. Sabbańńubuddh±yeva ca na½ pańń±penti. “Imasmi½ vatthusmi½ v²tikkame ida½ n±ma hot²”ti pańń±panańhi ańńesa½ avisayo, buddh±na½yeva esa visayo, buddh±na½ bala½. Iti yasm± p±timokkhasa½varo adhis²la½, tasm± ta½ adhis²lapańńa½ dassetu½ p±timokkhasa½vara½ sa½varantass±ti-±di vutta½.
Heµµh± vutt±ya eva pana tantiy± saŖgahitavasena vaµµap±dik± aµµha sam±pattiyo citta½ n±ma. Tańhi tath±gate uppannepi hoti anuppannepi. Anuppanne ke nibbattent²ti? T±pasaparibb±jak± ceva sabbańńubodhisatt± ca cakkavattir±j±no ca. Uppanne bhagavati visesatthik± bhikkhu-±dayopi nibbattentiyeva. Vipassan±p±dik± pana aµµha sam±pattiyo sabbacittehi adhik±, uppanneyeva tath±gate uppajjanti, no anuppanne. Sabbańńubuddh± eva ca et± pańń±penti Iti yasm± aµµha sam±pattiyo adhicitta½, tasm± adhicittapańńa½ dassetu½ r³p±vacar±r³p±vacarasam±patti½ sam±pajjantass±ti-±di vutta½.
Heµµh± vutt±ya eva pana tantiy± saŖgahitavasena kammassakatań±ŗa½ pańń± n±ma. Tańhi tath±gate uppannepi hoti anuppannepi. Anuppanne vel±mad±navessantarad±n±divasena uppajjati; uppanne tena ń±ŗena mah±d±na½ pavattent±na½ pam±ŗa½ natthi. Maggaphalapańń± pana sabbapańń±hi adhik±, uppanneyeva tath±gate vitth±rik± hutv± pavattati, no anuppanne. Iti yasm± maggaphalapańń± adhipańń±, tasm± atirekapańń±ya pańńa½ dassetu½ cat³su magges³ti-±di vutta½.
Tattha siy±– s²la½, adhis²la½; citta½, adhicitta½; pańń±, adhipańń±ti imesu chasu koµµh±sesu vipassan± pańń± katarasannissit±ti? Adhipańń±sannissit±. Tasm± yath± omakatarappam±ŗa½ chatta½ v± dhaja½ v± up±d±ya atirekappam±ŗa½ atichatta½ atidhajoti vuccati, evamidampi pańcas²la½ dasas²la½ up±d±ya p±timokkhasa½varas²la½ ‘adhis²la½’ n±ma; vaµµap±dik± aµµha sam±pattiyo up±d±ya vipassan±p±dik± aµµha sam±pattiyo ‘adhicitta½’ n±ma, kammassakatapańńa½ up±d±ya vipassan±pańń± ca maggapańń± ca phalapańń± ca ‘adhipańń±’ n±m±ti veditabb±.
771. ¾yakosall±diniddese yasm± ±yoti vu¹¹hi, s± anatthah±nito atthuppattito ca duvidh±; ap±yoti avu¹¹hi, s±pi atthah±nito anatthuppattito ca duvidh±; tasm± ta½ dassetu½ ime dhamme manasikarototi-±di vutta½. Ida½ vuccat²ti y± imesa½ akusaladhamm±na½ anuppattippah±nesu kusaladhamm±nańca uppattiµµhit²su pańń±– ida½ ±yakosalla½ n±ma vuccati. Y± panes± kusaladhamm±na½ anuppajjananirujjhanesu akusaladhamm±nańca uppattiµµhit²su pańń±– ida½ ap±yakosalla½ n±m±ti attho. ¾yakosalla½ t±va pańń± hotu; ap±yakosalla½ katha½ pańń± n±ma j±t±ti? Pańńav±yeva hi ‘mayha½ eva½ manasikaroto anuppann± kusal± dhamm± nuppajjanti uppann± ca nirujjhanti; anuppann± akusal± dhamm± uppajjanti, uppann± pava¹¹hant²’ti paj±n±ti. So eva½ ńatv± anuppann±na½ akusal±na½ dhamm±na½ uppajjitu½ na deti, uppanne pajahati; anuppanne kusale upp±deti, uppanne bh±van±p±rip³ri½ p±peti. Eva½ ap±yakosallampi pańń± ev±ti veditabba½. Sabb±pi tatr³p±y± pańń± up±yakosallanti ida½ pana acc±yikakicce v± bhaye v± uppanne tassa tikicchanattha½ µh±nuppattiyak±raŗaj±nanavaseneva veditabba½. Sesa½ sabbattha utt±natthamev±ti.

Tikaniddesavaŗŗan±.