4. Aµµhakath±kaº¹a½

Tika-atthuddh±ravaººan±

1384. Nayamagganti suttantabh±jan²y±dinayagamana½ anulom±dinayagamanañca. Tampi hi ettha atthesu nicchitesu sukha½ sam±nenti. Pañhuddh±ranti ek³napaññ±s±ya ek³napaññ±s±ya navasu navasu ca pañhesu labbham±nassa uddharaºa½, tesuyeva labbham±n±na½ gaºan±na½ µhapana½ gaºan±c±ro. Atthuddh±ranti “ime n±ma cittupp±d±dayo atth± kusal±dik±”ti uddharaºa½. Kaººika½ kaººikanti cittupp±dakaº¹ar³pakaº¹esu vibhatte pasaµe dhamme “cat³su bh³m²su kusala½ dv±das±kusalacittupp±d±”ti-±din± r±sir±sivasena saha ganthetv±ti attho. Ghaµagocchak± kaººikavevacan±neva. Ettha pana cat³su bh³m²su kusalanti ekavacananiddeso catubh³mak±na½ kusalaphass±d²na½ kusalabh±ve ekatt³pagamanato. Cittupp±dakaº¹ar³pakaº¹esu catubh³micittupp±d±divasena viññ±tadhammassa vasen±ya½ atthuddh±radesan± ±raddh±ti tattha ya½ cat³su bh³m²su kusala½ vibhatta½ y±va viññ±ta½, ime dhamm± kusal±ti attho.
Yadipi kusalattikavitth±ro pubbe viññ±to, tath±pi tattha dhamm± samayavasena phass±disabh±vavasena ca vibhatt± bhinn± viññ±t±, na pana ekasmi½ lakkhaºe sam±netv±, tasm± tattha vutta½ samay±dibheda½ vajjetv± sabbabhedabhinn±na½ ekasmi½ kusal±dilakkhaºe sam±netv± bodhanattha½ idha kusalattikaniddeso puna vibhatto. Ettha ca ekavacanena kusalaniddesa½ katv± bahuvacanena nigamanassa k±raºa½ vuttameva. Yadi dhamm±na½ kusalatte ekatt³pagamana½, kasm± ekavacanena pucch±pi na kat±? Uddese kusala-saddassa dhammavisesanabh±vato tabbisesan±na½ dhamm±na½ pucchitatt± tesañca aniddh±ritasaªkh±visesatt±, niddese pana cat³hi bh³m²hi vitth±rato viññ±t±hi kusale visesetv± dasset²ti yutta½ “cat³su bh³m²su kusalan”ti ekatta½ netv± vacana½. Kusalapadañhi ettha padh±na½, tañca visesitabb±napekkha½ kusal±k±rameva attano sabh±ve µhita½ gahetv± pavattam±na½ ekattameva up±d±ya pavattati, na bhedanti.
1385. Dv±dasa akusalacittupp±d±ti etth±pi paµham±kusalacittupp±do samayaphass±divasena bheda½ an±masitv± somanassasahagatadiµµhigatasampayuttacittupp±dabh±ve ekatta½ netv± vutto, eva½ y±va dv±dasamoti “dv±dasa akusalacittupp±d±”ti vutta½. Eva½ cat³su bh³m²su vip±koti-±d²supi yath±yoga½ yojetabba½. Cittupp±d±ti ettha uppajjati etth±ti upp±do, ki½ uppajjati? Citta½, cittassa upp±do cittupp±doti eva½ avayavena samud±yopalakkhaºavasena attho sambhavati. Evañhi sati cittacetasikar±si cittupp±doti siddho hoti. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana “cittameva upp±do cittupp±do”ti aññassuppajjanakassa nivattanattha½ cittaggahaºa½ kata½, cittassa anuppajjanakabh±vanivattanattha½ upp±daggahaºa½, cittupp±dakaº¹e v± “citta½ uppanna½ hot²”ti cittassa uppajjanakabh±vo p±kaµoti katv± “cittameva upp±do”ti vutta½, cittassa anuppajjanakassa nivattetabbassa sabbh±v± upp±daggahaºa½ katanti veditabba½. Ayañcattho “dvepañcaviññ±º±n²”ti-±d²su viya cittappadh±no niddesoti katv± vuttoti daµµhabbo.
