Samanti avisama½. Sam± ek²bh±v³pagat± viya yutt±, sama½ v± saha yutt±ti yojetabba½. Ekupp±d±ti eko sam±no upp±do etesanti ekupp±d±, sam±napaccayehi sahuppattik±ti attho. Sahuppattik±na½ r³p±r³p±nañca aññamaññasampayuttat± ±pajjeyy±ti “ekanirodh±”ti vutta½, ye sam±nupp±d± sam±nanirodh± ca, te sampayutt±ti r³p±r³p±na½ aññamaññasampayogo niv±rito hoti. Evamapi avinibbhogar³p±na½ aññamaññasampayuttat± ±pajjeyy±ti “ekavatthuk±”ti vutta½, ye ekupp±d± ekanirodh± ekavatthuk± ca, te sampayutt±ti. Evamapi avinibbhogar³pesu eka½ mah±bh³ta½ sesamah±bh³top±d±r³p±na½ nissayapaccayo hot²ti tena t±ni ekavatthuk±n²ti, cakkh±dinissayabh³t±ni v± bh³t±ni eka½ vatthu etesu sannissitanti ekavatthuk±n²ti kappentassa tesa½ sampayuttat±patti siy±ti tanniv±raºattha½ “ek±rammaº±”ti vutta½, ye ekupp±d±…pe… ek±rammaº± ca honti, te sampayutt±ti. Paµilomato v± ek±rammaº±ti vutte ekav²thiyañca pañcaviññ±ºasampaµicchan±na½ n±n±v²thiya½ parasant±ne ca ekasmi½ ±rammaºe uppajjam±n±na½ bhinnavatthuk±na½ sampayuttat± ±pajjeyy±ti “ekavatthuk±”ti vutta½, ye ekavatthuk± hutv± ek±rammaº±, te sampayutt±ti. Evamapi sampaµicchanasant²raº±d²na½ sampayuttat± ±pajjeyy±ti “ekanirodh±”ti vutta½, ye ekanirodh± hutv± ekavatthuk± ek±rammaº±, te sampayutt±ti. Ki½ pana n±nupp±d±pi eva½ tividhalakkhaº± honti, atha ekupp±d± ev±ti vic±raº±ya ekupp±d± eva eva½ tividhalakkhaº± hont²ti dassanattha½ “ekupp±d±”ti vutta½.
3. Vipakkabh±vam±pann±na½ ar³padhamm±nanti yath± s±lib²j±d²na½ phal±ni ta½sadis±ni nibbatt±ni vipakk±ni n±ma honti, vip±kaniruttiñca labhanti, na m³laªkurapattakhandhan±¼±ni, eva½ kusal±kusal±na½ phal±ni ar³padhammabh±vena s±rammaºabh±vena sukkakaºh±dibh±vena ca ta½sadis±ni vipakkabh±vam±pann±n²ti vip±kanirutti½ labhanti, na r³padhamm± kammanibbatt±pi kamm±sadis±ti dassetu½ vutta½. J±tijar±sabh±v±ti j±yanaj²raºasabh±v±. Vip±kapakatik±ti vipaccanapakatik±. Vipaccanasabh±vat± ca anupacchinn±vijj±taºh±m±nasant±ne saby±p±rat±, tena abhiññ±dikusal±na½ bh±van±yapah±tabb±di-akusal±nañca vip±k±nupp±danepi vip±kadhammat± siddh± hoti. Vipakkabh±vanti cettha bh±va-saddena sabh±vo eva vutto. Ta½ yath±vutta½ vipakkasabh±va½ dutiyassa vutta½ vipaccanasabh±vañca gahetv± “ubhayasabh±vapaµikkhepavasen±”ti ±ha.
