Hetuyeva hi tesa½ natthi, yo dassanabh±van±hi pah±tabbo siy±ti purimasmiñhi atthe het³na½ dassanabh±van±hi pah±tabbat± paµikkhitt±, paµikkhepo ca pah±tabb±saªk±sabbh±ve hoti, pah±tabb±saªk± ca hetumhi sati siy±, tesa½ pana ahetuk±na½ hetuyeva natthi, yo dassanabh±van±hi pah±tabbo siy±, tadabh±v± pah±tabb±saªk± natth²ti ta½niv±raºattho paµikkhepo na sambhavati, tasm± “nevadassanena na bh±van±ya pah±tabbo hetu etesan”ti eva½ ahetuk±na½ gahaºa½ na bhaveyy±ti attho. Atha v± itarath± hi ahetuk±na½ aggahaºa½ bhaveyy±ti atthassa p±kaµatt± na k±raºas±dhan²yo esoti gahetabbatthasseva k±raºa½ vadanto “hetuyeva hi tesa½ natth²”ti-±dim±ha. Tesañhi nevadassanena na bh±van±yapah±tabbahetukapadavacan²y±na½ yo dassanabh±van±hi pah±tabbo siy±, so eva½pak±ro hetu natthi. Te hi anekappak±r± sahetuk± ahetuk± c±ti, tasm± nevadassanena na bh±van±ya pah±tabbo hetu etesa½ atth²ti ayamattho gahetabboti attho.
10. Ta½ ±rammaºa½ katv±ti ida½ catukiccas±dhanavasena ±rammaºakaraºa½ sandh±ya vuttanti veditabba½. Aññath± gotrabhuphalapaccavekkhaº±d²nampi apacayag±mit± ±pajjeyy±ti. Atha v± hetubh±vena apacaya½ nibb±na½ gacchant²ti apacayag±mino. Nibb±nassa hi anibbattaniyattepi samudayappah±nasamudayanirodh±na½ adhigama-adhigantabbabh±vato hetuhetuphalabh±vo magganibb±n±na½ yujjati. Yath±ha “dukkhanirodhe ñ±ºa½ atthapaµisambhid±, dukkhanirodhag±miniy± paµipad±ya ñ±ºa½ dhammapaµisambhid±”ti (vibha. 719). Atthoti hi hetuphala½. Dhammoti het³ti. Purimapacchim±na½ purime sasampayutt± vutt±, pacchime keval±. Purime viya pana pacchime atthepi ariyamaggas²sena sabbalokuttarakusalacittupp±d± gahetabb±. Dutiye atthavikappe “±caya½ g±mino”ti vattabbe anun±sikalopo katoti daµµhabbo. ¾cinant²ti v± ±cay±, ±cay± hutv± gacchanti pavattant²tipi attho daµµhabbo.
11. Satta pana sekkh± sikkhanas²l±ti sekkh±, tesa½ imeti sekkh±, aññ±s±dh±raº± maggaphalattayadhamm±. Sayameva sikkhant²ti sikkhanas²l±nameta½ nidassana½. Ye hi dhamm± sikkhanti, te sikkhanas²l± hont²ti. Akkharattho pana sikkh± etesa½ s²lanti sekkh±ti. Na sekkh±ti yattha sekkhabh±v±saªk± atthi, tatth±ya½ paµisedhoti lokiyanibb±nesu asekkhabh±v±n±patti daµµhabb±. S²lasam±dhipaññ±saªkh±t± hi sikkh± attano paµipakkhakilesehi vippamutt± parisuddh± upakkiles±na½ ±rammaºabh±vampi anupagamanato et± sikkh±ti vattu½ yutt± aµµhasu maggaphalesu vijjanti, tasm± catumaggaheµµhimaphalattayadhamm± viya arahattaphaladhamm±pi t±su sikkh±su j±t±ti ca, ta½sikkh±samaªgino arahato itaresa½ viya sekkhatte sati sekkhassa eteti ca, sikkh± s²la½ etesanti ca sekkh±ti ±saªkitabb± siyunti tad±saªk±nivattanattha½ “asekkh±”ti yath±vuttasekkhabh±vapaµisedho kato. Arahattaphale hi pavattam±n± sikkh± pariniµµhitasikkh±kiccatt± na sikkh±kicca½ karonti, kevala½ sikkh±phalabh±veneva pavattanti, tasm± t± na sikkh±vacana½ arahanti, n±pi ta½samaªgino sekkhavacana½, na ca ta½sampayutt± sikkhanas²l±ti sikkh±su j±t±ti-±di-atthehi aggaphaladhamm± sekkh± na honti, heµµhimaphalesu pana sikkh± sakad±g±mimaggavipassan±d²na½ upanissayabh±vato sikkh±kicca½ karont²ti sikkh±vacana½ arahanti, ta½samaªgino ca sekkhavacana½, ta½sampayutt± ca sikkhanas²lavutt²ti tattha dhamm± yath±vuttehi atthehi sekkh± honti eva.