1420. Chasu dv±res³ti ettha pañcadv±re vattabbameva natthi, manodv±repi paritt±rammaºameva javana½ tad±rammaºasaªkh±ta½ bhavaªga½ anubandhati. Tañhi parittassa kammassa vip±ko, vip±ko ca iµµh±niµµh±rammaº±nubhavana½, kamm±nur³po ca vip±ko hot²ti parittakammavip±ko paritt±rammaºasseva anubhavana½ hoti. Tasm± sabba½ tad±rammaºa½ “paritt±rammaºan”ti vutta½. Yadi eva½ mahaggatavip±kopi mahaggat±nubhavanameva ±pajjat²ti ce? Na, sam±dhippadh±nassa kammassa appan±ppattassa saññ±vas±rammaºassa t±diseneva vip±kena bhavitabbatt±. Tasm± sam±dhi sukh±nubhavanabh³to, sopi kamm±nur³patoyeva kamm±rammaºo hot²ti daµµhabbo. Kamm±nur³pato eva ca tad±rammaºa½ paritt±rammaºampi mahaggatajavana½ n±nubandhati. Tato eva paµisandhi-±dibh³to k±m±vacaravip±ko kammanimittampi parittameva ±rammaºa½ karoti, na mahaggata½ appam±ºa½ v±. Yasm± pana vutta½ “mahaggat±rammaºo dhammo paritt±rammaºassa dhammassa kammapaccayena paccayo, appam±º±rammaºo dhammo paritt±rammaºassa dhammassa kammapaccayena paccayo”ti, na ca mahaggatappam±ºavip±ko paritt±rammaºo atthi, idha ca sabbak±m±vacaravip±k±na½ paritt±rammaºat±va vutt±, tasm± kamm±nur³pato mahaggatappam±º±rammaºampi parittakamma½ yadi paµisandhi½ deti, kammagatinimitt±rammaºameva deti. Pavattivip±kampi r³p±diparitt±rammaºamev±ti veditabba½. Kh²º±sav±na½ v±san±vasena sativippayuttahasana½ pavattam±na½ parittesveva pavattati, na itaresu kilesavirahe t±disahasanapaccayabh±v±bh±vato. Tasm± tassa paritt±rammaºat± vutt±. Kh²º±sav±na½ asakkaccad±n±d²ni ±dar±karaºavaseneva veditabb±ni, na kosajj±di-akusalavasena. Paµippassaddhasabbussukk± hi te uttamapuris±ti. Tesa½ ±dar±karaºañca nirussukkat± ev±ti veditabb±.
1421. Atipaguº±nanti vacana½ nir±darassa ñ±ºavippayuttapaccavekkhaºassa visayadassana½, na tassev±ti visayaniyamana½. ѱºasampayuttassapi hi atipaguº±na½ visayat± suµµhutara½ hoti eva. Yath± paguºa½ gantha½ sajjh±yanto dve tayo v±can±magge gatepi na sallakkheti ñ±ºavippayuttasatimantena sajjh±yitatt±, eva½ paguºajjh±nesupi pavatti hot²ti ±ha “atipaguº±nan”ti-±di. Kasiºanimitt±dipaññatt²ti pubbe dassita½ sabba½ up±d±paññattim±ha. Ta½ pana r³p±dayo viya avijjam±no vijjam±no ca atthoti ±cariy± vadanti. Sammutisacce pana vuccam±n±na½ kasiºanimitt±di v±c±vatthumattato vacanavoh±reneva paññatt²ti vuccati. Tassa hi paññ±pana½ avijjam±napaññatt²ti tassa avijjam±natta½ aµµhakath±ya½ vuttanti. Avijjam±nampi pana ta½ vijjam±namiva gahetv± pavattam±n±ya saññ±ya paritt±d²su “aya½ n±ma dhammo ±rammaºan”ti na sakk± vattu½ te eva dhamme up±d±ya pavattam±n±yapi dhammesveva aµµh±nato. Tasm± s± sasampayutt± paritt±di-±rammaº±ti na vattabb±ti vutt±. Navattabb±rammaº±ti ida½ pana vacana½ yath±gahit±k±rassa saññ±visayassa navattabbata½ sandh±ya navattabba½ ±rammaºa½ etesanti navattabb±rammaº±, cittupp±d±ti aññapadatthasam±sa½ katv± aµµhakath±ya½ vutta½.