4. Upetena ±dinn± up±dinn±. Ki½ pana ta½ upeta½, kena ca upeta½, kathañca upeta½, ke ca tena ±dinn±ti? Sati ca lokuttar±na½ kesañci ±rammaºabh±ve tannivattanattha½ upetasaddasambandhin± upaya-saddena vuccam±n±hi catubbidhup±d±nabh³t±hi taºh±diµµh²hi upeta½, tehi ca ±rammaºakaraºavasena upeta½, na samann±gamavasena. Sati ca sabbatebh³makadhamm±na½ up±d±n±rammaºatte yehi vip±kakaµatt±r³p±ni amhehi nibbattatt± amh±ka½ et±ni phal±n²ti gaºhantehi viya ±dinn±ni, t±ni tebh³makakamm±ni kammabh±vena ekatta½ upanetv± upetanti idha gahit±ni. Tehi ca nibbatt±ni vip±kakaµatt±r³p±ni up±dinn± dhamm±ti sabbameta½ dassetu½ “±rammaºakaraºavasen±”ti-±di vutta½. Ayañca atthanayo yath±sambhava½ yojetabbo, na vacan±nupubben±ti. Etth±ha– yadi ±rammaºakaraºavasena taºh±diµµh²hi upetena ±dinn± up±dinn±, sabbatebh³makadhamm± ca taºh±d²na½ ±rammaº± honti, na ca upetasaddo kamme eva niru¼ho, tena kammasseva gahaºe k±raºa½ natthi, tasm± sabbatebh³makadhammapaccayuppann±na½ avijj±dihet³hi nibbatt±na½ saªkh±r±diphal±na½ up±dinnatta½ ±pajjati tesampi tehiphalabh±vena gahitatt±. Upa-saddena ca upetat±matta½ jotita½, na ±rammaºakaraºa½ samann±gamanivattaka½, ±dinna-saddena ca gahitat±matta½ vutta½, na kammasamuµµh±nat±viseso. Tasm± sabbapaccayuppann±na½ up±dinnatta½ ±pajjat²ti? N±pajjati bodhaneyyajjh±sayavasena desan±pavattito. Yesañhi bodhanattha½ “up±dinn±”ti eta½ vutta½, te teneva vacanena yath±vuttappak±re dhamme bujjhi½su, etarahi pana t±vat± bujjhitu½ asakkontena sutv± tadattho veditabboti es± atthavibh±van± kat± “kammun±”ti.
Aya½ pana aparo attho daµµhabbo– upa-saddo upeta½ d²peti. Ayañhi upa-saddo sam±se payujjam±no “atim±l±”ti-±d²su ati-saddo viya atikkamana½ sas±dhana½ upagamana½ sas±dhana½ vadati, upagamanañca up±d±na-upayo, tena upagata½ upeta½. Ki½ pana tanti? Ya½ asati up±d±ne na hoti, ta½ “up±d±napaccay± bhavo”ti eva½ vutta½ tebh³makakamma½ paccayabh±vena purimaj±tuppannena up±d±nena upagatatt± “upetan”ti vuccati. Na hi koci anupaggamma anicchanto kamma½ karot²ti. Tena upetena kammun± punabbhavassa ±d±na½ hoti. Kammun± hi s±savena satt± ±diyanti punabbhava½, tasm± ±d±tabbabh±vena p±kaµo punabbhavo. So ca upapattibhavo tebh³makavip±kakaµatt±r³pasaªgaho “bhavapaccay± j±t²”ti ettha j±tivacane samavaruddhoti up±dinnavacanena upapattibhavo vuccati, upapattibhavo ca tebh³makavip±kakaµatt±r³p±n²ti dh±tukath±ya½ pak±sitameta½. Tasm± upetena ±dinn±ti te eva dhamm± vuccant²ti siddho ayamatthoti. Up±dinna-saddassa attha½ vatv± ta½ vissajjetv± up±d±niya-saddassa visu½ up±dinnasadd±napekkha½ attha½ vattu½ “±rammaºabh±va½ upagantv±”ti-±dim±ha. Tasm± eva avisesetv± “up±d±nassa ±rammaºapaccayabh³t±nameta½ adhivacanan”ti vutta½. Ta½ pana up±d±niya½ up±dinna½ anup±dinnanti duvidha½. Tasm± ta½ visesanena dassento “up±dinn± ca te up±d±niy± c±”ti-±dim±ha.