Sekkh±ti v± apariyositasikkh± dassit±. Anantarameva “asekkh±”ti vacana½ pariyositasikkh±na½ dassananti na lokiyanibb±n±na½ asekkhat±patti. Vuddhippatt± v± sekkh±ti etasmi½ atthe sekkhadhammesu eva kesañci vuddhippatt±na½ asekkhat± ±pajjati, tena arahattamaggadhamm± vuddhippatt± ca yath±vuttehi ca atthehi sekkh±ti katv± asekkh± ±pann±ti? Na, ta½sadisesu tabboh±r±. Arahattamaggato hi ninn±n±karaºa½ arahattaphala½ µhapetv± pariññ±dikiccakaraºa½ vip±kabh±vañca, tasm± te eva sekkh± dhamm± arahattaphalabh±va½ ±pann±ti sakk± vattu½, kusalasukhato ca vip±kasukha½ santatarat±ya paº²tataranti vuddhippatt± ca te dhamm± hont²ti asekkh±ti vuccant²ti.
12. Kilesavikkhambhan±samatthat±d²hi paritt±. “Kilesa…pe… t±y±”ti atthattayampi kusalesu yujjati, vip±kakiriyesu d²ghasant±nat±va. Pam±ºakarehi v± o¼±rikehi k±mataºh±d²hi paricchinn± paritt±. Tehi aparicchinnatt± sukhumehi r³pataºh±d²hi paricchinn± pam±ºamahatta½ gat±ti mahaggat±. Aparicchinn± appam±º±.
14. Atappakaµµhen±ti divasampi paccavekkhiyam±n± lokuttaradhamm± titti½ na janenti sam±pajjiyam±n±pi phaladhamm±ti.
15. M±tugh±t±d²su pavattam±n±pi hitasukha½ icchant±va pavattant²ti te dhamm± hitasukh±vah± me bhavissant²ti ±s²sit± honti, tath± asubh±sukh±nicc±nattesu subh±divipariy±sada¼hat±ya ±nantariyakammaniyatamicch±diµµh²su pavatti hot²ti te dhamm± asubh±d²su subh±divipar²tappavattik± honti. Micch±sabh±v±ti mus±sabh±v±. Anekesu ±nantariyesu katesu ya½ tattha balava½, ta½ vipaccati, na itar±n²ti ekantavip±kajanakat±ya niyatat± na sakk± vattunti “vip±kad±ne sat²”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha khandhabhed±nantaranti cuti-anantara½. Cuti hi maraºaniddese (vibha. 193) “khandh±na½ bhedo”ti vutt±ti. Etena vacanena sati phalad±ne cuti-anantaro eva, na añño etesa½ phalak±loti phalak±laniyameneva niyatat± vutt± hoti, na phalad±naniyamen±ti niyataphalak±l±na½ aññesampi upapajjavedan²y±na½ diµµhadhammavedan²y±nampi niyatat± ±pajjati, tasm± vip±kadhammadhamm±na½ paccayantaravikalat±d²hi avipaccam±n±nampi attano sabh±vena vip±kadhammat± viya balavat± ±nantariyena vip±ke dinne avipaccam±n±nampi ±nantariy±na½ phalad±ne niyatasabh±v± ±nantariyasabh±v± ca pavatt²ti attano sabh±vena phalad±naniyameneva niyatat± ±nantariyat± ca veditabb±. Avassañca niyatasabh±v± ±nantariyasabh±v± ca tesa½ pavatt²ti sampaµicchitabbameta½ aññassa balavato ±nantariyassa abh±ve cuti-anantara½ ekantena phalad±nato.
Nanu eva½ aññesampi upapajjavedan²y±na½ aññasmi½ vip±kad±yake asati cuti-anantarameva ekantena phalad±nato ±nantariyasabh±v± niyatasabh±v± ca pavatti ±pajjat²ti? N±pajjati asam±naj±tikena cetopaºidhivasena upagh±takena ca nivattetabbavip±katt± anantarekantaphalad±yakatt±bh±v±, na pana ±nantariyak±na½ paµhamajjh±n±d²na½ dutiyajjh±n±d²ni viya asam±naj±tika½ phalanivattaka½ atthi sabb±nantariyak±na½ av²ciphalatt±, na ca heµµhupapatti½ icchato s²lavato cetopaºidhi viya upar³papattijanakakammaphala½ ±nantariyakaphala½ nivattetu½ samattho cetopaºidhi atthi anicchantasseva av²cip±tanato, na ca ±nantariyakopagh±taka½ kiñci kamma½ atthi, tasm± tesa½yeva anantarekantavip±kajanakasabh±v± pavatt²ti.