Catupaññ±sacittupp±d±na½ r³passa ca vasena pañcapaºº±s±ya. Kevalanti vin± par±masanena. Aniµµhaªgatavasen±ti anicchayagamanavasena, anicchaya½ v± dve¼ha½ gato cittupp±do aniµµhaªgato, ten±k±rena pavatti “aniµµhaªgatavasena pavatt²”ti vutt±. N±n±rammaºesu cittassa vikkhipana½ vikkhepo. Anavaµµh±na½ av³pasamo. Gotrabhuvod±ne gotrabh³ti gahetv± “gotrabhuk±le”ti ±ha.
Sabbatthap±dakacatutthanti idha sabbattha-saddo s±mi-attho daµµhabbo, sabbesu v± vipassan±d²su p±daka½ k±raºa½ sabbatthap±dakanti phalassa visayabh±vena niddeso. ¾k±sakasiºacatutthanti paricched±k±sakasiºacatuttham±ha. Tañhi r³p±vacara½, na itaranti. Kusalatopi dv±dasavidha½ kiriyatop²ti catuv²satividhat± vutt± hoti. Vaµµassapi p±daka½ hotiyev±ti kusala½ kiriyañca ekato katv± sabbatthap±daka½ vuttanti kiriyajjh±nassa avaµµap±dakatt± s±saªka½ vadati. Mahaggatacitte samodahat²ti ida½ “so eva½ sam±hite citte”ti-±din± nayena vutta½ p±kaµa½ p±dakajjh±nacitta½ parikammehi gahetv± citte r³pak±ya½ adhiµµh±nacittena samodahat²ti katv± vutta½. P±dakajjh±nacitta½ r³pak±ye samodahat²ti idampi yath±vutta½ p±dakajjh±nacitta½ ±rammaºa½ katv± cittasant±na½ r³pak±ye samodahita½ tadanugatika½ katv± adhiµµh±t²ti katv± vutta½, ida½ pana adhiµµh±nadvaya½ adissam±nak±yata½ dissam±nak±yatañca ±p±deti. Gantuk±mat±parikammavasena ta½sampayutt±ya saññ±ya sukhasaññ±lahusaññ±bh±vato gamanampi nipph±det²ti daµµhabba½.
Sot±pannassa cittanti sot±pannassa p±µipuggalika½ maggaphalacittanti veditabba½. M±r±d²nañhi bhagavato cittaj±nana½ vuttanti cetopariyañ±ºal±bh² kasm± s±savacitta½ na j±nissat²ti. Chinnavaµumak± chinnasa½s±ravaµµ± buddh±. Maggaphalanibb±napaccavekkhaºatop²ti ettha maggaphalapaccavekkhaº±ni t±va pubbeniv±s±nussatiñ±ºena maggaphalesu ñ±tesu pavattanti, nibb±napaccavekkhaºañca nibb±n±rammaºesu appam±ºadhammesu ñ±tes³ti magg±dipaccavekkhaº±ni pubbeniv±s±nussatiñ±ºassa appam±º±rammaºata½ s±dhent²ti veditabb±ni. “Appam±º± khandh± pubbeniv±s±nussatiñ±ºassa ±rammaºapaccayena paccayo”icceva (paµµh±. 2.12.58) hi vutta½, na nibb±nanti. Tasm± pubbeniv±s±nussatiñ±ºena eva maggaphalapaccavekkhaºakicce vuccam±nepi nibb±napaccavekkhaºat± na sakk± vattu½, aµµhakath±ya½ pana tassapi nibb±n±rammaºat± anuññ±t±ti dissati. K±m±vacarenibbattissat²ti nibbattakkhandhaj±nanam±ha. Nibb±nadh±tuy± parinibb±yissat²ti nibb±n±rammaºehi maggaphalehi kilesaparinibb±nabh³tehi parinibb±yissat²ti attho sambhavati.