5. Sa½kilesoti dasa kilesavatth³ni vuccanti. Sa½kiliµµh±ti tehi vib±dhit± upat±pit± ca. Te pana yasm± sa½kilesasampayutt± ekupp±d±d²hi ninn±natt± ek²bh±vamiva gat± vis±d²hi viya sappi-±dayo vid³sit± mal²n± vib±dhit± upat±pit± ca n±ma honti, tasm± ±ha “sa½kilesena samann±gat± sa½kiliµµh±”ti. Sa½kilesa½ arahant²ti sa½kilesassa ±rammaºabh±vena ta½ laddhu½ arahant²ti attho. ¾rammaºabh±v±natikkamanatoti etena sa½kiles±natikkamanameva dasseti, vatthayugikasuªkas±likasadd±na½ viya sa½kilesika-saddassa pavatti veditabb±.
6. Saha vitakkena hont²ti vacanaseso yojetabbo avuccam±nassapi bhavati-atthassa viññ±yam±natt±. Matt±ti pam±ºav±caka½ eka½ padanti gahetv± “vic±rova matt± etesan”ti attho vutto. Aññattha avippayog²su vitakkavic±resu vic±rova etesa½ matt±, tato uddha½ vitakkena sampayoga½ na gacchant²ti attho. Ayamaparo attho– matta-saddo visesanivatti-attho. Savitakkasavic±r± dhamm± hi vitakkavisiµµhena vic±rena savic±r±, ete pana vic±ramattena vitakkasaªkh±tavisesarahitena, tasm± “vic±ramatt±”ti vuccanti, vic±ramattavantoti attho. Vic±ramattavacanena avitakkatte siddhe avitakk±na½ aññesampi atthibh±vajotanattha½ avitakkavacana½. Avitakk± hi vic±ramatt± ca santi avic±r± c±ti nivattetabb± gahetabb± ca honti, tesu avuccam±nesu nivattetabbagahetabbassa adassitatt± vic±ramatt±va-avitakk±ti ±pajjeyy±ti. Visesanavisesitabbabh±vo pana yath±k±ma½ hot²ti s±maññena avitakkabh±vena saha vic±ramattat±ya dhammavisesanabh±va½ dassetu½ “avitakkavic±ramatt±”ti pad±nukkamo kato.
Atha v± savic±r± duvidh± savitakk± avitakk± ca, tesu avitakke nivattetu½ ±dipada½ vutta½. Avic±r± ca duvidh± savitakk± avitakk± ca, tesu savitakke nivattetu½ tatiyapada½ vutta½. Ye pana dv²hipi nivattit± avitakk± savitakk± ca savic±r± avic±r± ca, tesu aññataradassana½ v± kattabba½ siy± ubhayadassana½ v±. Ubhayadassane kariyam±ne yadi “savitakkasavic±r±”ti vucceyya, ±dipadatthat±va ±pajjati. Atha “avitakka-avic±r±”ti vucceyya, antapadatthat±. Atha pana “avitakkasavic±r± savitakka-avic±r±”ti vucceyya, ajjhattabahiddh±na½ viya atthantar±bh±vo v± saªkaradoso v± ekasseva savitakk±vitakkat±savic±r±vic±rat±virodho v± ±pajjeyya, tasm± aññataradassanena itarampi pak±setu½ avitakkavacanena dvippak±resu vattabbesu savitakka-avic±re nivattetv± avitakkasavic±re dassento ±ha “avitakkavic±ramatt±”ti. Atha v± vitakk±bh±vena ete vic±ramatt±, na vic±rato aññassa kassaci dhammassa abh±v±ti dassetu½ avitakkavacanena vic±ramatt± visesit±.