Anek±ni ca ±nantariyak±ni kat±ni ekante vip±ke sanniyatatt± uparat±vipaccanasabh±v±saªkatt± nicchit±ni sabh±vato niyat±neva. Cuti-anantara½ pana phala½ anantara½ n±ma tasmi½ anantare niyutt±ni tannibbattanena anantarakaraºas²l±ni anantarappayojan±ni c±ti sabh±vato ±nantariyak±neva ca honti. Tesu pana sam±nasabh±vesu ekena vip±ke dinne itar±ni attan± kattabbassa kiccassa teneva katatt± na dutiya½ tatiyampi ca paµisandhi½ karonti, na samatthat±vigh±tatt±ti natthi tesa½ niyat±nantariyat±nivatt²ti. Na hi sam±nasabh±va½ sam±nasabh±vassa samatthata½ vihanat²ti. Ekassa pana aññ±nipi upatthambhak±ni hont²ti daµµhabb±n²ti. Samm± sabh±v±ti saccasabh±v±.
16. Paripuººamaggakiccatt± catt±ro ariyamagg±va idha “magg±”ti vutt±. Paccayaµµhen±ti maggapaccayaµµhena. Nikkhepakaº¹epi hi ye maggapaccaya½ labhanti, na pana saya½ maggapaccayabh±va½ gacchanti, te maggahetuk±ti dassetu½ “ariyamaggasamaªgissa maggaªg±ni µhapetv±”ti-±di (dha. sa. 1039) vutta½. Yo pana tattheva “ariyamaggasamaªgissa alobho adoso amoho, ime dhamm± maggahet³”ti ±dinayo vutto, ta½ dassetu½ “maggasampayutt± v±”ti-±di vutta½. “Ariyamaggasamaªgissa samm±diµµhi maggo ceva hetu c±”ti-±din± pana vuttanaya½ dassetu½ “samm±diµµhi sayan”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha pana asaªgahitasaªgaºhanavasena paµip±µiy± tayo nay± vutt±, hetubahut±vasena tatiyo nayo idha dutiyo vutto.
Abhibhavitv± pavattanaµµhen±ti sahaj±t±dhipatipi pubb±bhisaªkh±ravasena jeµµhakabh±ve pavattam±no sahaj±te attano vase anuvattayam±no te abhibhavitv± pavattati, ±rammaº±dhipatipi tad±rammaºe dhamme tatheva att±na½ anuvattayam±no te dhamme abhibhavitv± ±rammaºabh±vena pavattati, na paccuppannabh±vena, tasm± adhipatidvayampi saªgahitanti veditabba½. “Maggo adhipati etesan”ti ayañca attho nikkhepakaº¹e ud±haraºavasena ±gata½ atthanaya½ gahetv± vutto. Yasm± pana paµµh±ne (paµµh±. 2.16.11) “magg±dhipati½ dhamma½ paµicca magg±dhipati dhammo uppajjati n±dhipatipaccay±, magg±dhipat² khandhe paµicca magg±dhipati adhipat²”ti vutta½, tasm± maggo adhipati magg±dhipat²ti ayampi attho p±¼iya½ sar³pekasesavasena sam±nasaddatthavasena v± saªgahitoti veditabbo.
17. Anuppann±ti etena sabbo uppannabh±vo paµisiddho, na uppannadhammabh±vo ev±ti tena uppann± vigat± at²t±pi na saªgahit±ti daµµhabb±. Yadi hi saªgahit± siyu½, “anuppanno dhammo uppannassa dhammassa anantarapaccayena paccayo”ti-evam±di vucceyya, na tu vuttanti. An±gat±ni vip±kakaµatt±r³p±ni at²te an±gate v± kamme purimanipphanne eva uppajjissanti n±nipphanneti pariniµµhitak±raºekades±neva honti, tasm± t±ni “avassa½ uppajjissant²ti upp±dino dhamm±”ti vuccanti.