1429. Asahaj±tatt±ti asampayuttatt±ti attho. Na hi ar³padhamm±na½ ar³padhammehi sahaj±tat± sampayogato aññ± atth²ti. “Aññadhamm±rammaºak±le”ti vutta½, magg±rammaºak±lepi pana garu½ akaraºe magg±dhipatibh±vena navattabbat± yojetabb±.
1433. Niyog±ti niyogatoti imamattha½ sandh±ya “niyamen±”ti ±ha, niyogavanto v± niyog±, niyat±ti attho. Cittupp±dakaº¹e hi bodhitesu cittupp±desu ekantena an±gat±rammaºo koci natth²ti.
1434. Kamma½ v± kammanimitta½ v± ±rabbha pavattiya½ at²t±rammaº±v±ti vutta½, kammanimitta½ pana ±rabbha pavattiya½ paccuppann±rammaºabh±vañca paµisandhiy± paµiccasamupp±davibhaªgavaººan±ya½ vakkhati. Tasm± ida½ manodv±racutiya½ at²takammanimitta½ manodv±re ±p±thagata½ sandh±ya vuttanti veditabba½. Satad±rammaº±ya cutiy± pañcacittakkhaº±vasiµµh±yuke gatinimitte paµisandhiy± pavatt±ya catt±ri bhavaªg±ni paccuppann±rammaº±ni, itarattha ca cha sandh±y±ha “tato para½ bhavaªgak±le c±”ti. Yad± hi gatinimitt±rammaºe javane pavatte anuppanne eva tad±rammaºe cuti hoti r³p±vacar±r³p±vacarasattassa viya k±madh±tu½ upapajjantassa, tad± paµisandhito par±ni cha bhavaªg±ni paccuppann±rammaº±ni hont²ti. Diµµhisampayuttehi ass±dan±d²ni sapar±m±s±neva daµµhabb±ni. Paººattinibb±n±rammaº±nañca javan±na½ purec±rikak±leti yesa½ purec±rikak±le ekantena ±vajjan±ya at²t±di-±rammaºabh±vena navattabbat±, tesa½ vasena naya½ dasseti. Nibb±n±rammaº±nampi javan±na½ purec±rikak±le s± tath± na vattabb±, na pana ekantena maggaphalav²th²su tass± anibb±n±rammaºatt±.
Ime gandh±ti nanu paccuppann± gandh± gahit±, katha½ ettha an±gat±rammaºat± hot²ti? “Aµµh±rasavass±dhik±ni dve vassasat±ni m± sussi½s³”ti pavattito, an±gate m± sussi½ s³ti hi an±gata½ gandha½ gahetv± pavattat²ti adhipp±yo. Cittavasena k±ya½ pariº±mento abhimukh²bh³ta½ tad± vijjam±nameva k±ya½ ±rammaºa½ karot²ti paccuppann±rammaºa½ adhiµµh±nacitta½ hoti. Tath± attano k±yassa d²gharass±ºuth³lan²l±dibh±v±p±danavasena aññassa ca p±µih±riyassa karaºe yojetabba½ Etthantare ekadvesantativ±r± veditabb±ti etthantare pavatt± r³pasantati-ar³pasantativ±r± ekadvesantativ±r± n±m±ti veditabb±ti attho. Atiparittasabh±va-utu-±disamuµµh±n± v± “ekadvesantativ±r±”ti vutt±. Ubhayameta½ paccuppannanti addh±paccuppanna½ honta½ eta½ ubhaya½ hot²ti attho. Sa½h²rat²ti taºh±diµµh±bhinandan±hi ±ka¹¹h²yati.