7. Upekkhat²ti vedayam±n±pi majjhattavedan± sukh±k±re dukkh±k±re ca ud±sin± hot²ti attho. Atha v± upet± yutt± sukhadukkh±na½ aviruddh± ikkh± anubhavana½ upekkh±. Visesadassanavasen±ti n±nattadassanavasena. Yadi hi p²tisahagat± eva sukhasahagat± siyu½, “p²tisahagat±”ti eteneva siddhatt± “sukhasahagat±”ti ida½ na vattabba½ siy±, “sukhasahagat±”ti v± vuccam±ne “p²tisahagat±”ti na vattabba½, tato tika½ p³rentena dukkhasahagatapada½ vattabba½ siy±, evañca sati “vedan±ttiko ev±yan”ti vuttavacana½ ±pajjati, tasm± “p²tisahagat±”ti vatv± “sukhasahagat±”ti vadanto p²tivippayuttampi sukha½ atth²ti tatiyajjh±nak±yaviññ±ºasampayutta½ sukha½ sapp²tikasukhato bhinna½ katv± dasset²ti adhipp±yo. Atha v± p²tisukh±na½ dubbiññeyyan±natt±na½ n±nattadassanattha½ aya½ tiko vutto. “P²tisahagat±”ti ettha hi sukhekadeso saªgahito, na p²ti. “Sukhasahagat±”ti ettha p²ti saªgahit±, na sukha½. P²tivippayuttasukhasahagat± ca purimena asaªgahit± pacchimena saªgahit±ti siddho p²tisukh±na½ visesoti.
8. Nibb±na½ dassanatoti nibb±n±rammaºata½ sandh±y±ha. Atha v± dhammacakkhu punappuna½ nibbattanena bh±van±bh±va½ appatta½ dassana½ n±ma, dhammacakkhu ca pariññ±dikiccakaraºena catusaccadhammadassana½ tadatisayo, tasm± natthettha gotrabhussa dassanabh±v±patt²ti. Ubhayapaµikkhepavasen±ti dv²hi padehi vuttadhammapaµikkhepavasena, na pah±yakapaµikkhepavasena. Tath± hi sati dassanabh±van±hi añño samucchedavasena pah±yako atthi, tena pah±tabb± neva dassanena na bh±van±ya pah±tabb±ti ayamattho ±pajjati, na ca añño pah±yako atthi aññehi vikkhambhit±nañca punappavattisabbh±v±, n±pi pah±tabb± tatiyapadena saªgayhanti, kintu appah±tabb± ev±ti. Tasm± pah±tabbapada½ pacceka½ yojetv± neva dassanena pah±tabb± na bh±van±ya pah±tabb±ti dassanena bh±van±ya pah±tabbehi aññe gahit±ti veditabb±.
9. Evamattha½ aggahetv±ti atth±yuttito ca sadd±yuttito ca aggahetabbata½ dasseti. Dassanabh±van±hi appah±tabbahetumattesu hi gayham±nesu ahetuk± asaªgahit±ti yath±dhippetassa atthassa aparipuººatt± atth±yutti, pah±tabbasaddassa niccas±pekkhatte ca sati na sambandh²saddato pah±yakato añña½ paµisedha½ apekkham±nassa hetusaddena sam±so upapajjat²ti sadd±yutti ca veditabb±. Evamattho gahetabboti pah±tabba-sadda½ paµisedhena ayojetv± yesa½ aññapadatthe sam±so, tabbisesana½ atth²ti ida½ paµisedhena yojetv± dassanabh±van±hi pah±tabbo hetu etesa½ nevatth²ti attho gahetabboti vutta½ hoti. Evañca sati yath±dhippetattho sabbo saªgahitoti. Atth±yutti m± hotu, saddo pana idh±pi na yutto. Ekantayog²na½ atthi-saddameva hi apekkham±n±na½ ubhinna½ pah±tabbahetu-sadd±na½ sam±so yutto, na paµisedha½ apekkham±n±nanti, tasm± gahetabbatthadassanamatta½ eta½ kata½, saddo pana yath± yujjati, tath± yojetabbo. Eva½ pana yujjati– pah±tabbo hetu etesa½ atth²ti pah±tabbahetuk±. Kena pah±tabboti? Dassanena bh±van±ya ca. Tayida½ pah±tabbahetukapada½ dassanabh±van±padehi visu½ visu½ yojetv± tehi yuttena ye dassanena pah±tabbahetuk± neva honti, bh±van±ya pah±tabbahetuk± ca na hont²ti paµisedhañca visu½ visu½ yojetv± te neva dassanena na bh±van±ya pah±tabbahetuk±ti vuccanti. Nevavip±kanavip±kadhammadhammavacana½ viya hi purimapadadvayasaªgahitadhammapaµisedhanena tadaññadhammanidassanameta½ hoti, na ahetukapada½ viya hetuvirahappak±sanen±ti. Evañca katv± dve paµisedh± yutt± honti.