18. Attano sabh±vanti kakkha¼aphusan±disabh±va½.
20. Eva½ pavattam±n±ti eva½ cakkh±dibh±vena phusan±dibh±vena ca ekasantatipariy±pannat±vasena pavattam±n±. Att±na½ adhi ajjhatt±ti adhi-saddo sam±savisaye adhik±rattha½ pavatti-atthañca gahetv± pavattat²ti att±na½ adhikicca uddissa pavatt± ajjhatt±. Ten±ti yassa jh±n± vuµµhahitv± ajjhatta½ bahiddh± ajjhattabahiddh± ca suññata½ ±neñjañca manasikaroto ajjhattasuññat±d²su citta½ na pakkhandati na pas²dati na santiµµhati n±dhimuccati, yo ca itiha tattha sampaj±no, tena bhikkhun±. Tasmi½yeva purimasmi½ sam±dhinimitteti paµhamajjh±n±disam±dhinimitte. Ajjhattamev±ti jh±nagocare kasiº±dimhi. Citta½ saºµhapetabbanti paµhamajjh±n±dicitta½ saºµhapetabba½. Ajjhattaratoti gocarajjhatte nibb±ne rato, sam±dhigocare kammaµµh±ne v± rato. “Sam±hito eko santusito tam±hu bhikkhun”ti (dha. pa. 362) g±th±seso.
Ajjhatta½ sampas±dananti ettha jh±na½ sakasantatipariy±pannatt± “ajjhattan”ti vuttanti niyakajjhattattho ajjhatta-saddo hoti. Ajjhattanti sakasantatiniyaka½. Ajjhatte bhav± ajjhattik±ti niyakajjhattesupi abbhantar± cakkh±dayo vuccanti. Ettha pana ajjhattika-saddo cakkh±d²su pavattam±no dassito na ajjhattasaddo, atthi ca ajjhatta-ajjhattikasadd±na½ bahiddh±b±hira-sadd±na½ viya viseso. Ajjhattikasaddo hi saparasant±nikesu sabbesu cakkh±d²su r³p±d²su b±hira-saddo viya pavattati, ajjhatta-saddo pana sakasant±nikesveva cakkhur³p±d²su tato aññesveva bahiddh±-saddo viya pavattat²ti tasm± saddato atthato ca asam±natt± na idamettha ud±haraºa½ yuttanti. Aya½ panettha adhipp±yo daµµhabbo– ajjhatte bhav± ajjhattik±ti ayañhi vacanattho. Yañca ajjhatte bhava½, tena ajjhatteneva bhavitabba½, tena ta½v±cakassa ajjhatta-saddassa ajjhattika-saddassa ca sam±natthat±. Ubhinnampi sadd±na½ sam±natthabh±vato ajjhattajjhatte pavattam±ne ajjhattika-sadde ajjhatta-saddo tattha pavattoti sakk± vattunti.
Aya½ kho pan±nanda, vih±roti vih±rasuññat±sutte (ma. ni. 3.187) saªgaºik±r±mat±ya r³p±diratiy± ca ±d²nava½ vatv± tappaµipakkhavih±radassanattha½ vutta½. Ajjhatta½ suññatanti visayabh³ta½ issariyaµµh±nabh³ta½ suññata½, suññat±phalasam±pattinti attho. Cittissar± hi buddh± bhagavanto dhamma½ desent±pi ya½ muhutta½ tuºh² bhavitabba½ hoti, ta½ muhutta½ phalasam±patti½ sam±pajjanti, pageva aññasmi½ k±le, tasm± sabbatth±pi issariy±na½ bahula½ phalasam±pattiya½ issariyassa pavattanato phalasam±patti “issariyaµµh±nan”ti vutt±. Arahattaphal±dhigamena v± tath±gat±na½ issariya½ nibbatta½ ta½janakeneva maggen±ti ta½ tesa½ issariyaµµh±na½. Visayo ca anaññatthabh±vova yath± “±k±se sakuº± udake macch±”ti, buddh± ca aññattha dissam±n±pi vivekapabbh±rat±ya phalasam±pattininn±va, tena tass± tass± kiriy±ya anantara½ phalasam±pattiya½yeva bhavant²ti s± tesa½ visayo, tabbisayat± ca saccakasuttena (ma. ni. 1.364 ±dayo) d²petabb±.
22. Yesa½ daµµhabbabh±vo atthi, te sanidassan±. Cakkhuviññ±ºagocarabh±vova daµµhabbabh±vo, tassa r³p±yatan± anaññattepi aññehi dhammehi r³p±yatana½ visesetu½ añña½ viya katv± “saha nidassanen±ti sanidassan±”ti vutta½. Dhammasabh±vas±maññena hi ek²bh³tesu dhammesu yo n±nattakaro sabh±vo, so añño viya katv± upacaritu½ yutto Evañhi atthavises±vabodho hot²ti. Sayañca nissayavasena ca sampatt±na½ asampatt±nañca paµimukhabh±vo aññamaññapatana½ paµihananabh±vo, yena by±p±r±divik±rapaccayantarasahitesu cakkh±d²na½ visayesu vik±ruppatti.

Tikam±tik±padavaººan± niµµhit±.